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wards, in September, he visited the islands, was owing to his concealment at first, and and found that one of the party supposed to his then instructing them in little arts of be massacred still survived, who came off civilization. shore and joined the ship. This sailor Roman Cosin.-At least five thousand stated that all the islands are under the Roman coins, of various periods, weighing control of one chief, who issues his orders six-and-thirty pounds, have been lately to the chiefs of the islands, who have under found at Silly, in France, near Argentan, them inferior chiefs. All children but those in the department of the Orne. The mode of the chiefs are murdered, and the natives of their discovery was singular. Two or act with the extremest jealousy to their three pieces of silver were observed by some wives, killing them on the slightest suspicion. labourers to have been turned up to the surThe sailor, whose name is Leonard Shaw, face of the earth by moles; this induced says that the natives have not the slightest them to dig, and at the depth of only a foot notion of a Divine Being, and that his they came to a broken vase of red clay, filled escape from the fate of the other sailors with the treasure.
RURAL ECONOMY. Destruction of Weeds in paved Paths and Sand as a Manure.-An elaborate report Courts.—The growth of weeds between the on this subject has been presented to the stones of a pavement is often very injurious French Academy of Sciences: good arable as well as unsightly. The following method land is proved to contain four primitive of destroying them is adopted at the Mint at earths, the varied proportions of which form Paris and elsewhere, with good effect :-One the different qualities of the soil. It aphundred pounds of water, twenty pounds of pears, the siliceous principle predominates in quick-lime, and two pounds of flour of sul- good land. M. Chaptal found of it 49 per phur, are to be boiled in an iron vessel ; the cent. in the most fertile soil on the banks of Liquor is to be allowed to seule, the clear part the Loire; Davy extracted 60 from the best drawn off, and being more or less diluted, of the English soils, and Giobert found 79 according to circumstances, is to be used in the most productive lands near Turin. for watering the alleys and pavements. The M. Dutrochet made the experiment of coverweeds will not re-appear for several years. ing with siliceous sand previously unpro
In a recent communication to the Holder- ductive land, and obtained by this means Dess Agricultural Society, by Mr. Stickney, crops as good as in the most (naturally) of Ridgmont, we meet with the following fertile soil in the vicinity; and he gives it as remarks upon Corn-trade legislation, and his opinion that its great fertilising virtue rape-thrashing : “When Parliament,” says consists in its allowing both water and air to Mr. Stickney, “ began to legislate, in com- reach and penetrate to the roots of the vegepliance with the prayer of the petitions of table, of which they form the two principal the merchants and the manufacturers, and al- elements. though it was several years before they could Sulstitute for Tea.- A patent was grantagree upon any fixed alteration in the Corn ed in February last to a tea-dealer, “ for a Laws, yet, during that period of debate and new mode of preparing the leaf of a British uncertainty, the Ministry, by Orders in plant for producing a healthy beverage by Council, frequently disappointed the reason- infusion.” According to the specification, able expectations and hopes of the farmer, the British plant in question is the hawthorn, by admitting the introduction of foreign from which the leaves may be taken from corn at merely a nominal duty, and at the month of April to September inclusive ; times when it was not wanted. About this they are at first to be carefully picked and time the growth of rape-seed had greatly cleansed, then to be well rinsed in cold extended in this country; it was one of the water and drained ; and whilst in the damp most profitable, and, in my opinion, one of state they are to be put into a common cuthe least injurious crops to the land grown linary steamer, where they are to be subjectby the farmer ; it was also a crop which ed to the action of the vapour until they provided a great deal of employment for the change from a green to an olive colour ; the labouring class. The reaping and thrashing leaves are then to be taken out and dried of rape was generally performed before the upon a hot plate well heated, and are to corn harvest commenced, and thereby al- be continually stirred up and turned over most doubled the time of harvest wages to till they are thoroughly dry, in which state the labouring class; I have paid as much they may be preserved for use. When reas four shillings per day for reaping and quired for that purpose, an infusion is to be thrashing rape. The Government, by tak- made in the same manner as tea, and sugar ing off the duty on foreign rape-seed, has and cream are to be added to suit the taste nearly annihilated the growth of it in this of the drinker. country.”
Machine for dressing Cloth.-Monsieur the two divisions into five parts, noting at Beauduin Kameune has made some im- the same time that this limb should be cenprovements on a machine of this nature, tred and divided with great care, to prevent the object of which is to obtain a greater inaccuracy. The observation being noted, degree of celerity in the napping of cloths, to proceed to another, the pin is pressed added to a greater perfection in the same with the finger to set the second hand in operation than that accomplished by any motion, and in an instant it is observed to other mechanism. Although it is construct. hasten to regain its place. The inventor, ed upon the same principle as the machines the better to show the truth of this movealready well known, it nevertheless varies ment, has furnished another hand, which is from them in an essential degree, inasmuch not stopped with the former, in order that it as the teazels with which the cylinders are may be perceived that this has, in fact, resupplied seize the cloth with double effect, sumed its place and overtaken the other. and consequently give at the same moment This part of the mechanism consists in contwo strokes for one.
necting with the small middle wheel a pinion In another particular also, not less im- of the same number as that of the seconds' portant, it differs from the machines already wheel, and in carrying the other moving in use, and that is, that it dispenses with hand upon the extension of the axis of this the necessity of the workman's removing the pinion, the centre of another seconds' dial. teazels for the purpose of cleaning them; Machine for culling Veneering Wood into since that operation is effected spontaneous thin sheets, and of every length.---The maly and incessantly, as the work itself pro- chine, employed in Russia, possesses this ceeds, and without loss of time, by means peculiarity, that, instead of cutting the wood of a second cylinder furnished with brushes from the flat and thick surface, it carries off and revolving with great rapidity.
from its circumference a continuous shaving, The advantages which this machine pre- the result of which is that leaves of an indesents over those now in use, consist -- Ist. finite length are produced, agreeably veined In the cost of labour being diminished, and and knotted. the produce being double that of the com- The construction is simple, combining mon machines ; whence it results that half the advantage of cutting the precious woods the time requisite for completing this depart without waste and very rapidly, to an extrament in the preparation of cloth is econo- ordinary extent, and so thin that they have mised :-2nd. In the economy of expense been employed for the covering of books, and time bestowed in cleaning, which was and for lithographic and other engraving. heretofore entrusted to children ; moreover, One hundred feet in length of veneering in husbanding the teazels, whereby their du- may be cut in the space of three minutes. ration is extended :-3rd. Finally, in the They begin by placing the timber from force consumed, being much less than that which the leaf is to be cut upon a square of two coinmon frames; the whole at the axle, when it is revolved and made circular same time occupying the space of one frame with a turner's gouge. The blade of a plane only.
of highly-tempered steel, and rather longer Dial or Watch for indicating the precise than the cylinder, is fixed at the extremity time of ol'servation.—This watch or dial is of a frame of 6 or 7 feet in length, in such composed, according to custom, of five a manner as to exert a constant pressure wheels and a cylindrical escapement. It upon the cylinder, and pare off a sheet of an performs 18,000 vibrations in an hour, that equal thickness, which folds upon another is to say, five every second. The hand cylinder like a roll of linen. The frame to then makes five little leaps in each space which the blade is attached is moveable at between the divisions of the dial. The stay its lower extremity, and as it is charged, it of the hand can act upon one only of these depresses in proportion as the mass dimileaps, which limits the inaccuracy in the nishes in substance. That this depression movement to less than a fifth of a second, a may be progressive and perfectly regular, precision amply sufficient for the required the inventor has appended a regulator to the purpose. When the machinery is to be set machine, consisting of a fat brass plate, in motion, this is effected by pressing a but- preserved in an inclined position, upon which ton similar to that used in repeaters, the ac- the frame descends as the regulator itself is tion of which may be stopped at pleasure, advanced. The motion is communicated to according to the will of the person making the cylinder by means of several cog-wheels, the observation. The arrested hand is then which are turned by a crank. examined, and the second with its fraction Machine for drilling Cast-iron.-This of stoppage is noted ; this fraction is obvi- machine, which acts upon the principle of ously the place at which the stoppage was the stock and bit, is simple and solid, being made, in dividing the whole space between composed entirely of iron. It acts with as
much regularity as promptitude. The block It consists in placing within a boiler, of to be perforated being firmly fixed upon a the form common to the purpose to which it solid plank, the drill is brought down upon is applied, and of all capacities, from coffeeit. The operation consists in turning a fly pots to steam-boilers, a vessel so placed that which plays upon a roller, the cord, to which it may, by slight stays, be kept at equal disis fastened the lever centre-bit. The mov- tances from the sides and the bottom of the ing power being acted upon, the tool turns boiler, and having its rim below the level of with considerable rapidity, but as the weight the liquid: the inner vessel has a hole in of the furniture would not be of itself suffi- the bottom, about one-third of its diameter. cient to urge it forward in proportion to the On the application of the fire to the boiler, progress of the bore, the fly is kept constant- the heated liquor rises in the space between ly turning. When the hole is perforated, the two vessels, and its place is supplied by the tool is withdrawn by raising the furni- the descent of the column in the inner vesture, which preserves its vertical position, sel, or, as Mr. Perkins calls this part of the whatever may be the degree of elevation or apparatus, the circulator; for the ascending depression of the lever to which it is sus- portion having the space it occupied suppended.
plied by the descending liquid in the centre, Sandals for Horses.-An English saddler, and the level of the centre being kept up by named Tade, says “ Le Petit Courrier des the running in of the heated portion which Dames," has invented a sandal for horses. has risen on the sides, a circulation rapidly It is fastened on with strings of leather, in- begins and continues; thus bringing into stead of nails, and is so managed that it contact with the heated bottom and sides of may be put on or removed, as the rider the boiler the coldest portion of the liquid. wishes, in less than a minute. The object By this process the rapidity of evaporation of this invention is to enable the rider to is excessive, far exceeding that of any mereplace at once, during a journey, any of thod previously known ; whilst the bottom the iron shoes which may be lost, and to of the boiler, having its acquired heat concontinue his journey without fear of expos- stantly carried off by the circulating liquid, ing the animal to the accidents which might never burns out, nor rises in temperature result from the loss of a shoe. The lights many degrees above the heat of the liquid. ness of the shoe, wbich weighs no more than In many manufactures this is a most imhalf the iron one, and its portable form, as portant discovery, especially in salt-works, it can be carried with ease in the pocket, or brewers' boilers, and for steam-boilers; and, behind the saddle, are great improvements; applied to our culinary vessels, no careless moreover it may be taken off when horses cook can burn what she has to dress in a are grazing, even for a short time.
boiler by neglecting to stir it, as the circuNeu Boiling Apparatus.-Mr. Perkins, lation prevents the bottom of the boiler from the celebrated engineer, has recently dis- ever acquiring heat enough to do mischief. covered and obtained a patent for a new We need hardly add that this discovery is mode of boiling, by a process so simple that esteemed by men of science to be one of the it is a subject of surprise to all who see it most useful and important of the present that it has not been earlier among our useful day. improvements.
PATENTS LATELY GRANTED. Joshua Bates, of Bishopsgate-street, London, Park, Esq. and Thomas John Fuller, of the gentleman, for improvements in machinery or Commercial-road, Linehouse, civil engineer, for apparatus for roving, twisting, or spinning cotton, their improvement or improvements on certain silk, wool, hemp, flax, or other fibrous substances. mechanical apparatus, applicable to the raising Communicated by a foreigner, residing abroad. of water, and other useful purposes.
Sarah Guppy, of Tarway House, Clifton, near Thomas Brunton, of Park-square, Regent's Bristol, widow, for a method of applying and Park, Esq. for a new application or adaptation arranging certain pieces of cabinet work, uphol- of certain apparatus for heating fluids or liquids, stery, and other articles, commonly or frequently and generating steam for various useful porapplied to bedsteads and hangings; and also poses. others not hitherto so applied.
George Minter, of Princes-street, Sobo, cabinet James Macdonald, of the University Club house, maker, for a fastening for dining tables and other Pall Mall East, gentleman, for a certain improve- purposeg. ment or improvements in the construction of Arthur Howe Holdsworth, of Dartmouth, Debridges made of iron, or other materials, which von, Esq. for improvements in the construction improvements are also applicable to the con- of rudders, and in the application of the same to struction of piers, rail-roads, roofs, and other use certain descriptions of ships or vessels. ful purposes. Communicated by a foreigner, re. David Selden, of Liverpool, merchant, for an siding abroad.
improved carding and slubbing engine for wool Thomas Brunton, of Park-square, Regent's and other fibrons substances.
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Lord Dover's Life of Frederick the Great, 2 vols. 8vo. with portrait, 11. 8s.
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LITERARY REPORT. The second and concluding volume of the in. “ Saturday Evening," by the Author of " Nateresting « Correspondence of David Garrick" is tural History of Enthusiasın," in 1 vol. 8vo. is just ready for publication, containing a variety of announced. Letters from the most eminent Persons of his "A Numismatic Manual, or Gnide to the Study Time in Europe; among others, of Voltaire, of Ancient and Modern Coins," by John Y. AkerGrimm. Le kain, Madame Riccoboni, the Abbé man, is in the press. Morellet, Preville, Mademoiselle Clairon, &c. Messrs. W. and E. Finden are about to publish &e.
a series of Landscape Illustrations to Lord Byron, «The Mernoires of the celebrated Duchesse de to suit Mr. Murray's new and complete edition of St. Leo, Hortense, Ex-Queen of Holland," are his Works: they are announced at so exceedingly Rearly ready for publication.
small a price (half a crown for four landscapes The long-promised « Memoirs of Sir James and a portrait), that only a most extensive sale Campbell of Ardkinglas," are also said to be in can answer their purpose. a forward state.
A new edition of " Brown's Self Interpreting A new work from the pen of that favourite Bible," with additional Marginal Notes, &c. writer, Mr. Horace Smith, to be entitled “ Ro- “ The Double Trial, or the Consequences of an mance of the Early Ages," will shortly make its Irish Clearing;" a Tale of the Present Day, by appearance. The plan is understood to possess the Rev. C. Lucas. many features of novelty.
“A Six Weeks' Tour in Switzerland and Mr. Galt has nearly ready a new novel, to be France," by the Rev. William Liddiard, author called “ Stanley Buxton; or the Schooliellows." of “the Legend of Einsidlin," &c. The Anthor, we understand, brings together a “Advice to a Young Christian, on the imporkoot of schoolfellows in advanced life, who relate tance of aiming at an elevated Standard of Piety," the vicissitudes of their early lives.
by a Village Pastor. The Cottagers of Glenburnie," by Miss Part IV. of “ Rickards on the Trade with In. Hamilton, will be sbortly introduced into that dia," to complete the second volume. popular series of fiction, “ The Standard Novels." " An Essay on the Rights of Hindoos over An
A second edition of Dr. Granville's “ Cate. cestral Property, according to the Law of Bengal," chiain of Health" is now published. The first by Rajah Rammohun Roy; and also, by the edition of this useful work was sold in a few days. same author, “ Remarks on East India Affairs,
A new work may soon be expected from the with a Dissertation on the Ancient Boundaries of canstic pen of the successful Author of " Mothers India, its Civil and Religious Divisions, and Sugand Daughters." It is to be entitled “ The gestions for the future Government of the CounOpera ; a Story of the Beau Monde."
The story of naval life, now on the eve of ap “ The Records of a Good Man's Life," by the pearance, to be entitled “The Adventures of a Rev. Charles B. Taylor, M.A., anthor of “ May Younger Son," is understood to be the work of You Like It," &c. one of Lord Byron's inost intimale friends, whose « The History of the Jews in all Ages, written life, which this story is partly intended to de- mpon Scriptural principles,” by the Author of lineate, was marked by more singular events than “ History in all Ages.” even that of the poble poet.
Kidd's Guide to the “ Lions" of London. Mr. James's “ Memoirs of Celebrated Military “Summer Thonghts and Rambles;" a collec. Commandlers" will appear early in January.
tion of Tales, Facts, and Legend, by H. G. Bell, " Recollections of the late Robert William El- author of " Summer and Winter Hons," &c. liston, Esq.” by Pierce Egan, with a likeness of “ Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress," with many the distinguished actor from Bruccini's bust, is engravings on wood by G. W. Bonner, and Exabout to be poblished.
planatory Notes by W. Mason. Mr. Keightley announces a new edition of his Sir Jaines Mackintosh is anponnced to write "Mythology of Greece and Italy," in an abridged the brief Memoir of the late Rev. Robert Hall, form, cbiefly intended for the use of scbools and with a Sketch of his Literary Character, in the young persons.
sixth volume of his works. It is to be accomThe Second Volnme of “A Concise View of panied by a Sketch of Mr. Hall's Character as the Succession of Sacred Literature," by J, B. B. a Theologian and a Preacher, by Mr. Foster, Clarke, M.A. will be shortly published.
Author of the “ Essays on Decision of CharacMr. Macfarlane (the author of " Constantinople ter." in 1828," &c.) is about to publish, by subscrip “ The Shakspearian Dictionary ; being a com. tion, a work under the attractive title of “ The plete Collection of the Expressions oi Shakspeare, Seven Churches," illastrated by seven etchings in Prose and Verse, from a few Words to Fifty or from views taken on the spot, and a Map of the more Lines." By Thomas Dolby, Gent. most interesting regions of Asia Minor.
" Who can they be? or a Description of a sin"A History and Character of American Re- gular Race of Aborigines inhabiting the Sunmits vivals of Religion," by the Rev. Calvin Cotton. of the Neilgherry Hills, or Blue Mountains of of Amnerica, is about to appear.
Coimbatoor," by Captain H. Harknese.
Jan.- VOL. XXXVI. NO. CXXXIII.