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PAGE 88, line 2. For 1st Cor. “31” read “ 3."

last line in Ex. 1. For “5h. 31m. A. M." read.

"6h. 31m. A. M.” 99, line 16. For " Tables” read “ Cables." » 129, last line.

For " Lat. 26° 40' 40" S.” read ". Lat. 26° 39' 40" S.”

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1. UNDER the provisions of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1854, (17 and 18 Vict. c. 104, ss. 136–161,) no Foreign going Ship* or Home-trade Passenger Ship* can obtain a clearance or transire, or legally proceed to sea, from any port in the United Kingdom, unless the master thereof, and in the case of a Foreign-going Ship, the first and second mates or only mate, (as the case may be,) and in the case of a Home-trade Passenger Ship, the first or only mate, (as the case may be,) have obtained and possess valid Certificates, of Competency or Service, appropriate to their several stations in such ship, or of a higher grade; and no such ship, if of one hundred tons burden or upwards, can legally proceed to sea unless at least one officer besides the master has obtained and possesses a valid Certificate appropriate to the grade of only mate therein, or to a higher grade : and every person who, having been engaged to serve as master, or as first or second or only mate of any Foreign-going Ship, or as master or first or only mate of a Home-trade Passenger Ship, goes to sea as such master or mate, without being at the time entitled to and possessed of such a certificate as the Act requires, or who employs any

* By a Foreign-going Ship is meant one which is bound to some place out of the United Kingdom, beyond the limits included between the river Elbe and Brest; and by a Home-trade Passenger Ship is meant any Home Trade Ship employed in carrying Passengers; and it is to be observed that Foreign Steam Ships when employed in carrying Passengers between places in the United Kingdom, are subject to all the provisions of the Act, as regards Certificates of Masters and Mates, to which British Steam Ships are subject. [S. 291.]

person as master, or first, second, or only mate of any Foreigngoing ship, or as master or first or only mate of any Hometrade Passenger Ship, without ascertaining that he is at the time entitled to and possessed of such Certificate, for each offence incurs a penalty not exceeding fifty pounds.

2. (s. 137.] Every Certificate of Competency for a Foreigngoing Ship is to be deemed to be of a higher grade than the corresponding Certificate for a Home-trade Passenger Ship, and entitles the lawful holder to go to sea in the corresponding grade in such last mentioned Ship; but no Certificate for a Home Trade Passenger Ship entitles the holder to go to sea as master or mate of a Foreign-going Ship.

3. (s. 135.] A Certificate of Service entitles an officer, who had already served either as master or mate in a British Foreign-going Ship before the first January, 1851, or as master or mate in a Home-trade Passenger Ship before the first January, 1854, to serve in those capacities again ; and it also entitles an officer who has attained or attains the rank of Lieutenant, Master, passed Mate or Second Master, or any higher rank in the service of Her Majesty, or of the late East India Company, to serve as master of a British Merchant Ship, and may be had on application to the Registrar-General of Seamen, Adelaide Place, London Bridge, or to the Superintendent of any Mercantile Marine Office in the Outports, on the transmission and verification of the necessary certificates and testimonials.

4. (s. 134.] Certificates of Competency will be granted to those persons who pass the requisite examinations, and otherwise comply with the requisite conditions. For this purpose Examiners have been appointed under the Local Marine Boards, and arrangements have been made for holding the examinations at the undermentioned ports, upon the days specified against them; and these days are so arranged for general convenience, that a candidate wishing to proceed to sea, and missing the day at his own port, may proceed to any port where an examination is coming forward. The days for commencing the Examinations at the various ports are as follows:

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* Aberdeen..First & Third Fridays & Saturdays in each month. Belfast First and Third Tuesday in each month. *Bristol ....First and Third Tuesday in each month. Cork ...... Second and Fourth Monday in each month.

*At these places Extra Examinations are held,

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