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rather than a “ contraction of gentleman or time clerk of the cheque at Portsmouth." His genteel.” The Encyclopædic Dictionary' gives brother, Capt. John Brett, who was one of Lord as an example of this ancient adjective a line from Anson's lieutenants in his voyage round the world, Robert de Brunner
and afterwards commanded the Chichester, a To wite of her maners, to se his body gent, seventy-gun ship, died in London in 1785 (Ibid., Mr. John Payne uses it freely, with many other April, 1785, vol. Iv. pt. I. p. 323).
DANIEL HIPWELL. archaic words, in his admirable translation of Villop.
G. L. APPERSON. I am grateful to MR. WALLER for his reply to Wimbledon,
my query. Would it be trespassing too far on his The word is used by Edward Moore some time good nature to ask for the dates of Brett's birth
and death? I should like to know the sources about the year 1750 :
from which MR. WALLER derives his information. The prisoner was at large indicted For that, by thirst of gain excited,
Apart from all personal grounds, the fact that One day in July last at tea,
Timothy Brett, Lord Keppel, and Sir James And in the house of Mrs, P.,
Saumarez were between them the originators of From the left breast of E. M. gent,
naval uniform is of general interest. With base felonious intent, &c.
RICHARD EDGCUMBE. *The Trial of Sarah Palmer, alias Slim Sall.'
33, Tedworth Square, Chelsea.
E. YARDLEY. This abbreviation was quite general in the six
SOURCE OF QUOTATION WANTED (866 S. vi. teenth and seventeenth centuries, vide the Heralds' 128, 172). -Visitations. CONSTANCE RUSSELL.
How rev'rond is the face of this tall pile, &c. Swallowfield, Reading.
Writing from memory, I believe this passage is
from Tickell’s exquisite 'Lines on the Death of RICAISSA AND SOPHIA OF DENMARK (8th S. vi. Addison.'
JAMES HOOPER, 267, 336). — Voigtel, the learned German genea Norwich. logist, says that Richissa married Nicholas, Prince of Wenden, of the house of Mecklenburg (who died CONTINUATION OF 'EDWIN DROOD' (8th S. vi. 1316), by whom she had a daughter Sophia, who, 348). -I have heard of this ridiculous story before, however, is left in bis genealogical table unmarried though_upluckily I cannot verify it. But if J. G.'s query is answered so far, therefore; but that C. H. W. is interested in the general subject, he Richissa and Sophia were grandmother and mother may like to refer to 'N. & Q.,' gib S. ii. 407, 475, respectively of Henry II. of Holstein seems very 526 ; iii. 136, 177. There is also a very valuablo doubtful, as ' L'Art de Vérifier les Dates,' Ander- paper on the subject, by the late R. A. Procter, in son, and Voigtel all concur in describing his mother the Cornhill Magazine for March, 1884. as Helen, daughter of John II., Duke of Saxe
C. F. S. WARREN, M.A. Lauenburg.
O. H. Longford, Coventry, TAE Rev. Chas. BOULTBEE (8th S. iv. 508 ; v. A PIONEER NEWSPAPER (8th S. vi. 25, 154, 234). 77, 293, 438).-I extract from a MS. book of 600 - Information as to the commencement of the Stampages relating to the Boultbee family and pedigree, ford Mercury in 1712 will be found in 'N. & Q.,' both in my possession, that this gentleman was Gon S. ix. 214. It was there mentioned that an originally of Boulogne, in the kingdom of France, earlier newspaper was printed in Stamford. This a cornet in H.M.'s 10th Hussars, afterwards a was the Stamford Post, mentioned by MR. JUSTIN clerk in holy orders. On applying for his dis- SIMPSON, and it is remarkable that the No. 82 of charge from bankruptcy in 1823 he is described as that paper to wbich he refers was printed on first of Misterton, Northants ; afterwards of Ather. Jan. 3, 1712, the same day on which No. 1 of the holme, Warwick; then of Derthill
, same county; Stamford Mercury was published. A copy of and late of Kirkford, Sussex, clerk. His marriage No. 97 of the Stamford Post, published April 17, settlements were dated July 7/8, 1812, and his 1712, is in the possession of Mr. C. W. Holdich, family history is shown from various deeds ex. Cromwell Road, Peterborough. The Stamford tracted, which relate to himself, brothers and Post was a weekly paper, and the first number sisters, and their ancestors.
must have been issued on June 8, 1710. The HENRY W. ALDRED. paper bears no printer's dame, but it was printed 181, Coldbarbour Lane, S.E.
by Francis Howgrave, who became the printer of TIMOTHY BRETT (8th S. vi. 287, 353). – An
the Stamford Mercury on June 13, 1732.
Jos. PHILLIPS. entry in the Gentleman's Magazine, March, 1799 Stamford. (vol. Ixix. pt. i. p. 250), records the death, in 1790, at Greenwich, co. Kent, of Timothy Brett,
a most NORSE EARLS OF ORKNEY (8th S. vi. 289, 352). mild, benignant and amiable character, ” “ some -A pedigree and some interesting information
respecting these earls will be found in Robertson's part his inspiration. The proofs of indebtedness to
French and Italian sources add greatly to the value 'History of the Early Kings of Scotland.'
W. D. PINK.
of the work. On one point we should have liked further
information. In what is called 'Song' (vol. i. p. 32-40), AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (8th S. vi. a delightful poem in all respocts, Drummond employs a
metre we do not recollect to have seen elsewhere. It is 309).
the ordinary rhymed ton-syllable verse, but the rhymes Man is immortal till his work is done.
are like those in the French rhymed alexandrines, A line in an epitaph in Fulham Parish Church suggests alternately masculine and feminine. This is observed the same idea :
throughout. We give the terminations of the first Man onely can on Earth immortal be.
few lines to show: "pole "="roll,”.." appeareth The date of the epitaph is 1665.
heareth, “(be)queath' "breath," "Warble" CHAS. JAS. FERET. “marble,"
snares,' " " wander"=" meander";
and so on through over two hundred and fifty lines. (8th S. vi, 369.)
If this metre has been elsewhere used in England we They dreamt not of a perishable home
shall be glad to hear of it. Drummond's poems are Who thus could build,
generally chaste enough as well as beautiful, and his Wordsworth,“ Ecclesiastical Sonnets,"' On King's College religious poems are among the best and most fragrant Chapel, Cambridge.' See more in N. & Q.,' 5th 9, v. 159. we possess. He occasionally, however, goes beyond most Like to the damask rose you see, &c.
men, even of his own time, in indelicacy-a fact more An inquiry into the authorship of these lines was main.than a little surprising in a poet who was a canny and tained in 5th 8. ii. 227, 296, 336, 373; iii, 99, 291, 349, Senses, which Mr. Ward hesitates to ascribe to Drum377.
W. C. B.
mond, but which is certainly not the least decent in his A set of verses in which the two lines of W. T. will be work, the fate of Drummond would have been that of found are to be seen in N. & Q.' (7th 8. i. 26), and are Raleigh. James is therein openly accused of all the said to occur in a commonplace book of an Aberdeen vices which scandal bas coupled with his name. A porcitizen about the middle of the seventeenth century, A trait, the best obtainable, adorns the first of two delightquery whether these lines were to be met with elsewhere ful volumes, which should rest on the shelves of every obtained no reply.
ED. MARSHALL, man of taste. (Those interested in the subject should consult' Poems and Psalms,' by Henry King, D.D., edited by Rev. J. The Hero of Esthonia, and other Studies in the Romantic Hannah (Oxford, Macpherson, 1843). The lines in ques Literature of that Country. By W. F. Kirby. (Nimmo.) tion appear under the title of Man's Mortalitio,' and are MR. KIRBY is responsible for the first
serious and imappended to the 'Microbiblion' of Simon Wastell, 1629. portant contribution that has been made to English They are also inserted at the close of Quarles's ' Argalus knowledge of Esthonian folk-lore. Such articles as have and Parthenia,' and signed by Quarles, who expressly appeared in English consist principally of contributions says that they are his " Hos ego versiculos." The first to cyclopædias, magazines, and reports. In Germany, and best-known of similar poems, “Like to the falling of as is but natural, explorations have been ample, and it a star,” &c., is ascribed to Francis Beaumont and to Dr. is from the works of Kreutzwald, Jannsen, and other King. There are, in addition,
authorities, German and Esthonian, that the principal Like to the Grasse that's newly sprung, &c.,
stories bave been extracted. The first portion of the Like to the bubble in the brooke, &c.,
work consists of a prose account of the Kalevipoeg.' Like to an Arrow from the Bow, &c.,
For the sake of publishing this work he has interrupted Like to the lightning from the skie, &c.
his work upon a critical edition of the Kalevala,' the all given by Wastell.
great national epopee of Finland. Very far from being, Like to the blaze of fond delight, &o.-Quarles.
a mere variant of the Finnish work is the. Kalevipoeg,' Like to a silkworm of one year, &c.-Browne.
though some of the stories are naturally the same. It is
a poem of some nineteen thousand lines, the metre being And
the eigbt-syllable trochaic common with the Esthonians Like to the Rowlinge of an Eye, &c.,
and the Finns, and familiarized in this country through and
its adoption by Longfellow in 'Hiawatha.' The subLike to an eye which sleepe doth chaine, &c.,
ject is the adventures of Kalevipoeg, or Kalovide, a both assigned to Mr, Malone.]
mythical hero of gigantic size, who, Mr. Kirby holds, is obviously the Kullervo of the Finnish epic. A digest
of the adventures is given, the interminable lyrics with Miscellaneous.
which the whole is “graced” being omitted. Many of
the incidents are familiar in all tales of giants and strong NOTES ON BOOKS, &o.
men, such as the three sons of Kalevide trying their The Poems of William Drummond, With Memoir and strength by hurling, rocks into the lakes. A serious
Notes by W. C. Ward. 2 vols. (Laurence & Bullen.). interest is supplied by the murder by Kalevide, in a To their delightful " Muses' Library,” including already drunken quarrel, of the eldest son of a smith, who has the most prized poets of the seventeenth century, Messrs. supplied him with a matchless eword. This action results Laurence & Bullen have added a new, complete, and in the sword ultimately cutting off his legs, and bringing well-edited edition of Drummond's poems. From the about his death. The invasion of Pörgu, otherwise Hell, estimate that places Drummond higher than Drayton we and the fight with Sarvik, the prince of that region, dissent, and we hold that the editor is inclined to over- introduce some sufficiently romantic adventures. indulgence in estimating the character of the man. Following the aceount of the poem comes a selection Drummond is, however, a delightful poet, and an edition of the Esthonian tales that bear upon it, a second volume such as the present of his poems is a boon in all senses being occupied with Esthonian folk-tales in general. of the word. Mr. Ward has taken uncommon pains in Strange variants of well-known stories are found in elucidating the sources whence Drummond has drawn in them. There are, of course, abundant stories of buried
treasure, and of dwarfs, not seldom headless, of mira. The only question, and on this we express no opinion, is, culous powers.
In some of the stories there is a Is it all / Whether Swift was, as Coleridge said, " the soul mingled simplicity and cunning that recalls the folk-lore of Rabelais habitans in sicco," we are not sure; but of Russia. In a few cases the means employed to bring habitans in sicco his soul assuredly was. A morbid desire about results have a more than Zolaesque realism. As for admiration and affection is, of course, a most vulner. a rule, however, in the most naïve stories the editor is able form of vanity. Men of Swift's type eat out their anxious to avoid shocking the feelings. To show the souls; and, however touching may be some aspects of points of contact with countries bordering or remote is their self-torture, pity, even when it cannot be withheld, å task that cannot be attempted in a critical notice. is wasted. We make acquaintance with Mr. Craik's work Some of the tales have a distinctly Oriental character. for the first time, and are indebted to it for some pleasant These, however, are not the most interesting. It is and instructive hours. With the literary opinions examusing to see - but is, of course, familiar-with how little pressed we are in complete accord, and the picture of respect the arch-fiend is regarded. A mediæval saint literary intimacies and friendships is delightful. could scarcely treat him with more contumely than do the most cunning of the peasants. In two very handsome volumes Mr. Kirby has given a large and repre-Anderson Rose will read with pleasure the announcement
ADMIRERS, and such are numerous, of the late James sentative collection of tales. The mine is still
, however, that Mesers. Marcus Ward & Co. will publish, in two very far from exhausted. A map of Esthonia serves as volumes, a further selection of engraved portraits from frontispiece to the first volume.
the collection exhibited by him at the opening of the The Ancoats Skylark, and other Verses, Original and New Library
and Museum of the Corporation of the City Translated. By Wm. E. A. Axon. (Manchester, of London, November, 1872. This selection consists of Heywood.)
over one hundred portraits of celebrated historical Upon the literary merits of modern songsters · N. & Q.' characters. Royalty, statesmen, reformer generals, has always maintained a judicious silence. It is, then, only artists, littérateurs, are all represented, and accompany from the fact that it condenses into gems of epigrams wise ing these portraits are biographies by Mr. Gordon Good. thoughts from all countries, and inculcates the gentlest win, who bas also furnished, by way of preface, a memoir of lessons, that we can mention the sympathetic volume of Mr. Rose... A portrait of Mr. Rose appears as a which our erudite contributor Mr. Axon gives to the frontispiece. The first selection appeared, in one volume, world under the pretty and suggestive title of The in 1874, published at nine guineas, but these have long
since been sold. Ancoats Skylark.' The Life of Jonathan Swift. By Henry Craik. 2 vols. a narrative of the founding of St. Bartholomew's Hos
Mr. Elliot STOCK announces ' Prior Rahere's Rose,' (Macmillan & Co.). A SECOND edition of Mr. Craik's admirably full, thought restoration of the church of St. Bartholomew the Great,
pital, with a supplementary account of the recent ful, judicious, and interesting life of the great Dean of St. Patrick's will be welcome to students of last century politics and literature. With the exception of a few corrections, the new edition is practically the same as
Notices to Correspondents. the old. Mr. Craik, who is an eloquent and earnest, We must call special attention to the following nolicesi and to a great extent convincing apologist for Swift, stili holds to his marriage with Stella, supplying in an appen, address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but
On all communications must be written the name and dix the authorities on which his opinion is based, and still finds much that is mitigating in his treatment of as a guarantee of good faith. Vanessa. It is naturally to the portion of the biography We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. dealing with these relations one first turns; and after a To secure insertion of communications correspondents perusal of the complete work one turns to them again. must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, Explanations of Swift's conduct to women are like ana or reply be written on separate slip of paper, with the logies, in not running on all fours, and explanation is signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to bound to remain to a great extent conjectural. The appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested theories most generally prevailing amongst the best to head the second communication “Duplicate." informed are not, indeed, easily put forward, “A pronenees to tender emotion, along with a constitutional thin: Graves, William Menzies Tweedie, of Liverpool,
A. R. SAYLEY ("Tweedie "). — According to Mr. ness of temperament that allows the emotion easily to between 1847 and 1874, thirty-three portraits at the Royal die away," as Mr. Craik well and temperately says, is a no possible explanation of the alternate tenderness and Academy, four at the British Institution, and one at the coldness in Swift.” Such explanation as is obtainable Suffolk Street Gallery, He was born at Glasgow in 1826, he finds in Swift's general character, in a certain in- came to London in 1846, and studied in Paris under tensity of will," " force of intellectual passion," by which couture. He died in 1878. See Bryan's Biographical bis strong feelings are perpetually tortured and crushed. Dictionary of Painters and Engravers,' ed. Graves. This is an explanation like another, and is, in fact, as F. W. (“Praise from Sir Hubert Stanley”).-" Approgood as another. The story is, at least, interesting and bation from Sir Hubert Stanley is praise indeed."edifying to read afresh as Mr. Craik thoughtfully tells it, Thomas Morton's 'Cure for the Heartache,' V. ii. of the principal events in Swift's chequered career an CORRIGENDUM.-P. 376, col, 1, 1, 17, for " orbe " read admirable account is given, and we admire the justice nocle. . and wisdom of comment such as that on the personal bond between Harley and Swift. "It was with this as Editorial Communications should be addressed to "The with all Swift's relations to his fellow men; every tie, Editor of 'Notes and Queries?"-Advertisements and be it in politics, or in literature, ripened with bim into Business Letters to “The Publisher"-at the Office, a personal friendship, just as every dispute_grew, for Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, E.C. him, into an irksomo personal antipathy." The rough We beg leave to state that we decline to return com. coat of cynicism covered, it is held, a frame quivering munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and
ith over sensitiveness. All this is true as it can be to this rule we can make no exception.
PO E MS. W. C. BENNET T'S
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A New Edition, with several Hundred Illustrations.
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