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the treaty of November 12, 1884,' and to avoid the difficulties occasioned by reason of the changes which take place in the bed of the Rio Grande and that of the Colorado river, in that portion thereof where they serve as a boundary between the two Republics, have resolved to conclude a treaty for the attainment of these objects, and have appointed as their respective Plenipotentiaries:
The President of the United States of America, Thomas F. Bayard, Secretary of State of the United States of America; and
The President of the United States of Mexico, Matias Romero, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of Mexico, at Washington;
Who, after having exhibited their respective full powers, and having found the same to be in good and due form, have agreed upon the following articles:
ARTICLE I. All differences or questions that may arise on that portion of the frontier between the United States of America and the United States of Mexico where the Rio Grande and the Colorado rivers form the boundary line, whether such differences or questions grow out of alterations or changes in the bed of the aforesaid Rio Grande and that of the aforesaid Colorado River, or of works that may be constructed in said rivers, or of any other cause affecting the boundary line, shall be submitted for examination and decision to an International Boundary Commission, which shall have exclusive jurisdiction in the case of said differences or questions.
ARTICLE II. The International Boundary Commission shall be composed of a Commissioner appointed by the President of the United States of America, and of another appointed by the President of the United States of Mexico, in accordance with the constitutional provisions of each country, of a Consulting Engineer, appointed in the same manner by each Government, and of such Secretaries and Interpreters as either Government may see fit to add to its Commission. Each Gorernment separately shall fix the salaries and emoluments of the members of its Commission.
ARTICLE III. The International Boundary Commission shall not transact any business unless both Commissioners are present. It shall sit on the frontier of the two contracting countries, and shall establish itself at such places as it may determine upon; it shall, however, repair to places at which any of the difficulties or questions mentioned in this convention may arise, as soon as it shall have been duly notified thereof.
ARTICLE IV. When, owing to natural causes, any change shall take place in the bed of the Rio Grande or in that of the Colorado River, in that portion thereof wherein those rivers form the boundary line between the two countries, which may affect the boundary line, notice of that fact shall be given by the proper local authorities on both sides to their respective Commissioners of the International Boundary Commission, on receiving which notice it shall be the duty of the said Commission
See p. 412.
to repair to the place where the change has taken place or the question has arisen, to make a personal examination of such change, to compare it with the bed of the river as it was before the change took place, as shown by the surveys, and to decide whether it has occurred through avulsion or erosion, for the effects of articles I and II1 of the convention of November 12, 1884; having done this, it shall make suitable annotations on the surveys of the boundary line.
Whenever the local authorities on any point of the frontier between the United States of America and the United States of Mexico, in that portion in which the Rio Grande and the Colorado River form the boundary between the two countries, shall think that works are being constructed, in either of those rivers, such as are prohibited by article III of the convention of November 12, 1884, or by article VII 3 of the treaty of Guadalupe IIidalgo of February 2, 1848, they shall so notify their respective Commissioners, in order that the latter may at once submit the matter to the International Boundary Commission, and that said Commission may proceed, in accordance with the provisions of the foregoing article, to examine the case, and that it may decide whether the work is among the number of those which are permitted, or of those which are prohibited by the stipulations of those treaties.
The Commission may provisionally suspend the construction of the works in question pending the investigation of the matter, and if it shall fail to agree on this point, the works 'shall be suspended, at the. instance of one of the two Governments.
In either of these cases, the Commission shall make a personal examination of the matter which occasions the change, the question or the complaint, and shall give its decision in regard to the same, in doing which it shall comply with the requirements established by a body of regulations to be prepared by the said Commission and approved by both Governments.
The International Boundary Commission shall have power to call for papers and information, and it shall be the duty of the authorities of each of the two countries to send it any papers that it may call for, relating to any boundary question in which it may have jurisdiction in pursuance of this convention.
The said Commission shall have power to summon any witnesses whose testimony it may think proper to take, and it shall be the duty of all persons thus summoned to appear before the same and to give their testimony, which shall be taken in accordance with such by-laws and regulations as may be adopted by the Commission and approved by both Governments. In case of the refusal of a witness to appear, he shall be compelled to do so, and to this end the Commission may make use of the same means that are used by the courts of the respective countries to compel the attendance of witnesses, in conformity with their respective laws.
? Article III, p. 413.
3 Article VII, p. 395.
See p. 412.
If both Commissioners shall agree to a decision, their judgment shall be considered binding upon both Governments, unless one of them shall disapprove it within one month reckoned from the day on which it shall have been pronounced. In the latter case, both Governments shall take cognizance of the matter, and shall decide it amicably, bearing constantly in mind the stipulation of Article XXI of the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of February 2, 1848.
The same shall be the case when the Commissioners shall fail to agree concerning the point which occasions the question, the complaint or the change, in which case each Commissioner shall prepare a report, in writing, which he shall lay before his Government.
This convention shall be ratified by both parties, in accordance with the provisions of their respective constitutions, and the ratifications thereof shall be exchanged at Washington as speedily as possibleand shall be in force from the date of the exchange of ratifications for a period of five years.
In testimony whereof the undersigned Plenipotentiaries have signed and sealed it.
Done in duplicate, in the city of Washington, in the English and Spanish languages, on the 1st day of March one thousand eight hundred and eighty-nine.
.T. F. BAYARD SEAL.
Concluded August 24, 1894; ratification advised by the Senate August
27, 1894; ratified by the President September 1, 1894; ratifications exchanged October 11, 1894; proclaimed October 18, 1894. (U. S. Stats. Vol. 28, p. 1213.)
The period for the completion of the work of the Boundary Commission under Convention of 1889 (p. 415) was extended by this convention two years from October 11, 1894.
BOUNDARY CONVENTION. Concluded October 1, 1895; ratification advised by the Senate Decem
ber 17, 1895; ratified by the President December 20, 1895; raitfications exchanged December 21, 1895; proclaimed December 21, 1895. (U. S. Stats. Vol. 29, p. 841.)
The duration of the Convention of 1889 (1). 415) was extended one year by this convention.
Concluded November 6, 1896; ratification advised by the Senate
December 10, 1896; ratified by the President December 15, 1896; ratifications exchanged December 23, 1896; proclaimed December 23, 1896. (U. S. Stats. Vol. 29, p. 857.)
The Convention of 1889 (p. 415) was further extended to December 24, 1897, by this convention.
Concluded October 29, 1897; ratification alvised by the Senate Decem
ber 16, 1897; ratified by the President December 20, 1897; ratifications exchanged December 21, 1897; proclaimed December 21, 1897. (U. S. Stats. Vol. 30, p. —.)
This convention further extended the duration of the Convention of 1889 (p. 415) to December 24, 1898.
Concluded December 2, 1898; ratification advised by the Senate
December 8, 1898; ratified by the President December 12, 1898; ratifications exchanged February 2, 1899; proclaimed February 3, 1899. (U. S. Stats. Vol. 30, p. )
The Convention of 1889 (p. 415) was again extended one year by this Convention.
TREATY OF PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP. Concluded January 1787; ratified by the Continental Congress July
18, 1787. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 724.) This treaty of twenty-six articles, negotiated by Thos. Barclay and signed by John Adams and Thom. Jefferson, was superseded by the following Treaty of 1836.
TREATY OF PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP.
Concluded September 16, 1836; ratification adrised by the Senate Jan
uary 17, 1837; ratified by the President January 28, 1837; proclaimed January 30, 1837. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 729.)
I. Emperor's consent.
II. No service with an enemy.
X. Protection of war ships.
XV. Privileges to merchants.
ences; most favored nation
privileges. XXV. Duration.
In the name of God, the Merciful and Clement!
This is the copy of the treaty of peace which we have made with the Americans, and written in this book; affixing thereto our blessed seal, that, with the help of God, it may remain firm forever.