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courage, exterminated the whole Spanish power, shall they be intimidated by the vain measures of a band of tyrannical egotists Thall they infamously hide themselves, when preparations are making to give a mortal Itab to liberty? And we, representatives, observing these odious enterprises, how can we be justified before you, before our children, if we were to remain longer unmoved? Should we not be worthy of being compared to those despicable beings, who seek to raise their power on your ruin, and whom, by our vigorous measures, we have at length destroyed? Will not our memory ever flourish in the annals of time? No, no, Batavians; we will swear upon the altar of liberty, upon which the people of the Low Countries have already made offerings, while others still continue slaves; we will swear by our general interest, by the prosperity of our children, by the happiness of posterity, that we will never suffer either despotisın or anarchy.
We will all swear to soatch the country from its state of oppression, and to spare no sacrifice to succeed. We will prove, by our conduct, that we cherish civil liberty as much as we abhor licentiousness.
Range yourselves around the general administration, to support it in every measure which may be judged necessary to attain this grand object; thus we shall soon obtain a good constitution, founded upon the eternal principles of nature, susceptible of no change, and on which alone ihall be built our political happiness.
Thus we will silence calumny, and make our adversaries blush; thus we will evidently prove to the greatest, the most courageous of all people, that it was not in vain they fuccoured us, in order to ease us of the yoke by which we were curbed. We will prove that Batavia is worthy a fraternal alliance with this nation. Thus will Europe again know us the worthy descendants of those Bata. vians who defended liberty, when the whole universe bent the knee to the power of domineering Rome. Soon will it acknowledge, in the present generation, the same people who formerly hook the throne of Philip; the same people who, by their courage and valour, so extended their poflessions in other parts of the globe, that the sun, in its regular course, always shone upon Batavia, in the one or the other hemisphere; a people who combated the most formidable powers in the world; who forced the commerce of the whole universe to unite in its states; who held in their hands the political balance, and bore their fceptre on the ocean. Batavians, it is to this degree of greatness that we must return, by means of a good and wise constitution. But never jhall we return to it, if the order of things, or rather that systematic disorder which for two years en snared us, continues to exist. The monster federalism, little different from the hydra of the ancients, can only be conquered by an effort, which shall destroy, at one blow, all its heads. This great blow is about to VOL. VII.
be struck-already the monster agonizes, but its last convulsions may still be dangerous, and we must provide against them. No society can exist without order. It is above all important that there should be no troubles during an intermediatory government. Let every one then submit to the orders prescribed to the government. Let them be persuaded that the momentary facrifice of some part of our civil liberty has no other object than that of procuring us a good constitution, and of assuring us the entire enjoyment of liberty.
All the constituted authorities shall continue their present operations, until the necessary changes, in a manner regular, and conformable to the general good. The soi-disant provisional ad. ministrations, or constituted authorities, in the different provinces, and the regencies in the different cities, districts, or villages, as well as the administrations of dykes, rivers, and bridges, shall be continued till this period, and shall be subject and responsible to the executive power
The committee of justice shall remain provisionally upon their present footing; and there shall be no change. All officers, mayors, procurators of communes, and public accusers, shall provisionally continue the exercise of their functions, and shall pursue, with redoubled activity, all disturbers of peace and order, whatever mask they may assume. Persons and property shall be protected from every infult. The law which exists in this respect shall remain in force, and shall be rigorously executed ; commerce shall be protected ; and every one thall enjoy that safety which is the foundation of all social union. No inhabitant of provinces still existing, no community, society, or corporation, thall unite for the purpose of making, collectively, to this assembly, or to the executive power, any demand or petition ; but every Batavian citizen shall be permitted to propose his opinions, and defend his interests.
Thus this new order of things will be established without diffi. culty or confusion, and the object which has rendered it necessary, will be completely fulfilled. Thus the ardent views of the true Batavians are about to be accomplithed, and a good and wise conftitution will consolidate our happiness, fulfil the wishes of our allies, and render us formidable to our enemies.
Batavians, it is to arrive at this falutary object that the assembly of your representatives have this day formed themselves into a constituent body, representing the Batavian nation, under the presidency of citizen H. Midderich, and has named provisionally for its secretaries citizens Adr. Ploos, Van Amstel, L. C. Vonk, N. F. Van Bennekom, and the secretary of the ci-devant national assembly, citizen J. Van Haeften. We will order each of these to respect the signature of the temporary president, as well as that of one of his secretaries, or his successors; and to obey and follow all
orders Orders and commands so signed, as emanating from us. All petitions, before they are addressed to the constituent assembly, representing the Batavian nation, and all sentences of colleges, charged with the administration of justice throughout the Batavian republic, shall be henceforth in the name of the Batavian nation.
This shall be published and posted up every where according to custom. We order and charge the constituted authorities of the Batavian republic, who remain in their functions, to give the necessary orders, that our intentions in this refpect may be executed.
Done and decreed by the said assembly at the Hague, the 22d of January 1798, the 4th year of Batavian liberty:
H. MIDDERICH, President. Under is written, by order of the latter,
(Signed) W. F. Van Bennekom.
Proclamation published at Venice on the 19th Jan. 1798. Venetians, AFTER such great agitations, your destiny is, at length, 1 fixed. It is with reason you rejoice at this happy event. Under the dominion of our august sovereign, the Emperor, you will enjoy the felicity which your wise conduct has merited, and which your new form of government will secure more and more. Meanwhile, General Count de Wallis, coinmander of his Majefty's army in Italy, has ordered that the present provisional government shall remain in activity, and be composed of five members in addition to the committee of police. The civil and cria minal authorities, and also those belonging to the finances, are to continue in the same state. Matters are to continue on the lame footing until his Majesty shall otherwise ordain.
Proclamation published at Verona on the 22d January, by Antoine
Count Milfrowski, General of the Armies of his Imperial Ma
jefty. THAVE learnt, with the most lively grief, that many persons
in the city were yesterday molested and injured. I am more than assured of the affection and good disposition of these coun. tries; and I hope that the excesses committed last night will not again take place; and I wish to believe they have only been produced by a mistaken zeal. I desire the repose, happiness, and safety of every individual.
No one has a right to do himself justice; it belongs to the government, and I shall take care it shall be exercised. The end
of this proclamation is to invite, and to order, under the fes verelt pains, all the inhabitants to abstain from insulting, in any Thape, by meetings or clamours, the true subjects of his Mai jesty. Numérous patroles shall be commanded to preserve public order. I flatter myself that the people of Padua will respect my orders, and will not force ine to punith disturbers, and particularly the secret instigators of the troubles.
Proclamation publifised on the 2d February, at Padua. RY order of Generaliffimo Count de Wallis, thê aulic departa
ment of justice and general police of Padua.
The intention of his Imperial Majesty is to preserve the pub,lic tranquillity and the most perfect discipline, in order to allure to his new subjects the safety of their persons and enjoyment of their property. Consequently, he prohibits all meetings, all private injuries, libels; and provocations which may be made by his subjects, of whatever religion or country.
He likewise prohibits every one from bearing fire-arms or (words, under the accustomed penalties in his Majesty's Itates.
Whoever shall dare to disobey the present order, fhall be immediately punished by the military commandant, who shall equally watch over the disturbers of the public repose and secret instigators, against whom the police shall act vigorously. .
Whoever shall resist the armed force shall be punished with death.
Letter from the General in Chief Hatry, to M. de Bartels, Commander of Manheim, dated from Head Quarters at Mentz,
Feb. 6. THE Executive Directory have given me orders to declare to
the Elector Palatine, and to you, Sir, who command the troops in Manheim, that they demand the most speedy fatisfacrion, as well on account of the resistance which has been of. fered to us in attempting to take poffeffion of the Tête du Pont at Manheim, and the other posts on the left-bank of the Rhine, as on account of the confequences of that resistance; and that they require that satisfaction be made to the French soldiers who have been wounded, and to the relations of such as have been killed.
The Executive Directory, in the firm persuasion that no delay will take place in making such fatisfaction, fufpend all hoftilities; but if the Elector Palatine thall not explain his conduct
as to these points in the most speedy and satisfactory manner to the French republic, I shall be obliged to recommence hosti- lities.
Substance of a Proclamation published at Ergoul on the 5th Feb.
1798, by General Shauenbourg, Commander in Chief of the Army in the Frontiers of Switzerland, to his Army. THAT the troops are to make no more conquests, but only to
support the efforts of the friends of liberty against expiring aristocracy, which, in a federative republic, affects the privileges of monarchy, and reviles the descendants of William Tell, under the title of subjects. To fulfil this object, he hopes that the defenders of the country will prove, by their conduct, that the French, terrible in batile, are humane and generous towards the people who unite with thein in friendship ; that disorder will be severely punished, and that obedience to the chiefs, respect for the laws, and sentiments of humanity, will be inculcated.
ral of ihe Isle of France and of the Re-union, and Commandant-
interest and glory of our republic, we are very impatient, and consider it a duty to make known to you the propofitions that we have received from Tippoo Sultaun, by iwo ambaffadors which he had sent to us. This prince has written particular-letters to the colonial assembly, and to all the generals employed in that government: he has likewise addressed to us a packet for the Executive Directory.
Firft. He demands to make an alliance, offensive and defenlive, with the French, proposing to maintain at his charge, as long as the war fhall continue in India, the troops they can send him.
Second. He promises to furnish every necessary for that wat, except wine and brandy, of which he finds himself absolutely delditute.