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1831.]
Antiquarian Researches.

453 to take the said oath, having scriptural au

Offertory Dishes. thority for enforcing his example, in the At the meeting of the Hull Literary and

· When thou art converted thyself, Philosophical Society, April 22, Mr. Wm. strengthen thy brother!' 2. From Dr. Du Bell read a paper on “ Offertory Dishes," Moulin, after the restoration, laying on the illustrative of three in Hull, one presented Jesuits the blame of Charles the First's de- to the society by Mr. Joseph Eglin, ancapitation, and tracing it to secret machina- other belonging to Mr. Cobb, curator of the nations for the restoration of Popery. The Exchange, and a third from the museum of doctor, it was observed, was forbidden by Mr. Wallis — which, in deference to Dr. Charles II. to write more, on the under- Nash and other Euglish antiquaries, who standing that as English was not his native have accidentally met with them, called language, he might mar the cause he meant Offertory Dishes, though amongst the conto aid “ by writing what he would not." tinental literati they are more generally The doctor had already written a book de- named Taufbecken, or Baptismal Dishes. fending Protestantisın from a charge of dis- Mr. B. then read the opinions of Dr. Nash affection to monarchy. 3. From James, in his History of Worcestershire, of Thos. Duke of Courland, in Livonia, offering Sir Hearne in his preface to Leland's CollectaWilliam Morice ten thousand forins, by nea, and of sundry anonymous contributors way of a bribe for his services in the Privy to the Gentleman's Magazine, respecting Council, in the management of a West India the meaning of the inscriptions which surmatter affecting the interest of the Duke. round the dishes, as well as the conjectures

May 19. H. Gurney, esq. V. P. in the of various German literati concerning them: chair.

of the latter, Von Hammer, the famed OrienA curious paper, on the ancient history

talist of Vienna, and formerly secretary to of Hats, communicated by J. A. Reptop, the Austrian Internuucio at Constantinople, esq. was read. It was accompanied by eight was the most important, both from the sheets of drawings of hats and caps, in an

weight due to his opinion and the peculiarity infinity of shapes and fashions, from the of his views ; having considered them as time of Richard II. up to 1784.

He ob- deeply connected with the gnosticisin and served, the name hat was derived from a ophitism which he fancied to have discoverSaxop word meaning a covering for the head, ed in the tenets and doctrines of the Knights in which general sense it had been used by Templars before the forced subversion of early authors, and applied to helmets of their order. Mr. Bell, too, was enabled, steel. Hats and caps were anciently made by his researches abroad, to exhibit drawings of felt, woollen, silk, straw, and various of similar dishes found in Iceland, in various other materials, and were as diversified in parts of Germany, France, and Italy. He their colours. In the time of Elizabeth also read a letter from Mr. Holmes, F.S.A. the common people generally wore woollen of Retford, describing one exactly similar to caps; and some acts were passed in her that in possession of Mr. Wallis, and which reign to encourage the manufacture of them. again was identical with one fixed to the The broad brims were introduced by the door-post of a very old church at Valle or cardinals to their scarlet hats, and followed Valte in Iceland. Mr. Bell differed in his by the clergy. The inconvenience of the reading of the various inscriptions from all broad brim all round caused the turning of the authorities adduced, and found in them one side up; then two sides were turned either simple invocations to Christ and Maria, up; and at last turning up three sides intro- as the immaculate virgin, either in old Gerduced the cocked hat. The high-crowned

man or Latin of a very early age-or in hat was first worn in the time of Elizabeth, other instances short pithy sentences of moand declined in the reign of Charles II. rality. The age of them could not be traced Mr. Repton then noticed the orpaments of by any appearance of a date, but the style of hats, such as feathers, broaches, and bands. letters (which were evidently sunk by a die), Henry VIII, is described on his entry into ou a comparison with the great seal of the Calais as wearing feathers from India, four

Realm, seemed to be fixed at, or some time feet lung; and men wore feathers in their succeeding, the accession of Edw. III. 1327, bats as late as the reign of Queen Anne. to which they most approximate. One was Yew is mentioned as placed in the hat to noticed as existing at Aldborough near Bodenote mourning for å deceased relative or roughbridge, differing in the inscription from friend.* The paper contained numerous

any other, of which a copy exists in Gough's curious and amusing quotations on the sub

Camden's Britannia, vol. iii

. but too imperject from a great variety of authors.

fect to ascertain its meaning. On account of Whitsun week, the meet

William CANYNGES. ings were adjourned to the 2d of June.

April 28.

A very interesting paper was

read at the Bristol Institution, on the 28th * In the West of England, in dressing April, on “ the Life and Times of William the houses with holly and other evergreens Canynges, founder of St. Mary Redcliff at Christmas, we have observed the picture church.” It was written by the Rev. James of a deceased relative adorned with the yew Dallaway, F.S.A., and very amply illusalone.

trated.

[May,

[ 454 ) HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.

FOREIGN NE W S.
FRANCE.

and imprisonment for alleged political ofThe King of France has undertaken a

fences; the destitution of the judges who

condemned them ; and damages of 500,000 tour through the Provinces, and appears to

francs to be paid to the two prisoners ; the be every where enthusiastically received.

satisfaction to be inserted in the Lisbon At St. Germain, Poissy, Nantes, Dieppe,

Gazette. &c., his Majesty reviewed different bodies of the National Guards, amid the acclama

RUSSIA AND POLAND. tious of the populace, who, it is added,

In our last we detailed the successes of from St. Cloud to the limits of the depart- the Poles over the corps of Generals Geisment of the Seine and Oize, formed a line

mar and Rosen, and the consequent retreat on each side of the high road, with banners,

of the Russian forces. On the 10th of tri-coloured flags, and branches of trees.

April General Diebitsch transferred his A medal was lately decreed to be struck head-quarters to Siedlec, fifty-five miles and given to those who most distinguished

east of Warsaw, where he was some time themselves in July last. In carrying this held in check by the Polish troops. The decree into execution, the present Ministry Russian commander at length determined designated it as "given by the King,” in

on coming to an engagement; but Skrzystead of the “ Nation,” and required an

uecki thought it most prudent to decline oath to King Philip and the Charter. Out

it. As soon as the first movement from of 1528 persons to whom the medal was

Siedlec denoted an intention on the part of assigned, upwards of 1000 refused to accept the Russiaus to advance, he dispatched it on these terms.

couriers to Warsaw, to prepare them for a PORTUGAL.

retreat of the army, and to desire that the A British squadron, consisting of a 74-gun place might be put in a condition to susship, two frigates, four corvettes, and three tain a siege, in case the fortune of war brigs, lately arrived in the Tagus, and, on should be against the cause in a general enthe 25th of April, demanded a categorical gagement. The retreat, in the mean time, answer to the demands of the British Governo continued, the Poles every where carrying ment, all negociations on the subject being with them the inhabitants of the country, expressly prohibited. The demands were and every description of provision which compensation for English vessels captured could serve as subsistence for the enemy. at Terceira, with demurrage and all expences Upon the 27th, Skrzynecki had reached the up to the date of such compensation ; the capital, and fixed his head-quarters there ; dismissal of the captain of the Portuguese the bulk of his army was at Milosna, a frigate Diana, by whom these captures were dozen miles distant. In their retreat they made ; the disinissal of three judges who appear to have been greatly harassed by had sentenced to imprisonment the clerks the Russians, and at Minsk an action took of English merchants ; and compensation to place. Arrived at Dembe-Wielki, the Russuch clerks for the injuries by them sus- sians found that they could not procure tained, and an ample apology for the insult even a little straw for their horses," and offered their employers. These demands to the Fieid-Marshal had, therefore, no alterbe published in the Liston Gazette; and if native but again to sound a retreat, in which no redress were given within three days, the he has been pursued by the Poles beyond English consul to go on board the squadron, Siedlec. On the 29th of April, the whole and the capture of all Portuguese vessels Polish army had again advanced, and reimmediately to take place. The Portuguese sumed its former positions at Kostrzyn, and Government, terrified by the appearance of beyond Siennica. On the 30th, the Polish the squadron, promptly acceeded to every army advanced, and the vanguard was in demand. A French fleet had proceeded to the morning at Kaluszyn. the Tagus for the bombardment of Lisbon, The Polish General has published a Proand three American frigates had also arrived, clamation, wherein he states that the Polish the latter to demand satisfaction for the in- army, which did not at the first amount to sults offered to the United States; several more than 30,000, had taken 16,000 priAmerican citizens having been sent from St. soners, caused the Russians a loss of 50,000 Michael's and the adjacent islands in irons. men in all, captured 11 standards, 15 or The demand made on Don Miguel by the 16,000 stand of arms, 30 cannon, &c. French Government was the revocation of In other respects the Poles have suffered the sentence pronounced against Sauvinet materially. On the 21st of April Skrzyand Bonhomine, two French subjects, who necki sent a report to the Government of had been sentenced to corporal punishment Warsaw, stating that a corps of 6,000 men,

1831.] Foreign News.-Domestic Occurrences.

455 under General Sierawski, had been defeated Goverament, with a view to counteract the by the Russians under General Kreutz, effect of this severe edict, in pursuance of consisting of 24,000 men, whom he had which several Polish prisoners had been imprudently attacked. The Poles were com- shot at Wilna, had sent a notification to the pelled to cross the Vistula precipitately, Russian Government, that reprisals would with a loss of 2,000 men, and two Lieute- be made by the Poles upon any prisoners nant-Colonels, one of whom was drowned. who might fall into their hands. -The gallant Dwernicki who, with all the

TURKEY. boldness though without the fortune of a Scipio, had carried war into Volhynia, the The accounts from Turkey present a very invader's

's own territory, found himself, after menacing aspect, as respects the public a series of successful exploits, overwhelmed tranquillity in the East. An extended inby the accumulated masses brought to bear surrection had broken out, fomented, as it against him. General Roth, after the de- would appear, by agents from Russia. It feat of Sierawski, was enabled to effect a is stated that the insurgents were masters of junction with General Rudiger, while on Sophia, and it is supposed that they would the other side a formidable Russian force shortly reach Constantinople. The Divan was brought up from Moldavia to the scene were active in endeavouring to resist the of action. Thus assailed from all quarters, rebels. The grand objection taken by the Dwernicki retreated across the Galician revolters, is to the measures of the Grand frontier near Zlarasz. The Russians having Signior, who, in introducing the military pursued, and a conflict having commenced, innovatious of Europe, has offended the the Austrian troops interposed between the Mussulmans. combatants, and demanded that respect

The Pacha of Scutari, whose army should be had to the neutrality of their ter- amounts to 40,000 men, has issued a proritory. The Russians consequently drew clamation in which he anuounces his plan off, and the whole of Dwernicki's corps, to restore the ancient order of things, and diminished by repeated contests to about the occasion of it-exhorts those under him 5,000 men, surrendered their arms to observe the strictest order and good the Austrians, and have been sent across conduct towards those who take no part in Transylvania into Hungary.

the affairs of the war, and especially recom, The Russian Autocrat has fulminated an mends them to respect property. angry denunciation against the revolted The revolt is daily spreading. Farascisnobles and people of Lithuania. All those cade Ali Bey, one of the principal Albanese who offer any armed resistance to the Rus- Chiefs, entered Sophia with 8,000 inen on sian authorities are to be tried by a court- the 20th April, and established his headmartial according to military laws, and to be

quarters there. instantly shot. Persons of inferior rank, Letters from Belgrade, of May 1, say taken with arms in their hands, are to be that the Grand Vizier, who was invested in draughted into the Siberian regiments, and Bitoglia by the insurgents, had been obliged to suffer all the evils of exile. The Polish to surrender for want of provisions.

to

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES.

IRELAND.

having been complied with, a proclamation The Irish papers present, in a long cata

has been issued laying the entire county of logue of outrages, a frightful picture of the Clare under the Insurrection Act. state of society in the counties of Clare and In a speech delivered at a recent reform Limerick ; and we are sorry to find that the meeting in the county of Roscommon, by Committee which had been formed at Ennis

Sir John Lillie, he expressed his surprise for the purpose of endeavouring to restore

that in that county, and in other parts of tranquillity, have, in the utter hopelessness Ireland, lands were let to the poor at 9l. of being able to effect that object, dissolved and 10l. per acre, which was a higher rent themselves. This Committee, of which all

than what was exacted during the war! He the Roman Catholic Priests were members, added, “che pour cannot pay it, and is it have published Kesolutions, declaring that

to be wondered at that, sooner than starve, no effort within the power of the well-dis- they have recourse to violence in opposing posed part of the inhabitants can restrain or the exaction ?" put an end to the continual system of outrage and insurbordination which disgraces

INTELLIGENCE FROM VARIOUS the county of Clare.

PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. The Lord Lieutenant's Proclamation to By the Act of last Session it is directed the people of Clare, calling upon them to that the census of the population should be to resign their arms by the 10th April, not taken throughout England on the 30th of

a

456
Domestic Occurrences.

[May, May. Persons refusing to answer, or givo gentlemen and tradesmen of Whitby, was ing false returns to the several questions, lately held to consider the propriety of enare liable to a penalty of from 40s. to 51., tering into a subscription to procure a and the returns must be made by the over- survey of the most practicable line or road seers or householders, upon oath or affir- for a railway from Whitby to join the Stockmation, according to the best of their lon and Darlington railway. After some knowledge and belief, at a time to be ap- discussion, a subscription was agreed upon ; pointed by the Justices, between the 25th aud immediately entered into. of June and the 21st of July.

A figure of Oceanus has lately been placed A subterranean forest has been discovered over the centre of the Marine Hospital at in the coal formation near Glasgow. The Hull. It is 12į feet in length, 5 feet high, trees are numerous; they occur many feet and 2 feet nine inches thick, and was exebelow the surface, and are vertically im- cuted by Mr. T. Earle, from a miniature bedded in the sandstone. The trunks of the model of a statue at Antwerp. The figure trees are abruptly cut off by the superin- is of Roche Abbey stone, weighs three tons, cumbent shale. The bark is converted into and was cut out of an immense block, from coal, but the woody structure, for a consi- Lord Scarborough's estate, which weighed derable space downwards, is of a shaly na- ten tons.—The statue to the memory of the ture. A naturalist, struck with the extra- late Dr. Alderson, for the Hall of the Meordinary appearance presented by this de- chanics’ Institute, by the same artist, is in a posit, actually asserts that these trees are forward state. in silu !

April 27.—The foundation stone of a Arrangements are now making for holding Light House to be erected on Whitby Pier at York, in July next, a ineeting of the cul- was laid this day, which cannot fail to be of tivators of science from every part of the great utility to the mercantile and shipping British Islands. The sittings will continue interests. It will be formed of a rusticated for a week. The Lord Mayor and the base of 13 feet square and 10 feet high, upon authorities at York have, as might have which will be erected a Doric column of 44 been expected, entered heartily into this feet shaft, surmounted by a capital of four plan, and the Philosophical Society of that feet and a half. The gallery at the top will city have kindly offered to charge them- be 13 feet square, the same as the base : selves with any preliminary arrangements the lanthorn above will be about eight feet which may be necessary.

high, surmounted by a circular dome, with The Burning Cliff at Holworth, is now a vane at the top. The whole is designed, becoming an object of particular attention. and to be executed by Mr. Pickernell, engiFissures have opened, discharging vapour at neer to the Commissioners of Whitby Haranother part, about five hundred feet to the bour and Piers. westward of the long line of apertures which May 5.—The first stone for a series of have for some time been in active operation. buildings for a manufactory of rope and can

Railways.-Engineers have recently been vas from the Thormium Tenax, was laid in engaged in making a survey of the country the new Ropery Ground on Grimsby Race between Gainsbro' and Grimsby, with the Course. The main building will be eleven view to a railway contemplated between hundred and forty feet in length, and thirtyManchester and the eastern coast. This three feet broad, one end of which will congreat measure was designed to connect Li- tain a powerful steam engine, and the other verpool and Hull by way of Sheffield and will be appropriated as a storehouse for the Gainsbro’; but it is found that the country raw material. The manufactory is designed is so much more practicable in the line from on a scale of sufficient magnitude to employ Gainsbro' to Grimsby, that the intention is two or three hundred workmen. Iu an adto make the latter town the eastern end of dress to the people assembled on this occathe railway, with branchways to Lincolo sion, Captain Harris stated that he had and other places at the nearest points of the taken out patents in France and Holland for line. At Liverpool, where three canals and the manufacture of the same article in those one railway are already in operation, another countries, and declared that he intended his line of railway is further determined on, to principal station to be at Grimsby. communicate with Wigan, Leigh, Bolton, Bury, Rochdale, and Manchester.

Two other railways are also under the consideration of Parliament, one to join with Shef- LONDON AND ITS VICINITY. field and Liverpool, and the other to connect with the latter places, the important fire took place at the residence of Lord

April 27.—This morning a destructive towns of Middleton, Rochdale, Littleborough, Todmorden, Hebden Bridge, Sow

Walsingham, No. 57, Upper Harley-street, erhy Bridge, and Halifax ; with the ultimate

Marylebone. Lady Walsingham jumped object of joining Huddersfield, Dewsbury,

out of a window at the back of the house, Wakefield, and Leeds in the connection.

and, from the dreadful injuries she received, A large and respectable meeting of the

soon after expired. Lord Walsingham was

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1831.] Domestic Occurrences.-Theatrical Register. 457 unhappily burot to death. All the domes- which the Archbishop of Canterbury pretics were saved by the exertions of the sided, supported by a large assembly of police constables, and the greatest part of clergy and laity. The Secretary read the the valuable property was secured. It is report, by which it appeared that, during presumed that the fire originated in his the last year, grants had been made in Lordship’s bed-room.

ninety-eight cases amounting to 15,976l., by May 4.-The anniversary festival of the which means additional church room had Royal Humane Society was held at the City been obtained for 24,265 persons, including of London Tavern, Bishopsgate-street, when 18,567 sittings, which are free and unapJohn Gurney, Esq. Vice-President, took propriated for ever. Since the first formathe chair, in the absence of the Duke of ion of this society, additional church acNorthumberland, who was unable to attend, commodation has been provided for 207,991 but had sent to the treasurer a donation of persons, including 153,003 free sittings for 100 guineas. The chairman was supported the use of the poor for ever. on his right by Mr. Justice Park; and on his left by Mr Justice Gaselee. After THEATRICAL REGISTER. dinner the chairman presented medallions as

DRURY Lane. a tribute to those who had distinguished April 16.-A drama, entitled The Legion themselves in saving the lives of their fel- of Honour, adapted from the French of Le low-creatures during the last year. Among Centenaire to the English stage by Mr. the highly meritorious and enterprising per- Planche, was brought forward and played sons to whom they were awarded, were with success. Lieut. Fitzroy, R.N., Capt. Brander, Lieut. April 29.-Alfred the Great, or The PaWaugh, R.N., Lieut. Earle, R.N., Mr. triot King, from the pen of Mr. Sheridan Robins, R.N., Mr. Dobie, R.N., Mr. Har- Knowles, was produced. The piece was per, Mr. Hopkin Eustace, and Mr. Ayley. replete with allusions to royal patriotism,

May 14.-In the Court of Exchequer an which were throughout received with the action was tried, the King v. Carpenter, greatest enthusiasm. Macready sustained, brought by the Attorney-Geueral to recover with powerful effect, the character of the stamp-duties and penalties, on a weekly poli. King, and Miss Phillips that of Ina. The tical pamphlet, published by the defendant, drama has been repeatedly played, to the without having fled the necessary affidavits great satisfaction of the public. or entered into the necessary securities at the Stamp Office, and without a stamp. The

Covent GARDEN. defendant admitted the publications, and April 30.- A comedy, entitled The Ecargued that he had done no more than the quisites, by Don Telesforo de Trueba, was Magazines. Lord Lyndhurst said the cases bronght forward. It was a lively picture, were not similar, as Magazines were not or rather caricature, of English manners in published within twenty-six days, the time fashionable life, and was extremely well relimited by Act of Parliament; and charged ceived. the Jury that the question they had to de- May 13.-An opera, under the title of cide was, whether the publication was a The Emissary, or the Revolt of Moscow, benewspaper within the meaning of the Act of ing an adaptation of Onslow's Le Colporteur, Parliament, which in his opinion it certainly was introduced. The music was excellent;

The Jury, without hesitation, re- but the plot was very common-place. turned a verdict for the crown on

May 16.-A grand dramatic spectacle, counts, one for 1001. the other for 201. entitled Napoleon, was produced. It was

May 16.—The annual General Court of comparatively destitute of plot, but embraced the Incorporated Society for Promoting the the principal events of Napoleon's life. The Enlargement, Building, and Repairs of chief recommendation of the piece was the Churches and Chapels, was held at the splendid and diversified scenery. The an. house of the Society for Promoting Chris- nouncement of its repetition was received tian Knowledge, in Lincoln's Inn-fields, at with applause.

was.

two

ALPHABETICAL LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS,

APPOINTED TO MEET JUNE 14, 1831.
Those marked (t) were not in the last Parliament. Those marked (#) are new for the
respective places. Those marked (8) are returned for two places. All the rest re-elected.
Abingdon-J. Maberly

Andover-TH. A. W. Fellowes, +R. Etwall,
Aldborough-C.J. F. Clinton, M. T. Sadler jun.
Aldeburgh—Marq. of Douro, Rt. Hon. J. Angleseashire-Earl of Uxbridge
W. Croker

Appleby-Hon. H. Tufton, Visc. Maitland
Amersham-T.T. Drake, W. T. Drake Arundel-J. Atkins, Lord D. C. Stuart
Gent. Mag. May, 1831.

Ashburton-W. S. Poyatz, +R. Torrens

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