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1831.] Proceedings in Parliament. Reform Bill.

357 sure to vote with him and his friends.—The House of Lords, April 22, House then divided — For General Gas

It being announced that his Majesty coyne's Amendment, 299; against it, 291;

intended to dissolve the Parliament' this majority against Ministers, 8.

day in person, the House presented an exOn the motion of Lord Althorp, the Bill

traordinary scene. The Lord Chancellor was ordered to be committed on ihe 21st.

entered at twenty minutes before three, when, prayers being read, his Lordship

withdrew. On the motion of the Earl of House of LORDS, April 21.

Mansfield, the Earl of Shaftesbury was called Lord Wha: ncliffe asked whether there to the chair ; when high words passed bewas any truth in the rumours that it was the tween several Noble Lords, and a scene of intention of his Majesty's Ministers to dis- the greatest confusion prevailed. Silence solve the Parliament ? — Earl Grey replied having at length been obtained, Lord Wharnthat he must decline to answer a question of cliffe moved, that an Address be presented to so unusual a nature.—Lord Wharncliffe then his Majesty, praying that he would not discave notice that he should on Friday move solve Parliament on the present occasion, an Address to bis Majesty, begging him not on the ground that, under existing circumto dissolve the Parliament.--Earl Carnarvon stances, such a procedure would be dangerin presenting a petition from Newbury, con ous to the interest of the Crown, and all the demned the Reform Bill as a piece of politi established institutions of the State.--The cal jobling, and added, as it was understood Lord Chancellor having again entered the below the bar, some very strong language House, observed, that it was high time for rewarding the man who would, under exist the Crown to take this step. when the ing circumstances in Englaod and Ireland, House of Commons had thought proper to advise the Sovereign to dissolve the Par- refuse the supplies. (Cheers, and great claliament.

mour, amid wbich the joyful shouts of the The breach of privilege committed by the populace, and the roaring of artillery, anEditor of the Times, was finally brought for nounced the approach of his Majesty.) The ward, Mr. Lawson, the printer, having been Lord Chancellor withdrew to meet the King. in custody for the offence since the 18th –The Earl of Mansfield arose, and accused inst. After the case had been debated with Ministers of weakness, and of conspiring closed doors for some time, Mr. Lawson against the safety of the State, by making was ordered to the bar, and having been the King a party to his own destruction, reprimanded by the Lord Chancellor, he was His Lordship added, that he had advised his declared to be discharged on the payment Majesty on the subject, and told him, that of the fees.

if he gave his assent to a dissolution for the

sake of this Bill, it was a measure so pregTo the House Of COMMONS, the same

nant with danger, that he was certain au day, Mr. Benelt brought forward a reso

attack would be made on tbe credit of the lution declaring that the corrupt state of country ; first on the privileges, and then the representation of Liverpool demanded on the existence of that House, and lastly. the corrective interference of the House on the privileges of the Crown itself; priviThe discussion was carried to great length, leges which were inseparably connected with and eventually led to a long debate on the the happiness of the people, Reform Bill. -Sir R. Vyvyan asked whether

Here the entrance of his Majesty put an it was the intention of his Majesty's Mini

end to the discussion. One or two of their sters to proceed with the Bill, or to advise

Lordships, however, allowed a clamorous the King to dissolve Parliament, because

expression or two to reach the royal ear. the House of Commons had not consented

His Majesty took his seat on the throne, to reduce the number of English Represen

wearing the crown and sceptre, and surtatives ?-Lord Althorp replied, “I have no

rounded by a numerous body of the royal hesitation in stating, that having taken into

household. He wore beneath the royal consideration the necessary effect and con- robes the uniform of an Admiral. sequences of the vote of the House the The Commons having been summoned, other night, it is not the intention of his there was a tremendous rush of Members. Majesty's Government to proceed with the - The Speaker addressed a few words to his Bill"---a declaration which was received with Majesty, assuring him, that on no former immense cheering. As to the other inquiry, occasion did the House of Commons more his Lordship said he did not consider it con truly represent the feelings and sentiinents sistent with his public duty to give any an

of a faithful and loyal people than at preswer.-Mr. W. Bankes moved an adjourn sent.—The royal assent having been given ment, which was resisted by Lord Althorp. to the Civil List Bill, and several others, The House divided, when the numbers

his Majesty read, in a firm tone of voice, were-For the motion of adjournment, 164; the following Speech from the throne :against it, 142-majority against Ministers,

My Lords and Gentlemen, “I have come to meet you for the pur

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358

Proceedings in Parliament.-Reform Bill. [April, pose of proroguing this Parliament, with a Vyvyan resumed). Ministers must take all view to its immediate dissolution. I have the responsibility of the present procedure been induced to resort to this measure for on their own heads. If auy benefit was the purpose of ascertaining the sense of my derived by one class, it must be at the expeople, in the way in which it can be most pense of another. The farmers would sufconstitutionally and authentically expressed, fer, and Ministers would no longer be able on the expediency of making such changes to appeal to the agricultural interests with in the representation as circumstances may any hope of success. In short, if we got a appear to require, and which shall be founded reformed Parliament, it would take the on the acknowledged principles of the con- Crown off the King's head. (At this mostitution, and may tend at once to uphold ment the discharge of cannon announced the just rights and prerogatives of the Crown, that his Majesty had arrived at the House and to give security to the liberties of my of Lords. As every succeeding gun was people.

fired, the cheers and groans of Members « Genilemen of the House of Commons, became stronger and louder. The shouts " I thank you for the provision which were deafening.)-Sir R. Peel rose and apyou have made for the maintenance of the proached the table. During the confusion, honour and dignity of the Crown; and I Lord Althorp rose on the opposite side of offer you my special acknowledgments for the table. The Noble Lord on one side, the arrangements which you have made for and the Right Hon. Baronet on the other, the state and comfort of my Royal Consort. exerted all their physical strength to obtain I have also to thank you for the supplies a hearing. The Speaker called order, and which you have furnished for the public the whole of the Members rose from their service, and I have observed with satis- seats, when loud cries of “ Shame, shame!" faction, that you have endeavoured to in- resounded from all parts of the House. Sir troduce the strictest economy in every F. Burdett and Lord Althorp at length gave branch of that service, and I trust that the way, when Sir R. Peel, under great exciteattention of the new Parliament which I ment, said, that he did not complain of the Bhall forthwith direct to be called, will be dissolution, so much as the manner in which applied unceasingly to that important subject. it was done. It was an insult to the House, “ My Lords and Gentlemen,

A reformed Parliament would give the I am happy to inform you, that the country to the government of demagogues, friendly intercourse which subsists between and reduce it to a state of despotism and myself and foreign powers affords the best destruction. The present Ministers had hope of the continuance of peace; to pre shown the greatest imbecility ever displayserve which my most anxious endeavours ed in this country. They had been in shall be constantly directed.

ofice for six months, and he begged to ask “ My Lords and Gentlemen,

what they liad done? They had tossed “ In resolving to have recourse to the upon the table certain bills-game bills for sense of any people, in the present circum instance--and emigration bills; and then, stances of the country, I have been influ after having established respecting them enced only by a paternal anxiety for the what they were pleased to denominate libecontentment and happiness of my subjects-- ral principles, they left them to their fate. to promote which I rely confidently on your At this moment, Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt, continued and zealous assistance."

the Usher of the Black Rod, appeared The Lord Chancellor then rose and said, at the Bar, and commanded the immediate “ It is his Majesty's pleasure that this Par- attendance of the Commons in the House liament be prorogned to Tuesday, the 10th of Lords, to hear lis Majesty's royal of May; and the Parliament is prorogued assent to several Bills; and also his Mato that day accordingly.”

jesty's Speech for the prorogation of ParAll parties then immediately left the liament. At twenty-five minutes to four, che House.

Speaker returned to the House, and inti

mated, that having been sumioned to the In the House Of Commons, the same other House, his Majesty had been pleased day, on the presenting a petition from Kent, to pronounce a most gracious speech, which in favour of Reform, Sir R. Vyvyan rose, the Speaker read to the House, upon which amidst tremendous confusion, and depre- the several Members separated without the cated, in strong terms, a dissolution, in the slightest demonstration of party feeling. present excited state of the country. He contended that England was on the eve of a On Saturday, the 23d, a Royal Proclamarevolution (Sir F. Burdett rose to order, tion was issued, announcing the dissolution when a scene of increasing confusion ensued, of Parliament, and the calling of a new one accompavied by cries of hear! order! chair! to assemble on Tuesday the 14th of June &c. When order could be restored, Sir R. next.

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1831.]

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359 ]

FOREIGN NEW S.

FRANCE

facturing industry--no commercial credit

no protection for persons or property. A On the 20th of April, the King of France

new association has been formed, on the closed the Session of the Chambers in per

French model, for excluding the Orange fason. His Majesty said, in his speech, that

mily, and defending the Belgic territory it had been his endeavour to fulfil the pro- against the Holy Alliance, by means of a mises which he had made on accepting the

twopenny subscription. Crown-namely, ever to keep in view the

The mobs of Brussels, excited by the atinterests, happiness, and glory of the French

tempts of various parties to restore a feeling nation. He then alluded to the zeal dis- of loyalty towards the Prince of Orange, played by the troops and national guards in lately burst forth as at the commencement restraining anarchy at home, and their rea of the revolution. The printing presses and diness to repel foreign aggression ; adding, materials of the Vrai Patriote were destroyed, that at no former period were the French the premises of the printer forced, and nottroops in better condition, better disciplined, withstanding the efforts of the civic guard, and animated with nobler feelings, than his life was in much danger. A similar scene they were at the present day. His Majesty, occurred to the editor of the Journal du Gand, in allusion to the disturbances which have at Ghent, and in both places blood has been taken place from time to time, said, that, shed in contests between the civic guard aud after the shock which had been experienced the people. by social order, fresh crises were to be ex- At Antwerp, the populace, on the 31st pected; adding, that they had gone through ult., broke out into tumults, and proceeded some severe ones during the session. Thanks to attack the houses of persons suspected of however, to the loyalty of the population, Orangeismu. The residence of the late Burits patriotism, and the indefatigable zeal of

gomaster came under the vengeance of the the national guard and the troops of the

mob, and subsequently several other houses line, they had passed through them fortu

were exposed to pillage and devastation. The nately. He explained that the refusal of the

national or civic guard showed themselves Belgic crown was dictated by the welfare of unwilling, or unable, to restore order or to France. He had no fear of any event during protect property. The Governor had felt the recess which patriots would not be ready himself called on to issue a proclamation, to meet. The speech was followed with loud declaring the city to be in a state of siege, shouts of « Vive le Roi,” and the King, in and expressing it to be his determination to his progress to and from the Chambers, was destroy by grape-shot all illegal assemmost loyally greeted.

blages of persons who should refuse to disIn the Chamber of Peers, on the 29th

perse, March, the debate on the perpetual exclusion At Liege, on the 28th, numerous groups of the Bourbons, led to a three hours' speech assembled before the printing office of the from the Duke of Fitz James, which was re Echo, a new journal of the Orange party, peatedly interrupted by ministers, and en- The materials of the printing-office and all couraged by several peers. “The desecra- the household furniture were broken to tion of the emblems of the late sovereignty pieces, and thrown into the street. Encouwould," he said, “ be followed by a devotion raged by the impunity with which the operato their cause which "- "Which,” said tions of the rioters have been carried on in Casimir Perier, in great indignation, “ we Brussels, Liege, Antwerp, Ypres, Namur, shall combat." The agitation was extreme. &c., bands of beggars, or rather plunderers, The law was carried by 74 to 45.

traverse the country, visiting the chateaux A proposal has been made at Paris, to and houses, where they demand money or raise a sum of 120,000,000 francs, or food, and menacing the proprietors, in case 4,750,0001. sterling, by subscribing to a of refusal, with denunciation or plunder. loan bearing five per cent, at par. When

ITALY. the proposal was made, the five per cents. were down at 77, so that every subscriber Accounts from Italy have given some deconsented to a loss of 23 per cent., or nearly tails of the invasion of Romagna by the Ausone-fourth upon his subscription. The pro- trians. They entered Bologna with 22,000 ject failed; and a new loan has since been men, without meeting any resistance. The contracted for in the usual way, aud bears & national troops had quitted the city ; the premium.

latter were 20,000 strong, and intended to BELGIUM.

concentrate for the struggle at Ancona.

-Another corps of 6000 Austrians had There does not appear to be the shadow of marched into Tuscany, the neutrality of a regular government in Belgium. There is which state had been respected by the insurno confidence in the administration of law- gents, but it was unscrupulously violated by few of the benefits of civil order-no manu- the German troops. On the 25th March,

360
Foreign News.

(April, there was some hard fighting, about half a prisoners taken by the Poles during the seveleague from Rimini, between a body of the ral battles, were members of the first famiinsurgents, numbering about 1500 men and lies in Russia. four pieces of cannon, and a principal corps Another important victory was afterwards of Austrians, amounting to 6000 men. On fought near Zelechuw, to the north of Skladthe 27th, the Austrian General made an at wo, one of the branches of the river Wiepey, tempt to take the position of the patriots by where the Russians wished to concentrate. assault, but, after some hours' hard fighting, 12,000 Russians were killed, wounded, or was obliged to retire upon Rimini.

taken by the Poles, with thirty or forty According to the latest accounts, the in pieces of cannon. During the action the surrection was completely suppressed. The Lithuanians and Volhynians, who served in Pope had issued a decree for the mainte the Russian army, turned their arms against nance of order; and Austria aud France ap the Muscovites, and powerfully contributed pear to have come to an amicable under to the success of the battle. standing on the affairs of Italy, whence the The following, signed Skryznecki, dated imperial troops will shortly be withdrawn; April 10, gives an official account of the the Pope having, in a great measure, con Polish success : “I have great satisfaction ceded to the moderate demands of the re in announcing to the government that the volted states.

Polish army obtained a considerable victory

yesterday. We have taken several cannons, RUSSIA AND POLAND.

and 8000 or 4000 prisoners, amongst whoin The heroic Poles have rendered themselves are nearly 300 officers, of different ranks." worthy of their illustrious ancestors. Their Russian prisoners, guns, standards, &c. were barbarous invaders bave been successfully daily poured into Warsaw from the headresisted, and deservedly punished. The con quarters of the Poles. fidence felt in the prowess of the Poles by " It is said that Lithuania, Volliynia, Pothe whole of syin pathizing Europe has not dulia, and the Ukraine are in arms for Poland. been misplaced ; that gallant, that chival A letter from Memel of the 1st April, menrous people have added another page to their tions the overthrow of the Russian authority history, that shall shine with vndininished in Wilna. The first impulse to the popular splendour amidst the gloom and darkness, movement was given by the priests, who in which its apnals have been written whilst carried their enthusiasm to the extent of exunder the sombre domination of its relent horting from the pulpit the people to rise less and overbearing tyrants. It appears that against their oppressors. Nearly all persons the Polish commander-in-chief, General in Lithuania holding authority under the Skrzynecki, having been informed of the Emperor had been displaced, and scarcely negligence of the Russians at Wawr and any troops existed to offer opposition, as Grochow, in their cantonments and camp, the greater part had been draughted off for led a corps of 25,000 men on the 30th the invasion of Warsaw. March to Praga, and in the night of the The enthusiasm of the Poles for the cause 31st approached the Russian camp; the of liberty is represented to be so great, that road was covered with straw, so that the ar all the Nobles of the Duchy of Posen who tillery and cavalry advanced without being could bear arms, although at the risk of their perceived, to which the darkness of the property being confiscated by the Prussian night did not a little contribute. The ad Government, have abandoned it, and provanced guard of General Geismar, consisting ceeded to Poland. A new regiment of caof 8 or 10,000 men, was first attacked, and valry, of twelve hundred men, composed of almost wholly destroyed. The Poles took volunteers of the Duchy of Posen,'had re4,000 prisoners, and sixteen pieces of can cently been formed at Warsaw. The Polish non. The latter, ornamented with green army is now stated to consist of ninety boughs, were brought into Warsaw. Skrzy thousand men, well armed, of which there necki followed up his victory, and fell upon are twenty-five thousand superb cavalry, the corps of General Rosen, who, with with 20,000 men, was posted at Dembe Wielski. By recent accounts received from War

By recent accounts rec He too was obliged to yield to the impetuous saw, deputies from Lithuania had arrived attack of the Poles—lost 2000 prisoners there, offering assistance in favour of the and nine pieces of cannon. The Russians common cause. It is added that, when the retired by way of Minsk, to join the main courier left, ten thousand armed Lithuanibody of the army. On the 3d, 4th, and 5th ans, well organized and equipped, had enof April, Skryznecki followed up his good tered the capital. Iosurrections increased fortune, and the above important battle was from day to day with the greatest rapidity, succeeded on the third, &c. by the regular and had extended to apcient Poland, as far advance of the Polish outposts, and with as Smolenski. The Provisional Government the hourly accession of stragglers, guns, of Lithuania has published several proclamaand standards, taken by the skirmishing tions, and all the arsenals are in their parties of the Poles. The head-quarters power, as well as the public chests. The were at Siennica on the 4th. Among the citizens are arred. A transport of arms,

361

1831.] Foreign News.-Domestic Occurrences. destined for the army of Diebitsch, bas already re-echoed from the shores of the been seized. The inhabitants of Howno Bosphorus. It is said that a conspiracy has have risen against the Russian government, been discovered, the object of which was to and intercepted twelve pieces of cannon be overthrow the Nizam-Gedid, and re-estalonging to the Imperial Guard.

blish the corps of Janissaries on its former

footing. The usual expeditious mode was TURKEY.

resorted to by the Sultan on the discovery Accounts from Constantinople state that of the conspiracy, and between 700 and 800 the Turk is reforming all his institutions, beads were immediately disposed of, to serve and giving equal privileges to Mussulmans as a warning to his discontented subjects and Christians. An edict to this effect has generally. been issued, so that the sound of reform is

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCE S.
IRELAND,

in Ireland ; secondly, the laws which affect The state of Ireland, particularly in the them, and the charitable institutioos, both western districts, is deplorable. The pea public and private ; and lastly, the remedial santry, driven to desperatiou by famine, and measures proposed by different witnesses. the neglect and harassing oppression of the In considering the last branch of the sublandlords, have resorted to acts of the ut- ject, the committee strongly recommend the most ferocity. In Clare agricultural pro- extension of public works and inland navigaperty, while it is yet in the earth, is devas- tion, upon the principle of loans repayable tated and burned to waste ; barns are burned, and adequately secured. On the subject of cattle houghed, and houses demolished. emigration, the Committee “ do not enterEvery species of midnight violence is carried tain the slightest doubt, that colonization into fearful execution, not from motives of might be carried on to a very great extent religious animosity or political rancour, but indeed, if facilities were afforded by the Gobecause the people want food; because verument to those Irish peasants who were thousands of human beings are driven ont disposed voluntarily to seek a settlement in from their wretched homes, and pursued by the Colonies.” Respecting the possibility the famine-cry of their miserable offspring of recovering the waste land and bog by More than half the gentry have fled their drainage and einbankments,-a proportion homes, and taken refuge in Liinerick or of the country estimated at 5,000,000 of Dublin. The remnant, who are bold enough English acres--the Committee considered it to stay behind, or so much in want of muney a matter of regret and surprise that so imas to be incapable of removing to any dis- portant an object, which, if it can be accomtance, are forced to barricade their houses plished, would afford a permanent demand and keep regular guard day and night, to for productive labour, has been so little proprevent surprise by the wretched and fero- moted; and they venture to recommend one cious peasantry. The last exploit of these or cwo experiments, on a limited scale, at desperate beings was the massacre of five the public expense, on an estate of the policemen, and that a few hours after the Crown, and which would require, according King's representative, the Marquis of An- to the testimony of Mr. Weale, only drainglesea, had set his foot within the county on age, roads communicating with the neighà journey of beueficent examination into bouring towns, and access to a supply of the wants and sufferings of the poor. In lime. Galway 5,000 Whiteboys attacked the house April 18. Mr. Luke Dillon, a young of Sir John Burke, the county member, man of respectable connexions, the heir to destroyed the windows, furniture, &c. and a large property in Roscommon, was tried at carried off several stand of arms. They Dublin, for the seduction and rape of a threatened to storm the town of Woodford, young lady named Frizell, the piece of Dr. and did actually plunder the habitations of O'Reardon, whose parents reside at Stapoother gentlemen besides Sir John Burke, lin, near Howth. It appeared that he lured making arms the chief purpose of their de- her from her uncle's, where she was residing; predation.

and taking her to a house of ill fame, under The report of the select Committee of the pretext of sheltering her from the weather, House of Commons on the state of the he first stupefied by administering to her & poorer classes in Ireland, and the best potion, and then, when she was in a state of means of improving their condition, which, insensibility, forcibly violated her. The with the minutes of evidence, fills four folio young lady was the principal witness against volumes, contains an excellent summary of the prisoner, who was found guilty upon the facts and opinions bearing upon the three clearest evidence, and received sentence of great divisions of the subject; first, the ac- death, which was to be inflicted on the 7th tual state and condition of the poorer classes of May. The father of the young lady has

Gent. Mag. April, 1831.

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