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TREATIES DUE TO THE NEGOTIATIONS OF THE PARIS PEACE
CONFERENCE, SIGNED BY REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES, ON WHICH NO FURTHER ACTION WAS TAKEN.
TREATY BETWEEN THE PRINCIPAL ALLIED AND ASSOCIATED POWERS
Signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye September 10, 1919.1
Chapter II. 1. Establishes articles 2-8 as 10. Ruthene territory south of fundamental laws of Czecho
Carpathians autonomous. slovakia.
11. Special Ruthene Diet; powers. 2. Full protection without dis- 12. Ruthene officials.
tinction of birth, nationality, 13. Equitable legislative represenlanguage, race, or religion ;
tation. free exercise of religion.
14. Minority stipulations of inter3. Resident German, Austrian, or
national concern. Hungarian nationals ipso Chapter III. facto Czechoslovak nation- 15. Diplomatic and consular repreals; right of option.
sentatives. 4. Acquisition of nationality by 16. Applies rates of Austro-Hunformer Germans, Austrians,
garian customs tariff. and Hungarians.
17. Equitable commercial treat5. Option of nationality.
ment. 6. Nationality of persons born in 18. Treatment of foreign vessels. Czechoslovakia.
19. Communications and transit 7. Equality of Czechoslovak na
provisions. tionals before law.
20. Adhesion to international con8. Treatment of minorities.
ventions. 9. Language instruction in edu
Annexes specifying concational system.
ventions. 21. Extension to League of Na
tions members ; ratification, THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE BRITISH EMPIRE, FRANCE, ITALY, AND JAPAN, the Principal Allied and Associated Powers,
on the one hand And CZECHO-SLOVAKIA,
on the other hand; Whereas the union which formerly existed between the old Kingdom of Bohemia, the Markgraviate of Moravia and the Duchy of Silesia on the one hand and the other territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy on the other has definitely ceased to exist, and
1 Ratifications have been deposited by the British Empire, Czechoslovakia, France, Italy, and Japan.
Whereas the peoples of Bohemia, of Moravia and of part of Silesia, as well as the peoples of Slovakia, have decided of their own free will to unite, and have in fact united, in a permanent union for the purpose of forming a single sovereign independent State under the title of the Czecho-Slovak Republic, and
Whereas the Ruthene peoples to the south of the Carpathians have adhered to this union, and
Whereas the Czecho-Slovak Republic in fact exercises sovereignty over the aforesaid territories and has already been recognised as a sovereign independent State by the other High Contracting Parties.
The United States of America, the British Empire, France, Italy and Japan on the one hand, confirming their recognition of the Czecho-Slovak State as a sovereign and independent member of the Family of Nations within the boundaries which have been or may be determined in accordance with the terms of the Treaty of Peace with Austria of even date;
Czecho-Slovakia on the other hand, desiring to conform her institutions to the principles of liberty and justice, and to give a sure guarantee to all the inhabitants of the territories over which she has assumed sovereignty;
The High Contracting Parties, anxious to assure the execution of Article 57 of the said Treaty of Peace with Austria,
Have for this purpose named as their Plenipotentiaries, that is
THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:
The Honourable Frank Lyon POLK, Under-Secretary of State;
ordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States at Rome
and Paris; General Tasker H. Bliss, Military Representative of the United
States on the Supreme War Council; HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND AND OF THE BRITISH
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs;
Secretary of State for the Colonies;
And for the DOMINION of CANADA:
The Honourable Sir Albert Edward KEMP, K.C.M.G., Minister
of the Overseas Forces; for the COMMONWEALTH of AUSTRALIA:
The Honourable George Foster PEARCE, Minister of Defence; for the UNION of SOUTH AFRICA:
The Right Honourable Viscount MILNER, G.C.B., G.C.M.G.;