Imágenes de páginas

CARE OF SHEEP IN AUTUMN. ly large to accommodate the flocks assigned to them, with

their feeding racks in stormy weather. We would not In some remarks on the “Care of Sheep in Spring," have over fifty sheep in a single enclosure, and a less num(Co. Gent., April 5, 1860,) we adverted to the importance ber would be preferable in the way they are usually cared of having sheep in good condition in the fall—because, for. Prepare these fixtures before they are needed, that if poor, it is particularly difficult to bring them safely when winter comes suddenly upon us, it may not bury our through the winter. “Without very careful manage- flocks in the snow for want of proper shelter. Conveniment,” we said, “such sheep, especially if kept in large ences for watering should be provided-sheep really reflocks, are decimated by disease and starvation—the poor- quire this in winter, and will not thrive without it. But er and weaker they get, the less chance they have to secure we will leave further hints until December, thinking the food in the crowd of stronger animals.” If carried suc matter of sufficient importance to require at least quarcessfully through, it is always at a larger cost for feed and terly notice. care than would have been requisite had they been in good condition in autumn. So that a little present attention to Improvement of Worn-out Sandy Land. secure their thrift, will pay as well as any that can be given

Messrs. Tucker & Son-Having a few moments to spare, in the future.

I propose to improve them by giving your readers my The lambs should be taken from the ewes the last of method of cultivating worn-out sandy land. September, in order to give the latter time to recruit in

It is now twelve years since I commenced farming for flesh before winter. Unless in very good pasture while myself, without capital enough to buy a cow. Of course suckling their young, sheep get low in flesh from this large I had to run in debt for my farm, and pay for it in yearly demand upon them, and in any case cannot become very payments by cultivating the same. I have necessarily had fat while the yield of milk continues. In many cases com to make improvements slowly. At the time of my puring under our observation, this demand is allowed to con- chase, there was a field of about fifteen acres (separated tinue too long; lambs are even allowed to run with their from my house lot by a public highway,) of worn-out sandams at all times-not becoming weaned until winter. It dy land, which is here termed pine plains. My feeling, is much better for both ewes and lambs to separate them, after I had occupied the land one year, was, if this lot was as directed in our remarks on the “Care of Sheep in Sum- out of sight of my house, I would not do a thing to im. mer," (Co. GENT., July 26, 1860,) at from sixteen to prove it. As it was, it was an unsightly thing, which I

could not bear, and something must be done. To test its eighteen weeks old, giving the Jambs the run of some capacity as it then was, I planted one acre of corn with newly seeded clover field if convenient, and, after confin- ashes and plaster in the hill. It was well hoed, and at baring the ewes to short pasture for a week or ten days—the vest I had less than three bushels of very small ears of better to dry off their milk-to give them also the best feed corn. I read in The Cultivator that clay was lacking in to be had, that they may repair the waste of flesh while drew on a light coat of clay. One acre received 50 loads,

soils of this description. During the next two winters I the grass is yet good in autumn. We have had better such as one pair of oxen could draw up quite a hard hill. success since we adopted this management than before, I am sorry I cannot tell how much was put on the rest of both sheep and lambs give more wool, and are easier to the field; it was a much less quantity; perhaps twelve or winter.

fourteen loads to the acre. Since the application of clay If the advice of the article last named, in regard to field has increased in fertility until some of it is very pro

I have applied a small quantitity of manure, and the whole selling sheep has been considered, we have now our main ductive. flock composed of young and healthy sheep. If, however, For example, I will state what the acre has done this on account of their lambs, any old ewes have been retain- year, to which 50 loads of clay was applied. Last year it ed which are inferior in forin and in wool, we should again bore a crop of oats and was stocked to clover; this year sort out and separate, and give them feed to put them in was mowed the last week in June-produced two large

loads of hay, (all closer.) It was immediately turned over as good order as possible. If we conclude to keep them with one pair of oxen ; a light dressing of manure was orer winter, this is the best policy; if we think best to then applied, and two and one-half bushels of northern sell, (while the demand for sheep is brisk and prices up, corn sown on it, and the land was well harrowed and rolled. as at present,) it will enhance their market value. But it I fed from this piece of ground for two weeks, 18 cows, all is safe to adopt the rule, never to suffer a sheep. to get pair of horses, once a day. I also kept my stock hoge

of which are giving milk, and one pair of oxen and one over five years old on your bands, unless of particularly

upon the same. valuable character as pets or breeders.

My cows were turned out an hour or two each day for After the middle of November, the grass is so frost-bit- exercise, and once beside to water—the rest of the time ten, that even if abundant, it will hardly keep the flock they were kept in the stable, and on sparred floors. There in good order without some additional nutriment. And was feed enough grew on the acre this season, to keep a

cow a year. before this time, it is well to be ou the watch to see that

About three acres of the field was set with apple trees the flock has all the food necessary to their keeping in four years ago, which are growing very fast. Some of good condition. We are not in favor of the confinement of them hung full of apples this year. sheep in pleasant weather, but would allow them the run of

The whole field has been in cultivation this year as folthe pastures for some time after we began to feed them lows: Clover, cornfodder, oats, rye, corn, carrots and caboccasionally. In stormy weather they should have a shel. bage, and one-fourth of an acre is used as a family gar

den. There was more land in rye than any other one ter, for the long cold rains of this season are very injurious, crop. All of the above crops have been very satisfactory and if exposed to them, sheep often get diseases of the to me, especially so when I think a few years ago the whole lungs, from which they suffer much, and perhaps never field would produce nothing worth harvesting. m. S. K.

P. S. During the past few months I have seen in the To the “Care of Sheep in Autumn," may well be added doors for'stables-some of them, perhaps all, from first

Co. GENT., some very strong arguments against sparred some lints on getting prepared for their care in winter. class farmers. Do they reason from practical knowledge Good sheds and yards should be provided-sheds sufficient. or theory? M. &. K.

Chicopee, Mass.




DES A letter from Thornedale, under date of the 24th

ult., informs us of the sale by Mr. THORNE of one of his THE CULTIVATOR. SF. W. Welsh, Esq., of Limerick, Ireland

, who is said

to be himself a breeder of Short-Homs, and who bas been for

some time travelling in this country. He selected one of ALBANY, N. Y., NOVEMBER, 1860.

Lalla Rookh's calves, by Grand Duke, now six months old

-a selection which we may add, from personal knowledge, Hurried JOTTINGS.—On my way in some haste to the afforde us the first instance in the Short-Horns or other

does credit to his judgment—for the sum of $1,000; and thus scene of our State Fair at Elmira, I can only jot down one improved breeds, of an American bred animal carried back or two brief allusions to the transactions of the past few to Great Britain. It is a fact worthy of particular attendays. The Skaneateles Farmers' Club held their Sixth tion, for the journey is a long and expensive one for an Exhibition Tuesday and Wednesday. The first day was vinced of its decided superiority.

animal to be taken, unless the purchaser were really convery rainy and unpleasant; the second scarcely better, for although clearer, the wind was high and cold. The town,

MR. Far's SALE OF ALDERNEYS AND OXFORD Downs.however, was wide awake, the grounds quite well attend. The following extract is from a letter by a gentleman who ed, and the Show a creditable one. A string of thirty- was present to one of the editors of the Country GENTISfive or forty yoke of working oxen attracted justly much

There was quite a large sale of pure bred and attention; a lately patented implement for laying tile on grade Jersey Cows, and Oxford Down sheep at " Linthe mole-plow principle, without digging any ditch, was mere,” the fine estate of Richard S. Fay, Esq., near Lyon, put to work; a very neat building for fruits, flowers, home Mass., on Friday last, (Oct. 5.) The day was cold and manufactures, &c., was handsomely filled, and, with some very rainy, and the attendance consequently lessened, neighborly contributions from adjoining towns, the whole about a hundred being present. At two o'clock, after å spoke well for the enterprise of the people of Skaneateles bandsome and substantial lunch, the sale was commenced and its vicinity. I was glad to make the personal ac- by Wm. F. Otis of Boston ; the pure bred Jerseys brouglit quaintance of so many of the officers and members of the from $80 to $125, and the half bloods from $45 to $100. Society. In spending, during the course of the day, seve- Mr. David Nevins, Mr. John Joy and Wm. S. Lincoln ral fours with s. M. Brown, Esq., of Elbridge, I picked Worcester, were among the purchasers. The sheep sold up moreover a number of notes of Agricultural interest, at prices running from $7.50 each for a lot of lambs, to which when better opportunity occurs, I shall liope to $51. Two or three small lots were sold to go south, but share with the readers of the Co. Gent. There are many the most of the flock was taken by James S. Grennell, evidences of good farming in all the region through which Esq., of Greenfield, Mass. The introduction of so large a our drive carried us, and Mr. B. has had long experience number of these splendid sheep, the best breed for early limself, as well as been a close observer of the practice of lambs, ripe mutton and fleece, all combined, into Frankothers.

lin County, will soon give it a reputation for its sheep unA disconnected and tedious journey thence brought me equalled in New-England. into Canton, at a late hour Thursday night, where the St. SEEDLING GRAPE.-G. P. SERVISS of Montgomery Co., Lawrence County Society was holding its Annual festival. N. Y., sends us a specimen of a grape, which he states It had been a fine day and the attendance of people was was ripe the 25th of Aug., while the Isabella and Catawba, such I learned, as to place about $1400 in the Treasurer's at the date of his letter, Sept. 10, appeared as green as at bands; but during the night the rain came on, and Friday midsummer. He wishes to know the name. The speci. was a cold, blustering, damp, discouraging day. Many of mens were fifteen days on the road, and when received the cattle had been taken off from the grounds, but the the leaves were broken and the berries partly decayed. cause for surprise was rather that so many should have re. We cannot of course pronounce upon them, nor say whether mained, and that the few fitful glimpses of sunlight that they are a new variety. In character they appear to renow and then struggled through the clouds should have semble the Isabella. We think them worthy of further attracted so many people. Towards noon the attendance attention. became quite large; the extensive refresbment tables manifested a gratifying activity; the tasteful Floral tent of Atlanta, Geo., whom we had the pleasure of meeting at

SALES OF Stock-We learn that Col. RICHARD PZTERS was thronged; the other Halls were well filled, and many ihe advertised sale of stock of the Albany Co. Breeder's were scattered about among the horses and the cattle. There were several individual contributors to this exhi- John S. Goe, the well-known breeder of improved stock,

Association some weeks ago, has since purchased of Gen. bition which I should like to mention at length if time per- near Brownsville, Pa., six brood mares in foal by his famitted. The President, Hon. C. T. HULBURD was constantly at hand, and, like Secretary Winslow, and the "Climax,” (Black Hawk,) and one do. served by “Mes

mous horse“ Bush Messenger "-one do., served by other officers, indefatigable in effort ; while the presence senger.” Col. also purchased of Gen. Goe, fifty Spanof numerous visitors from Essex and Jefferson showed the ish Merino ewes. Besides this large sale to Col. P., we high rank which the exhibition of St. Lawrence holds hear that Gen. Goe has recently sold an entire Messenger among its sister counties. If I pass by the stock so bur. and Morgan Colt to Elias J. Faison, Esq., of Faison's riedly, we shall have to pause for a moment before a very Depot, N. C. simple and comparatively inexpensive contrivance for pul. ling stumps, of which there are still many to come out

INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION OF 1862.—It is generally over all this region—invented as I understood by a sub-known that an Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations, scriber to the Country GENTLEMAN, in response to a call is to be held in London in 1862, under the auspices of published in that journal some time back, for a cheaper the Society of Arts, the same institution which got up the and more effective machine. I shall probably have occa- great exhibition of 1851. A list of subscribers to guara!siun to refer to this subject hereafter more particularly.

tee fund, amounting to about $1,800,000, is published in A sqnall of the first snow I have seen this season came the Gardener's Chronicle. The list is headed by Prince whistling about our ears in the midst of the address, but Albert, who subscribes $50,000, followed by 'Mathew no one seemed to mind it much, and I must close this Uzielli, who subscribes a like sum. Then five subscriphasty note by adding that if the Farmers of Northern tions of $15,000—thirteen of $10,000—one hundred and New-York turn out so well in the support of their Socie- three of $5,000 each, and a host of others ranging from ties in weather so unpromising, I should like to have the $500 to $2,500 each. opportunity some time of seeing what they can do when les Mr. THORNE of Thornedale, has just received a the sun really shines, and the land is less like a morass, splendid South Down shearling buck, winner of the first and the atmosphere is not qnite so energetic in its demon- prize at the Chichester meeting of the Royal Ag. Societs, stracions.

from the celebrated fuck or li w. Triguen, Esq., ... ad

L. H. T.

ing another strain of blood to a flock already rich in first tions of the coming year, and why they turn with some prize winners from the folds of Jonas Webb, Henry Lugar, anxiety to ascertain in what other land there is a Goshen Lord Walsinghiain, &c., &c.

to which they may send for the bread of their children IPSeven weeks ago we wrote of the Harvest Rains and their households. The Quarter Day has passed on in England-quoting from a London contemporary, the which the rent of the half-year is in many cases collected, sad picture of merciless storms in constant succession beat- but, gathered in as it has been, the crop“ requires a deal ing to the ground a crop unmatured and already showing of time to make and harden, either in the rick or in the symptoms of mildew and decay. Since then, some glimp- barn, and tenants who are compelled to send the bulk into ses of sunshine have now and then encouraged the English the market can only do so with the expectancy of selling fumer to brighter hopes, but the month of October comes it on something the same terms they might a lame horse so late in the season that when he finds it opening, as it at a fair, or a sick beast at an auction.” And the Farmers' lils, on many still unharvested fields, he can scarcely ex- Journals remind the Landlord that it is for his best interpect enough warm weather between Michaelmas and New est in the long run, not to press too closely a willing but Year's to fit them for the reaper and the miller.

unfortunate Tenant. So the losses of the cultivator begin Let us read once more thic Mark Lane review of the at once to be felt in the income of the land-holder, and of Werk closing with October first, and then subjoin a few all the classes and ranks within Victoria's realms, there is figures illustrative of the immense tax which such a series none, bigh or low, that will not feel somewhere the blow of rains becomes upon the resources of Great Britain :

which strikes the Farmer-no one that should not learn to "The opening of the past week," says the M. L. Express, pray more earnestly hereafter for Heaven's blessing on the Gave little promise for the yet outstanding corn. Monday night's kindly fruits of Earth. Over and over again, we have bad ten pest luas been followed by heavy rains, more especially at the in our own national experience similarly unmistakable eri. Neek's close, and without a set in of fine drying

winds, there seems dence of the importance of Agriculture as the basis of our condition, sunny weather at this late period, on wet ground, brings prosperity; and over and over again we bave practically with it such a volume of dew. Some quantity of wheat, even in the derided its claims, just as before those of us who are all grain is yet jeopardised

in the north, though Scotland is better off farmers, by neglecting the improvements within our reach, Ireland, too, is in great peril, with much to be gathered. The agricul and those of us who are not, by snubbing or ignoring the als tlois season, to the extent of 15,223 acres, which, as this consists of Farmer's interests, whenever merchant or manufacturer while the growth of potatoes is 28,510 acres less. This consideration found it convenient so to do. upon the diseased state of the crop which extends over 1,171,837 acres, shows a heavy void to be filled up, supposing Great Britain sup

The Journal d'Agriculture Pratique dating at plied. As Maize is the principal substitute, it is sad to hear that heavy Paris, Oct. 5, presents a discouraging picture of the weather raits in southern Europe are beginning to threaten this important during the latter half of September, both as regards the grain,

The same paper from which the above quotation comes, ripening of the crops where they are still out and the prebrings to us the Government returns of the importation paration of the ground for the seeding of another year. into Great Britain of Agricultural Produce, Live Stock, In the wine regions, the prospects of a good vintage are &c., for the first eight inonths of the present year, closing

no better, Aug. 31, as compared with the same period in 1859.

SALE OF Devons.--Mr. John Corp of Freetown, CortThese figures do not begin to show much of the effect of land Co., N. Y., has recently sold to Seneca DANIELS of the present bad harvest, and as last year's wheat crop was Saratoga Springs, a few pure Devons to go to California, better in Great Britain than that of the year before, (1858,) among which are “Fancy," (1268,) bred by E. G. Faile of the imports had been less up to Sept. i, in 1860, than in West Farms. "Fancy” gained the 1st prize as yearling 1859. The expectation there entertained, of obtaining at at the New-York State Fair at New-York city in 1854– least 24,000,000 bushels of us out of our present wheat also first prize at New-York State Fair at Syracuse, 1858, harvest, to which we alluded last week,—and the above as best Devon cow three years and over; also “Fashion, statement of the great deficiency now inevitable through. (1280,) bred by R. H. Van Rensselaer of Morris, and from out almost the whole United Kingdom, shows that the

Fancy,” (1268,) and by imported “Mayboy," (71.) following imports, large as they are, must nécessarily be

Joinston's CULTIVATOR.—Nothing I ever saw, will pulgreatly increased in amount during the twelvemonth that verize land equal to the “Johnston Cultivator.” It is is now to clapse before the return of another barvest-time. the cultivator to work corn or potatoes on inverted sod,

The Total Imports of Breadstuffs, &c., into Great Britain, or any other kind of land—at least on all stiff soils. That then, from Jan. 1 to Sept. 1 in 1859 and 1860 respective. Mr. S. E. Tanner may depend upon. JOHN JOHNSTON. ly-given in bushels, which is a more familiar expression BARLEY-CAUTION. — As usual, at the State Fair held at to us, than the English “quarters,"

-are as follow:

this place last week, I gave permission to any one wishing 23,081,90in 1860, 20.229,120 samples of my grain to take them gratis; and I under7.818,392

stand inany availed themselves of the privilege. I therefore deem it proper to say, that the barley I had on exhibition is not of the winter variety, and was not so entered by me; and why it was so classed by the committee

ou grains, I know not. But their award is calculated to INDIAN MEAL-Cwts. In 1859,...

mislead those taking samples, and I would like to have Oxen, Bulls and Cows, number in 1859,... 37.650-in 1860, 31,374

you publish this note, Messrs. Editors, for the benefit of those whom it may concern.

B. S. CARPENTER. Sleep and Lambs,

Chemung Co., N. Y.

In the List of Premiums awarded at Elmira, pubBacon and Hanns, Owts, in 1839,. 81,101-in 1860,

ished in the last number of the COUNTRY GENTLEMAN, we note that the special or sweepstakes prizes are omitted in the Short-Horn class. In the bull class, the sweepstakes

prize was taken by “Grand Duke of Oxford," (16184)

115,538,600 do. 123,587,600 imported by Jas. O. SHELDON of Geneva, last fall, and in Consider for one moment what vast sums of money are the cow class, by “Gem of Oxford,” a heifer bred by the represented in these tens of millions of Bushels of Grain same gentleman and coming in competition here with

in these hundred-weights by the hundred thousand, of " Miss Butterfly” and “ Diana Gwynne" as well as with Flour and Meats, and Butter and Cheese-that are re others bred in this country. It is the first time the quired to sustain the twenty-seven millions of British peo- imported and home-bred stock have come together, and it ple for two-thirds of an ordinary year. And when a sea- is both creditable to the breeder, and worthy of particular son such as that just closing in so darkly over them, vastly remark by others, that an animal bred in American hands diminishes their own immense production—it may be per- should bear away the Premium, as “Gem of Oxford " has ceived how important an eleinent, financially, their addi- done, against several competitors imported from abroad tional purchases abroad must be in thic comincrcial opera' and starding in loigh repute there as well as here.



WHEAT-Bushels in 1859, .

do. 11,691.832 OATS- do. do.

6,014,018- do. 12,982,616 PHAS dlo, do.

416,104 do. 1,100,120 BEANS do.

1,450.986 do. 2.089.624 INDIAN CORN-Bushels in 1839,.. 5,221, do, 10,282, 432


2,741.277-in 1860, 2,463.092







15,4:43 - do. ... 131.908- do.

4,983 do.

13.747 141.375





Beef, Salt,

do. Pork, Salt,


do. Lard,

do. Eggs, Number in 1859,


do. do. do. do. do.

170..919 do. 119,1529.__ do. 26, 192- do. 229,182 do. 66,664 do.

270,702 230.900 132,277 464.884 275,941 166,521

The Mark Lane Express, in its last "review of the the best I have met with. It is pure, and has been raised British Corn Trade," thinks that if " through the entire here two years from seed from Brazil. The ears are small, sexeson three million quarters (24,000,000 bushels) of wheat but usually several of them are produced on a stalk. I should be imported" into Great Britain from the United will be pleased to send a little of it to any one enclosing States, the limits of its present expectations would be to “A Berry, Raymond, Mississippi," a stamped envelope fully reached. According to its quotations of American directed to himself. A. BERRY. wiieat at Mark Lane (588. to 658. per quarter) this would CALIFORNIA FARMING. - On the mammoth farm about be equivalent to something like forty-five millions of dol. fifteen miles from Sacramento, in Yolo county, partly ownlars which Britain will have to pay during the currented by General Hutchinson of the St. George Hotel, was twelve months for our breadstuffs and their transportation produced, this season, one thousand acres of wheat, one across the sea,

thousand acres of barley, and eighteen hundred tons of IMPORTED CATTLE.—The steamship Nova Scotian brought hay. The full yield of wheat averaged thirty, and barley out some very fine Durham cattle for Dr. Phillips of Orms- forty bushels to the acre; the produce is estimated at 60,town, Canada East, The herd consists of two bull calves 000 bushels, at $1.50 a bushel, or $80,000. The bay and five cows; they are of the purest blood, and were would foot up $20,000. Thus this farm will yield a total raised by Mr. Richard Chaloner of Kingsfort, Moynalty, of $100,000 this year. The California Farmer states that and other celebrated breeders in the North of Ireland the sales of fruit from the farm of G. G. Briggs of MarysThe destination of the cattle is Kingston, C. W., where ville, last year, “were greater than any gold mine in CaliDr. Phillips is about purchasing a property and intends to fornia, amounting to over $100,000.” reside. His many Ormstown friends will regret his determination to leave their neighborhood.

[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) CATERPILLER’s Eggs.—“An ounce of prevention is Wheat Growing in Northern Iowa. worth a pound of cure," and if you would apply it in the

DUBOQUE, Iowa, Oct, 16, 1860. case of these pests of the apple tree, as soon as the leaves MESSRS. LUTHER TUCKER & Son I send you a small fall, look carefully and you will find the eggs of the cater- sample of spring wheat grown upon my farm in Winnepiller in bands or rings upon the smaller limbs. Scrape sheik county, near the north line of this state. It was them off, and at one blow you destroy hundreds of future grown from seed distributed by the Patent Office as “Turdepredators. On small trees this can be readily done, key Flint,” but it is too soft for flint wheat. I raised and should never be neglected.

about 470 bushels from fifteen acres of new ground (brush * What is styled “a convention of the descendants land, in the edge of the prairie,) that had been badly of the late celebrated Vermont Black Hawk," was held at plowed and much of the surface covered with roots and the farm of Josiah Crosby, in North Andover, Mass., on bushes. Had the land been clean and in good condition, the 9th and 10th instants.” Sixty horses, of varions ages, I think it would have produced 50 bushels to the acre, a caine together, but we have no accounts as yet of their not unusual yield for other varieties this year in Iowa. official action. If there was any motion made to admit One field of wheat in the southwest part of Dubuque Co. reporters, we fear the neighs must have had the majority. averaged 62 bushels per acre. There is scarcely a wheat

PEARS ON Thorns.—In reply to Mr. Quinby's article on field to be found that has not exceeded 20 bushels per Pears on Thorns, I would say—My experience with Pear acre, and the average this year, for the north half of the on Thorn is, it gives a degenerated fruit, and a short-lived State, will probably exceed 25 bushels

. I refer more tree. But soil has much to do in this respect. I think particularly to the north part of the State, as it is a better the Hawthorn cannot be more legitimately applied than wheat growing country than the southern counties. In as a fence plant, or as an ornamental shrub. I intend this district the soil is composed of the very elements that shortly to give you my views on the cause of failure in the perfect growth of wheat seem to require. growing good hedges ; and the antidote, if such a term be State so young and undeveloped. I have no reliable data

The wheat crop of Iowa for 1860, is enormous for a admissible—otherwise a remedy. W. M. BEAUCHAMP.

BUTTERNUT TREES INJURIOUS TO OTHER Plants. No- upon which to base an estimate of the number of bushels ticing in an “exchange” an inquiry on this subject, we grown in the State. I may at some future time send you would state that where these trees are common, it is the soil and climate to wheat growing. John W. Taylor.

a communication on the subject of the adaptability of our general opinion-sustained by facts in the case of every tree—that no crop of much value can be grown under

The wheat received with the above, was a very beautitheir shade or drip, or as far their roots extend. We have ful sample-the berry very large and plump. half a dozen or more large ones on the farm, “and know whereof we affirm."

Remedy for Lice and Ticks. Turning Under STUBBLE.-I noticed a simple arrange. ment for assisting in turning under stubble, weeds, &c.,

Eds. Co. Gent. I noticed a few weeks since an inquiviz..

, a heavy trace-chain, with one end fastened around the ry about the use of tobacco for destroying ticks and lice. beam of the plow just where the upright joins the beam, The farmers of the Connecticut River Valley have always and the other end of the chain fastened to the outside of used tobacco for this purpose in preference to a preparathe doubletree. The chain swung loose, so as to be about tion that might be fatal to the cattle as well as deadly to even with the unbroken land. By using this, the ground the vermin. It is used in the form of snuff and as a deis left in beautiful order, no ends of the stubble and weeds coction-for sheep the latter. sticking up, to make a jagged, unfinished appearance. There is a preparation of tobacco recently patented by New Harmony, Ind.

GRINDER. George Jaques of the “ Ten Hills Farm," near Boston, The Annual REGISTER.-It is a most invaluable lit-son of the late lamented Col. Sam. Jaques, which, from tle annual--worth its weight in gold. It is my reference actual experience, and from the testimonials of the most for many purposes, and I do not see how I could do with reliable flock masters in this state and in Vermont, I know out it. One of its recommendations has saved me money to be a sure and safe extirpator of ticks on sheep and lice enough to subscribe for it as long as I live. C. c.

on cattle. It is also said to cure the scab, but as we never Feger Island Tomato.—We have raised this variety of have any of that in this country, I know nothing of its eftomato for two years, and prefer them to any other kind

The preparation is a thick fluid like tar, put up in cans, we have ever seen. They possess the good qualities of large size, thick, firm flesh, and few seeds, as well as a round costing 75 or 80 cents per pound, one ounce of which to smooth form, especially adapting them to table use.

a gallon of water, makes a liquid' sufficiently deadly.

It is cheap, convenient, economical and effectual. It is Pop Conn.-I think I sent you last spring a little pop sold by Fisher & Co., Central Wharf, Boston, who will uncorn. Enclosed is a little more. I think it is quite an doubtedly at once advertise it in your paper. acquisition for the little folks, as its popping qualities are Greenfield, Mass.




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Cider-with full directions for use. Price, 50 cents per bottle of

good conditionTHREE DOLLARS . ten ounces-enough for forty gallons cider. Sent by express any. Oct, 18-wit.

H. H. FARLEY, Union Springs, N. Y. where.

WEBB, WALKER & CO., Oct. 18-w4tml

Utica, N, Y.


B A L E.-A very choice lot of Large stock of the most desirable sorts. Send for a Catalogue.

The subscribers offer for sale a large and well grown stock of GRAPE

VINES at reduced prices, consisting oi the following, and other good well grown and very healthy-1, 3, 3, and 4 years old. Price $18 per sorts, all propagated from genuine stock: Delaware, Diana, Concord, 100. Also Angers Quince Stocks, one year from

cuttings--price $12.50 Hartford Prolific, Rebecca, Unlon Village, Anna, Logan, Oporto, &c: per 1000. Terins cash in advance. Please address.

Also the older sorts, such as Isabella, Clinton, Catawba, and Forsyth. Oct, 18-W2t. C. H. CURTIS, Waterville, N. Y. Sort for culture under glass, of best sorts. Two bundred acres of

FRUIT TREES in large or small quantities, Greenhouse Plants, ULBO US FLOWER ROOT 8.-Hardy Border Plants, Bulbous Roots Roses and Dahlias in great vari

ety, Hedge Plants, Strawberry Plants, Raspberry of Everbearing, Our annual Fall importations of

and other good sorts. Address BULBOUS FLOWER ROOTS,

W. T. & E. SMITH, Sept. 1-w&m2mos.

Geneva Nursery, Geneva, N. Y. are just received from Holland in fine order.







Lilies, Crown Imperials, &c., all strong, sound bulbs, that cannot fail to give satisfaction, Orders should be sent in immediately.

The Cost of Draining Reduced One-Half ELLWANGER & BARRY, M6, Hope Nurseries.

BY THE USR OF Oct. 18_16

Rochester, N. Y. CALLANAN'S DITCH DIGGER AND SUBSOILER. THE GREAT DESIDERATUM IN PRICE, for the ditcher alone $25—with wheels, axle tree and rever.

sable tongues, $50. Satisfaction warranted. Also SIIOVELS, made

expressly to be used in connection with the Ditcher-just the thinghas at length been attained, viz: to render them safe instead of very

Price $1.50. Address

D, CALLANAN, dangerous, as at present.

Sept, 27-wtf.

Callanan's Corners, Albany Co., N. Y. This improvement has been perfected and patented by Elizabeth M. Smith, Burlington, N. J., and consists of a device for throwing the cutting bar in and out of gear by means of the driver's seat. Thus, when the driver takes his seat on the machine, his weight throws it HORTICULTURE AND DOMESTIC ANIMALS. into gear, and when he leaves his seat the machine is thrown out of gear. The patent covers the ground of operating by means of the GENTLEMAN and will be sent postage prepaid at the

prices annexed:

The following recent works are for sale at the office of The COUNTRY driver's seat.

This circular is issued thus early that all manufacturers may have American Farmer's Ency. Herbert's Horse-keepers,.. 01.25 an opportunity of applying this improvement to their machines for clopedia,

$4.00 Hough's Farm Record, 3.00 next summer's use, Address


Allen's Am. Farm Book,... 1.00 | Johnston's Ag. Chemistry,. 1.25 Oct. 18-W4tin2t.

Burlington, N. J. Allen's Diseases of Domestic Kemp's Landscape Garden.

ing, ...

Allen on the Grape,..
1.00 Honey Bee,....

1.95 new inventions-one very recent, and of great Barry's Fruit Garden, 1.25 | Leuchar's Hot Houses. 1.25 value to families. All pay great profits to Agents. Send four stamps Bement's Am. Poulterers' Liebig's Relations of Chem. and get 80 pages particulars. EPHRAIM BROWN, Lowell, Mass. Companion,

1.50 to Ag.,.. Oct. 18._w13t.*

Browne's Field Book of Ma

Linsley's Morgan Horses, .. 1.00 nures,..

1.25 Miner's Bee-keeper's ManA W TON BLACKBERRY.–To Brecks Book of Flowers ::: Bridgeman's Gard. Asy't,... 1.50 ual,


1.00 Munn's Land Drainer,. obtain the original variety for held or garden culture, address Buist's Flower Garden,.... 1.25 Nash's Progressive Farmer, 00 WM. LAWTON, New Rochelle, N. Y. Do. Family Kitchen Gard., 75 ) Neill's Gardener's Com

1.00 * Circulars, with ample directions, will be forwarded to all appli.Canfield on Sheep,


1.00 cants, free,

Aug. 1-m121. Cultivator, bound, per vol., 1.00 Norton's Elements of Agri-
Chorlton's Grape Grower's


60 Guide,..

60 Pardee on the Strawberry,. 60 S A L E.-900 Acres of land fronting Dadd's Modern Horse Doc., 1.00 Quinby's Mysteries of Bee. on the Potomac river, 10 miles below Mount Vernon, Virginia, Do. Am. Cattle Doctor,. 1.00 keeping,

1.00 of superior patural soil, well calculated for raising early vegetables, Do. Diseases of Cattle, 1.00 | Rural Affairs, (2 vols..).

2.00 fruit, &c. A part of it is adapted to grain, grass and grazing-will be Dana's Muck Manual,. 1.00 Stewart's Stable Book,.

1.00 divided to suit purchasers. For further particulars apply to

Darlington's Weeds and Thomas' Farm Implements, 1.00 SAMUEL L. CLEMENT, Willink's Alley, Useful Plants,

1.50 | Thomas' Fruit Culturist, 1.25 Oct. 18_w4t. above Third Street, Philadelphia. Downing's Fruits and Fruit Warder's Hedges and Ever.



1.00 Eastwood's Cranberry Cul. Watson's Home Garden,.. 1.50 ITUATION WANTED.-By a first class


60 White's Gardening for the Gardener, German, married, with one child. Will be disengaged Farm Drainage, (H. F.

South,.. the first of November, 1860. He understands the culture of the grape- French,) ......

1.00] Yale Lectures, 1860,

25 vine, as well as all other branches of the business, and can come Frank Forrester's Horse in Youatt & Martin on Cattle, 1.25 well recommended. Address, T. S., Box 91, Florence, Mass. America,

10.00 | Youаtt on the Horse,..

1.95 Oct, 18-W2t.

Flinton Grasses,

1.25 Do. on Sheep... Flint's Milch Cows,..

1.25 Do, on the Hog, OT H E P U B L I C.

TEEL We are manufacturing Do you wish to read an entertaining, instructive, religious and secular, family newspaper, sound, conservative and safe,

Plows with steel mold-board and land-side, with steel or cast point, as THE LARGEST IN THE WORLD,

desired, and would refer you to the following pergnns, who have then

in use: giving a full, impartial and reliable summary of all the news in all re. John Johnston, Geneva, N. Y. ligious denominations, from all political parties, from all countries in J. Ingersoll, Ilion, N. Y. the world, belonging to do sect in the church, and to no party in the Wm. Summer, Pomaria, s. O. State, but opposed to every ism that disturbs the peace of the com- R. C. Ellis, Lyons, N. Y. munity and the harmony of the country; a newspaper having distinct Col, A. J. Summer, Long Swamp, Florida departments devoted to Agriculture, Commerce, and General Litera- A. J. Bowman, Utica, N. Y. ture, with Tales, Poetry, Science and Art, furnishing pleasant and in- A. Bradley. Mankato, Minesota, structive reading for children and parents, in all the realms of matter F. Mackie, Utica, N. Y. and mind? You can have it for one year by sending your name and We are also manufacturing Sayre's Patent Horse Hoe and Potato address, with $2.50, to the New YORK OBSERVER office.

Covering Machine, $ayre's Patent Cultivator Teeth in quantities for Any person who will obtain five NEW SUBSCRIBERS with advance the trade; and all kinds of steel and swage work in the agricultural payment, may retain Five DOLLARS as bis commission. And for line. Send for a circular,

SAYRE & REMINGTON, Twenty NEW SUBSCRIBERS, may retain Twenty-five Dollars as his com. Jan. 26-wtf Mar. 1-mtr. Union Agricultural Works, Utica, N. Y. mission.


Editors and Proprietors, Oct. 18—W6tm2t. 37 Park Row, New-York.

FAN MILLS. VIFTY THOUSAND APPLE TREES ready for orchard planting.

They will chaff and screen wheat in passing through the mill once, 10,000 New Rochelle Blackberry. Gooseberies, Currants, Raspberries. ranted the

very best in use.

in the most perfect manner, and all kinds of grain and seed. WarGrapes--new and old. 5.000 Linneus and Victoria Rhubarb. Downing's Ever-bearing Mul

Patent Rights for sale of all the Western States,


1. T. GRANT & CO.. A large collection of Strawberries, including "WIZARD OF THE

May 1-012

Junction, Rensselaer Co.. N. Y. NORTH," believed to be the most magnificent berry ever raised. Specimens have measured nine inches around, and of good quality.

T. GRANT & CO., PATENT linported by E, Y. Teas, Richmond, and for sale in America only by him and myself.

GRAIN CRADLE. 100,000 Evergreens, American and European, mostly small and suitable for nurseries,

They are so improved as to be taken down and packed in boxes for Ornamental Trees, Shrulys, Vines, Roses, Hardy and Green-house feet. We also make the Grapevine Cradle. All of the above are

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transportation. One dozen can be packed in a box of about six cubic Plants, Kulbs, &c., WHOLESALE AND RETAIL at lowest rates, Priced Lists on application.

made of the best material and workmanship. For Price List, address JOHN O. TEAS.

1. T. GRANT & CO.. Raysville, Henry Co., Ind. May 1--m12t

Junction, Rensselaer Co.. N. Y.

Oct. 42 mlt.

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