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Nothing to excess.--Motto of Solon.
Julius Cæsar arrives at Rome from Utica, celebrates the four-fold triumph in a quadriga of white horses for his victories over the Gauls, over Ptolemy in Egypt, over Pharnaces in Pontus, and over Juba in Africa ; entertains the people with naumachian and the pentachlic, or Circensian games during forty days; rewards, and feasts them at 22,000 tables ; is declared Consul the fourth time, and created Dictator for ten years; and to place him on the summit of human glory, his statue was erected in the Capitol opposite to that of Jupiter, with the globe at his feet. Cæsar commenced in this year, B. C. 46, his reformation of the calendar, called, from the long intercalation, the year of confusion.
Petronius, in his account of Trimalchio, has preserved a Roman Newspaper (Diurna Acta), for this day : “ On the 26th of July thirty boys and forty girls were born at Trimalchio's estate at Cuma. At the same time a slave was put to death for uttering disrespectful words against his lord. The same day a fire broke out in Pompey's gardens, which began in the night, in the steward's apartment."
Edward III. captures the opulent city of Caen, and pillages the country, 1346.—The battle of Hedgecote, and defeat of the Royalists, 1469. Philip is excluded, by edict, from all sovereignty over the Provinces, 1581. Sluys, supported by Leicester, surrenders to the Spanish arms, 1587.
Yesterday (says “ The English Mercurie,” 1588) the Scots' ambas. sador, being introduced to Sir Francis Walsingham, had a private audience of her Majesty, to whom he delivered a letter from the King, his master, containing the most cordial assurances of his resolution to adhere to her Majesty's interests, and to those of the Protestant religion.
The fall of the city and castle of Bristol to Prince Rupert, 1643.
This day (Dugdale notes), in 1653, “ the fair bell, called Jesus' Bell, at Lichfield, was knocked in pieces by a Presbyterian pewterer, who was the chief officer for demolishing the Cathedral.”
The twelve hundred unfortunate Highland settlers, at Darien, sail from Leith, 1698. Capt. Wallis embarks upon his great voyage, 1766.
Robespierre's defence in the Convention, eighth of Thermidor, 1794.
I am the Bell of Jesus, and Edward is our King;
But who the melodies of mora can tell ?
The hain of bees, the linnet's lay of love,
MI; Bishop (Isaac) Maddox, 1697, William (of Flanders), 1128.d.
St. Omer's. 27. Anthony Matani, 1730, Pistoia. James I. (of Arragon), 1276.
d. Xativa. Socrates asked Memnon what William Herbert, Earl of PemVirtue was : There are,” said broke, 1469. behd. Banbury. Memnon, “ the virtue of a man Tho. Goff, 1627. East Clandon. and of a woman, of a magistrate Thomas Baltzar, 1663. Abbey. and of a private person, of an Henry V'iscount de Turenne, old man and of a child.”—“Very 1675. killed, near Saltsbach. well,” said Socrates, “ we were (St. Denis.) in quest of one virtue, and thou Dr. Samuel Gmelin, 1774, d. hast brought us a whole swarm ; Asiatic Russia. we put one question, and thou Dr. Uno Von Troil, 1803. Upsal. returnest a whole hive." Peter Broussonot, 1807, died,
Obits of the Latin Church.
Let us always have this senSts. Maximian, Malchus, Mar- tence of Plato in our mouths :
tinian, Dionysius, John, Se- " Do not I think things unsound, rapion, and Constantine (the because I am not sound myself? Seven Sleepers), Martyrs at am I not myself in fault? may Ephesus, 250.
not my observation reflect upon St. Pantaleon, Royal Physician, myself? A wise and divine say
Martyr at Nicomedia, 303. ing, that lashes the most uniSt. Congall, Abbot, Patron of versal and common error of Erne, in Ireland.
mankind. Montaigne. St. Luican of Ireland.
They to th' enraptur'd heart, and ear, and eye,
So the great master drew the mighty bow:
The surrender of Nicias, the Athenian general, to Gylippus, the Spartan, the twenty-seventh of Carneus (Metagitnion), B.C. 413.-See 12th September. Those Syracusian festivals, called Asinaria, from the river, were annually kept in remembrance of that great day.
The country of Portugal is created into a monarchy, 1139.
Sir Francis Drake arrives at Portsmouth, with Master Ralph Lane, the commander of Raleigh's Virginian colony, who now first brought from his settlement tobacco into England, 1586: that which Sir John Hawkins carried home in 1565 was considered a medicinal drug merely; and, as Stow observes, all men wondered what it meant.
The Spanish Armada retires from the English Channel, with the loss of three galleons, and anchor in the vicinity of Calais, 1588.
Raleigh, a prisoner in the Tower, attempts to slay himself, 1603.
The Duke of Rothes died at Holyrood Abbey of the jaundice, who, by his debaucheries, infected many of the nobility and gentry, 1681.
The charter of the BANK OF ENGLAND, for twelve years, determinable upon one year's notice, is signed by the dynarchs, William and Mary, 1694. The existing term will expire on the 1st of August, 1833.
Stanislaus Leczinski is elected Sovereign of Poland, 1704.
Admiral Keppel defeats the French fleet, off Ushant, 1778. Sir Arthur Wellesley's immortal stand at Talavera de la Reyna, against an army double in numerical force, led by the Marshals Jourdan, Mortier, and Victor, who were happily repulsed,' at all points,' 1809.
The institution of the LONDON ORPHAN ASYLUM this day, 1813.
The Parisian hostilities began, which continued for three days, when the people were left undisputed masters of the capital, 1830. There were two or three thousand victims who fell in this glorious struggle.
No fool can be silent in his cups.--Solon.
wow... 507 ...
But who is this, what thing of sea or land ?
450. Constantinople. 28. Joseph I. (Emperor), 1678, Magnus Maximus (Emperor), Vienna.
488, beheaded, near Aquileia. Innocent VIII. (Pope), 1492.
Thomas Cromwell, Earlof Essex, When it was observed that
1540. beheaded, Tower Hill. inoculation produced fewer pus- Francis, Earlof Bedford, 1585. tules, and did not disfigure the d. Russel House, Strand. countenance like the natural William Hacket, executed, 1592. small
рох, , the practice was im- John Speed, 1629. Cripplegate. mediately adopted in those coun- Bishop (Richard) Corbet, 1635. tries where the beauty of the Norwich Cathedral. females constituted an important Dr. A. Cowley, d. Porch-house, source of wealth ; as for example, Chertsey, 1667. (Abbey.) in Georgia and Circassia. The Henry Bennet, Earl of (A)rIndians and Chinese have prac- lington, 1685. Euston, Suffolk. tised inoculation for many ages. Stephen Baluze, 1718. d. Paris.
Anon. Nath. Spinckes, 1727.St. Faith's.
George Bubb Dodington, 1762. 'Obits of the Latin Church.
Maximilian Isidore Robespierre, Sts. Nazarius and Celsus, Mar- guillotined, 1794.
tyrs at Milan, A. D. 68. Anthony St. Just, guill. 1794. St. Victor, Pope, Martyr, 201. Joseph Sarti, 1802. d. Berlin. St. Innocent I. Pope, 417. Selim III. (Sultan) ass. 1808. St. Sampson of Glamorganshire, General Andoche Junot, 1813. Bishop, c. 564.
d. Montbard. Bishop (John) Randolph, 1813.
Be watchful for opportunities. ---Pittacus.
Bright swords, and crested helms, and pointed spears,
Noah, the Xisuthrus of Berosus, opens the window of the ark, and sends forth a dove and a raven, forty days after the appearance of the mountains.-See 18th June. This is near about Old St. Swithin's day ; in other words, previously to the change of the style, his party-coloured sail was spread thirty-seven days after the equinox.
The younger Theodosius had exercised the regal power for forty-two years. He was succeeded by his sister, Pulcheria ; and the Romans, for the first time, submitted to a female reign. Marcian, her nominal husband, received the purple on the 25th of August, A. D. 450.
The victory of Angora, in Natolia (Roum), 1402. As both generals were alike impatient for action, the plains round that city were the scene of a memorable battle, which has immortalized the glory of Tamerlane, and the shame of the Sultan Bajazet.See 9th March. The distance from Angora to Smyrna is twenty; to Kiotahia, ten; to Boursa, ten ; to Cæsarea, eight; to Sinope, ten ; to Nicomedia, nine ; and to Constantinople, about twelve miles.
Henry II. of France is inaugurated at Rheims, 1547. The pageant of the two false gates, and the thirteen persons (twelve little girls and a little boy) representing the virtues, was elegant and interesting.
Sir William Cecil (Burleigh)comes to Greenwich from Scotland, 1560; so as he was (to follow the words of his diary) about sixty-three days, having had £4 per diem; and for postage, with twenty-two horses from London to Edinburgh, and from thence back to London, £117.
Sir George Somers, the Governor, and crew, land on Bermudas, 1609. They found a huge and curious sort of fish; and having remained there about nine months, and built two cedar barks, they quitted the Isle of Devils, 10th of May, 1610.–The nuptials of the Princess Anne, 1683.
The Forth and Clyde canal from the British to the Atlantic Ocean (began, 1768), opens, 1790. The reign of terrour terminates, 1794.
Every virtue hath two vices that close ber up in curious limits, and if she gwerve ever so little she steps into error.
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