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Section 2. Regulation of railroad freights

and passenger tariffs. – Preventing unjust discriminations.


Executive Department. 1. To consist of Governor, Secretary

of State, Comptroller-General

and Treasurer. 2. Secretary of State, Comptroller

General and Treasurer, how to

be elected. 3. The great seal of the State to

be kept in the office of Secretary of State.



Judiciary. 1. Judicial powers

of the State vested in Supreme Court, Superior Court, Courts of Ordi

nary and justices of the peace. 2. Supreme Court consist of

17. Change of venue.
18. Right of trial by jury.
19. County commissioners.- Created

by General Assembly.
20. Certain courts may be abolished.
21. The costs in the Supreme Court

shall not exceed ten dollars, unless.


Finance, Taxation and Public Debts.

chief justice and two associ

ate justices. 3. There shall be a judge of the

Superior Court for each judi

cial district. 4. The jurisdiction of the same. 5. Judges of City and Superior

Courts may preside in the

courts of each other. 6. The powers of the Court of Ordi

nary and Probate, how vested. 7. There shall be in each militia

district one justice of the

peace. . 8. Notary publics.- Term of office. 9. Jurisdiction and powers of all

courts. 10. Attorney-General.- Term of of

fice. 11. Solicitor-General.--Term of office. 12. Judges of the Supreme Courts

and Solicitor - General, how

13. Salaries of the same.
14. Requirements for the same.
15. Divorce.
16. Divorce cases to be brought in

the county where defendant

1. The General Assembly has pow

ers of taxation for the follow

ing purposes only. 2. All taxation shall be uniform on

the same class of subjects. 3. No debts shall be contracted by

the State, except. 4. Laws authorizing the borrowing

of money shall specify the

purposes it is to be used for. 5. The credit of the State shall not

be loaned. 6. The State may not be a stock

holder in any company. 7. The debt incurred in any county,

municipal corporation, may not

exceed a certain sum. 8. The State may not assume the

debt of any county, etc. 9. Officers or members of the Gene

ral Assembly not to receive

perquisites. 10. Municipal corporations shall not

incur debt until provision for

the same has been made. 11. The General Assembly shall

have no authority to appropriate money directly or indi

rectly. 12. The bonded debt of the State. 13. The sale of property owned by

the State to be applied to the payment of the bonded debt of

the State. 14. General Assembly to raise by

taxation additional sum of one

hundred thousand dollars.
15. The financial condition of the

State to be reported to the
Governor quarterly.

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PREAMBLE. To perpetuate the principles of free government, insure justice to all, preserve peace, promote the interest and happiness of the citizen, and transmit to posterity the enjoyment of liberty, we, the people of eorgia, relying upon the protection and guidance of Almighty God, do ordain and establish this Constitution:

Bill of Rights.

Section 1. Paragraph I. All government, of right, originates with the people, is founded upon their will only, and is instituted solely for the good of the whole. Public officers are the trustees and servants of the people, and at all times amenable to them.

Par. II. Protection to person and property is the paramount duty of government, and shall be impartial and complete.

Par. III. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property, except by due process of law.

Par. IV. No person shall be deprived of the right to prosecute or defend his own cause in any of the courts of this State, in person, by attorney, or both.

Par. V. Every person charged with an offense against the laws of this State shall have the privilege and benefit of counsel; shall be furnished, on demand, with a copy of the accusation, and a list of the witnesses on whose testimony the charge against him is founded; shall have compulsory process to obtain the testimony of his own witnesses; shall be confronted with the witnesses testifying against him, and shall have a public and speedy trial by an impartial jury.

Par. VI. No person shall be compelled to give testimony tending in any way to criminate himself.

Par. VII. Neither banishment beyond the limits of the State, nor whipping, as a punishment for crime, shall be allowed.

Par. VIII. No person shall be put in jeopardy of life, or lib erty, more than once for the same offense, save on his, or her, own motion for a new trial after conviction, or in case of mistrial.

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Par. IX. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted; nor shall any person be abused in being arrested, while under arrest, or in prison.

Par. X. No person shall be compelled to pay costs, except after conviction on final trial.

Par. XI. The writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended.

Par. XII. All men have the natural and inalienable right to worship God, each according to the dictates of his own conscience, and no human authority should, in any case, control or interfere with such right of conscience.

Par. XIII. No inhabitant of this State shall be molested in person or property, or prohibited from holding any office of trust, on account of his religious opinions; but the right of liberty of conscience shall not be so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness, or justify practices inconsistent with the peace and safety of the State.

Par. XIV. No money shall ever be taken from the public treasury, directly or indirectly, in aid of any church, sect or denomination of religionists, or of any sectarian institution.

Par. XV. No law shall ever be passed to curtail, or restrain, the liberty of speech, or of the press; any person may speak, write and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty.

Par. XVI. The right of the people to be secure in their persong, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be violated; and no warrant shall issue except upon probable cause, supported by oath, or affirmation, particularly describing the place, or places, to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Par. XVII. There shall be within the State of Georgia neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, save as a punishment for crime after legal conviction thereof.

Par. XVIII. The social status of the citizen shall never be the subject of legislation.

Par. XIX. The civil authority shall be superior to the military, and no soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner nor in time of war, except by the civil magistrate, in such manner as may be provided by law.

Par. XX. The power of the courts to punish for contempts shall be limited by legislative acts.

Par. XXI. There shall be no imprisonment for debt.

Par. XXII. The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed, but the General Assembly shall have power to prescribe the manner in which arms may be borne.

Par. XXIII. The legislative, judicial and executive powers shall forever remain separate and distinct, and no person discharging the duties of one shall at the same time exercise the functions of either of the others, except as herein provided.

Par. XXIV. The people have the right to assemble peaceably for their common good, and to apply to those vested with the powers of government for redress of grievances by petition or remonstrance.

Par. XXV. All citizens of the United States, resident in this State, are hereby declared citizens of this State; and it shall be the duty of the General Assembly to enact such laws as will protect them in the full enjoyment of the rights, privileges and immunities due to such citizenship.

Section II. Paragraph I. In all prosecutions or indictments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence; and the jury in all criminal *cases shall be the judges of the law and the facts. The power of the judges to grant new trials in case of conviction is preserved.

Par. II. Treason against the State of Georgia shall consist in levying war against her, adhering to her enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, except on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or confession in open court.

Par. III. No conviction shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture of estate.

Par. IV. All lotteries, and the sale of lottery tickets, are hereby prohibited; and this prohibition shall be enforced by penal laws.

Par. V. Lobbying is declared to be a crime, and the General Assembly shall enforce this provision by suitable penalties.

Par. VI. The General Assembly shall have the power to provide for the punishment of fraud; and shall provide, by law, for reaching property of the debtor concealed from the creditor.

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