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THEORY OF COLONIZATION, GOVERNMENT OF DEPENDENCIES, PROTECTORATES, AND

RELATED TOPICS.

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INTRODUCTION.

This list was sent to the Hon. Henry Cabot Lodge, chairman of the Senate Committee of the Philippines, in response to a request received from him for a report on the resources of the Library upon the subject of colonization.

The Senate, by resolutions May 3 and 8, 1900, respectively, authorized the printing of 500 copies each for the Senate and the Library of Congress.

The scope of the list is indicated by the table of contents. The theory of colonization and the government of dependencies form the basis of the compilation. To this has been added significant literature upon the corollaries of colonization, viz, expansion, imperialism, Anglo-Saxon interests, the Far Eastern question.

Works upon the political history and geography of the dependencies of the European nations have been made a special feature of the compilation.

For a preliminary study of the subject of colonies, Payne's History of European Colonies affords a convenient manual. Egerton's Short History of British Colonial Policy traces the history of the growth of the British colonial empire from the beginnings of colonization down to 1885.

Ireland's Tropical Colonization is a study of the government of tropical colonies, the material requirements for their successful development, with a discussion of the value of these dependencies to the sovereign State. The work is the result of long study of the subject and is provided with a useful bibliography.

Seeley's Èxpansion of England is a scientific study of the problem of English history as illustrated in the growth of the Empire in the eighteenth century. Woodward's A Short History of the Expansion of the British Empire, 1500–1870, is a more detailed narration of the acquisition and settlement of the British colonies.

Professor Seeley, in his Growth of the British Policy, studies the history of the transformation of England from an insular nation into a great power.

Cotton and Payne's "Colonies and dependencies,” in the English Citizen Series, is a compact account of the administration of the English colonies.

Lucas's Historical Geography of the British Colonies is a most valuable guide upon the political, social, and geographical features of the various British dependencies. It is of the first importance as a general treatise upon the colonies collectively, constituting a most reliable introduction to a study of colonial history.

Leroy-Beaulieu's De la Čolonisation Chez les Peuples Modernes is an elaborate survey of colonies and colonial systems of the world by a political economist of high repute.

Merivale's Lectures is a study of the economic features of colonization and colonies.

Sir G. C. Lewis's Essay on the Government of Dependencies is a discussion of the historical and political principles of colonization.

Heeron's Political System of Europe and its Colonies is one of the earlier scientific studies of colonization, with copious bibliographical references.

The chapter on colonies in Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations is a scientific study of the economic value of dependencies.
The handbooks or annals of various colonial governments are useful works of reference for statistical information.

The Diplomatic and Consular Reports issued at intervals by the foreign office of Great Britain embody information upon the history, the administration, and the commercial interests of British and foreign colonies. The Consular Reports of this country also contain similar material.

The current statistics of the colonies are set forth in Statistical Abstracts for the Several Colonial and other Possessions of the United Kingdom, published by the British Government. These Abstracts are incorporated in the Parliamentary sessional papers.

The Board of Trade Journal, published by the Government Board of Trade, London, and The Imperial Institute Journal are current sources of information upon the trade, resources, and administration of the English colonies.

The Proceedings of the Royal Colonial Institute is a repository of many valuable papers upon the colonial interests of Great Britain.

The Imperial and Asiatic Quarterly deals with the literature as well as the politics of the colonies.

The periodicals, Questions Diplomatiques et Coloniales, the Revue Maritime et Coloniale, and the Bulletin de la Société des Études Coloniales, are mainly devoted to French colonial interests.

The following German periodicals deal with colonial subjects, particularly with German colonies: Deutsches Kolonialblatt, Deutsche Kolonialzeitung, Organ der Deutschen Kolonialgesellschaft, Deutscher Kolonial-Kalendar, Jahresbericht der Deutschen Kolonialgesellschaft, and the Koloniales Jahrbuch.

A. P. C. GRIFFIN,

Chief Division of Bibliography. HERBERT PUTNAM,

Librarian of Congress.

2942

PUBLICATIONS RELATING TO THE THEORY OF COLONIZATION AND RELATED TOPICS.

COLONIES.

THEORY OF COLONIZATION, GOVERNMENT OF DEPENDENCIES, PROTECTORATES, ETC.

BOOKS.

Austin, O. P. Colonial systems of the world. The colonies, protectorates, dependencies, and spheres of influence of all nations

exercising authority outside their immediate territory, showing form of government, area, population, revenue, etc. (In United States. Bureau of Statistics. Monthly Summary of Commerce and Finance. December, 1898, pp. 1463–1498.

Washington, 1899.) Bacon, Sir Francis. An essay on plantations. (In Select tracts relating to colonies, pp. 1-4, London (1733].) Also in the various

editions of his works. Barré de Saint-Venant, Adhémar Jean Claude. Des colonies modernes sous la zone torride, et particulièrement de celle de Saint-Domingue.

Paris: Brochut, 1802. xvi, 512 pp. 8o. Billiard, A. Politique et organisation coloniales. (Principes généraux.) Paris: Giard et Brière, 1898. 300 pp. 8o. Bonnassieux, Pierre. Les grandes compagnies de commerce. Étude pour servir à l'histoire de la colonisation. Paris: Plon, 1892. 562

(1) pp. 8o. Bordier, A. La colonisation scientifique et les colonies françaises. Paris: Reinwald, 1884. xvi, 506 pp. 8°. Bradford, Gamaliel. The lesson of popular government. New York: Macmillan Company, 1899. 2 vols. 8°. The lesson of

colonization, vol. 2, pp. 282–319. Brougham, Henry, Baron. An inquiry into the colonial policy of the European powers. Edinburgh: Printed by D. Willison, 1803.

2 vols. 8°. Contents: Volume I. Of the political relations between a State and its colonies; of the commercial relations between a State and its colonies; of the relation of a free colonial trade; of the commercial retation between a State and its colonies, as modified by the policy of modern Europe; of the particular relations of the colonies of the European powers to their mother countries; of the colonial policy of the United Provinces; of the colonial policy of Spain; of the colonial policy of Portugal, Denmark, and Sweden; of the colonial policy of England and France. Notes and illustrations to the first volume of the foreign relations of colonies. Volume II. Of the mutual relations of colonies with respect to their dependence on the mother countries; of the interests of the European colonies as connected with the reestablishment of the French power in the West Indies; of the consequences of the establishment of a negro commonwealth in the West Indies to the interest of the colonies which remain under the dominion of the mother country; of the foreign relations of States as influenced by their colonial relations; of the foreign policy of States in general, and as influenced by their colonial relations; of the relative interests of the different European powers, as well in their colonies as in other quarters, on account of their colonial relations; of the intercolonial relations of the European powers as influenced by the position of affairs in America; of the external relations of the European powers in different quarters as influenced by their colonial interests; of the domestic policy of the European powers in their colonial establishments; of the free-negro system, or the policy of cultivating the colonies by means

of free negroes; of the negro-slave system, or the present state of society in the slave colonies and the means of improving it. Buller, Charles. Speech in the House of Commons, April 6, 1843, on systematic colonization. (In Wakefield, E. G.: A view of the

art of colonization, pp. 457–500. London, 1849.) Cairnes, J. E. Colonization and colonial government. (In his Political essays, pp. 1–58. London, 1873.) Cerisier, Charles. Impressions coloniales (1868–1892). Étude comparative de colonisation. Paris: Berger-Leyrault et cie., 1893. Avec

une carte. viii, 357 (2) pp. 8°. Chailley-Bert, J. Les compagnies de colonisation sous l'ancien régime. Paris: Colin, 1898. (2), 192 pp. 12o. Child, Sir Josiah. A discourse concerning plantations. (In Select tracts relating to colonies, pp. 31–40. London (1733]. Deckert, E. Die Kolonialreiche und Kolonisationsobjecte der Gegenwart. Kolonialpolitische und kolonialgeographische Skizzen.

Leipzig: Frohberg, 1885. iv, 240 pp. 8o. Denancy, E. De la colonisation dans ses rapports avec la production et la consommation. Épernay: Dubreuil, 1894. 131 pp. 16o. Despagnet, F. Essai sur les protectorats. Paris: Larose, 1896. 442 pp. 8°. Dubois, Marcel. Systèmes coloniaux et peuples colonisateurs. Paris: Plon, 1895. xv, 287 pp. 8° Engelhardt, E. Les protectorats anciens et modernes. Étude historique et juridique. Paris: Pedone-Lauriel, 1896. 232 pp. 8o. Etienne, Eugène. Les compagnies de colonisation. Paris: Challamel, 1897. 76 pp. 8o. Finch, John. The natural boundaries of empires, and a new view of colonization. London: Longman, Brown [etc.], 1844. viii, 279

pp. 16o.

Gairal, François. Le protectorat international. Paris: Pedone-Lauriel. [1896.] 313 pp. 8o.
Girault, A. Principes de colonisation et de législation coloniale. Paris: Larose, 1895. 637 pp. 12o.

Le problème colonial. Paris: Marescq, 1894. 52 pp. 8°.

2943

Heeren, A. H. L. A manual of the history of the political system of Europe and its colonies, from its formation at the close of the

fifteenth century to its reestablishment upon the fall of Napoleon. Translated from the fifth German edition. Oxford: D. A.

Talboys, 1834. 2 vols. 8o.

Same. London: Henry G. Bohn, 1857. xxxii, 540 pp. 8o. Hinds, Samuel. Essay on colonization. (In Wakefield, E. G.: A view of the art of colonization, pp. 107–119. London, 1849.) This

essay was first printed in Whately's Thoughts on Secondary Punishments, London, 1832. Howison, John. European colonies in various parts of the world, viewed in their social, moral, and physical condition. London:

Richard Bentley, 1834. 2 vols. 8°. Institut Colonial International. Comptes rendus de la session tenue à La Haye, Sept., 1895. Paris: Colin, 1895. (2), 427 pp. 8o. Bibliothèque coloniale internationale. le sér. La main-d'æuvre aux colonies. 3 vols.

le sér. La main-d'æuvre aux colonies. 3 vols. 2e sér. Les fonctionnaires coloniaux. 2 vols. 3° sér. Le régime foncier aux colonies. 4 vols. 4e sér. Le régime des protectorats. 4 vols. Bruxelles: 1895–1899.

13 vols. 8°. Ireland, Alleyne. Tropical colonization: an introduction to the study of the subject. London: Macmillan, 1899. xii, 282 pp. 8°.

Bibliography, pp. 227–259. Jèze, Gaston. Étude théorique et pratique sur l'occupation comme mode d'acquérir les territoires en droit international. Paris: Giard

et Brière, 1896. iii, 393 pp. 8°. Kidd, Benjamin. The control of the tropics. London: Macmillan, 1898. vi (1), 101 (1) pp. 8o. Lanessan, J. M. A. de. Principes de colonisation. Paris: Alcan, 1897. iv, 283 pp. 8°. (Bibliothèque scientifique internationale.) Lehmann, K. Kolonialgesellschaftsrecht in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart. Berlin: K. Hoffmann, 1896. 35 pp. 8°. Leroy-Beaulieu, Pierre Paul. De la colonisation chez les peuples modernes.

De la colonisation chez les peuples modernes. Paris: Guillaumin et cie., 1874. vii (1), 616 pp. 8°. Same. 4e édition, revisée, corrigée, et augmentée. Paris: Libraire Guillaumin et cie., 1898. (2), xix (1), 868 pp. 8o.

Contents: De la colonisation antérieure au XIXe siècle; De la colonisation espagnole, portugaise, hollandaise, anglaise, française, danoise, et suédoise; Résumé de la colonisation antérieure au XIVe siècle; De la colonisation au XIXe siècle; Les colonies d'exploration ou de plantations; Colonies françaises, espagnoles, hollandaises; Les anciennes îles danoises et suédoises; La colonisation allemande; La colonisation italienne; Un mode spécial de colonisation anonyme; L'Etat indépendant du Congo; Conditions générales de la colonisation dans l'Afrique tropicale et équatoriale; L'Algérie et la colonisation française au XIXe siècle; La Tunisie; Les colonies de la France; De la colonisation anglaise au XIXe siècle; De la colonisation russe; De l'influence des colonies sur les métropoles; De l'émigration humaine; De l'émigration des capitaux; De commerce colonial et

de son utilité pour la métropole; De l'entretien des colonies. Lewis, Sir George Cornewall. Essay on the government of dependencies. London: John Murray, 1841. xii, 382 (1) pp. 8o.

Same. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1891. 392 pp. 8°. Lord, Walter Frewen. The lost empires of the modern world. Essays in imperial history. London: Richard Bentley & Son, 1897.

(4), 362 pp. 12o. Lowell, A. Lawrence. Colonial civil service. Selection and training of colonial officials in Holland, England, and France. New York:

Macmillan Company, 1900. xiv, 346 pp. 8°. Macdonnell, Alexander. Colonial commerce; comprising an inquiry into the principles upon which discriminating duties should be

levied on sugar, the growth respectively of the West India British possessions, of the East Indies, and of foreign countries.

London: John Murray, 1828. xix (1), 302 pp. 8o. Malouet, V. P. Collection de mémoires et correspondances officielles sur l'administration des colonies, et notamment sur la Guiane

française hollandaise. Paris: Baudouinan. an. x [1799]. 5 vols. 8o. Martel, Henri. Étude pratique sur les colonies anciennes et modernes et sur leurs grandes compagnies commerciales. Gand: Imprimerie

V. van Dooselaere, 1898. 395 pp. 8°. Merivale, Herman. Lectures on colonization and colonies. Delivered before the University of Oxford in 1839, 1840, and 1841. London:

Longmans, Orme [etc.], 1841, 1842. 2 vols. in 1. 8o. Contents: I. Historical account of the progress of the colonies of modern Europe; Colonies of Spain in continental America up to the period of their independence; Spanish colonies in the West Indies; Portuguese, Dutch, and French colonies; Brief historical sketch of British colonization; British colonies in the West Indies; North American colonies down to the period of their independence; Account of the present British colonies in North America, South Africa, and Australia; Economical effects of colonization on the parent state; Progress of wealth and society in colonies. II (continued). Employment of convict labor; Methods of obtaining labor in the colonies without slaves

or convicts; Disposal of land in new colonies; Sketch of the history of South Australia. Milburn, William. Oriental commerce; or, the East India trader's complete guide; containing a geographical and nautical description

of the maritime parts of India, China, Japan, and neighboring countries, including the eastern islands. London: Printed for Kingsbury, Parbury & Allen, 1825. (6), 586 pp. Folded maps. 8°. Sooloo Islands, pp. 423-426; Philippine Islands, pp.

426-430. Money, James William B. Java, or how to manage a colony. Showing a practical solution of the questions now affecting British India.

London: Hurst & Blackett, 1861. 2 vols. 12o. Niox, Gustave. L'expansion européenne. Empire Britannique. Asie-Afrique-Océanie. 3e édition. Avec cartes et croquis. Appendice

mis au courant jusqu'à la fin de l'année 1897. Paris: Delagrave (1897]. 472, 59 pp. Folded maps. 8°. (Géographie, vol.8.) Norman, H. The peoples and politics in the far East. Travels and studies in the British, French, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies,

Siberia, China, Japan, Corea, Siam, and Malaya. London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1895. xvi, 608, pp. 8°. Payne, Edward John. History of European colonies. With maps. London: Macmillan & Co., 1889. xi (1), 408 pp. 16o. (Historical

course for schools.) Pearson, Charles H. National life and character. A forecast. London: Macmillan & Co., 1894. vi, 381 pp. 12o. Penn, William. The benefit of plantations or colonies. (In select tracts relating to colonies, pp. 26–30. London [1733?].) Pillet, A. Des droits de la puissance protectrice sur l'administration intérieure de l'état protégé. (In Revue internationale du droit

public, vol. 2, pp. 583-608.) Questions coloniales et diplomatiques. Paris, 1899–1900. 8o. Note. -Periodical now regularly received at the Library. Ricaud, J. A. L'expansion coloniale. Paris: V. Havard, 1891. xiv, 318 pp. 8o. Rogers, James E. Thorold. The colonial question. (In Cobden Club essays, 2d series, 1871–72, pp. 403–459. London, 1872.) Roscher, Wilhelm. Kolonien, kolonial Politik und Auswanderung. 3te verbesserte, vermehrte und zum Theil ganz neu bearbeitete

Auflage von Roscher's Kolonien. Leipzig: C. F. Winter, 1885. (2), vi, 470 pp. 8o. Sacerdoti, V. Studi sulla colonizzazione. Bologna, 1890. 248 pp. 8°. Select tracts relating to colonies, consisting of: I. An essay on plantations. By Sir Francis Bacon. II. Some passages taken out of the

history of Florence, etc. III. Å treatise. By John De Witt. IV. The benefit of plantations or colonies. By William Penn. V. A discourse concerning plantations. By Šir Josiah Child. London: Printed for J. Roberts. [1733?] (8), 40 pp. 12o.

Smith, AdamOf colonies. Of the motives for establishing new colonies; causes of the prosperity of new colonies; of the advantages

which Europe has derived from the discovery of America.
wealth of nations. Reprinted from the 6th edition, with an introduction by E. B. Bax.

into the natuse and.ondon, 1896.
Note.-Also to be found in other editions of Smith's works.
The colonial policy of Europe. (In Rand, B.: Selections illustrating economic history of the seven years' war. 2d edition,

pp. 1-30. Cambridge, 1892.) Société d'études coloniales, Bruxelles. Bulletin, 3e-5e année. 1896–98. Bruxelles, 1896–98. 3 vols. in 2. 8o. Note.—This periodical

is currently received at the Library. Thierry, C. de. Imperialism. With an introduction by W. E. Henley. London: Duckworth & Co., 1898. xv, 110 pp. 8°. Van Octroy, F. Conventions internationales définissant les limites actuelles des possessions, protectorats et sphères d'influence en Afrique.

Bruxelles: Schepens, 1898. 518 pp. 8°. Wakefield, Edward Gibbon. A view of the art of colonization, with present reference to the British empire; in letters between a statesman

and a colonist. London: John W. Parker, 1849. xxiv, 513 pp. 8o. Note.-Inserted in the body of the work are Dr. Hind's “Essay on colonization;" Charles Buller's “Mr. Mothercountry of the colonial office;' and in the appendix "Speech of

Charles Buller in the House of Commons, April 6, 1843, on systematic colonization." Wallis, J. P. Early colonial constitutions. (In Royal historical society. Transactions, new series, vol. 10, pp. 59–83. London, 1896.) Worsfold, W. B. South Africa; a study in colonial administration and development. London: Methuen & Co., 1895. xii, 266 pp. 12o.

Same. 2d edition, revised. London: Methuen & Co., 1897. xii, 308 pp. Map. 12o. Zimmermann, Alfred. Die europäischen Kolonien. Berlin, 1896–1899. 3 vols. Maps. 8°. Contents: I. Die Kolonialpolitik Portugals

und ihre Entwickelung von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. II, III. Die Kolonialpolitik Grossbritanniens.

ARTICLES IN PERIODICALS, 1898–1900.

1898. Does trade follow the flag? Lord Farrer. Contemporary Review, vol. 74 (December, 1898), 810. 1899. Colonial systems of the world. 0. P. Austin. National Geographic Magazine, vol. 10 (January, 1899), 21. 1899. The spirit of conquest. J. Novicow. Appleton's Popular Science Monthly, vol. 54 (February, 1899), 518. 1899. Does trade follow the flag? Lord Masham. Contemporary Review, vol. 75 (February, 1899), 218. 1899. The commercial future: I. International struggle for life. Brooks Adams. II. The commercial sovereignty of the seas. B. Taylor.

Fortnightly Review, vol. 65 (February, 1899), 274, 284. 1899. Imperialism. J. L. Walton. Contemporary Review, vol. 75 (March, 1899), 305. 1899. The evolution of colonies: Social evolution. J. Collier. Popular Science Monthly, vol. 54 (March, 1899), 577. 1899. The colonies of the world and how they are governed. 0. P. Austin. Forum, vol. 27 (May, 1899), 303. 1899. The seamy side of imperialism. Robert Wallace. Contemporary Review, vol. 75 (June, 1899), 782. 1899. The flag and trade; a summary review of the trade of the chief colonial empires. A. W. Flux. Royal Statistical Society Journal,

vol. 62 (September, 1899), 489. 1899. The imperial function of trade. H. Birchenough. Nineteenth Century, vol. 46 (September, 1899), 352. 1899. The value of the imperial idea. Spectator, vol. 83 (October 7, 1899), 485. 1899. The cooperation of colonial governments. J. Macdomell. Journal of the Society of Comp. Legislation, new series, vol. 3 (December,

1899), 41. 1900. Radicalism and the imperial spirit. A. R. Carman. Contemporary Review, vol. 77 (January, 1900), 18. 1900. Does colonization pay? 0. P. Austin. Forum, vol. 28 (January, 1900), 621.

CLIMATE AND COLONIZATION.

BOOKS.

Annesley, James. Researches into the causes, nature, and treatment of the more prevalent diseases of India and of warm climates

generally. Second edition. London: Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans, 1841. xii, 606 pp. Portrait. 8o.
Sketches of the most prevalent diseases of India Second edition, with corrections and large additions. Illustrated by tables

and plates. London: S. Highly, 1831. xxiv, 501 (2) pp. 8°. Burg, C. L. van der. To what extent are tropical altitudes adapted for settlement by Europeans? (In international congress of hygiene

and demography. Transactions, seventh session, v. 10, pp. 170–178. London, 1892.) Burnett, Sir William, and Alexander Bryson. Report on the climate and principal diseases of the African station. London: Clowes &

Sons, 1847. XV (1), 266 pp. 8o.
Burot, F., and M. A. Legrand. Les trou pes coloniales. Statistique de la mortalité. Paris: J. B. Baillière, 1897. 140 pp. 8o.

Maladies du soldat aux pays chauds. Paris: J. B. Baillière, 1897. 184 pp. 8o.

Hygiène du soldat sous les tropiques. Paris: J. B. Baillière, 1898. 218 pp. 8°.
The hygiene of the soldier in the tropics. Translated by G. W. Read. Kansas City, Mo. [1899.] 8o.

Kansas City, Mo. [1899.] 8°. (International military series. 7.) Cantlie, James. The possibility of Europeans and their families becomiug naturalized in the tropics. (In Journal of tropical medicine,

November, December, 1898; January, February, 1899.) Climate and colonization. (In Quarterly Review, vol. 190, July, 1899, pp. 268–288.) Cohn, Emanuel. Zur Geschichte der deutschen Tropenhygiene. (In Deutsche Kolonialzeitung, neue Folge, vol. 13, February 8, 1900,

pp. 53-58.) Dumont, Enrique. Ensayo de una historia médico-quirúrgica de la isla de Puerto Rico. T. 1, 2, entrega 1-4. Habana: Imp. “La

Antilla” de N. Cacho-Negrete, 1875–1876. . 2 vols. 8°. Volume 2 lacks all after p. 160. Felkin, Robert W. Tropical highlands; their suitability for European settlement. (In International congress of hygiene and demography.

Transactions, seventh session, vol. 10, 155–164. London, 1892.) Giles, G. M. Growth and development of Anglo-Indian children. (In International congress of hygiene and demography. Transactions,

seventh session, vol. 10, pp. 184–185. London, 1892.

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