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ages. Amen.

Jesus Christ; to whom belong-will be manifested; 2 feed the eth praise and dominion to the flock of God which is among ages of

you, being overseers of it, not 12 BELOVED, be not surpris- by constraint, but willinglý; nor ed at the fiery persecution for base gain, but with a ready among you, which cometh to mind; 3 nor as domineering pass for your trial, as though over those alloted to you, but some strange thing befel you : as being examples to the flock. 13 but be glad, inasmuch as ye 4 And, when the chief Shepshare the sufferings of Christ; herd shall appear, ye shall rethat, when his glory shall be ceive an unfading crown of manifested, ye may be also glad glory. with exceeding joy.

5 Likewise, ye younger, be 14 If ye be reproached for subject to the elder. Yea, all of the name of Christ, happy are you [be subject] one to another, ye: for the spirit of glory, and and be clothed with humility : of power, and of God, resteth for “God resisteth the proud; upon you. [On their part he is but bestoweth favour on the evil-spoken of, but on your part humble." he is glorified.] 15 For let none 6 Humble yourselves there. of you suffer as a murderer, or fore under the mighty hand of as a thief, or as an evil-doer, or God, that he may exalt you in as a busy medler in other men's due time:7 having cast all your affairs. 16 But if any one suffer anxiety upon Him, inasmuch as as a Christian, let him not be He careth for you. 8 Be sober, ashamed; but let him glorify be watchful: your adversary God on this account.

the impostor walketh about as 17 For the time is come when a roaring lion, seeking whom this condemnation must begin he may devour: 9 whom resist, from the house of God : and if stedfast in the faith; knowing it begin from us, what will the that the same sufferings are end be of those who believe not undergone by your brethren the gospel of God ? 18 And if who are in the world. the righteous be scarcely pre

10 NOW the God of all faserved, where will the ungodly vour, himself, who hath called and the sinner appear? 19 us to his aionian glory in Christ Wherefore let those also, who Jesus, after ye shall have sufsuffer according to the will of fered a short time, prepare, God, commit ihe keeping of support, strengthen, [establish] their lives to him in well-doing, you.) 11 To him be [glory as to a faithful creator.

and] dominion to the ages of CH. V. 1 The elders that ages. Amen. are among you I exhort, that 12 By Silvanus, a faithful am a fellow-elder, and a witness brother to you, as I suppose, of the sufferings of Christ, and I have written in few words; exan heir also of the glory which horting you, and testifying that

this is the true favour of God | 14 Salute ye one another with in which ye stand. 13 The a kiss of love. Peace be with church which is at Babylon, cho- you all who are in Christ [Je. sen together with you, saluteth sus.] you : and so doth Mark, my son.




and to patience godliness, 7 and 1 SIMON Peter, a servant to godliness brotherly-kindness, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, and to brotherly-kindness love. to those who have obtained like 8 For these things being in precious faith with us, through you, and abounding, they will the justification of our God, make you thrive and bear fruit and of our Saviour Jesus Christ: in the knowledge of our Lord 2 favour and peace be multi- Jesus Christ. 9 But he who plied to you, through the know. hath not these things is blind, ledge of God, and of Jesus our closing his eyes, and hath forLord.

gotten his former purification 3 SEEING that his divine pow from his sins. er hath given us all things relat 10 Wherefore, brethren, more ing to life and godliness, through earnestly endeavour to make the knowledge of him who your calling and election sure: hath called us by his glory and for, if ye do these things, ye virtue : 4 (through which very will never fall: 11 for thus an great and precious promises are entrance into the aionian kinggiven to us, that through these dom of our Lord and Saviour ye might be partakers of a di- Jesus Christ will be richly mivine nature, having escaped the nistered to you. corruption which is in the world 12 WHEREFORE I will not be through evil desire:) 5 now, to negligent to remind you always this end, use all diligence of these things; though ye know and add to your faith fortitude, them, and be established in the and to fortitude knowledge, 6 present truth. 13 Yet I think and to knowledge temperance, it right, as long as I am in this and to temperance patience, tabernacle, to stir you up, by

*“ This epistle is placed by Eusebius amongst those books of the New Testament, the genuineness of which was disputed in the primitive ages. Of these Dr. Lardner says, they should be allowed to be publicly read in Christian assemblies for the edification of the people, but not to be alledged as affording alone sufficient proof of any doctrine.' Lardner's Hist. of the Apostles, vol. i. ch. ii. Some have thought the first and third chapters genuine, but from the difference of style have doubted of the second." Im. Ver. note.

reminding you; 14 knowing who will privily bring in destructhat shortly I must put off this tive heresies, even denying the my tabernacle, even as our sovereign Lord who bought Lord Jesus Christ declared to them; bringing on themselves me. 15 So I will endeavour that swifi destruction. 2 (And many ye may always be able, after my will follow their impurities ; on decease, to make mention of account of whom the way of truth these things.

will be evil-spoken of.) 3 And 16 For we did not follow cun- through covetousness they will ningly devised fables, when we make a gain of you by their made known to you the power feigned words : but the condemand appearance of the Lord Je- nation, long since foretold, now sus Christ, but were eye-wit- lingereth not, and their destrucnesses of his majesty. 17 For tion slumbereth not. he received from God the Fa 4 For if God spared not the ther honour and glory, when angels who sinned, * but cast them such a voice came to him from down to tartarus, and deliver. the excellent glory, “ This is ed them up to chains of darkmy beloved son, in whom I am ness to be reserved for condemwell.pleased.” 18 And this voice nation ; 5 and spared not the which came from heaven, we old world, but preserved eighe heard, when we were with him persons, among whom was Noah, on the holy mountain.

a preacher of righteousness, when 19 We have also the word of he brought the flood on the world prophecy more confirmed; to of ungodly men; 6 and turned which ye do well that ye attend, the cities of Sodoin and Gomorrah as to a lamp shining in a dark into ashes, and condemned them place, until the day dawn, and with an utter overthrow, making the day-star rise in your hearts: them an example to those who 20 knowing this first, that no should afterward be ungodly ; 7 prophecy of scripture giveth but delivered righteous Lot, who its own interpretation. 21 For was grieved by the impure beprophecy came not at any time haviour of lawless men: 8 (for by the will of man; but holy men that righteous man, while he of God spake as they were move

dwelt among them seeing and ed by a holy spirit.

hearing, tormented his righteous CH. II. 1 (But there were soul from day to day with their also false prophets among the unlawful deeds ;) 9 so the Lord Jewish people ; as there will be knoweth how 10 deliver those also false teachers among you, I who are godly out of trial, and to

*“ Or, if God spared not the messengers who had sinned, i.e. the spies who were sent to explore the land of Canaan, etc. See Simpson's Essays, p. 205, etc. But, if the common interpretation be admitted, it will not establish the popular doctrine concerning fallen angels. For, 1. The epistle itself is of doubtful authority. 2. From the change of style this is the most doubtful portion of the epistle. 3. By those who admit the genuineness of the epistle, this chapter is supposed to have been a quotation from some ancient apocryphal book, and the apostle might not mean to give authority to the doctrine, but to argue with his readers upon known and allowed principles. See Sherlock's Diss., and Benson, aud Doddridge's Introduc. tions to this epistle. The epistle of Jude is supposed to allude to, or quote from, the same apocryphal work.” Im. Ver. note.

reserve those who are unrighte- I live in error.

19 While they ous to a day of judgment to be promise them freedom, they thempunished: 10 but chiefly those selves are the slaves of corrupwho walk after the flesh with tion : for by whatever any one polluted desires, and despise do- is overcome, by that he is also minion. Presumptuous, and self- enslaved. willed, they are not afraid to 20 For if, having escaped the speak evil of dignities : 11 where pollutions of the world, through as angels, who are greater in the knowledge of our Lord and power and might,* bring not a Saviour Jesus Christ, they are blaspheming accusation against entangled in them again, and them [before the Lord.] 12 But overcome, their last state is worse these, as brute creatures led by than their first. 21 For it had nature, made 10 be taken and been better for them not to have destroyed, blaspheming in things known the way of righteousness, of which they are ignorant, will than, having known it, to turn be destroyed in their corruption from the holy commandment deof themselves ; 13 and will receive livered to them. 22 But it hath the reward of unrighteousness, happened to them according to accounting it pleasure to riot in the true proverb, The dog hath the day-time; blemishes and spots, returned to his own vomit ; and rioting in their love-feasts, while the sow that had washed herself, they banquet with you; 14 having to her wallowing in the mire.”] eyes full of adultery, and which Ch. III. 1 This second episcannot cease from sin; alluring tle, beloved, I now write to you; the unstable ; having a heart ex- in both which I stir up your ercised in covetousness;


pure understanding by remindchildren, 15 who have forsaken the ing you; 2 that ye may rememright path, and gone astray, and ber the words formerly spoken followed the way of Balaam the by the holy prophets, and the son of Beor, who loved the recommandment of us the aposward of unrighteousne88, 16 but tles of our Lord and Saviour: 3 received a rebuke for his trans- knowing this first, that great gression : the dumb beast of bur. scoffers will come in the latter den speaking with man's voice, days, walking after their own forbad the madness of the prophet. evil desires, 4 and saying,

17 These are as wells without “ Where is the promise of his water, and as clouds driven away appearance? for, since the faby a storm ; to whom the black thers fell asleep, all things conness of darkness is reserved (to tinue as they were from the bethe age.] 18 For when they speak ginning of the creation.” very great swelling words of 5 For of this they are wilfalsehood, they allure, by cernal fully ignorant, 'that the heavens desires and impurities, those who were made of old by the word had nearly escaped from such as I of God, and the earth also,

* See the note on ver. 4. Compare also Jude, ver. 9.




which standeth out of the wa vens will be set on fire* and ter and in the water : 6 which will be dissolved, and the elethings being so, the world that ments will be greatly heated then was, having been overflow- and will melt? 13 Nevertheless, ed with water, was destroyed. according to his promise, we 7 But the heavens and the look for new heavens, and earth which are now, are re new earth, in which righteousserved by his word, and are ness will dwell. kept for fire at a day of con 14 WHEREFORE, beloved, demnation, and of the destruc- since ye look for these things, tion of ungodly men.

endeavour to be found by him 8 But, beloved, be not igno- in peace, spotless and unrerant of this one thing; that one provable: 15 and account that day is with the Lord as a thou- the long-suffering of our Lord sand years, and a thousand years is salvation: our beloved as one day. 9 The Lord is not brother Paul also, according to slow concerning his promise, the wisdom given him, hath as some count slowness; but is written to you; 16 as also in all long-suffering towards us, not his epistles, speaking in them willing that any should perish, of these things : of which things but that all should come to re

are hard to be underpentance. 10 But the day of the stood, which the unlearned and Lord will come as a thief; in unsteadfast wrest, as they do which day, the heavens will pass also the other scriptures, to away with a great noise, and their own destruction. the elements will be greatly 17 Since therefore, beloved, heated and dissolved, the earth ye know these things before, bealso and the works on it will ware lest ye be led away with be burned up.

the error of the wicked, and. 11 Since therefore all these fall from your own steadfastness. things will be dissolved, what 18 But grow in the favour and kind of persons ought ye to be knowledge of our Lord and Sain all holy behaviour and godli- viour Jesus Christ. To him be ness; 12 looking for and earn- glory, both now and to the day estly desiring the coming of the of the age. [Amen.] day of God, in which the hea

* “ This in a literal sense is impossible, because the heavens are incombustible. Nor is it reasonable to believe that an event so little countenanced by natural appearances as that of the destruction of the earth by a general conflagration, is the subject of a divine prediction. It is well known that in the language of prophecy great political changes and revolutions are foretold under the symbol of terrible convulsions in the natural world. In this language our Lord foretells the approaching deso lation of Jerusalem, Matt. xxiv. 29. And in language precisely similar, borrowed indeed from the prophet Joel, the apostle Peter himself, Acts ii. 31, describes the calamities of the Jewish nation which were then impending. It can hardly admit of a doubt that the sublime language of this context is to be interpreted in a similar manner. The 13th verse is a quotation from Isaiah lxv. 17, where the new heavens and the new earth are universally understood to signify the gospel dispensation. Consequently, " the heavens and the earth which are now," ver. 7, must necessarily signify the Jewish dispensation, or the then moral state of the world, which must pass away to make room for the promulgation of the Christian religion. But this revolution cannot take place without producing great changes and convulsions in the political world ; which, in prophetic language, is expressed by the heavens being on fire, the elements melting, and the earth with the works on it being burned up." Im. Ver. note.

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