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TABLE 80.- Por cent of persons within each age group, by sex and by general nativity and

race of head of household-Continued.

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Out of a total of 4,680 persons reporting, nearly 60 per cent are over 14 years of age, while slightly less than 40 per cent are between the ages of 20 and 44. The native-born of foreign father, when compared with the foreign-born, predominate under the age of 13, but in every age group above that, excepting the one from 20 to 29, the foreign-born show the largest proportion.

The proportion of foreign-born males under 13 is smaller than the proportion of native-born of foreign father in the same age group, but in the periods of from 14 to 19 years the foreign-born proportion exceeds. Of the foreign-born males, 20.2 per cent are under 6, the Bohemians and Moravians, with 15.1 per cent, showing the smallest proportion in this age group. The Poles show 16 per cent from 6 to 13 years, the South Italians and Lithuanians less than 16 per cent each, while nearly 25 per cent each of the Bohemians and Moravians and Hebrews are in this age group. In the 30 to 44 year period, the Poles show the highest proportion, while in the period of 45 years or over, the Bohemians and Moravians show the largest proportions and the Lithuanians the smallest.

Referring to the tabulation for the female persons studied, it will be seen that the native-born of foreign father show a larger proportion of children under 6 years than do the foreign-born, while from 6 to 20 years the foreign-born proportion is larger in each group.

The Lithuanians show the largest proportion of females under 6 years of age, and the Bohemians and Moravians the smallest. The Bohemians and Moravians show the highest proportions in the period from 6 to 13 years, followed by the Poles and Hebrews. Among those who are from 20 to 29 years, the Lithuanians show the largest proportion and the Bohemians and Moravians the smallest. Less than 10 per cent each of the Hebrew, South Italian, Lithuanian, and Polish females are 45 years of age or over, while the Bohemians and Moravians show a proportion of 11.5 per cent.

49296° --VOL 11--11-23

The following table shows, by sex and general nativity and race, the per cent of employees within each specified age group:

Table 81.-Per cent of employees within each age group, by sex and general nativity and

race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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Native-born of native father, White.
Native-born of foreign father, by
country of birth of father:

Austria-Hungary
Germany
Ireland.
Italy.

Russia.
Foreign-born, by race:

Bohemian and Moravian.
German.
Hebrew, Russian.
Hebrew, Other
Italian, North.
Italian, South.
Lithuanian..
Magyar..
Polish..
Roumanian
Russian.
Slovak.

Grand total..
Total native-born of foreign father..
Total native-born....
Total foreign-born..

364

221 1.021

333

653 1,282 240

73 452

46 205 47

.0 .0 .1 .0 .0 .1

0 .0 .0

42.6 19.0 57.9 48.3 34.9 33.7 26.7 35.6 43.1 52. 2 49.8 46.8

33.0 30.8 32.8 34. 5 24.0 25. 4 42.5 32.9 37. 4 43. 5 38.0 34.0

12.6
18.1
5.3
8.7
15.9
14.7
16.3
17.8
9.1

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6.3
12.8

4.7 9.0 1.6 1.5 8.1 7.3 8.8 4.1 3. 5

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5.2 14.5 2.1 5. 4 12.3 12.5 5.0 6.8 5. 1 2. 2 2.9

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5.4

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2.885 3,511 5, 225

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7.7
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a Less than 0.05 per cent,

Table 81.-Per cent of employees within each age group, by ser and general nativity and

race-Continued.

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From the data presented in the above table it appears that 13 per cent of male employees for whom information was secured are from 14 to 19 years of age, that 23.8 per cent are from 20 to 24 years of age, that 18.9 per cent are from 25 to 29 years of age, that 12.9 per cent are from 30 to 34 years of age, that 19.2 per cent are from 35 to 44 years of age and that only 3 per cent are 55 or over. The proportion of male employees from 14 to 19 years of age is much larger for the whites, native-born of native father and for the native-born of foreign father than for the foreign-born; and the proportion of male employees from 25 to 34 years of age is considerably larger for the foreign-born than for either the native-born of native father or the native-born of foreign father. Among the foreign-born the Roumanians and Poles have the largest proportions for males from 20 to 24 years of age, the North Italians, Lithuanians, and Slovaks the largest proportions from 25 to 29 years of age, and the Lithuanians and Roumanians the largest proportions for male employees from 30 to 34 years of

age. Of the females for whom information was secured 45.3 per cent are from 14 to 19 years of age, 28.9 per cent are from 20 to 24 years of age, 10.3 per cent are from 25 to 29 years of age, and only small proportions are included in the other age groups specified. The proportion of female employees from 14 to 19 years of age is largest for the native-born of foreign father, second largest for the foreign-born, and smallest for the whites native-born of native father, while the proportion of female employees from 20 to 24 years of age is largest for the foreign-born, second largest for the native-born of foreign father, and smallest for the native-born of native father. Among the foreign-born the Russian Hebrews and the Roumanians have the largest and the Germans the smallest proportions for females from 14 to 19 years of age and the Roumanians and Lithuanians have the largest and the North Italians the smallest proportions from 20 to 24 years of age.

The above table shows that of the employees, both male and female, for whom information was secured, only a fraction of 1 per cent are under 14 years of age, 27.6 per cent are from 14 to 19, 26.1 per cent are from 20 to 24, 15 per cent are from 25 to 29, 9.2 per cent are from 30 to 34, 13.7 per cent are from 35 to 44, 6.3 per cent are from 45 to 54, and only 1.9 per cent are 55 or over. The proportion of individuals from 14 to 19 years of age is largest for the native-born of foreign father, second largest for the whites native-born of native father, and smallest for the foreign-born; the proportion of individuals from 25 to 29 years of age is largest for the foreign-born, second largest for the whites native-born of native father, and smallest for the native-born of foreign father. Among the foreign-born, the Roumanians, North Italians, Russians, and Russian Hebrews have the largest proportions for individuals from 14 to 19 years of age, the Roumanians and Poles the largest proportions for individuals from 20 to 24 years of age, and the Lithuanians, Slovaks, and North Italians the largest proportions for individuals from 25 to 29 years of age.

CHAPTER VII.

GENERAL PROGRESS AND ASSIMILATION.

Ownership of homes—Status of children in the households studied-Citizenship

Ability to speak English-Text tables 82 to 95, and General Tables 45 to 53.]

OWNERSHIP OF HOMES.

Home ownership by families the heads of which were of foreignbirth may be considered as a strong indication of permanent settlement, and the facts in this connection relative to the families the heads of which were employed in the clothing manufacturing industry are set forth in the following table, according to general nativity and race of head of family:

Table 82.-- Number and per cent of families ou ning home, by general nativity and race of

head of family.

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From information secured for 937 families in this industry, it will be seen that only 24.7 per cent own homes, the foreign-born reporting 23.5 per cent as compared with 60.7 per cent of native-born of foreign father. The proportion of Bohemians and Moravians, both foreign

. born and native-born of foreign father, owning homes stands out in striking contrast to the proportion shown by any other race--the foreign-born Bohemians and Moravians reporting 76.3 per cent and those native-born of foreign father reporting 65.4 per cent. No Poles and only a very small proportion of the Hebrews, Lithuanians, or South Italians own homes.

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