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These monsters, critics! with your darts engage,
Here point your thunder and exhaust your rage !
Yet, shun their fault who, scandalously nice,
Will needs mistake an author into vice;
All seems infected that th' infected spy,
As all looks yellow to the jaundic'd eye.-Pope.


The Carneia, a festival of expiation observed in most of the Grecian cities, but especially at Sparta, where it was first instituted, B. C. 676, in honour of Apollo, surnamed Carneius. It continued for nine days, beginning with the thirteenth of the month Carneus (Metagitnion), when, in imitation of the method of living and discipline used in camps, nine tents were erected, in every one of which, nine men, chosen from three different tribes, lived for nine days, subject to a public crier. At this festival certain musical numbers were sung by musicians, who contended for the meed of victory. The first prize was won by Terpander, the Lesbian lyrist, inventor of the fifth chord.

The feast of St. Silas, or Sylvanus, the companion of Paul.-See Acts xvi. 16.

The first æcumenical council, i. e. a council of the whole habitable earth, assembles at Nice (now Isnick), in Bythinia, A. D. 325, where three hundred and eighteen fathers of the church subscribed the ordinances regulating the festival of Easter, and establishing the Godhead in opposition to the dogmas of Arius.—See 21st March.

The Isle of Wight is seized by the French and plundered, 1377.

The College of Christ Church at Oxford is founded by Wolsey, 1525. The great bell Magnus Thomas, that swings in the belfry, is seven feet and one inch in diameter. The original inscription was In Thomæ laude resonu Bim Bom sine fraude.'

Waller is defeated at Round-away Down, the same day that the queen met her spouse in the valley of Kineton, at Edgehill-foot, 1643.

The treaty of peace between Spain and England is signed at Utrecht, 1713.

Lord Chatham to his nephew, 1755 : “ When I name knowledge, I ever intend learning as the weapon and instrument only of manly, honourable, and virtuous action, upon the stage of the world; as a gentleman, who is to answer for all he does to the laws of his country, to his own breast and conscience, and at the tribunal of honour and good fame.”

With three sorts of men enter no serious frendship :--the ingrateful man, the mnltiloquious man, the coward : the first cannot prize thy favours; the second cannot keep thy counsel; the third dare not vindicate thy honour.- Enchiridion.

... 475 ..

Nor was the flute at first with silver bound,
Nor rivallid emulous the trumpet's sound :
Few were its notes, its form was simply plain,
Yet not unuseful was its feeble strain
To aid the chorus, and their songs to raise,
Filling the little theatre with ease,
To which a thin and pious audience came,
Of frugal manners and unsullied fame.---Horace.




Prid. Cardinal Julius Mazarine, 1602. Philip Augustus II. (of France),
Piscina, in Abruzzo.

1223. d. Mantes.
Sir Robert Strange, 1721, Isle Cardinal (Christopher) Bain-
of Pomona,

bridge, 1514. poisoned, Rome.
John Hunter, 1728, Long Cal. Balthazar Gerard, executed,

Simon Nicolas Linguet, 1736, Dr. William Bates, 1699. Hack-

Sarah Siddons, 1755, Breck-Jean Jaques Baier, 1735. died,
nock, South Wales.]


Archbishop (Edward) Synge,
At early morning,

1741. Tuam Church-yard.
How sweet to rove,

Dr. Richard Bentley, 1742.
Where 'tis adorning

Trinity College, Cambridge.
The shady grove !

Colin Maclaurin, 1746.
There chastely blooming, Martha Blount, 1763. (Quo?)
It whispers, be

Charles Batteux, 1780. died,
'Thou unassuming,

O man, like me.”

General Gideon Ernest Lau-
The Violet. dohn, 1790. d. Neu Titschein.

John Paul Marat, 1793. assas

sinated, Paris. Obits of the Latin Church.

Anne Necker, Baroness de Stael St. Idus, Bishop in Leinster, Holstein, 1817. died, Paris. 5th Century.

(Copet, on Lake Geneva.)
St. Bonaventure, Cardinal (the Kamehameha II. (of Owhyhee),

Seraphick Doctor), d. 1274. 1824. d. London.
St. Camillus de Lellis, d. 1614.

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Here perhaps some beauty lics,
The Cynosure of neighbouring eyes.---L'Allegro.

......... 476

Sometime let gorgeous Tragedy
In scepter'd pall come sweeping by,
Presenting Thebes or Pelops' line,
Or the tale of Troy divine;
Or what (though rare) of later age
Ennobled hath the buskin'd stage.---Il Penseroso.


It was during the festival of Zylophory, or of wood-carrying, at Jerusalem, to feed the perpetual fire at the sacred altar, that the zealots destroyed the house of Ananias, the chief priest, and the palaces of Agrippa and Berenice, with all the public archives, containing the bonds of debtors, ‘the nerves of the city,' the fourteenth of Lous, A. D. 66.

Sir Wm. Cecil (Burleigh) receives his royal mistress, Queen Elizabeth, at supper within his house in Strand, before it was fully finished ; and she came by the fields from Christ Church,” 1561.

Mustapha, the Grand Vizier of Mahomet IV. sits down before Vienna, with an army of one hundred and fifty thousand Turks, and opens the trenches, 1683.

The bombardment and destruction of Dieppe by the English, 1694. Mallet's popular ballad, “ William and Margaret,” is published, 1724.

Charles Edward, the Young Pretender, sails from St. Nazaire upon his inrasion, 1745. The famous solar eclipse, from nine to twelve o'clock, when the crescent of the planet Venus was observed, 1748.

The grand Staffordshire canal of communication between the Irish Sea and the British Oceau is began under the direction of Brindley, 1766.

The destruction of the Bastile, which is the era of, or act commencing the French REVOLUTION, Tuesday, 1789.

The birth-day of Sarah Siddons, the British MELPOMENE, a lady who has walked the stage of life with applause, and thrown over the “unreal scene,' majestic in their outline, forms expressive as the truth, powerful as the impulses, and imperishable to the memory as the wizard-genius that awaked them.

The National Confederation at Paris is celebrated in the Champ de Mars, and the civic oath administered, 1790.

The Birmingham riots began during the commemoration, by some private individuals, of the anniversary of the French Revolution, 1791.

The fall of Valenciennes, besieged by the Allies, commanded by the Duke of York, 1793. The memorable league of independence is signed between Spain and Portugal, at Oporto, upon this day, 1808.

A wicked day, and not a holiday.-King John.

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What is grandeur, what is power?
Heavier toil, superior pain.
What the bright reward we gain?
The grateful memory of the good.
Sweet is the breath of vernal shower,
The bee's collected treasure's sweet,
Sweet music's melting fall, but sweeter yet
The still small voice of Gratitude.---Gray.




Idus. Bishop (Richard) Cumberland, Waldimir the Great, (of Rus15.

1632, Aldersgate, London. sia ), 1014. Gerard Langbaine, the Younger, Thomas de Arcy, 1181, Nocton. 1656, 01ford.

Queen Anne (of Cleves), 1557.

d. Chelsea. Ignatius Azevedo, 1570. mur

dered, near Palma. One day, over their cups, James, Duke of Monmouth, Philip of Macedon, with a kind

1685. beheaded, Tower Hill. of sneef, pretended to doubt

(Tower Chapel.) how Dionysius the elder could

Gerard Dubois, 1696. find leisure for such works, John Wilson (Botanist), 1751. his odes and tragedies ; Diony- Cardinal Dominic Passionei, sius answered smartly,—“They

1761. d. Rome. were written in the time in which

William de Bure, 1782. you and I, and other happy fel- Bryan Edwards, 1800. Southlows, spend over their bowl.”

ampton. Apophthegms.

Thomas Dermody, 1802, Lew


Obits of the Latin Church.

Agesilaus, when one told him St. Plechelm, Bishop, Apostle of there was a man did excellently Guelderland, d. 732.

counterfeit a nightingale, wishSt. Swithin, Bishop and Patron ing him to witness the perform

of Winchester, d. 862. (trans- ance, said, “ Why, I have heard lated this day, 964.)

the nightingale herself.St. Henry II. Emperor, 1024.


The heroical king and queen, who fill onr throne, are auspicious parents of a numerous progeny of young heroes and heroines, rising up to emulate their virtues, and to gladden, like them, the British nation.

Bolingbroke. • 478

The Christian trumpets give the deadly call,
The Pagans answer, and the fight accept.
The godly Frenchmen on their knees down fall
To pray, and kiss'd the earth, and then up-leapt
To fight : the land between was vanish'd all. ---Tasso.


The Roman Transvectio, during which the knights robed in purple, and crowned with olive wreaths, rode in solemn procession from the temple of Honour (or of Mars) that stood without the city to the Capitol ; where the censor, seated on his curule chair, passed judgment on their characters. This annual cavalcade was instituted in memory of the appearance of the glorious twins at the battle of Regillum, fought upon the present day, B.C. 496.-See 27th January.

The Emperors Maximus and Balbinus are massacred by the prætorian guards, and succeeded by the third Gordian, A. D. 238.

The translation of the relics of St. Suithin, into the church of Winchester (the Roman Venta) 964.–See 22 July. The new church was founded in 1079, and fourteen years later the good Bishop's ashes (enshrined) were again removed upon this day.

The capture of Jerusalem by the Crusade, Friday, at three o'clock, the day and hour of the Passion, about four hundred and sixty years after its conquest, by the Caliph Omar (who founded Cairo).-See 9th June. Godfrey was elected Defender of the Holy Sepulchre, the Saturday but one succeeding, 1099.-See 18th July.

Henry, Duke of Anjou, is divested of the Polish crown, in full diet, and the throne declared vacant, 1575.

Thomas, of Woodstock, is arrested by his nephew, Richard II. attended by a small force, at his castle of Pleshy, and dragged into a boat which deposited him at Calais.

Napoleon institutes the existing Legion of Honour, 1804.
A steam vessel enters one of our ports from America, 1819.

The sepulture of King George IV. 1830. Among the Anglo-Saxons this ceremony was much more joyous than that of marriage. The habitual symbols of sorrow vary in different climates. In Europe, the ordinary funereal colour is black. The Chinese, like the Spartan and Roman ladies, mourn in white, the Turks in blue (or violet), the Egyptians in yellow, the Ethiops in brown, and kings and cardinals in purple. The greatest part of mankind employ their first years to make their last miserable.

Bruyere. sonoro. 479

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