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SON, D.D.

,1831.]
Literary Intelligence.

349 · Gospel Truth accurately stated and illus- Joseph. Hodgson, Esq. of Birmingham, trated. By the Rev. Messrs. Hog, Boston, was elected Fellow. Erskine, and others; collected by JOHN The concluding portion of Colonel PasBrown.

ley's paper on Artificial Cement was read; Journal of a Voyage round the World ; as was also a paper by J. W. Lubbock, Esq. undertaken to promote the objects of the V.P. and Treas. “On the Meteorological London Missionary Society, during the years

Observations made at the apartments of the 1821 to 1829, inclusive. By the Rev.D. Royal Society during the years 1827, 1828, T. TYERMAN and G. BENNET, Esq. Com- and 1829.” piled from the Original Documents, by His Royal Highness the President inJAMES MONTGOMERY, Esq. Author of "The formed the Meeting that he had received World before the Flood," &c.

communications from Lord Melville and Evangelical Spectator. By the Author of Sir Robert Peel, desiring to resign their the Evangelical Rambler.

seats on the Council, on account of their Counsels for the Communion Table. By parliamentary duties. John Morisox, D.D.

April 21.

Sir Astley Cooper, V. P. History of Christianity to the Age of Sir Martin A. Shee was elected Fellow. Constantine.

A paper was read, “ On the errors in the Essays on Church Polity.

course of Vessels, occasioned by Local The Canon of the Old and New Testa- Attraction, with some remarks on the rements ascertained ; or, the Bible complete cent loss of his Majesty's ship Thetis, hy without the Apocrapha and unwritten Tra- Peter Barlow, Esq.” dition. By ARCHIBALD ALEXANDER, D.D.

Royal GEOGRAPHICAL Society. with Introductory Remarks by John Mori

April 11. A most interesting communiSermons on the Amusements of the cation was read, containing an account of a Stage, preached at St. James's Church,

visit to Morocco and the Atlas mountains, Sheffield. By the Rev. T. Best.

by Lieut. Washington, R.N., made in the Life and Diary of the Rev. Ebenezer beginning of 1830. The population of Erskine, A.M. of Stirling, Father of the

Morocco was estimated at nearly 100,000, Secession Church. By DONALD FRAZER.

5,000 of whom are Jews. The height of Omnipotence: a Poem. By R. JARMAN.

Atlas is stated to be 11,400 feet above the

level of the sea. A Series of Essays on the Evidences of

Its geological structure Natural and Revealed Religion. By Mr.

consists of hard sandstone strata, dipping to R. AINSLIE,

the southward, and lying east and west. The History of Medicine, Surgery, and

Limestone and schist were present. There Apatomy, from the earliest period to the were no traces of primitive formations or

volcanic agency present time. By Dr. Hamilton.

The Utility of the Knowledge of Nature ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. considered; with reference to the introduc

April 10. A paper on the obliquity of tion of iostruction in the Physical Sciences into the general Education of Youth. By clinations, were submitted. A paper, la

the ecliptic, and new tables on the sun's deE. W. BRAYLEY, A.L.S.

menting the backward state of optical science Pylus Malus Brentfordiensis; a Descrip- in England, with remarks on the progress tive Catalogue of the most valuable sorts of

and desiderata of the manufacture of achroApples. By Hugh Ronalds.

matic lenses, was also read, with some other coloured Figure of each.

important papers on the formation of teleA System of Endowments for the Provident Classes in every Station of Life, exem

scopes, and their improvement. Several

associates and fellows were admitted. plified by the Rules of the Southwell Endowment Society. By the Rev. J. T.

Highland Society of London. Becher, M.A. Vicar-general and Preben- On Monday, the 21st of March, the dary of the Collegiate Church of Southwell. Highland Society of London held their anni

A familiar Summary of the Law of Bills versary meeting and dinner, which was conof Exchange and Promissory Notes.

ducted with the usual national observances, The Laws relating to Benefit Societies the company being entertained with the anand Savings' Banks; being a familiar Sum- cient martial music of Caledonia. mary of the two consolidating Acts on these The silver medal, and unanimous thanks subjects.

of the Society, were given to Mr. Logan, for The Freemason's Pocket Companion. his interesting work on the manners and

The Bridal Night; the First Poet; and customs of the Scottish Gaël, and other other Poems. By Dugald Moore, Author branches of the Celtic race. of “ The African,” “ Scenes from the Flood,” &c.

King's College, LONDON.
The following additional appointments

have recently taken place in this institution : ROYAL Society.

-J. Anstice, esq. to be Professor of ClassiApril 14, The Duke of Sussex, President. cal Literature ; Charies Lyell, esq, to be

With a

350
Literary Intelligence.

[ April, professor of Geology; Gilbert T. Burnett, more useful purposes than ourselves ; for esq. to be professor of Botany; and the we learn that Dionysius, the tyrant of Sy-' Rev. Joseph Edwards, B. A. to be secoud racuse, had a cavern excavated in a rock, in master in the school.

the shape of the human ear (which is of

course best adapted for the reception and New METHOD OF Dyeing Black Cloth. transmission of sounds) in which he coufned

A discovery has been made by Messrs. his state prisoners, and by tubes leading Watson and Son, Leeds, of a method of from it to his chamber, he was able to dyeing black in the wool, in such manner as catch even their softest whisper, and thus to allow of its being manufactured as well to discover their designs, &c. This idea as any other wool-dyed colour, and to re- seems to have been lost sight of till now, medy the complaint against English blacks when we are agreeably surprised to find that of their wearing white in the seams. So Mr. Curtis, the well-known aurist, has infast is the colour, that, when tested with vented a chair with an acoustic barrel and one part of the strongest sulphuric acid to tubes, something on the principle of the two parts of water, it remains unchanged, Invisible Girl, for the benefit of the deaf, whilst the colour of black cloth dyed in the and for old persons who are hard of hearing, manner at present in use is completely de- and who, while sitting in it at their leisure, stroyed. The experiment was made in the may hear conversation or reading in a low presence of Dr. Hunter, and several other

tone of voice, carried on by an individual in gentlemen. Tested with equal parts of mu- any part of the room. By means of pipes, riatic acid and water, the effects were equally also, a person whispering in a distant apartdecisive: the process is rather more ex- ment can be distinctly heard. We have pensive.

ourselves been seated in it, and were astonished at the ease with which we distin

guished the different voices of those engaged DuchesSE DE Berri's LIBRARY.

in conversation in an under tone, and also a Since the dispersion of the renowned Rox- tune played by a small musical box (which burghe Collection, no book sale has attracted was as audible as if it had been standing on so many visitors as prevailed during the re- a table before us), in a room separated by a cent sale of the Library of the Duchesse de hall, &c. from the one in which the chair is Berri, by Mr. Evans. We do not remem- placed. Upon the whole, we consider this ber so gaudy a display of splendid books, de- invention as one of the most ingenious apcorated in the most costly bindings by the plications of the principles of acoustics best artists in Paris ; still far inferior to the

with which we are acquainted. Lit. Gaz. substantial workmanship and high polish of Lewis, and other bookbinders in London.

A very interesting paper has been read Perhaps the best specimen of binding was a before the Society of Arts, in which it was variorum edition of Rabelais, in nine vols. proposed to connect the Mediterranean with Paris, 1823, purchased by Prince Cimitile, the Red Sea, by means of a railway across for 201. Two Albums were bought by Col. the Isthmus of Suez, which should be capaDubois for 2001. and 2801. The Congress ble of allowing vessels of the largest burthen at Vienna, a series of drawings in bistre, to be propelled along it by means of loco produced 95l. The matchless collection of motive steam-engines. Roses, painted to imitate nature, upon vellum, were purchased by Major Thompson at

Tithes, 4201. The Campaigns of Napoleon Buona- At the Chester Assizes an important case parte, an oblong folio, brought 291. Re

was tried, involving the right of Tithes to nouard's edition of Voltaire, in 66 volumes, the amount of about 2,000t. a-year. The 50l. Répertoire du Théâtre Français, with plaintiffs were the Rev. Dr. Drever, the all the plates, in three states, and original Rev. T. Maudesley, and W. Turner, as drawings, 35 volumes, bought by Mr. Dib- Trustees of the late R. Leigh, esq. of Addin for 641. Ostervald's Picturesque Voyage lington-hall, and the defendant was Col. T. in Sicily, 2 vols. Payne and Foss, 701. The Parker, of the Cheshire militia. The action noted Herbier de l'Amateur, bought by was brought under the Statutes of Edward VI. Major Thompson, at 3461. The Musée and Henry VIII, to recover treble the Français, 6 vols. folio, Prince Cimitile 1251.

amount of the tithe on hay on lands in the Audebert's Natural History, 2 vols. large occupation of Col. Parker, in the parish of paper, Payne and Foss, 100 guineas. Prestbury, claimed by the plaintiffs as trusFrench Classics, in 57 vols. 791.

tees of the lay impropriator of the whole

parish. The defendant pleaded the general Acoustic Chair.

issue and the Statute of Limitations. The The science of acoustics, in a practical Tithes of the extensive parish of Prestbury, point of view, has been strangely neglected which is fourteen miles by eight, and in in this country, and, in fact, in modern which the town of Macclesfield is situate, times generally. The ancients appear to formerly belonged to the monastery of St. have been beiter acquainted with the doc- Werburgh, in the City of Chester, but at trine of sounds, and to have applied it to the period of the Reformation reverted to

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1831.] Literary Intelligence.- Antiquarian Researches. 351 the Crown; and in the 22d of Elizabeth set up in the kivers, on the ground of a were granted by the Queen to Thomas modus; and a Bill was filed in the Court of Leigh, esq. the ancestor of the Adlington Exchequer in the year 1817, by the plainfamily, and remained in their possession tiffs, against Col. Parker, the result of from that time to the present. Being an which was a decision against him, in the extensive parish, the Tithes were year 1820, and subsequently coufirmed in taken in kind, but always in money, and the 1827, on bringing the case by a Writ of Tithe on hay was 1s. per aere on the up- Error before the House of Lords. The lands, and 6d, on the lowlands. The Tithes

Tithes on corn, &c. were paid as usual after of that part of the parish of Prestbury which the expiration of the lease, by the defendant constituted Col. Parker's estate, were leased among others; thus establishing the right to the defendant until 1816, when the term of the plaintiffs to the Tithes of the parish expired, and during that term neither Col. generally. The jury now found for the Parker nor any of his tenants paid any Tithes plaintiffs for 3091. treble the value of the at all. At the expiration of the term a dis- Tithes on hay for the last six years, any pute arose as to the liability to pay Tithe further arrears being barred by the Statute on hay where corn was grown, and the corn of Limitations.

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.

Son.

Society of ANTIQUARIES.

Croker, Esq., Frederic Madden, E39., J. April 14. Hudson Gurney, Esq. V.P.

H. Markland, Esq., F.R.S., J. H. MeriSir Thomas Phillipps, Bart. one of the vale, Esq., Sir George Staunton, Bart., Auditors, read a statement of the Society's F.R.S. and Major-Gen. Sir B.C. Stephenaccounts.

John Britton, Esq. F.S.A. exhibited se- Scertre OF MARY OF SCOTLAND. veral large drawings of the architecture of The partial draining of Loch Leven has ancient Greece.

been the means of bringing to light two Henry Ellis, Esq. Secretary, presented highly interesting relics of the days of the copies of two bird's eye Views in the Bri- beautiful but unfortunate Mary. The first tish Museum : 1. the town of Brighton, is a small marble figure, delicately sculpwhen attacked and fired by the French in tured, which was found near the island of 1545, as described by Holinshed under that St. Serf, and is supposed to have decorated year; North, West, and East Streets are one of the niches of its famous monastery. represented, with a field in the centre where The other is a handsome sceptre, apppathe market is at present. In the common reotly of cane, hilted with ivory, and accounts of Brighton, it is stated that mounted with silver, upon which latter the Henry the Eighth, to protect the towni letters of the words, “Mary Queen of from attacks similar to that here repre- Scots," are almost wholly legible, although sented, built a block-house in 1539; but as both the ivory and silver are much decayed. no such building is represented in this The sceptre was found near the “ Mary view, it is probable too early a date is thus Knowe,” the supposed landing-place of the given to its erection. The village of Hove fair Sovereign, in her memorable

escape is represented as a single street, with the from the Castle of Loch Leven. church standing, which has now almost en- SKELETONS FOUND NEAR BASINGSTOKE. tirely disappeared. 2. A View of the Coun- Several skeletons have been discovered try round Dieppe (including the chateau while making the new road over Rook's d'Arques in its original state), and the battle Down, in the parish of Sherbourne St. of St. Etienne, in which Henri IV. beat the John, near Basingstoke. That a battle had Duke of Mayenne, Sept. 21, 1589.

formerly been fought on this spot is by no The reading of the paper on Classical means improbable, as within lialf a mile of Chronology, by Henry Moutagu Grover, the Down there is a very extensive and very Esq. was then continued.

ancient camp, koown by the familiar appelApril 23, being St. George's Day, the lation of Bury Bank, or Winklow's Barrow, President, Vice-President, and Officers were though no tumulus exists on which to found re-elected; and the following Fellows were the latter description. The area is surplaced on the Council:—the Duke of Sus- rounded by a single rampart and a ditch on sex, Edward Blore, Esq., Joseph Gondall, the outside, partly filled up by the labours D.D., Sir Alexander Johnstone, F.R.S., of the agriculturist. The height of the Alfred Jobn Kempe, Esq., Henry Gally rampart, reckoning the slope, may be in Knight, Esq., Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart, some places 25 or more feet." From its simF.R.S., W. Robinson, Esq. LL.D. Robert plicity, it may be inferred that this was a Smirke, jun. Esq. R.A. and Edgar Taylor, work of the antient Britons. A great battle Esq., in the room of C. F. Barnwell, Esq. was fought at Basing by King Etheldred and F.R.S., John Britton, Esq., T. Crofton his brother Alfred, against the Danes, in 871.

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When black’ning clouds, the sky o'ercast

And gloomy is the day.
When winter's blast is sweeping past,

He's safe with Alice Grey.
And when life's taper dimly throws

A small and glim'ring ray, He views the close of all his woes

In Heaven with Alice Grey. Newcastle, April 6th, 1831. H.G.

LONG LIVE OUR SAILOR KING.

A NEW LOYAL SONG, COME, raise the goblet high,

While with heart and voice we sing And all England makes reply,

Long live our Sailor King !" The vessel of the State

Has a seaman at the helm, And howe'er our foes may hate

They old England can't o'erwhelmFor while we rule the waves

We may firm and fearless sing, “ Britons never will be slaves

While they have a Sailor King !” May we lead a life of peace

While we live beneath his sway“ Though, should enemies increase,

He'll to vict'ry lead the wayWhile the cannon's thunder roars

He'll “Rule Britannia,” singAnd the British seventy-fours

Shall protect our Sailor King ! Our blessings on the Queen

Who shares our monarch's throne, And who gilds the courtly scene

With virtues like his own
May their people happy be,

And each bill and valley ring-
With shouts from Britons free

“ Long live our Queen and King !" Come raise the goblet high

While with heart and voice we singAnd all England makes reply,

“ Long live our Sailor King !"

MOMENTARY THOUGHTS, No. III.
THERE'S not a spot in all the world

To me so dear or sweet,
As that where all my youthful scenes

Of Boyhood's gladness meet :
Where ev'ry house, or tree, or view,

Display some long-lived trace,
And oft revives the soothing smile

Of some forgotten face.
O Shrewsbury! thou art thus to me

The dearest place on earth,
And thou shalt be my place of rest,

As thou wert of my birth.
And may my friends still gather round

My tomb, and think of me
With somewhat of that bosom's joy

That now I feel for thee.
Shrewsbury.

H. P.

Lines written as an Answer to the Favourite

Song of Alice Grey."
HE strikes the lyre, that long hath been

Neglected and forgot,
In voice and mien a change is seen,

For chang'd is now his lot.
He treads again the verdant plain,
His
step

is light and gay,
His hours of pain are on the wane-

Belov'd by Alice Grey.
His spirit now is light as air,

His eye is bright as day,
For years of ease he now will share

His all with Alice Grey.
The gloom his hopes had darken’d o'er

Is now dispers'd away,
He sighs no more, there's bliss in store

For him and Alice Grey.
He's happy now with her alone,

And she is bright and gay; Despair has flown, and now his own

Fond bride is Alice Grey.

THE SAILOR'S TOMB. THE rolling waves receive the placid corse, Its only winding sheet the foaming surge, And to the caves profound commit their

trust. Thus based on living adamantine rocks, What monument e'er sculptur’d by man's

art So fit to hold enshrin'd the last remains Of an immortal soul!

The solemn funeral peal ne'er ceases here. The summer breeze, and ev'ry wintry blast, Produce a sad remembrance of the tomb. Not Memnon's head, when the last evening

beams Illum'd its awful front, did e'er pour

forth Such deep-toned sourds, or solemn mystic

strains. What regal tomb, enrich'd by human art, But must decay and crumble into dust, While this shall stand immutable and bright, 'Till the Archangel's voice shall reach the

depth Of Ocean's caves, and summon forth the

dead. O God, in that tremendous day, again Unite in holy love those kindred bands Whom death has rent, and scattered far and wide.

M. N.

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House Of LORDS, March 24. been made in the population returns, which On the presenting of a petition, by Earl

might work an injustice, it was not the inGrey, from the freeholders of the county

tention of his Majesty's Ministers to abide of Down, in favour of Parliamentary by these returns.—Lord John Russell disREFORM, the Duke of Wellington said, that

claimed all intention of doing any injustice, the proposed Bill would throw down all the and expressed his willingness to lay those established institutions of the country, and

returns before the House. If it should turn that in his opinion there was no reason

out that the rule applied to parishes, rather whatever for altering the constitution of Par

than to the boroughs only in which those liament. He could not look at the mea- parishes were interested, was more favoursure without considering the day on which it able to an extension of the franchise, he should pass as the moment from which they thought it ought to be applied. might date the downfall of the country.-- Earl

In a Committee of Supply, Sir J. Graham Grey, in reply, said that he considered him

moved various items connected with the self completely committed by and identified

Navy Estimates, the whole of which were with the measure, and by this measure he

agreed to. The House afterwards went into should stand or fall, and as far as depended

a Committee on the Civil List. The Chancelupon him he would suffer wo alteration to lor of the Exchequer proposed that a revenue be made that would detract from its effi- of 510,000l. be granted to his Majesty durciency; and without throwing out any threat

ing his life, which was agreed to.
of dissolution, he had no objection to say,
that in order to support and carry into

House of LORDS, March 28.
effect this measure, there were no means
sanctioned by the principles and practice of

Lord Wharncliffe rose for the purpose of the constitution, and by' a devoted sense of moving for returns of the population of the public duty, from the employment of which

different counties in England and Wales ; he would shrink. The Noble Earl in con

and in the course of a very long and able clusion observed, that the measure would speech took occasion to enter at large into

the details of the Bill now in progress support the dignity of the aristocracy, and would keep up their respectability by throw- through the Lower House, which, although ing from them that power which made them undoubtedly a most efficient, was not by any odious to the people.

means, in his opinion, a moderate reform.

On the contrary, he believed that it would In the House of COMMONS, the same

put in danger all the best institutions of the day, the “ Bill to amend the REPRESENTA

country; and for this reason it was, that he tion of IRELAND,'

felt compelled to oppose it. The Bill would was brought in by Mr.

give the commercial a great preponderance Stanley, and an extended debate ensued, in

over the landed interest, cause the number the course of which the Chancellor of the

of electors to be inconveniently large, and, Exchequer stated that Government had made up their minds irrevocably “ to persevere ia

short, prove as great a delusion as had

ever been offered to the country. In times the proposition for cutting off sixty boroughs. They would listen to po compro

of excitement (and it was sometimes necesmise. They considered the disfranchise

sary for Ministers to counteract popular ment of rotten boroughs essential to the opinion) the Government, should this Bill public welfare, and they trusted that the

be adopted, could not go on, since it would House and country would stand by them in

be impossible for the members of it to ob

tain seats in Parliament.-Lord Durham, carrying it into effect.” The Bill was read a first time, and the second reading appointed Clanricarde, and Lord Plunkett, spoke in

the Duke of Richmond, the Marquis of for the 18th of April.

favour of the measure.—The Lord Chancel

lor said, that the supporters of things as March 25. In reply to some observa- they are had formerly reproached the friends tions of Sir Robert Peel on the population of reform with having no settled plan to returns of the boroughs intended for dis- offer to Parliament. At present, however, franchisement, Lord Althorp said, that it was a measure had been brought forward which the determination of Ministers to abide by had met the approbation of the whole the rule of disfranchising those boroughs country; while its opponents, although they whose population fell short of the number all admitted that some sort of reform was nelimited in the Bill; but if a mistake had cessary, had not in a single instance submitted Gent. Mag. April, 1831.

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