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“WESLEY AND SWEDENBORG.”—The all success, and I admire your plan project mentioned in the last number of immensely. Having been a Wesleyan the Intellectual Repository, page 342, local preacher myself, I can give you namely, to give to every Dissenting my hearty sympathy." Another contriminister in the country, beginning with butor remarks,“ Like yourself I was a the Methodists, a copy of the Rev. W. Wesleyan many years, early in life; Bruce's new work, "Wesley and Sweden and therefore I cordially sympathize borg : a Review of the Rev. John with the efforts you are making, to Wesley's Thoughts on the Writings of induce the members of that denominaBaron Swedenborg,”” has been supported tion to reconsider, dispassionately, the by contributions to the extent of £38. estimate which their Founder so misI have received but two large sums, and takenly formed of Swedenborg and his many will be necessary to complete the mission.” work. It is true that the appeal in last Will the friends of the New Church month's Repository has not yet had time counsel me as to the best book to reto work its proper effect. The sums print and send to the Established already received will be found in our clergy, and will those Newchurchmen advertising columns. I rest my appeal who have enough and to spare bear the for assistance in this work on the ground expense ? Address both counsel and that no other agency would reach the money to Isaac Pitman, Bath. ministers of religion at so small a cost, and that the odium which has been PAN-PRESBYTERIAN COUNCIL.- The unjustly cast on the name of Swedenborg several Church Assemblies of Scotland must be removed before the public will have this year been succeeded by a more read his works. An additional sum of august assembly. They represented £33 will be required.
their several communities, Established, The success of this scheme, which I Free, and United Presbyterian. The Panwill consider assured, has inspired the Presbyterian Council, which assembled generous donor of £10 in the above list, in Edinburgh on Wednesday 4th July, with a desire to place the New Church was attended by representatives of doctrines, in some attractive form, and twenty thousand churches, scattered by the same agency, before every throughout the continents of Europe and minister in the Church of England, the America. Arrangements for its Bible Christian and Unitarian ministers, sembly have been in progress some etc. He observes, “I believe that the time, and it has been welcomed with world should be the parish of all New- enthusiasm by all classes. The opening churchmen, and that their mission is, sermon was preached by Professor Flint, to preach the Gospel to every creature ; who discoursed on the subject of Chris. and at present I know no better way of tain unity. “It was not,” he said, the doing it than the one you have com differences of principle or opinion be menced. I will tell you what I feel is tween the various denominations which the least I ought to do in such a work, marred their Christian unity, but the if it meets your approbation, that you evil and angry passions which gathered may have a kind of basis to judge from, round these differences. It was not and it is this,—that I will send you when one body of men held honestly £40 towards printing, in pamphlet and firmly the Voluntary principle and form, and posting, the "Brighton another body the Establishment prin. Lectures,' or Evening and Morning,' ciple that Christian unity was broken ; to the clergy of the Established Church, but when those who held the one etc., if the author of the work which principle insinuated that those who may be selected will allow you to re- held the other were, in virtue of doing print it in a cheap and popular form, so, ungodly men; when, instead of and I think he would glad to have freely acknowledging what was good in such an opportunity of doing good.” each other, each exaggerated what was
A donor of £l observes, "I wish you good in itself and depreciated what was
good in the other, or even rejoiced in its dogmatic theology ? He imagined that neighbour's humiliation; and when if they were to have a true dogmatic those who represented them contended theology in any age, if they were to by speech or writing in a manner from have their ministers and preachers which a courteous and honest man of trained in that which must always be the world would recoil—then certainly the noblest element of their power, they Christian unity was broken visibly and must give them as large a measure of terribly, for then the Christian spirit freedom in reference to their confessions was absent, or grievously feeble.” of faith and systems of dogmatic theo
It was scarcely possible for a council logy as was consistent with holding the of this kind to assemble at the present great doctrines which the Church was time and not discuss the troubled ques. constituted to proclaim. tion of the Creeds. In a paper on “The Harmony of Reformed Confessions,'
PRESBYTERIANISM IN AMERICA.-In Prof. Schaff of New York, after detail.
address at the Pan-Presbyterian ing the principal Calvinistic Confessions, York, gave the following account of
Council, Dr. Irenæus Prime, of New proceeded to point out the period of change, the time when these systems of Presbyterianism in America :-" The faith began to lose their hold on the Presbyterian Church in the States, he public mind. The time indicated is the said, had shown as great capacity for time immediately succeeding the execu; where. Presbyterians were the
division and subdivision a sit had elsetion in the spiritual world of the general of men and they were setting the same judgment, and for which the writings of Swedenborg, had she accepted his way—that was, their own way—always teaching, would have prepared the ready to give up when they were conChurch. "For more than two hundred vinced, but never convinced if they years,'
could help it—willing at any time to said the Professor, “these Confessions maintained their supremacy yield a point in dispute. Indeed they
part with their best friend rather than in the councils of the Church, in the had a tradition in America that one of professor's chair, and in the pulpit. their Presbyterian Fathers in Scotland, Then followed in the middle of last century a theological revolution such as
when Moderator, prayed thus- Grant, had never swept over the Christian
O Lord, that we may be right, for Church. It affected not only the
Thou knowest we are very decided.' Reformed, but still more the Lutheran They had in all in the States 9,028 and Roman Churches ; while in France Presbyterian ministers, 12,000 Congreit ended in the Reign of Terror and the gations with 1,005, 200 members, raisFrench Revolution, which abolished ing. in one year money contributions for
various Christianity itself. Since then the
purposes to the amount of symbolic books had lost their former £3,000,000-equal to £3 each communiauthority in almost every country except been marked by steady, solid growth.”
cant. The history of the Church had England, Scotland, and the United States. In the present century came “THE PRIEST IN ABSOLUTION.”-An theological revival, which was still going intense commotion has been excited by on all over the Christian world."
the production of a book under this In the course of a discussion on title, for the guidance of the clergy “Preaching and Training of Preachers, in the Confessional. The Romanizing Professor Milligan, of Aberdeen, made tendency of the ritualistic clergy has the following remarks on dogmatic been long well known. Their advocacy theology. “ He liked to think,” he of the Confessional and other Roman said, “ of dogmatic theology as crown- practices has been too open to be coning the very pyramid of human know. cealed. An association for the furtherledge, and all the sciences, and every ance of these practices has been insti. branch of theological inquiry coming tuted, under the title of “The Society and laying their treasures at her feet. of the Holy Cross ;” and the book in In connection with this, however, there question has been prepared at the arose a very grave question, and that suggestion of this Society. was-What was the relation in which placed in the hands of Lord Redesdale they wished to place the training of was bronght by him before the notice their ministers to this great subject of of the House of Lords. Sundry extracts
were read which showed that the very priestly absolution. The untold evils features most objected to in the Roman arising from these practices are too service were introduced, and that all indelibly impressed on the minds of the evils which follow this subjection of Englishmen to admit of the general the mind of one person to the control restoration of the confessional. The of another, must certainly follow. The bishops, says the Times, “may be quite teaching of the book and the practices sure that unless they can get rid of these with which it is connected were con- Conspirators '-be they good or baddemned by the Archbishop of Canter. the people of England will before long bury, who has since brought the subject make short work of the institution before the Upper House of Convocation, which shelters them.” In his speech in Convocation, he intro. duced another book on the same snbject, PRESENTATION TO MR. GUNTON.-On which has had a large circulation, from Thursday, 5th July, a meeting was held which he gave the following extract :- at Argyle Square Church, London, “It is to the priest, and the priest only, under the presidency of Dr. Bayley, for that a child must acknowledge his sins, the purpose of presenting a testimonial, if he desires that God should forgive to Mr. Richard Gunton, the Treasurer him.” Then comes the very obvious of Conference and national missionary. question : “Do you know why! It is The testimonial consisted of a handsome because God, when He was on earth, silver inkstand, a cheque for £200, and gave to His priests, and to them alone, an illuminated address, which was as the Divine power of forgiving men follows: their sins. It was to priests only that “To Mr. Richard Gunton. Dear Mr. Jesus said — Receive ye the Holy Gunton, on behalf of your numerous Ghost,' etc. Those who will not confess friends in the New Jerusalem Church, will not be cured. Sin is a terrible we ask your acceptance of the present sickness, and casts souls into hell.” testimonial, together with the accomThat is addressed to a child of six years panying inkstand and purse of gold, in
“I have known (the book heartfelt recognition of the many emicontinues) poor children who concealed nent uses, both secular and spiritual
, their sins in confession for years ; they which you have rendered throughout were very unhappy, were tormented Great Britain. For twenty years you with remorse, and if they had died in have filled the responsible and onerous that state they would certainly have office of Treasurer of the General Con. gone to the everlasting fires of hell.' ference of the New Church, and by your
In reply to the communication of the zeal and business ability have largely Archbishop, the Society of the Holy contributed to the increase and useful. * Cross presented a statement in which ness of its several important funds they say that “while distinctly repudi- committed to your charge. Ten years ating the unfair criticisms which have ago you gave up the emoluments of your been passed on the book called The secular position, that you might labour Priest in Absolution, and without in- as a preacher and lecturer under the tending to imply any condemnation of it, auspices of the National Missionary yet in deference to the desire expressed Institution, to diffuse among mankind by the Archbishop of Canterbury to those Divine truths which are so dear to the representatives of the Society, us all; and many owe their acquaintance resolves that no further copies of it be with the doctrine of the New Jerusalem supplied.” This resolution was not re- to your clear and forcible expositions. garded as satisfactory, and a resolution You have also acted for eleven years as was unanimously adopted which declares Treasurer of the Missionary and Tract “that this House hereby expresses its Society, and by your judicious counsels strong condemnation of any doctrine or and earnest recommendations, have practice of confession which can be largely promoted the employment of thought to render such a book necessary those excellent publications which, in or expedient.”
addition to the tracts, have become Self-examination is essential to all 'silent missionaries' in thousands of true progress in the spiritual life, but homes. Accept, dear Mr. Gunton, the this examination is quite distinct from expression of vur fervent desires that the doctrine of auricular confession and you may long be permitted to continue
your eminent services to the Church he had determined to lay aside his upon earth, blessed in yourself, and ordinary business, and to give himself thoroughly prepared by your life and entirely to the Missionary work. The usefulness for your eternal home above. speaker then dwelt at some length upon Signed, on behalf of your brethren and Mr. Gunton's labours as a Missionary, friends of the New Jerusalem Church, highly eulogising his indefatigable by the Testimonial Committee." zeal in building up the Church in
About 150 friends from all parts of London and various parts of the London assembled to take tea at half. country; and expressing the high value past five, and during the evening this which they all set upon his exertions. number was greatly increased, the room Addressing Mr. Gunton, he then said, being quite full.
“ Allow me to say, my dear friend, that The chair was taken at 7 o'clock by you are the honoured object of our Dr. Bayley, who said they had met to regard to-night, because we feel that give their beloved friend Mr. Gunton a the Lord has honoured you in making token of their warm esteem for labours you truly useful. In the name of the that had been energetic, untiring, and subscribers and of this meeting, as well most successful. Mr. Gunton had long as of your numerous friends in every filled many offices, and to the admiration part of the Church, allow me to present of all. He had been recently seriously to you the testimonial of this day. It is indisposed as a result of his multiplied, the token of the esteem for your admirpersistent, and perhaps over-earnest ex. able labours felt by us all. It is the ertions, and on his recovery some of his outbirth of the warm affection of your friends had thought it would do him brethren, and their best wishes for many no harm, and would do the members of years of healthful and blessed activity, the Church much good, if they let him to continue with you with ever-increasing know by some substantial evidence how success. It is the expression of the much his labours were valued, and how judgment of the members of the Church much they loved him as a man. After you have loved, on your many services alluding to the address, the silver for the good of others thus far, and the inkstand, and the cheque for £200 which foretoken, we fondly hope, of the Divine were about to be presented, Dr. Bayley welcome at the end of your life's proceeded to give a sketch of Mr. jour y : Well done, go and faithGunton's labours in the cause of the ful servant; thou hast been faithful Church. Twenty years ago, the cen. over a few things, I will make thee tennial year, he had undertaken the ruler over many things : enter thou into office of Treasurer. The funded property the joy of thy Lord."" of the Church was then a little over The Rev. J. Presland expressed the £6000, but now, by the benefactions satisfaction he felt in welcoming such a of such men as Mr. Crompton and Mr. large and influential meeting to Argyle Finnie, it amounted to over £48,000; Square. Camden Road and Palace Gar. and although doubtless the great moving dens might have particular claims to be cause had been the Spirit of the Lord the scene of their present preceedings, operating in the hearts of their good but they could and did warmly welfriends from time to time, yet the work come Mr. Gunton to Argyle Square on had been largely assisted by the admir- account of of his uses to the Church at able qualities, the earnest zeal, and the large. He then proceeded to read the painstaking care of their Treasurer. Mr. illuminated address, which, he had no Gunton had also been, for a considerable doubt, embodied the feeling which the portion of that period, the Treasurer of meeting would wish to convey. the Missionary and Tract Society, in Mr. Jobson, the Secretary of the Testi. which office he had not only taken the monial Committee, described the origin utmost care and pains to create funds of the testimonial. The idea had no but to properly apply them. He was a sooner been mentioned, he said, than it New Churchman of some forty years' had been greeted with hearty approval standing, having previously belonged on all sides. Mr. Gunton's labours had to the Methodist body, and during that not been confined to any particular period had lost no opportunity of stir- locality, and many friends and localities ring up earnest affection for the truths throughout the country had responded of the Church ; but eleven years ago to the appeal. His services had been
of such a useful and valuable kind that in the world by the Conference, the the Committee felt they could not repay Swedenborg Society, and the Missionary him by a money equivalent, but they Society, and by our self-sacrificing mindesired him to know that the testi. isters. He was glad to see the Church monial was accompanied by the sincerest waking up to its duty to the ministry, thanks for and warmest approval of his hoped that they should before long have long and useful career in the Church. a better state of things in that respect, Mr. Gunton was a most extraordinary for the more numerous the labourers man : as they had never yet found two became, the sooner would earnest, lovSamuel Nobles or two Dr. Bayleys, so ing hearts who seek the truth come in they would never find two Richard contact with it. A great work also Guntons in the New Church. There remained to be done. There were a was no fear that the honours then con- large number of towns and villages, ferred upon him would in the slightest even in England, which had never degree disturb his serenity, but on the heard the name of the New Church : other hand he could fully appreciate they must therefore do their utmost to the esteem and good wishes of others, send the truth abroad into the world. more especially of those who were work. He concluded by thanking them again ing in the same good and worthy cause. very heartily for such an earnest mani. The speaker also touched upon his great festation of their appreciation of his energy and business capacity, his ster- labours, and desired to thank Mr. ling honesty and integrity of purpose, Jobson specially and personally, He and concluded by paying a high com- assured them that it would be the depliment to his indomitable perseverance light of his heart to continue to do what in the prosecution of his missionary he could, for there was no joy.equal to labours, which he believed would meet that of presenting the truths of the with honourable recognition at the Holy Jerusalem to recipient minds, and hands of the future historian of the searching thein out all the wide earth Church.
Mr. Milner, Treasurer of the Com- Mr. E. Austin said, that in conse. mittee, then gave some particulars as quence of the spirit of incredulity which to the subscriptions, after which Mr. had grown up with liberty of thought Gunton rose, and was received with and toleration in the religious world, much applause. He said he felt so men who came before the public and overwhelmed with this expression of claimed to be teachers often had very their appreciation of his labours, that crude and merely negative opinions. It he really did not know what acknow. was therefore refreshing to find that one ledgment to make.
They had been of the most prominent characteristics told that he was a terrible man to his of the man whom they desired to honour friends' pockets, but if they encouraged was, that he held strong views and affirhim in that way, they must expect a mative principles, that he thoroughly few more Treasurer's visits. They had believed in the dictum of Archbishop some more churches to build yet : their Whately, that it is not enough to believe good friends at Northampton had just what you maintain, but you ought also purchased a piece of ground, and now to maintain what you belie Recogwanted to put a respectable building nition should also be given to his use upon it. Mr. Gunton then proceeded in bringing lovers of the Church toto give an interesting account of some gether. of his experiences as Treasurer of Con. Mr. Frederick Braby, after congratuference, more particularly in connection lating Mr. Gunton, said that although he with the late Mr. Finnie, and some had been at active work for twenty years, incidents of his missionary labours. they might still hope to see him full of He said he never felt more delight in readiness for labour. An accomplished the latter work than he did at present, Belgian baroness had told him (the for every journey he made he felt to be speaker) that she could speak well in more at home in it, and that he had five languages, but that she always more power than formerly to present thought in German ; similarly Mr. the doctrines of the Church with clear. Gunton could perform all the ordinary ness to those who had never before heard duties of business and social life, but he of them. A great work had been done always thought in “New Church.”