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(Nos. 16 and 17.) Arctic Ocean between Greenland and Finmark.

Observed at the following places, viz.:

At sea, by Parry, for 5 days, in the year 1827; by the French Commission, for 59 days, in the years 1838, 1839, and 1840; and by the German Polar Expedition, for 50 days, in the year 1868.

Bear Island (near Spitzbergen), by Sievert Tobiesen, from August 6, 1865, to June 19, 1866.

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16. At sea

...

Bear

Island 17 (near

Spitzbergen)

Spring 2 3 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 N. 27° 57' E.?! 1.93

8 Summer 13 12 17 24 20 19 7 5 11 12 5' 5 7 4 17 12 12 N. 58 46 E.? .50

80 Autumn 1 3 0 0 7 0 3 0 4 0 3 2 0 0 0 0 S. 54 0 E.?? .45

27 Jan. 2 3 0.23 20 22 7 6 4 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 1

31 Feb. 0 1 4 18 20 12 10 113 2 0 1 0 2 0 0 0

28 March 9' 4.14 22 20 2 2 0 5 2 3 2 1 0 2 2 3

31 April 5 4 7 13 11 1 2 0 9 1 2 6 4 5 10 4 5

30 May 10 3 12 15 17 6 4 2 1 3 1 1 2 4 2 5 5

31 June 0 0 2 6' 38' 5 3 2 6 1 3 3 2 3 3 7

19 Avig. 15 7 7 0 1 0 2 0 5 1 2 210 3 6 4 12

25 Sept. 14 2 4 0 2 3 4 2 12 5 8 1 2 6 10 10 4

30 Oct. 4 9 0 28 7 18 1 6 0 3 2 2 4 0 2 8 1

31 Nov. 11 211 5 4 1 7 0 4 7 9 6 6 4 4 9 0

30 Dec. 4 4 7 2 5 4 5 3 7 4 11 7 9 2 14 4 1

31 Spring 24 11 33 50 48 9 8 2 15 6 6 9 7 9 14 11 13 N. 56 26 E.? 1.40 N. 471°E..20 Summer 15 7 9 6 4 8 7 3 7 7 3 5 13 5 9 7 19 N. 13 36 W.!!.13 N. 791 w. .22 44 Autumn 29 13 15 33 13 22 12 816 13 19 9 12 10 16 27 5 N.31 16 E.? 1.15 N. 68 W..11 91 Winter 6 8,11 43 45 38 22 10 24 10 21 8 9 4 14 4 2 S. 69 18 E.! 1.38 S. 38 E .28 90 The y'r?

N. 65 20 E. 1.20

317

92

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I Copied from Dr. Buchan's work on Winds.

2 Computed from resultants for the seasons.

11

June, 1874.

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(Nos. 20 to 27.) Arctic Siberia and the adjacent seas. Observed at the following places, viz. :

Arctic Ocean, longitude 20° to 40° E., by members of the French Commission, for 62 days in the summers of 1838 to 1840.

Arctic Ocean, longitude 75° to 90° E., and 130° to 170° E., by Von Wrangel in the summers of 1734 and 1737. (?)

Bear Islands (north coast of Siberia), by Von Wrangel, from March 1st, to April 27th inclusive.

Great Northern Tundra (Taimurland), by Waldemar von Middendorf, from May 26th to August 31st, 1843. The figures denote the number of hours estimated as nearly as practicable from the published report.

Korennoje Filipovskoje, under the direction of Waldemar von Middendorf, from April 25th to October 26th, 1843.

Ust Yansk, under the direction of Lieut. Anjou, by Surgeon Figurin, for 21 months, in the years 1820, 1821, and 1822, and classified by Wesselowski in his elaborate work on the Climate of Russia.

Nova Zembla, at three places: the Straits of Kara, on the S. E. Matotschkia Schar, and Shallow Bay, on the western coast; aggregate 42 years—1832 to 1835.

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I Von Wrangel experienced contrary winds when sailing northeasterly from the mouth of the Obi up to latitude 73° 18' in the summers of 1734 and 1737.

? The percentages are given for the summer and winter, and the whole number of observations for the year.

3 Von Wrangel states that near the mouth of the Kolyma river the prevailing wind is from the northwest ; also that contrary winds prevented his sailing westerly from the east mouth of the Lena for 5 days in June, 1835; but miscellaneous notices of the wind, scattered through his journal, seem to indicate that, along the seas adjacent to this part of the Siberian coast, the direction is rather northeasterly.

ZONE No. 5.

LATITUDE 65° TO 70° NORTH,

The data for the study of the winds of this zone consist of observations made in the following portions of it:

1st. Arctic seas of North America and Greenland, and islands in the same, for an aggregate period of more than four and a half years.

2d. North America, at five different stations, for an aggregate period of nearly

six years.

3d. Greenland, at two stations on its western coast, for periods severally of five and twelve years.

4th. Northern and Western Iceland, at two stations, for periods severally of two and five years.

5th. Atlantic Ocean, between Iceland and Norway, for thirty-three days.

6th. Finmark and Lapland, at nine stations, for an aggregate period of over seven years.

7th. Northern Sweden, at four stations, for an aggregate period of twenty-two and a half

years. 8th. Northeastern Siberia, at two stations, at one of which observations were regularly recorded for a period of seventy-two days, and at the other we have the general result only for a period of three years.

In this zone, therefore, the observations regularly recorded, and incorporated into this work, represent, in the aggregate, a period of nearly sixty-four and a half years.

(Nos. 1 and 2.) Behring Strait and vicinity, and Northern Alaska.

Observed at the following places, viz. :

At sea (longitude 177° E. to 163o W.), by Beechy, for 13 days, in the summer of 1827; by Rogers and Schonborn, for 23 days, in the summer of 1855; and on board the New Bedford whaling barques Cleone, Roscoe, and Helen Snow, for 457 days, in the summers and autumns of 1859 to 1861, and 1864 to 1869, both inclusive.

Port Clarence and Kotzebue Sound, by Beechy, for 136 days in the summer and autumn of 1828.

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co | Bet. W.& N.W.

No.

Direction.

| Bet. N. & N.E.
| Bet. N. E. & E.

Bet. E. & S.E.
| Bet. S. & S. W.

Bet. S.W.& W.
SIN. E.

| East.
sa | Bet. S. E. & S.

South.
es SS. E.
199 | North.

5 S. w.

Force.

eins Ratio of Resultant

oo 55 | Bet.N.W.& W.

| Calm or var.

M N O C

o en Number of days.

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Summer 99 20 50 11 59 25 65 37 139 14 50 13 76 39 110 49 23 N.78°48' W..08
Autumn 40 21 28 11 9 10 13 6 9 2 12 3 6 3 26 10 4 N.28 0 E.? .35}

386 107

2 Port Cla

rence and Kotzebue Sound

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Summer 30 7 0 0 19 0 0 0
Autumn 2 7 2 7 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0
6 0 0 0 2 0

0 0.0 N.30 44 E.?'.76
4 055 N.20 23 E. 20

56 80

(Nos. 3 to 9.)

Northern British America. Observed at the following places, viz. :Fort Anderson, by R. McFarlane, from May, 1863, to April, 1864, inclusive. Fort Confidence, Great Bear Lake, by Richardson, from October, 1848, to April, 1849, inclusive.

Fort Franklin, Great Bear Lake, by Franklin and Richardson, from September 11th, 1825, to May 16th, 1827, with the exception of June, 1826, and part of July and September.

Fort Hope, Repulse Bay, by Rae, from September, 1846, to August, 1847, inclusive, and during the year 1854.

Fort McPherson, by Andrew Flett, for ten months, from February to November, 1863.

Igloolik and vicinity, by Parry, from August 13th, 1822, to August 12th, 1823, viz., 317 days at Igloolik, 9 days along the northeast coast of the peninsula, 28 days in the Strait of Fury and Heckla (lat. 69° to 70°, long. 82° to 86° W.), and the remaining 11 days off the west entrance of the same.

Winter Island and vicinity, by Parry, from August 1st, 1821, to July 31st, 1822, viz., 269 days at the island, 65 days in various bays and straits within 100 miles of it, 6 days in the upper part of Hudson's Strait, and the remaining 25 days off the northeast coast of Melville Peninsula.

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