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A milk white Hind, immortal and unchang'd
Fed on the lawns, and in the forest rang’d;
Without unspotted, innocent within,
She fear'd no danger, for she knew no sin :
Yet had she oft been chas'd with horns and hounds,
And Scythian shafts, and many winged wounds
Aim'd at her heart; was often forc'd to fly,
And doom'd to death, though fated not to die.- Dryden.

Acts.

XERXES. The accession of this magnificent Persian to the throne of his father Darius Hystaspes, Nab. Era, 263, B. C. 486. When Darius was cut off he had reigned thirty six years, from the thoth of N. E. 227, first day of January, B.C. 521. The year 485 (in which he died) is remarkable for two facts: the conquest of Syracuse under Gelon, and a comic work by Epicharmus, wbo added the Greek letters Chiand Thetu' (now the 'eighth' in order) to his native alphabet.

LAURENTALIA. These were Roman feriæ most piously devoted to Acca Laurentia the shepherd-nurse of Romulus. The · Laurentinalia' on the vigil of May-day is connected with a wanton feat of Hercules. Jupiter received homage upon this day, when the 'Goat' had set.

The truly great Marcus Antoninus enters Rome in triumph after his German victories on the Danube, accompanied by his monstrous son Commodus, A.D. 176. It was probably the birth-day of Faustina.

The naval battle of the Hellespont, and defeat of Gainas, the Barbarian, in the month · Apellæus,' this day, A. D. 400. He was despatched in Thrace, and his head produced in' Audynæus' on the nones of January.

Richard Royston, the royal bookseller at the · Angel' in Ivy Lane, receives the MS. copy of the “ Eikon Basilikt” for the press, 1648. The book was in circulation on the “ Martyrdom.” Dugdale notes, that same day, “ The King brought to Windsor from Hurst Castle.”

King James II. escapes from Rochester to Calais, 1688.

General Lavallette's romantic escape from the prison at Paris, by as. suming his wife's dress, who remained in his form, 1815. The execution in effigy was to have taken place on the morning of the 10th of January, the minute of his flight from the city accompanied by the gallant Sir Robert Wilson to the frontiers. This delightful example of female devotion deserves a lasting memorial. If you die, I die with you. Save yourself for my sake. Dress yourself, and quickly. No adieus, no tears."

It was formerly the custom for every great house in England to keep a tame fool dressed in petticoats, that the heir of the family might have an opportunity of joking upon him, and diverting himself with his absurdities. Spectator.

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Folly! what dost thou in thy power contain
Deserves our study? merchants plough the main
And bring home th'Indies, yet aspire to more
By avarice, in the possession poor.
And yet that idol wealth we all admit
Into the soul's great temple; busy wit
Invents new orgies, fancy frames new rites
To show its superstition, anxious nights
Are watch'd to win its favour: while the beast
Content with nature's courtesy doth rest. ---Castara.

Day.

Births.

Deaths.

ix. Sergius Sulpicius Galba, U.C. George of Cappadocia, A.D. Cal.

750, B. C. 3, near Terracina. 361, murdered, Alexandria. 24.

King John (of England), A. D. Ælfrid (of Northumberland), 1166, 0iford.

705. Drifeld. Peter Jurieu, 1637, Mer in Blois. Peter the Venerable, 1156. d. Joseph Francis Bourgoin de Abbey of Cluni.

Villefeu, 1652, Paris. Wm. (Bishop) de Vere, 1199. Ed. Drinker, 1680, Philadelphia. Robin Hood, E. of Huntingdon, Bishop (William) Warburton, 1247. Kirklees, neur Halifar.

1698, Newark-upon-Trent. Thomas Beuufort, Duke of ExeDr.John Nott, 1751, Worcester. ter, 1426. Bury St. Edmunds.

Vasquez de Gama, 1525. d. A nrm persuasion had pre

Cochin in Malabar. (Goa.) vailed among a great many, that Euricius Cordus, 1535. Bremen, it was contained in the ancient Sir Thomas Cornwallis, 1604. sacerdotal books, that about this Dr. Daniel Waterland, 1740. time it should come to pass,

Collegiate Church, Windsor. that the East should prevail, and David Renaud Boullier, 1759. that those who should come out Charles John Francis Henauli, of Judæa should obtain the Em- 1771. d. Paris. pire of the World.

George Frederick Charles, Duke Annals of Tacitus. of Saxe-Meinengen, 1803.

Martin Vahl, 1804. Copenhagen.
Obits of the Latin Church. Madame de Genlis, 1830. Paris.
St. Gregory of Spoleto, Martyr,

304.
Sts, Thrasilla and Emiliana,

Virgins at Rome, 6th Century.

Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies. - Lemuel.

834 www.

Therefore Heaven nature charg'd

That one body should be fill'd
With all graces wide enlarg'd :

Nature presently distillid
Helen's check, but not her heart;

Cleopatra's majesty ;
Atalanta's better part;

Sad Lucretia's modesty.- Rosalind.

acts.

Servius GALBA. The race of the Julian family was extinct in Nero, when Galba was elected in Spain, A.D. 68. He claimed his descent from Jupiter Capitolinus, and received his birth in the Consulate of Messala and Lentulus, B.C. 3. He might have retained his character (mingled as it was) but for that maddening elevation. Cain and Lamech were the first and the last of tyrants in the ante-diluvian world : Jupiter Hammon is the great progenitor of those in the modern ages.

SAINT GEORGE. It is not our place to dissert with Gibbon upon the doubtful reputation of the martyred Patriarch, seeing that the fountains of good mostly spring from bitter earths, an opinion which is not only tenable in philosophy and nature, but is evidenced throughout all history, whether sacred or profane. The Saviour was called a Nazarine, and Moses had been cradled in corruption. It is possible that a learned freethinker may be bound to infidelity; and the really wicked be renewed by repentance. The scourges of the world are undoubtedly the instruments of Providence, teaching by example, that it may at last resolve itself into its original elements of equality and happiness. The Patron of England,therefore, is a catholic or universal principle, to be connected with genuine history, and not to be restrained by any particular scheme of Christianity. How long will these SEPULCHRES be permitted to stand ?' was an oracle, reverberated in the Dragon's Den.

The infernal machine explodes in the Rue Saint-Nicaise at Paris as Napoleon was proceeding to Haydn's Oratorio of the Creation, 1800.

The first eruption on record of the “ Peak of Teneriffe,” 1704.
The great treaty of cession with Holkar, the Mahratta chief, 1804.
A terrific and destructive gale is felt in the German Ocean, 1811.

The Preliminaries of the great and immortal Peace between Great Britain and America are subscribed this day at Ghent, 1814.

The Greeks inserted here their intercalary month, Posideon II.
She maketh fine linen and selleth it; and delivereth girdles unto the merchant.

Lemuel.

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It faded on the crowing of the cock.
Some say, that ever 'gainst that season comes,
Wherein our Saviour's birth is celebrated,
This bird of dawning singeth all night long :
And then, they say, no spirit dares stir abroad;
The nights are wholesome; then no planets strike,
No fairy takes, nor witch hath power to charm,
So hallow'd and so gracious is the time.
But, look, the Morn, in russet mantle clad,
Walks o'er the dew of yon high eastern hill.
Births.

Deaths.

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vir. Guy Ubaldo Bonarelli, 1563, Marcus Aurelius Carus (Em-
Cal.
Urbino.

peror), A. D. 283. struck, 25.

Peter Kirstenius, 1577, Breslaw, beyond the Tigris.
in Silesia.

Gainas the Goth, 400.k. Thrace.
Sir Isaac Newton, 1642, 0.s. Leo V. the Armenian (Emperor),

Woolsthorpe, in Lincolnshire. 820. slain, Constantinople. Dr. Archibald Pitcairne, 1652, Saint Peter Nolasco, 1256. Edinburgh.

Galeas Sforza, Duke of Milan, Charles XI. (of Sweden), 1655,

assass. 1476. Copenhagen.

Dr. Walter Balcanqual, 1645. John James Reiske, 1716, Zor- Sir Matthew (Judge) Hale, 1676. big, in Saxony.

Alderley Churchyard.
Wm. Collins, 1720, Chichester. William Cavendish, Duke of
Richard Porson, 1759, East Newcastle, 1676.
Ruston, in Norfolk. Dr. John Newton, 1678. Ross.

Reverend Samuel Clarke, 1682.
Dr. Wm. King, 1712. Abbey.

Philip Duke of Orleans, 1723.
Obits of the Latin Church. Chas. Bertheau, 1732. London.

John Soanen, 1740. Auvergne. THE NATIVITY OF Christ.

Robert Sanderson, 1741. St. Anastasia (called the Elder), Reverend James Hervey, 1758. 1st Century.

Weston Farell. St. Anastasia, Martyr at Aqui- Henry Mill, 1770. Breemoore. leia, 304.

Habakkuk Crabb, 1795. Royston, St. Eugenia, Virgin Martyr, at

Hester (Mulso) Chapone, 1801. Rome, about 257.

d. Hadley, in Middleser. Baroness de Krudener, 1824.

He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe's latchet I am not worthy to unloose.

Johannes the Baptist. O

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For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: and they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. For I will be mercifal to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. In that, he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.---St. Paul.

acts.

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ÆRA OF THE WORLD. In the soul there exists a latent (and surely a
pious ) desire at least to ascertain with some degree of accuracy the ‘age'
of the building which it inhabits ; and there is no day better appropriated
for such an inquiry than the present, which commemorates the appear-
ance in the flesh of a direct unsullied emanation of that eternal mind
which conceived and framed it. The depositaries of this important truth
were apostate Babylon and the tables of the four patriarchs. We must
therefore turn towards those Oriental tracts where they established their
kingdoms, particularly Shem, who is said (by the Arabians) to bave
formed the first letters. The historical intelligence of Moses was derived,
not from Egyptian books, allegorized and corrupted by the first hiero-
phant (Ham), but through his natural progenitors. We begin then
with the date of the world as it appears by the learned Usher's computa-
tion, five thousand eight hundred and thirty-four years in the Autumn of
A.D. 1831 ; an excess beyond the Jewish æra of two hundred and forty-
three years. The historical' period of the Greeks is 7,330; their
ecclesiastical' (called the Alexandrian) æra, 7,325; and their 'civil?

used by the Emperors in their public acts (and since by the Rus-
sians), 7,340. The æra of Eusebius is 7,031 ; that of Scaliger, 5,780;
Josephus, 4658 ; the Alphonsine Tables, 8,766. According to the Egyp-
tian we find 370,000; the Brahmins of India make it 780,000; and the
Chaldeans, 465,161. If we convert these extravagant numbers into
weeks the Egyptian period will then nearly correspond with the Eusebian.
By the Laterculus of Eratosthenes it appears the first Egyptian (Theban)
king, Mines Dionius (the father of Thoth Hermogenes), called also Mes-
traim, reigned there sixty-two years, A. M. 2900, i.e. in the forty-eighth
year of Noah. Manetho records that Menes the Thinite was killed by
the same evil' beast, which (as Plutarch tells us) destroyed Osiris.'
The Priest compiled his Egyptian dynasties under Philadelphus, and
Eratosthenes was Librarian to Ptolemy Evergetes, his successor.

For the paternal self-begotten Mind understanding his work, sowed in all the fiery bond of Love, that all things might continue loving for ever. –Zoroaster.

æra,

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