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pot, the war to be prosecuted with vigour and unanimity, as by God's blessinge wee may promise to ourselves a speedy end of those troubles, a timely reliefe to many famishing families there, and better intend the affairs of England.

Now considering that the settlement of the nations peace and freedome, hath beene constantly declared by the parlament to be their only end in engaginge in this last warre; and considering the many promises solemn vowes and oathes made by them to the people, to confirme them in the belief of their sincere intentions therein, wee should hope to find no opposition from them in our desires. But however wee cannot but be confident, that the souldiery of the army (who solemnly engaged at Newmarket in June last [June 5, 1647] to procure the same things in effect for the people, which are here propounded,) will so remember that solemn engagement as to shew their ready concurrence with us; and wee hope it will be clear to them, that there is noe other possible way to provide that sufficient indemnity (the want whereof first occasioned their refusal to disband) than what is here propounded; neither that there is any probable way to secure the arrears of the supernumeraries, (who are disbanded contrary to the solemn engagement) or of those continuing in armes. And at least wee cannot but promise ourselves the assistance of all the commons, who are not blinded by some self-interest, or engaged to continue the present consuming distractions by virtue of some asset or employment dependinge thereon.

But however wee intending wrong to noe man, nor any private advantage to ourselves, and the cause for which we appear beinge see clearly just, wee repose our confidence in the most high God^ to protect us from the malice and rage, both of all selfseekinge ambitious men, who affect lordlinesse and tiranny, and have designed the people's slavery, and a perpetuation of their own rule, and of all such mercenary vassals as they shall hire to destroy us, and keepe the yoke of slavery upon the people's necks. And wee doe hereby promise and engage to all our countrymen, that whensoever the settlement of the peace and freedome herein propounded shall be effected (all delayes wherein wee shall to our utmost possibilities prevent) wee shall gladly and chearfully return to our private habitations, and callings, enjoying only our equal share of freedome with all others in the nation.

Copy of a letter' from O. Cromwell to £then) major Saunders of Derbyshire, dated June 17, 1648; superscribed '<For your selfe;* and endorsed in major Saunders's hand writing as followeth, "The L. generalls order for takeing Sir Trevor Williams, and Mr. Morgan, sherifle of Monmouthshire."


I send you this enclosed by it selfe, because it's of greater mo* In the hands of Hans Wintrop Mortimer, Esq;

mient. The other you may communicate to Mr. Rumsey as far a* you thinke fitt, and I have written. I would not have him or other honest men bee discouraged that I thinke itt not fitt at present to enter into contests, itt will be good to yeeild a little for publicke advantage, and truly that is my end, wherein I desire you to satisfie them.

I have sent as my letter mentions, to have you remove out of Brecknoksheire, indeed into that part of Glamorganshire wch lyeth next Munmouthsheive, for this end.

Wee have plaine discoveries that Sir Trevor Williams of Langevie about two miles from Uske in the countye of Munmouth was very deepe in the plott of betrayinge Chepstowe castle, soe that wee are out of doubt of his guiltynesse thereof.

I doe hereby authorize you to seize him, as also the high sherifie of Munmouth Mr. Morgan, whoe was in the same plott.

But because Sir Trevor Williams is the more dangerous man by fan., I would have you to seize him first, and the other will easilye bee had. To the end you may not be frustrated, and that you bee not deceaved, I thinke fitt to give you some caracters of the man, and some intimations how things stand. Hee is a man (as I am informed) full of craft and subtiltye, very bould and resolute, hath a house at Langevie well stored with armes, and very stronge, his neighbours about him very malignant and much for him, whoe are apt to rescue him if apprehended, much more to discover any thinge wch may prevent itt.. Hee is full of iealosie, partly out of guilt, but much more because hee doubts some that were in the businesse have discovered him, which indeed they have, and alsoe because hee knows that his servant is brought hither, and a minister to bee examined here, whoe are able to discover the whole plott. Iff you should march directly into that countye and neere him, itts ods Jiee either fortefyes his house, or gives you the slip, soe alsoe if you khotilil goe to his house and not finde him there, or if you attempt to take him and misse to effect itt, or if you make any knowen enquirye after him, itt wil be discovered.

Wherefore to the first you have a faire pretence of goeinge out of Brecknock sheire to quarter about Newport and Carleon, which is not above 4 or 5 miles from his house. You may send to col. Herbert, whose house lyeth in Munmouthsheire, whoe will certenly acquaint you where hee is. You are alsoe to send to capt. Nicolas, whoe is at Chepstowe, to require him to assist you if hee should gett into his house, and stand upon his guard. Sam. Jones, whoe is quartermr to col. Herbert's troupe, wil be very assistinge to you if you send to him to meete you att your quarters; both by lettinge you know where hee is, and alsoe in all matters of intelligence. If theire shal be neede capt. Burge his troupe now quarteringe in Glarmorgansheire shal be directed to receave orders from you. You perceave by all this, that wee are (it may bee) a little too much sollicitous in this businesse, it's our fault, and indeed such a temper causeth us often to overact businesse, wherefore without more

adoe wee leave itt to you, and you to the guidance of God herein, and rest

June 17, 1648. Yours o. Cromwei.i..

If you seize him bring 8s lett him bee brought with a stronge guard to mee. If capt. Nicolas should light on him at Chepstowe, doe you strengthen him with a good guard to bring him. .

If you seize his person, disarme his house, but lett not his urmes bee imbeziled. f' , .

If you need capt. Burge his troupe, it quarters betweene Newport and Cardifte. '' .: , i

* . . . '''

Cromwell went into Wales the beginning of May, 1648; Chepstow Castle was surprized for the King about the same time, but retaken the 25th. It does riot appear whether Sir Trevor William's Was secured, or not.

The six following letters are in. the possession of Theodosius Forrest, Esq; of George-street, Yorke-Buildings, London.


Nowe (blessed bee God) I can write, and thou receave, freely. I never in my life sawe more deepe sense, and lesse will to shewe itt unchristianly, then in that, wth thou diddest write t6 us when wee were at Windsor, and thou in the middest of thy tentation, wch indeed (by what wee understood of itt) was a great one, and occasioned the greater, by the letter the generall sent thee, of w1* thou wast not mistaken, when thou diciest challenge mee to bee the pener. Flow good has God beene to dispose all to mercy, and although itt was trouble for the present, yelt glory is come out of itt, for wch wee prayse the Lord with thee, and for thee, and truly thy .carriage has biene such, as occasions much honor to the name of God, and too religion, Goe onn in the strength of the Lord, and the Lord bee still with thee. But (deere Robin) this businesse hath beene (I trust) a niightye providence to this poore kingdome, and too us all. The house of comons is very sensible of the Kg* dtalinges, and of our brethrens, in this late transaction, You *b,ould doe well (if you have any thing that may discover iuglinge) to search itt out and lett us knowe itt, itt may bee of admirable use at this tyme, because wee shall (I hope) instantly goe upon businesses in relation to them, tendinge to prevent danger. The house of comons has this day voted as follows. First that they will make noe more addresses to the K. 2. None shall applye to him wtbout leave of the two houses upon paine of beinge guilty of hi^h treason. 3dly, They will receave nothinge from the Kinge, nor shall any other bringe any thinge to them from * him, nor receave any thinge from the Kinge. Lastly the members of both houses, whoe were of the committee of both kingdoms, are established in all that power in themselves for England, and Ireland, wch they had to act with both kingdoms, and St. John Evelin of Wilts is added in the roome of Mr. Recorder, and Rath. F. Fienis in the roome of Sir Phillip Stapleton, and my Lord of Kent, in the roome of the Earl of Essex. I thinke it good you take notice of this, the sooner the better. •

* It is believed him is tin; word, though there is some doubt of it. vOI.. III. K k

Lett us knowe howe its with you in point of strength, and what you neede from us, some of us thinke the Kinge well with you, and that itt concerries us to keepe that island in great security^ because of the French, et. And if soe, where can the Kinge bee better. If you have more force yon will suer of full provision for them. The Lord blesse thee, pray for

Thy deere friend and servant

My Ld Wharton's Jan. 3d. o. Cromweu

neere tenn at night, 1647.

For Col. Robert Hamond Governor of the isle of Wight theise

For the service of the kingdom hast post hast.


Wee have received yor letter of the 28th instant, wherein you desire to have the approbation of this committee concerning the fower. gentlemen by you appointed to watch in their courses at the Kinges chamber dore, Wee thinke it fitt that in this businesse you •hould make your application to the houses, from whom wee doubt not you will receive orders in that particular. For the money appointed for the fortification of the castle it was to be furnished by the committee of the army by the appointm' of this cornmitte w accordingly they presently did, & desired them to send thither •with all speed, and of this, informacon hath beene given to the gentleman you mention, who sollicits yor businesse wcb is all that can be done at this committee for it.

Derby House Signed in the name & by the warrant of the

31°. January committee at Derby House by your affec.

1647. tionate friend


To Colonel Robert Hammond
Governourof the isle of Wight
These are

You see by these inclosed votes how great a burthen the parliam' Jiath laid uppon mee. I doe hereby send to you, That you would mstantlie send race a list of such as are att present about the Kinge wh»

are pson» fitt to be confided in, if you have any in the island worthy of that trust, I would desire you to send their names also in the same list: and if you cannot fill upp the number of thirtie with you, which I should be glad you could, then I desire you to send mee the qualitie of those that will be wanting, that soe they may be supplyed from hence: It will be necessarie, That you hasten this businesse seeing the parlianV expects a speedy & effeetuall observance of their command herein. I propose soe soone as I have received yor list to make the number uppe, and lay it before the parlianV to receive their approbation and allowance for my indempnitie; you see by the votes. That the number of thirtie (of all sortes) gentlemen and their servants, cookes, butlers, etc. may not bee exceeded, and therefore itt will bee fitt, That a respect bee had to all occasions and necessities of the household; wishing you all successe in yor great trust and charge:

I rest: Yor assured friend

Queenstreete. 5°. T. Fairfax.

February 1647.

For Colonell Robert Hamond Governo' of the isle of Wight.


Wee have received infonnacon that there are now some deiyne* in agitation concerning tine Kings escape, who is to be carried into France; and that there are two of those y1 notu atend the King upon whom t/iey rely for ejecting this escape. Who they are we cannot discover, nor yet what grounds t/iey h.ave to expect their service in it. Yet wee/bought fitt to give you this advertizement that you might the more carefully watch against it.

Darbie House Signed in the name & by y" warrant

13*. Martij of the com"" at Derby House by yor very

1647. loveing ftriend


Note, all those parts that are in Italic, are in cypher in the original, and were decyphered by Col. tHammond.


Our relation is so nigh upon the best accompt, that nothing can concerne you or us, but wee believe they are of a mutual concernm'. And therefore wee hold ourselves much obliged to transmit! you this inclosed (coming from a sure hand to us) not onely as relating to yours or or particular, but likewise as a matter of vast importance to the publick.

Itt hath pleased God (and wee are perswaded in much mercy') even miraculously to dispose the hearts of yor freinds in the army, as one man (together with the concurrence of the godly from all

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