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Folly! what dost thou in thy power contain
Deserves our study? merchants plough the main
And bring home th' Indies, yet aspire to more
By avarice, in the possession poor.
And yet that idol wealth we all admit
Into the soul's great temple; busy wit
Invents new orgies, fancy frames new rites
To show its superstition, anxious nights
Are watch'd to win its favour: while the beast
Content with nature's courtesy doth rest.--Castara.




ix. Sergius Sulpicius Galba, U.C. George of Cappadocia, A.D. Cal.

750, B. C. 3, near Terracina. 361. murdered, Alexandria. 24.

King John (of England), A. D. Ælfrid (of Northumberland), 1166, Oxford.

705. Drifeld. Peter Jurieu, 1637, Mer in Blois. Peter the Venerable, 1156. d. Joseph Francis Bourgoin de Abbey of Cluni.

Villefeu, 1652, Paris. Wm. (Bishop) de Vere, 1199. Ed. Drinker, 1680, Philadelphia. Robin Hood, E. of Huntingdon, Bishop (William) Warburton, 1247. Kirklees, neur Halifar.

1698, Newark-upon-Trent. Thomas Beaufort, Duke of ExeDr.John Nott, 1751, Worcester. ter, 1426. Bury St. Edmunds.

Vasquez de Gama, 1525. d. A firm persuasion had pre

Cochin in Malabar. (Goa.) vailed among a great many, that Euricius Cordus, 1535. Bremen, it was contained in the ancient Sir Thomas Cornwallis, 1604. sacerdotal books, that about this Dr. Daniel Waterland, 1740. time it should come to pass,

Collegiate Church, Windsor. that the East should prevail, and David Renaud Boullier, 1759. that those who should come out Charles John Francis Henauli, of Judæa should obtain the Em- 1771. d. Paris. pire of the World.

George Frederick Charles, Duke Annals of Tacitus. of Saxe-Meinengen, 1803.

Martin Vahl, 1804. Copenhagen.
Obits of the Latin Church. Madame de Genlis, 1830. Paris.
St. Gregory of Spoleto, Martyr,

Sts, Thrasilla and Emiliana,

Virgins at Rome, 6th Century.

Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies. --Lemuel.

Therefore Heaven nature charg'd

That one body should be fillid
With all graces wide enlarg'd:

Nature presently distill’d
Helen's cheek, but not her heart;

Cleopatra's majesty;
Atalanta's better part;

Sad Lucretia's modesty.- Rosalind.


Servius GALBA. The race of the Julian family was extinct in Nero, when Galba was elected in Spain, A.D. 68. He claimed his descent from Jupiter Capitolinus, and received his birth in the Consulate of Messala and Lentulus, B.C. 3. He might have retained his character (mingled as it was) but for that maddening elevation. Cain and Lamech were the first and the last of tyrants in the ante-diluvian world : Jupiter Hammon is the great progenitor of those in the modern ages.

SAINT GEORGE. It is not our place to dissert with Gibbon upon the doubtful reputation of the martyred Patriarch, seeing that the fountains of good mostly spring from bitter earths, an opinion which is not only tenable in philosophy and nature, but is evidenced throughout all history, whether sacred or profane. The Saviour was called a Nazarine, and Moses had been cradled in corruption! It is possible that a learned freethinker may be bound to infidelity; and the really wicked be renewed by repentance. The scourges of the world are undoubtedly the instruments of Providence, teaching by example, that it may at last resolve itself into its original elements of equality and happiness. The Patron of England,” therefore, is a catholic or universal principle, to be connected with genuine history, and not to be restrained by any particular scheme of Christianity. How long will these SEPULCHRES be permitted to stand ?' was an oracle, reverberated in the Dragon's Den.

The infernal machine explodes in the Rue Saint-Nicaise at Paris as Napoleon was proceeding to Haydn's Oratorio of the Creation, 1800.

The first eruption on record of the “ Peak of Teneriffe,” 1704.
The great treaty of cession with Holkar, the Mahratta chief, 1804.
A terrific and destructive gale is felt in the German Ocean, 1811.

The Preliminaries of the great and immortal Peace between Great Britain and America are subscribed this day at Ghent, 1814.

The Greeks inserted here their intercalary month, Posideon II.
She maketh fine linen and selleth it; and delivereth girdles unto the merchant.


It faded on the crowing of the cock.
Some say, that ever 'gainst that season comes,
Wherein our SAVIOUR's birth is celebrated,
This bird of dawning singeth all night long :
And then, they say, no spirit dares stir abroad;
The nights are wholesome; then no planets strike,
No fairy takes, nor witch hath power to charm,
So hallow'd and so gracious is the time.
But, look, the Morn, in russet mantle clad,
Walks o'er the dew of yon high eastern hill.




viu. Guy Ubaldo Bonarelli, 1563, Marcus Aurelius Carus (EmCal. Urbino.

peror), A. D. 283. struck, Peter Kirstenius, 1577, Breslaw, beyond the Tigris. in Silesia.

Gainas the Goth, 400.k. Thrace. Sir Isaac Newton, 1642, 0.s. Leo V. the Armenian (Emperor),

Woolsthorpe, in Lincolnshire. 820. slain, Constantinople. Dr. Archibald Pitcairne, 1652, Saint Peter Nolasco, 1256. Edinburgh.

Galeas Sforza, Duke of Milan, Charles XI. (of Sweden), 1655,

assass. 1476. Copenhagen.

Dr. Walter Balcanqual, 1645. John James Reiske, 1716, Zor- Sir Matthew (Judge) Hale, 1676. big, in Saxony.

Alderley Churchyard.
Wm. Collins, 1720, Chichester. William Cavendish, Duke of
Richard Porson, 1759, East Newcastle, 1676.
Ruston, in Norfolk.

Dr. John Newton, 1678. Ross.
Reverend Samuel Clarke, 1682.
Dr. Wm. King, 1712. Abbey.

Philip Duke of Orleans, 1723. Obits of the Latin Church. Chas. Bertheau, 1732. London.

John Soanen, 1740. Auvergne. THE NATIVITY OF CHRIST.

Robert Sanderson, 1741. St. Anastasia (called the Elder), Reverend James Hervey, 1758. 1st Century.

Weston Favell. St. Anastasia, Martyr at Aqui- Henry Mill, 1770. Breemoore. leia, 304.

Habakkuk Crabb, 1795. Royston. St. Eugenia, Virgin Martyr, at Hester (Mulso) Chapone, 1801. Rome, about 257.

d. Hadley, in Middleser. Baroness de Krudener, 1824.

He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe's latches I am not worthy to unloose.

Johannes the Baptist.

For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: and they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. In that, he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.---St. Paul.


ÆRA OF THE WORLD. In the soul there exists a latent (and surely a pious ) desire at least to ascertain with some degree of accuracy the age' of the building which it inhabits ; and there is no day better appropriated for such an inquiry than the present, which commemorates the appearance in the flesh of a direct unsullied emanation of that eternal mind which conceived and framed it. The depositaries of this important truth were apostate Babylon and the tables of the four patriarchs. We must therefore turn towards those Oriental tracts where they established their kingdoms, particularly Shem, who is said (by the Arabians) to have formed the first letters. The historical intelligence of Moses was derived, not from Egyptian books, allegorized and corrupted by the first hierophant (Ham), but through his natural progenitors. We begin then with the date of the world as it appears by the learned Usher's computation, five thousand eight hundred and thirty-four years in the Autumn of A.D. 1831 ; an excess beyond the Jewish æra of two hundred and fortythree years. The historical period of the Greeks is 7,330; their ' ecclesiastical' (called the Alexandrian) æra, 7,325; and their 'civil æra, used by the Emperors in their public acts (and since by the Russians), 7,340. The æra of Eusebius is 7,031 ; that of Scaliger, 5,780 ; Josephus, 4658 ; the Alphonsine Tables, 8,766. According to the Egyptian we find 370,000; the Brahmins of India make it 780,000; and the Chaldeans, 465,161. If we convert these extravagant numbers into weeks the Egyptian period will then nearly correspond with the Eusebian. By the Laterculus of Eratosthenes it appears the first Egyptian ( Theban) king, Mines Dionius (the father of Thoth Hermogenes), called also Mestraim, reigned there sixty-two years, A.M. 2900, i.e. in the forty-eighth year of Noah. Manetho records that Menes the Thinite was killed by the same ' evil' beast, which (as Plutarch tells us) destroyed Osiris.' The Priest compiled his Egyptian dynasties under Philadelphus, and Eratosthenes was Librarian to Ptolemy Evergetes, his successor.

For the paternal self-begotten Mind understanding his work, sowed in all the fiery bond of Love, that all things might continue loving for ever.-Zoroaster.


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Foursquare it shall be being doubled ; a span shall be the length thereof, and a span shall be the breadth thereof. And thou shalt set it in settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first' row shall be a Ruby, a topas, and a carbuncle. And the second row shall be an Emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond. And the * third row a Ligure, an agate, and an amethyst. And the fourth' row a Beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper : they shall be set in gold in their inclosings. And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet.---Aaron's Breastplate of Judgment.


The Minor Prophets. As they plainly foretold the advent and kingdom of Christ, with the downfall of several opulent and mighty iniquities, we shall require no pardon in devoting a page to their elucidation.

Hosea. The most ancient of the twelve, was of Samaria, whose destruction he predicts. His chapters extend over sixty years, from B.C. 785.

Joel. This reverend prophet, so much admired for the variety of his images, resided at Bethoron, and flourished about B.C. 800.

Amos. The herdsman of Tekoa stands almost unrivalled for loftiness of thought, magnificence of style, and dignity of sentiment. We date his brilliant vision of judgment, upon the nations, B, C. 787.

Obadiah. A brief and very forcible vision respecting the Edomites, which is dated B.C. 587. There is no intelligence of the prophet.

Jonah, of Gath-hepher, who is referred to by the Saviour, describes the fall of Nineveh. His excellent prayer was uttered, B.C. 862.

Micah. He sounds the triumphs and destruction of the Assyrian foe and the final appearance of an eternal glory over the site of Jerusalem, when her house became as the high places of the forest, B. C. 710.

Nahum. Josephus acknowledges the predictions of the captivity in this splendid poem, B.C. 713. Nahum's festival is kept the 24th Dec.

Habakkuk. Another prophetical poet, B.C. 626. The prayer in the third chapter was probably set to musick, and chanted in the Temple.

Zephaniah. Of noble birth at Mount Sacabatha, the denouncer of idolatrous worship and those who swore by Malcham,' B.C. 630.

Haggai. This denizen is supposed to be the first of the three prophets who flourished at Jerusalem after their return from Babylon, B.C. 520.

Zechariah. He assisted the preceding in exhorting the people to reconstruct their temple ; and then lifts his voice against the evil shepherds.

Malachi. The last of those prophets who flourished before the Messiah was of Sapha. He 'sealed up' the seven weeks vision, about B.C. 400.

Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou shalt not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift dost blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous.


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