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Though I go bare, take ye no care, I nothing am a-cold;
I stuff my skin so full within, of jolly good ale and old.
I love no roast, but a nut-brown toast, and a crab laid in the fire;
A little bread shall do me stead, much bread I nought desire ;
No frost, no snow, no wind, I trow, can hurt me if I wold,
I am so wrapt, and thoroughly lapt of jolly good ale and old.
Back and side go bare, go bare, both foot and band go cold;
But, belly, God send thee good ale enough, whether it be new or old.


ALPHABET. The origin of writing, or the use of abstract letters, where all profane history must begin, may be dated soon after the dispersion. Sanchoniatho mentions · Isiris,' the brother of Chnaa, who was called the first Phænician, as the inventor of three letters. Cadmus introduced among the Greeks (see Herodotus), A. M. 2549, sixteen Phoenician (Egyptian) characters. Palamides, at the time of the Trojan war, added four, 8, 14, 21, 22: and Simonides, B.C. 500, gave them the remainder, 6, 7, 23, 24. The Hebrew (original) alphabet of twentytwo letters drops the aspirates' Phi' and 'Omega. Aleph (Aur) in ancient Syriac, or the Strangelo dialect, Olaf, the elemental letter, of which the olive is a vegetable emblem, expresses the creative principle, signifying Light. The characters of all the primitive nations varied with their tongues both in number and form, or the design of Provi. dence, which was to prevent a combination in idolatry, would have been directly violated. When the world shall revert again to one speech we may then imagine the extinction of the entire race of Cain, earthquakes, wars, dearth, and pestilence. The first use of “paper-books,” from the bark of the papyrus, or byblos, is attributed by Pliny to Alexander. That instrument of good most probably introduced it among the Greeks. If we can discover the sources' of poetry, music, and geometry, it may be interesting also to look for the foundations of literature.

The opening of the month • Tybi' in the new Egyptian year.

Spenser's Tears of the Muses” is entered by William Ponsonby, * Complaints, containing sundry small poems of the world's vanity,'1590.

The Convention' parliament is dissolved by Charles II. 1660.
The banishing and disabling act against Lord Clarendon, 1667.
Turenne's famous triumph at Mulhausen over the Germans, 1674.
The Old Haymarket Theatre is opened with a French comedy, 1720.
Commodore Keppel takes the African Goree from the French, 1758.
The Romulian year of' ten' months terminates upon this day.

Thou shalt not steal.-Decalogue.

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Fame is the shade of immortality.


MPEY and Crassus triumph before their Consulate, B.C. 71. The ner had closed the ten years' war in Lusitania ; and Crassus the re't of Spartacus at home.

Marcus Lucullus triumphed the same year, nging with him the Thracian colossus of Apollo. Election of the Emperor Pertinar, by birth a Piedmontese, A.D. 192. The successive flights of the tributary Hiong-nou, or Huns, from their storal homes in Mongolia beyond the Caspian to the confines of the ltic was the cause (not the means) of the fall of the Roman EMPIRE. serting their forests before this swarm of Scythians, the Vandals, eves, Alani, and Burgundians (by the generic title of Goths), made eir first irruption westward, under King Radagaisus, the Barbarian of iecklenburg : they passed the Alps, the Po, and the Apennines, beeged Florence (a colony of the triumvirs), and threatened Rome erself, when by a potent victory at Fæsulæ Stilicho dispersed the remant, a loose but headless band, 100,000 strong, which entered Gaul upon the lust day of the year, whose seventeen luxurious provinces they laid desolate unopposed with havoc and flame, from the banks of the Rhine to the foot of the Pyrenæan mountains, A.D. 406.-See 24th Aug.

The acquisition of Sicily from the Goths, 535. Belisarius entered Syracuse in triumph, a city which once embraced two and twenty miles.

The two sons of Boethius are chosen consuls in their non-age, in testimony of the public virtues of that distinguished senator, who is crowned in the Senate House, and saluted “ King of Eloquence,A.D. 521.

The Mediterranean frozen, when travellers passed the Ionian sea, 860.

The Privy Council address letters of reproof to the justices of Middlesex and Surrey respecting the increased abuse of stage plays in and about the city of London. This arose from a complaint made by the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of these civic enormities.'—See 22nd June.

Restoration of the Gregorian calendar in France 10 Nivose, 1805. The epact of the solar beyond the lunar year is 100. 21h. 11. 22".

The muse Thalia presides over pastoral and mirthful numbers. She leans upon a column, and holds the crook and mask of nature. Her dress is short, and free from ornament. See the ninth' Ode of Horace.

It is now middle summer with the natives of the Cape of Good Hope.

I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.

857 ...

O how onlike the chorus of the skies!
O how unlike those shouts of joy, that shake
The whole ethereal! How the concave rings!
To see creation's godlike aim, and end,
So well accomplish'd ! so divinely clos'd !
To see the mighty dramatist's last act
(As meet) in glory rising o'er the rest.
No fancy'd god, a god indeed, descends,
To solve all knots; to strike the moral home.




III. Titus Flavius Vespasianus, A.D. Bishop Egwine, 717. Evesham. Cal.

40, near the Septiconium. Richard, Earl of Clare, 1218. 30.

Sir John Holt, 1642, Thame. Richard, Duke of York, 1460.
John Johnson, 1662, Friends- killed, Wakefield.
bury, in Kent.

Eman. Alvarez, 1582. d. Evora.
John Philips, 1676, Bampton. Eman. de Saa, 1596. d. Arona.
George Wolfgang Knorr, 1705, John Baptist Van Helmont,

1644. d. Holland.

Peter (Abbé) de Vallemont, Theft, or murder, is never 1721. d. Pont-Audemer. heard of amongst the Samojedes ; James Saurin, 1730. d. Hague. being in a manner devoid of Edward Holdsworth, 1747. d. passions, they are strangers to Coleshill. injustice; they have no terms Dr. S. Madden, 1765, d. Ireland. in their language to denote vice James (Chevalier) St. George, and virtue, their extreme simpli- 1765. d. Rome. city has not yet permitted them Paul Whitehead, 1774. d. to form abstract ideas, they are Twickenham. (Wycombe.) wholly guided by pensation, and Elector Leopold Maximilian (of this is perhaps an incontestible

Bavaria), 1777. proof that men naturally love Peter Camillus Almici, 1779. justice, when not blinded by in- Joho Tuberville Needham, 1781. ordinate passions.-Voltaire. d. Brussels.

Dr. John Charles Conrad OelObits of the Lutin Church.

ricks, 1798. Berlin. St. Sabinus, Bp. of Assisium, and Thos. (Baron) Dimsdale, 1800.

his companions, martyrs, 304. Augustus Francis Herbin, 1806. St. Anysia, Martyr at Thessalo- Olaus Tychsen, 1815. Rostock.

nica, 304.

Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.- Decalogue.

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Yet ah! remember, nor the god of wine,
Nor Pythian Phæbus from his inmost shrine,
Nor Dindymene, nor her priests possest,
Can with their sounding cymbals, shake the breast,
Like furious Anger in its gloomy vein,
Which neither temper'd sword, nor raging main,
Nor fire wide-wasting, nor tremendous Jove
Rashing in baleful thonders from above,
Can tame to Fear. Thos sings the poet's lay.


By the table of Petavius the Winter Solstice fell upon this day in the time of Hesiod, according to the marble, B.C. 944, which places the period of Homer thirty-seven years later.

The two illustrious governors of Thebes pursuing their success at Leuctra, invade Laconia at the solstice with fire and sword, and remained there four months, December, B.C.370. The Messenians were restored during this expedition. It was the first hostile step in Lacedæmon since its first establishment by the Dorians, when Hesiod Aourished. We collect that the • Theban' year began with the · Julian' in the month Boucation.-Alexander passed the Hellespont in the spring, B.C. 334, and having opened the gates of Asia at Granicus, we find him now reposing at Halicarnassus, which be reduced by storm. The restitution of the Carian queen (widow of Idrieus), expelled four years before by their brother Pixodarus, was a deed that became the youth of Pella. Artemisia, the sister and predecessor of this princess, erected the famous Mausoleum, and established eulogistic prizes to her husband's memory.

Titus. The destruction of Herod's temple took place ' upon’ the year of the thirty-first jubilee from the death of Moses. See 7th September.

The society of the Jesuits is founded (now abolished), 1535.
Henry VIII. signs his last testament before 11 witnesses, 1546.
The first. Concert' is given at Whitefriars by John Banister, 1672.
The fall of Carlisle to the valiant Duke of Cumberland, 1745.

Vesta. Her temple fell at the great conflagration in the reign of Commodus, A.D. 191. Theodosius, who made Christianity the palladium of his empire, at length scattered the matronal embers. This sanctity originated with a finer sentiment than mere superstition; but the ritual became contaminated, and the vast Good as the world increased in dotage was lost sight of by the soul, and smelted into Mammon.

Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou sbalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, por his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.-X Commandments :—Exodus xx.

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