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CHAP. 3.-AN ACT to repeal the act which abolished the office of one of the Inspectors General of the army, and to revive and establish said, office.
(Sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representarives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That so much of the fourth section of an acı, ap
Repeal of sec
4 of act of Aug. proved ihe twenty third day of August, one thousand eight 23, 1842, aborhundred and forty iwo, entitled “ An aci respecting the organ-ishing the office ization of the army, and for oiher purposes, as directs that the
> pecwr's Gene. office of one inspector general of the armiy shall be abolished, ral.
*See vol. 10. and the inspector discharged, shall be, and the same is bereby p. 2350 repealed; and all acts and parts of acis so repealed shall be, Revited and and the same hereby are, revived and continued in force.
force. Approved, January 12, 1846.
CHAP. 4.-AN ACT to continue the office of the Commissioner of Pensions.
[Sec. 1.) Be it enacted by the Senate and Hose of Representatives of the Unitrd States of America in Congress asseinbled, That the authority given to continue the office of Cominissioner of Pensions by the act of the twentieth of January, eighteen hundred and foriy three. entitled "An act 10 con. tinue the office of rommissioner of Pensions,” be extended 10 Office of Comthe fourth of March, eighteen hundred and forty-vine, and no missioner
ued 10 March 4, Approved, January 14, 1846.
CHAP, 5.-An act for the relief of James Bogardus, (Sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Sunnte und House of Repre. senitalives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the patent granted to James Bogardus, bearing Patent of Jan. date on the eighteenth day of January, eighleen hundred and newed and ex: thiny iwo, for his invention of a new and useful mill, now tended. known as “. Boyardus' Excentric Universal Mill," be and the same is hereby renewed and extended for the term of fourteen years from and after the eighteenth day of January, eighteen hundred and torty six, and the Comunissioner of Palenis is hereby direcied to make a certificate of such renewal and extersion.
Approved, January 14, 1846.
CHAP. 6.-AN ACT establishing certain post roules.
[Sec. 1.) Be il en icled by the Senute and House of Repre. sentutives of the United States of America in Congress as. sembled, That there be and is hereby established a post roule from New Orleans, in the State of Louisiana, along the Gulf
Post routes established.
const to Galveston, thence to Velasco, to Matagorda, 10 Pass Aransas, and to Corpnis Christi, in Texas, by land or water, as the Posimnaster Geveral nay deem expedient; thai a post route be also established from Galveston, via the city of Houston, San Felipe de Austin, lagrange, and Bastrop, to Aust' n. Also, the following routes : From Fulton, in the state of Arkausas, via Boston, Ciarksville, Bonham, and Falls of the Brazos, to Austin , from Nitchitoches, via Sabine Town, Nacogdo. ches, Crockeli's, and Washington, to Lagrange; from Shieve. port, in the State of Louisiana, via Pulaski, io Nacogdoches; from Velasco, via Blasoria, Texana, Victoria, and Goliad, to San Antonio de Bexar; from she ciiy of Housion 10 Robbin's
Ferry; from Ausiin 10 San Anionio de Bexar; and that it Postmaster shall be the duty of the Postmasies General 10 contract for conGeneral con veying a mail on said routes as soon as can conveniently be ing the mail on done afier the passage of this act.
Approved, February 6, 1846.
CHAP. 7.-AN ACT relative to Collectors and other officers of the Customs.
[Sec. 1.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives of the United S'utes of America in Congress usOfficers of the sembled, That collectors and all other officers of the customs, custom hot to serving for a less period ihan a year, shall not be paid for ibe enthan a pro rata vire year, but shall be allowed in no case a greater ihan a pro rota compensation for of the inaximum compensation of the said «fficers respectivethe ime they may serve. ly for the time only which they actually serve as such collec
iors or officers, whether the sanie be under one or more appointmenis, or before or alier confirmation. And no collecior or other officer shall, in any case, receive for his services, either as feps, salary, fines, penalties, forfeitures, or otherwise, for the time he may be in service, beyond the maximum pro ratu rale
provided by law. Accounts for Sec. 2. Auul be it further enacted, That all accounts for salary to be rew-salary, compensation, and emoluments shall be rendered quardered quarter 8.jerly at ihe end of each quarter of the fiscal year.
Additional du- Sec. 3. vind be it further enacted, Thai no portion of the text hot.co he additional dwies provided by the seventeenth section of the any uffi -ers of act of Angusi Thirieih, eighteen hundred and fourty iwo, en. customs, paid into the
titled “ An aci to provide revenue from imports, and to change Treasury. and modify existing laws imposing duties on iniporis, ard for
other purposes," shall be deemed a fine, penalty, or forfeiinre, for the plırpose of being distributed in any officer of the cus. toms; but the whole amount thereof, when received, shall be
paid directly into the treasury. Repeal of acts Sec. 4. And he it further enacted, That all acts and parts inconsistent
of acis inconsistent uiih ihis art are hereby repealed.
Approved, February 11, 1846.
CHAP. 8.-AN ACT to enlarge the powers of the several Orphans' Courts
held in and for the District of Columbia. (Sec. 1.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That ihe several Orphans' Couris held in and for Orphans' courta the District of Columbia be, and they are hereby, auihorized of the District of and empowered 10 appoint a guardian or guardians to any and thorized to ap every intant orphan who may now or hereafier be entiiled or pode gurdians have right or claim to any property, real, personal, or mixed, an, in certain within, or whose person and residence may be within, the ju. cases. risdiciion of said court, except when said orphan may have a testamentary gliardian; and shall require of said gnardians so May require appointed, and of testamentary guardians, unless directed on her bond anders Wise by the will appointing ihem, bond, with good and suffi-rity, unless othcient surely, as now required by law. And when any insanı,
'by will. whose father may be living, shall, by gift or otherwise, be en. May oumrel
fathers of infant titled 10 any properly separate from the father, it shall and may children be lawful for said courts to compel the father, as natural guar- may be entuled dian, to give bond and security to account for said property, give" bind and and to compel him to account, as guardians in other cases; and secuniy, and in if he shall lail or refuse io give such bond, or, at his request, suid case of failure couris shall bave power to appoint a special guardian to take special guardicharge of said property, who shall give hond and securiiy as in ans. other cases, but with condition 10 suit the case.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That in all cases where Snch guardiany of said courts have heretofore appointed, or may hereafter an to give addie appoint, a guardian or guardians, or taken bond, or may here- necessary, and after take bood, froin any guardian or guardians, and shall at npoon fulfure to any time have good cause to believe that the interest of the ward qued, may be or wards may require it, said court shall have power and au
dismissed. thority to coinpel said guardian or guardians to give additional Said courts to other or further security, in such linie as said court niny di- have power, by Tect; and upon his failure to comply with the order of court sonment, to endirecring such security, said court shall have power and aiı. force a conspli(horily, and it shall be their dnty to dismiss said guardian from unders; or may office, and appoint another in his stead, and order the estate of order their Marthe ward to be forth with delivered to the newly appointed guar: session and dian and shall have power, by fine and imprisonment, or any deliver the prolegal process, to compel and enforce a compliance with such perty. order, or may, where it can be so done, order their marshal to take possession of and deliver the property: Proviiled, however, Proviso. That no order shall be made directing a guardian to give new security until he shall have been duly summoned to show cause againsi, or have had ten day's notice in writing of the intended application. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That in all cases where.
muy order and any of said cours have heretofore appointed or may hereafter require adminisappoint an administrator or adıninistrators, or have taken or may
ecutors, to give take bond fronı any executor or executors to any last will and tes other and furthtament, and shall at any time become satisfied That the security er ecurugu
. is insufficient by reason of the removal or insolvency of the su
reties in the bond, or any of them, or by reasou of the penalty of the bond being too small, or from any other cause whatever, it shall and may be law ful for the said court to order and re.. quire the said administrator or administrators, executor or executors, to give additional other or further security, and to re.
move such administrator or administrators, executor or executors, In case of faiture to comply
if they shall fail or refuse to comply with such order, and apšys with such order, point an administrator or administrators in his or their stead, other adminis- and shall further have power to order and require any assets or trator or admin-estate of the decedent, which may remain unadministered, to istrators in stead. be delivered to said newly appointed administrator or adminis
trators de bonis non, and to enforce a compliance with such Proviso order by fine and attachment, or any other legal process : Pro
vided, however, That said administrator or administrators, executor or executors, shall first be summoned to show cause against such orders, or have ten days' notice, in writing, of the
iniended application. How powers
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the powers herein. may be execut
granied 10 said courts, by the forgoing sections of this aci, may be exercised by said courts ex officio, or on the application of
any one interested. Act 1o continue Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That this act shall be in in force from its force from and after its passage. passage.
Approved, February 20, 1846.
CHAP. I.-AN ACT for the relief of William Elliot, junior; of Fulton
county, State of Illinois. [Sec. 1.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives of the United States of America in Congress asPermitted to sembled, That William Elliot, junior, of Fulton county, State mum price of Illinois, be and he is hereby permited to enter at the miniquarter section mum price per acre, the northwest quarter of section thirty, of land.
in township numbered five, north of range numbered four, east
of the fourth principal meridian, the same being within the Final conifiente Quincy land district in said Siate; and upon the payment of and patent to is the purchase money therefor a final certificate and patent shall Proviso. issue as in other cases: Provided, That if any bona fide as
signment or sale of said tract were made by said William Elliot, junior, after his erroneous entry thereof in February, one thousand eight hundred and thirty six, then said patent shill enure to the benefit of such purchaser or assignee of said William, notwithstanding said original entry may have been subsequenily cancelled by order of the Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Approved, March 11, 1816.
CHAP. 10:-AN ACT to repeal the act requiring one of the Judges of
the Circuit Court for the District of Columbia hereafter to reside in Alexandria.
[Sec. 1.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America il Congress 118sembled, Thai the act entitled "An act requiring one of the Act requiring to Judges of the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia here.
one of the judges
to reside in Alafter to reside in Alexandria," approved the fourth day of exandria ropealApril, eighteen hundred and forty-four, be and the same is hereby repealed.
Approved, March 24, 1846.
CHAP. 11.-AN ACT to authorize the Secretary of the Navy to contract for the purchase of American water-rotted hemp for the use of the navy,
(Sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Reprcsentatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Navy be and he is here. Secretary of
the Navy to en: by aurborized to enter into contract for a period not exceeding ter into conthree years for the purchase of American water-rotted heinp for tract for Amerithe use of the navy.
hemp. Approved, March 30, 1846. .
CHAP. 12.-An ACT for the relief of David F. Williamson, of Pope county,
State of Arkansas.
[Sec. 1.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Stales of America in Congress as. sembled, That the entry of the northwest quarter of section Entry of secnumber twenty nine, in township number eigh north, of range tion in the name 17 number twenty west in the name of David F. Williamson, liamron made at the Johnson Couri House land office, in the State of firmed, and a pe
tent to issue. Arkansas. per certificate number six hundred and serenieen of that office, be, and the same is hereby confirmed, and a paten! shall issue thereon as in other cases.
Approved, April 27, 1846.
CHAP. 13 -AN ACT making appropriations for the payment of revolution
ary and other pensions of the United states for the year ending the thirtieth June, one thousand eight hundred and forty-seven, and for other purposes.
[Sec. 1.] Be il enacted by the Senate and House of Represent lives of the United States of Amrrica in Congress as. sembled, That the followiny sums be and the same are hereby appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the payment of pensions for i he year ending the thirtieth of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty seven