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Suspected port.-1st, one in which there shall have occurred some isolated cases of any of the contagious diseases; 2d, one which has easy and frequent communication with infected places; 3d, one which does not adequately guard itself against infected ports, with reference to the principles of this convention.
The designation of a port as infected or suspected shall be made by each Government, in the proper case, on the report of the chief of the maritime sanitary service, and officially published.
Infected vessel.—One in which there shall have occurred any case of a contagious disease.
Suspected vessel.--1st, one which, while proceeding from an infected or a suspected port, shall not have had during the voyage any case of contagious disease; 2d, one which, while proceeding from a clean port, shall have touched at an infected or suspected port, excepting in the case excepted under paragraph 10 of Article 8; 3d, one which, during the voyage or on arrival, communicates with another ship hailing from a port which is unknown, infected, or suspected; 4th, one in which deaths shall have occurred from unknown causes, or in which there shall have been several cases of any disease; 5th, one which shall not have brought a clean bill of health from the port of departure, as also from intermediate ports, duly viséed by the consuls of the country of destination in those ports; 6th, one which, having been quarantined or subjected to special sanitary treatment in any of the quarantine stations of the three contracting states, shall not come provided with the international certificates of admission to free intercourse.
Suspected objects, or objects deemed capable of retaining or transmitting contagion.-Clothing, cloths, rags, mattrasses, and all articles of personal use and service, as well as bags, trunks, or boxes, used for the keeping of these objects, and also untanned hides. Other articles not before specified, as well as animals on the hoof, shall not be deemed suspected.
ARTICLE 2. The Governments of the three high contracting parties shall establish their respective sanitary services in such manner as to enable them to carry out and comply with the stipulations of the present convention.
The chiefs of the said sanitary services shall communicate with one another whenever it may be necessary, and each of them shall be at liberty to make to the others such suggestions as he shall deem desirable with reference to the exercise of their functions..
For the administration of the sanitary services there shall be issued an international ordinance making uniform the general or special provisions applicable to the three states.
ARTICLE 3. The high contracting parties undertake: 1st, to establish the necessary quarantine stations, it being desirable that land quarantines shall be established upon islands; 2d, to establish and maintain, during the prevalence of epidemics, at least one floating quarantine station; 3d, to establish, in connection with the land quarantine, floating hospitals for the treatment of persons attacked by exotic contagious diseases in ships arriving, in those already at anchor, and in the quarantine stations; 4th, to deem valid, for the purposes of this convention, in any of their ports, the quarantines and sanitary measures resorted to in any of the quarantine stations of the three States, provided they shall be officially authorized in an authentic manner; 5th, to abstain from closing their respective ports, and from excluding any vessel, whatever may be the sanitary condition on board thereof.
ARTICLE 4. No vessel, proceeding from foreign ports, shall be admitted to free intercourse in the Brazilian, Argentine, or Uruguayan ports, without having first been subjected to a sanitary visit by the proper authorities, save in the case excepted from paragraph 10 of Article 8. In such visit, the said authorities shall carry on the investigations necessary for the complete ascertainment of the sanitary condition on board, and shall determine the treatment to which the vessel must be subjected, the captain being notified in writing.
For the execution of the provisions of the foregoing article the high contracting parties agree to distinguish three kinds of vessels: 1st, steamers carrying less than one hundred steerage passengers; 2d, immigrant transports, that is, steamers which, whether they carry the mails or not, carry more than one hundred steerage passengers; 3d, sailing vessels.
1.-Vessels of the 1st and 2d classes must carry a physician on board and be provided with
A steam disinfecting stove.
with the international sanitary ordinance.
of sickness occurring on board and the treatment adopted in
such cases respectively.
fession, and residence.
The manifest of the cargo. 2. The books mentioned in the foregoing paragraph shall be opened
and marked ("rubricados ") and their leaves stamped by the consul of one of the contracting states in the port of departure; and the leaves referring to each voyage shall be closed by the sanitary authorities of the port of destination.
The commanders of vessels shall not pay any charges for the official handling (“ habilitacion ") of said books.
3. All the vessel's papers shall be submitted for examination to the consular authority in the port of departure, and to the sanitary authority in the port of arrival, it being incumbent upon the former to note upon the bills of health, on viséing them, the presence or absence, total or partial, of the books and lists named in paragraph 1 of this article.
All vessels destined to any one of the three countries must bring a bill of health issued by the sanitary authority of the port of departure, viséed by the consuls of the countries to which they are destined at the port of departure and at intermediate ports Said bill of health shall be presented to the sanitary authorities of the ports of the three States, to be viséed, and shall be delivered to the sanitary authorities of the last port to which the vessel shall proceed.
1. The sanitary certificate heretofore issued by consuls shall hereafter be dispensed with, there being substituted therefor the viséing of the bill of health, for which service the consuls shall collect the proper fees.
2. The consular visé shall be written on the back of the bill and authenticated with the seal of the consulate.
3. When, in the light of the information obtained and of the accurate ascertainment of the facts, the consul shall have no comment to make upon the statements of the bill of health, the visé shall be a simple one; in other cases the consul himself shall note, in continuation of the visé, such statements as he may deep proper for the correction of the statements of the bill of health. .
Bills of health which shall have been corrected on being viséed in the first port of any of the three countries at which the vessel shall touch, shall be accompanied by a sanitary certificate (“ billete sanitario") signed by the authorities of said port, and in which shall be set forth the treatment to which the vessel shall have been subjected. At the end of the visé shall be noted the issuing of the certificate.
4. The consuls in the ports of departure shall try to secure information in the local sanitary districts, or in the best manner open to them, of the sanitary condition of the said ports, and must immediately communicate, in case of a correction of a bill of health, with the sanitary authorities of their own countries, which will communicate to those of the other contracting states the reasons and occasion for the correction.
5. Vessels touching at ports of the three countries must take out in each of them a bill of health. These bills shall be delivered by the commander to the authorities of the last port into which the vessel shall go.
6. The high contracting parties recognize two kinds of bill of health-the clean and the unclean; a clean bill of health being one which records no case of exotic contagious disease in the port of departure or at intermediate ports, and an unclean bill being one which records an epidemic, or isolated cases of any of the diseases mentioned.
7. The ships of war of friendly nations shall receive bills of health gratuitously.
Each of the high contracting parties undertakes to establish in due constitutional form in its territory a corps of sanitary inspectors of vessels, composed of physicians specially charged with the supervision, on board, of the vessels on which they shall have embarked, the compliance with of the rules adopted for the promotion of the health of passengers and crew; to observe what occurs during the voyage and report the same to the sanitary authorities of the port of destination.
1. The sanitary inspectors of vessels shall be officials of the maritime sanitary districts of the countries to which they belong.
2. The sanitary inspectors of vessels shall be named by the Governments after competition, it being incumbent upon the chiefs of the corresponding sanitary service to designate the inspectors who are to embark.
3. The international sanitary ordinance shall formulate the program and objects of the competition, as also the duties and powers with which the sanitary inspectors of vessels are to be invested.
In the ports of each of the contracting States there shall be established two kinds of quarantine; the quarantine of observation and the strict quarantine.
1. The quarantine of observation shall consist of the detention of the vessel during the time necessary for the making of a searching sanitary visit thereto.
2. The strict quarantine shall have two objects: 1, to ascertain whether, among the passengers coming from any infected or suspected port, there is any one suffering from a contagious disease in process of maturation; 2, to subject to disinfection articles supposed to retain or transmit contagion.
3. The strict quarantine shall be applied: 1, to infected vessels; 2, to vessels on board of which there shall have occurred cases of a disease not identified, or which could not be properly investigated by a sanitary visit.
4. The duration of the strict quarantine shall be determined by the maximum period of incubation of the contagious disease which is sought to prevent, that is, ten days for the yellow fever, eight for the cholera, and twenty for the oriental plague. This term may be computed in one of two ways: 1, counting from the date of the last case occurring during the voyage; and 2, counting from the date of the landing of the passengers at the quarantine station.
5. The strict quarantine shall begin with the date of the last case occurring during the voyage, when the following three conditions shall be presented : 1, that the vessel shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 of Article 5; 2, that it shall have carried on board thereof a sanitary inspector of vessels who shall certify the exact date of the termination of the last case, the compliance with all the measures for disinfecting indicated in the instructions which such inspector shall have received from the chief of the sanitary service, in accordance with the international ordinance, and the perfect present condition of health on board; 3, that the local sanitary authorities confirm the correctness of the report made.
6. If, under the conditions specified in the foregoing paragraph, the time elapsed between the last case and the arrival of the vessel be equal to or greater than the maximum incubating period of the contagious disease, the passengers shall be admitted to free intercourse, as shall also the vessel, provided that the latter does not bring suspected articles.
If the vessel brings suspected articles that need disinfecting and which have not been disinfected, the admission of the vessel to free intercourse shall take place only after the disinfection of said articles shall have been completed.
In other cases, the vessel and passengers shall be subjected to a strict quarantine.
7. If the time elapsed since the last case of contagious disease should be less than the maximum period allowed for incubation, and if the vessel be in the case described in paragraph 5, the passengers shall be subjected to an additional quarantine for the number of days lacking to make up the said maximum period of incubation. Such additional quarantine shall be undergone at the quarantine station save when there shall not be at said station available room for the purpose, in which case the quarantine may be undergone on board.
8. If the vessel, at the time of its arrival, has on board persons suffering from contagious disease, these shall be lodged in the floating hospital, and the passengers subjected to quarantine in the floating station. The quarantine in such case shall be computed from the date of the transfer of the passengers to such station.
The vessel shall be dealt with as may have been provided for such emergencies by the international ordinance.
9. The provisions of the foregoing paragraph shall apply likewise to vessels in which there shall have occurred cases of contagious disease, though these no longer exist at the time of arrival, if such