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benefit; redeem your brother from the angry law; Isab. I thank you for this comfort : Fare you well, do no stain to your own gracious person; and good father.

(Exeunt severally. much please the absent duke, if, peradventure, he shall ever return to have hearing of this business. SCENE II. - The Street before the Prison.

Isab. Let me hear you speak further; I have spirit to do any thing that appears not foul in the Enter Duke, as a Friar ; to him Elbow, Clown, truth of my spirit.

and Officers. Duke. Virtue is bold, and goodness never fear

Elb. Nay, if there be no remedy of it, but that ful. Have you not heard speak of Mariana the you will needs buy and sell men and women like sister of Frederick, the great soldier, who miscar- beasts, we shall have all the world drink brown and ried at sea ?

white bastard. 3 Isab. I have heard of the lady, and good words Duke. O, heavens! what stuff is here? went with her name.

Clo. 'Twas never merry world, since, of two Duke. Her should this Angelo have married; was usuries, the merriest was put down, and the worser affianced to her by oath, and the nuptial appointed : allow'd by order of law a furr'd gown to keep him between which time of the contract, and limit of warm ; and furr'd with fox and lamb skins too, to the solemnity, her brother Frederick was wrecked signify, that craft, being richer than innocency, at sea, having in that perish'd vessel the dowry of stands for the facing. his sister. But mark, how heavily this befel to the Elb. Come your way, sir ;- - Bless

you, good poor gentlewoman: there she lost a noble and re- father friar. nowned brother, in his love toward her ever most

Duke. And you, good brother father : What kind and natural ; with him the portion and sinew offence hath this man made you, sir ? of her fortune, her marriage-dowry; with both, her Elb. Marry, sir, he hath offended the law; and, combinate 1 husband, this well seeming Angelo. sir, we take him to be a thief too, sir: for we have

Isab. Can this be so ? Did Angelo so leave her? found upon him, sir, a strange pick-lock, which we

Duke. Left her in her tears, and dry'd not one of have sent to the deputy. them with his comfort ; swallowed his vows whole,

Duke. Fye, sirrah. pretending in her discoveries of dishonour : in few, Take him to prison, officer ; bestowed her on her own lamentation, which she Correction and instruction must both work, yet wears for his sake; and he, a marble to her tears, Ere this rude beast will profit. is washed with them, but relents not.

Elb. He must before the deputy, sir ; he has Isab. What a merit were it in death, to take this given him warning. poor maid from the world! What corruption in this

Duke. That we were all, as some would seem to be, life, that it will let this man live ! - but how out of Free from our faults, as faults from seeming free! this can she avail ? Duke. It is a rupture that you may easily heal :

Enter Lucio. and the cure of it not only saves your brother, but

Elb. His neck will come to your waist, a cord, sir. keeps you from dishonour in doing it.

Clo. I spy comfort; I cry bail: Here's a gentleIsab. Show me how, good father.

man, and a friend of mine. Duke. This fore-named maid hath yet in her the

Lucio. How, now, noble Pompey? What, at the continuance of her first affection; his unjust un- heels of Cæsar? Art thou led in triumph ? Art kindness, that in all reason should have quenched going to prison, Pompey ? her love, hath, like an impediment in the current,

Clo. Yes, faith, sir. made it more violent and unruly. Go you to Angelo;

Lucio. Why, 'tis not amiss, Pompey: Farewell : answer his requiring with a plausible obedience; Go; say, I sent thee thither. agree with his demands to the point : only refer

Clo. I hope, sir, your good worship will be my bail. yourself to this advantage, — first, that your stay

Lucio. No, indeed, will I not, Pompey; it is not with him may not be long ; that the time may have the wear. I will pray, Pompey, to increase your all shadow and silence in it; and the place answer bondage: if you take it not patiently, why your to convenience : this being granted in course, now mettle is the more: Adieu, trusty Pompey. — Bless follows all. We shall advise this wronged maid to

you,

friar. stead up your appointment, go in your place; if the Duke. And you. encounter acknowledge itself hereafter, it may

Lucio. Does Bridget paint still, Pompey? Ha? compel him to her recompense : and here, by this,

Elb. Come your ways, sir ; come. is your brother saved, your honour untainted, the

Clo. You will not bail me then, sir ? poor Mariana advantaged, and the corrupt deputy

Lucio. Then, Pompey? nor now

- What news scaled. 2 The maid will I frame, and make fit for

abroad, friar? What news? his attempt. If you think well to carry this as you

Ell. Come your ways, sir ; come. may, the doubleness of the benefit defends the deceit

Lucio. Go, to kennel, Pompey, go: from reproof. What think you of it?

(Ereunt Elbow, Clown, and Officers. Isab. The image of it gives me content already; and what news, friar, of the duke ? I trust it will grow to a most prosperous perfection.

Duke. I know none : Can you tell me of any ? Duke. It lies much in your holding up: Haste

Lucio. Some say, he is with the emperor of you speedily to Angelo; if for this night he entreat Russia ; other some, he is in Rome : But where is you to his bed, give him promise of satisfaction. I

he, think you ? will presently to St. Luke's; there, at the moated

Duke. I know not where : But wheresoever, I grange, resides this dejected Mariana : At that wish him well. place call upon me; and despatch with Angelo, that

Lucio. It was a mad fantastical trick of him, to it may be quickly. 1 Betrothed.

2 Over-reached.

3 A sweet wine,

steal from the state, and usurp the beggary he was we talk of were return'd again: this agent will never born to. Lord Angelo dukes it well in his unpeople the province. Farewell, good friar : I absence; he puts transgression to't.

prythee pray for me. The duke, I say to thee Duke. He does well in't.

again, would eat mutton on Fridays: say, that I Lucio. A little more lenity to wenching would do said so. Farewell.

[Erit. no harm in him : something too crabbed that way, Duke. No might nor greatness in mortality friar.

Can censure 'scape ; back-wounding calumny Duke. It is too general a vice, and severity must The whitest virtue strikes : What king so strong, cure it.

Can tie the gall up in the slanderous tongue ? Lucio. Yes, in good sooth, the vice is of a great But who comes here? kindred; it is well ally'd. Duke. You are pleasant, sir ; and speak apace.

Enter Escalus, Provost, OverDONE, and Officers. Lucio. Why, what a ruthless thing is it in Escal. Go, away with her to prison, Angelo to take away the life of a man thus? Would Over. Good my lord, be good to me; your honour the duke that is absent have done this? He knew is accounted a merciful man: good my lord. the service, and that instructed him to mercy.

Escal. Double and treble admonition, and still Duke. I never heard the absent duke much forfeito in the same kind! This would make mercy detected for women; he was not inclined that way. swear, and play the tyrant. — Away with her to Lucio. O, sir, you are deceived.

prison : Go to; no more words. (Ereunt OVERDONE Duke. 'Tis not possible.

and Officers.] Provost, my brother Angelo will not Lucio. Who? not the duke? yes, your beggar be altered; Claudio must die to-morrow : let him of fifty; - and his use was, to put a ducat in her be furnished with divines, and have all charitable clack-dish 4: the duke had crotchets in him: He preparation : if my brother wrought by my pity, it would be drunk too; that let me inform you. should not be so with him. Duke. You do him wrong, surely.

Prov. So please you, this friar hath been with him, Lucio. Sir, I was an inward of his : a shy fellow and advised him for the entertainment of death. was the duke: and I believe I know the cause of

Escal. Good even, good father. his withdrawing.

Duke. Bliss and goodness on you ! Duke. What, I prythee, might be the cause ? Escal. Of whence are you?

Lucio. No, — pardon ; — 'tis a secret must be Duke. Notof this country, though my chance is now lock'd within the teeth and the lips : but this I can To use it for my time: I am a brother let you understand, — The greater file of the sub-Of gracious order, late come from the see, ject held the duke to be wise.

In special business from his holiness. Duke. Wise? why, no question but he was. Escal. What news abroad i' the world ?

Lucio. A very superficial, ignorant, unweighing Duke. None, but that there is so great a fever on fellow.

goodness that the dissolution of it must cure it: Duke. Either this is envy in you, folly, or mis- novelty is only in request; and it is as dangerous taking ; the very stream of his life, and the business to be aged in any kind of course, as it is virtuous to he hath helmed, must, upon a warranted need, give be constant in any undertaking. There is scarce him a better proclamation. Let him be but testi- truth enough alive, to make societies secure; but monied in his own bringings forth, and he shall security enough, to make fellowships accurs'd: much appear to the envious, a scholar, a statesman, and a upon this riddle runs the wisdom of the world. soldier : Therefore, you speak unskilfully; or, if | This news is old enough, yet it is every day's news. your knowledge be more, it is much darken’d in I pray you, sir, of what disposition was the duke ?

Escal. One, that, above all other strifes, conLucio. Sir, I know him, and I love him.

tended especially to know himself. Duke. Love talks with better knowledge, and

Duke. What pleasure was he given to ? knowledge with dearer love.

Escal. Rather rejoicing to see another merry, Lucio. Come, sir, I know what I know.

than merry at any thing which profess'd to make Duke. I can hardly believe that, since you know him rejoice: a gentleman of all temperance. But not what you speak. But, if ever the duke return, leave we him to his events, with a prayer they may (as our prayers are he may,) let me desire you to

prove prosperous: and let me desire to know how make your answer before him: If it be honest you you find Claudio prepared. I am made to underhave spoke, you have courage to maintain it: I am stand, that you have lent him visitation. bound to call upon you; and, I pray you, your name? Duke. He professes to have received no sinister Lucio. Sir, my name is Lucio, well known to

measure from his judge, but most willingly humbles the duke.

himself to the determination of justice : yet had he Duke. He shall know you better, sir, if I may framed to himself, by the instruction of his frailty, live to report you.

many deceiving promises of life; which I, by my Lucio. I fear you not.

good leisure, have discredited to him, and now is he Duke. O, you hope the duke will return no more ; resolved to die. or you imagine me too unhurtful an opposite. But,

Escal. You have paid the heavens your function, indeed, I can do you little barm : you'll forswear and the prisoner the very debt of your calling. I this again.

have labour'd for the poor gentleman, to the Lucio. I'll be hanged first : thou art deceived in extremest shore of my modesty ; but my brother me, friar. But no more of this : 1 would the duke justice have I found so severe, that he hath forced 4 Clack-dish : The beggars, two or three centuries ago, used

me to tell him, he is indeed - justice. t) proclaim their want by a wooden dish with a moveable Duke. If his own life answer the straitness of his cover, which they clacked, to show that their vessel was empty. 5 Guided.

6 Transgress.

your malice.

you well.

proceeding, it shall become him well; wherein, if | Twice treble shame on Angelo,
he chance to fail, he hath sentenced himself. To weed my vice, and let his grow!
Escal. I am going to visit the prisoner : Fare 0, what may man within him hide,

Though angel on the outward side!
Duke. Peace be with you!

How may likeness, made in crimes, [Ereunt Escalus and Provost. Making practice on the times, He, who the sword of heaven would bear,

Draw with idle spiders' strings Should be as holy as severe;

Most pond'rous and substantial things ! Pattern in himself to know,

Craft against vice I must apply: Grace to stand, and virtue go;

With Angelo to-night shall lie More nor less to others paying,

His old betrothed, but despis'd; Than by self-offences weighing.

So disguise shall, by the disguis'd, Shame to him, whose cruel striking

Pay with falsehood false exacting, Kills for faults of his own liking!

And perform an old contracting.

[Erit.

ACT IV.

way?

SCENE I. - A Room in Mariana's House. Duke. But shall you on your knowledge find this Mariana discovered sitting; a Boy singing. Isab. I have ta'en a due and wary note upon't; SONG.

With whispering and most guilty diligence,

In action all of precept, he did show me
Take, oh take those lips away,

The way twice o'er.
That so sweetly were forsworn ;

Duke.

Are there no other tokens And those eyes, the break of day,

Between you 'greed, concerning her observance ? Lights that do mislead the morn :

Isab. No, none, but only a repair i' the dark ; But my kisses bring again,

And that I have possess'd him, my most stay

bring again, Can be but brief: for I have made him know, Seals of love, but seaľd in vain,

I have a servant comes with me along, seald in vain.

That stays upon me; whose persuasion is, Mari. Break off thy song, and haste thee quick I come about my brother. away ;

Duke.

'Tis well borne up. Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice I have not yet made known to Mariana Hath often still’d my brawling discontent.

A word of this : What ho! within ! come forth !

[Exit Boy.
Enter Duke.

Re-enter Mariana.
I cry you mercy, sir; and well could wish I pray you, be acquainted with this maid ;
You had not found me here so musical :

She comes to do you good.
Let me excuse me, and believe me so, -

Isab.

I do desire the like. My mirth it much displeas'd, but pleas'd my woe.

Duke. Do you persuade yourself that I respect you? Duke. 'Tis good : though music oft hath such a

Mari. Good friar, I know you do; and have charm,

found it. To make bad good, and good provoke to harm.

Duke. Take then this your companion by the hand, I pray you, tell me, hath any body enquired for me

Who hath a story ready for your ear : here to-day? much upon this time have I promis'd I shall attend your leisure ; but make haste; here to meet.

The vaporous night approaches. Mari. You have not been inquired after : I have

Mari.

Will't please you walk aside ? sat here all day.

[Exeunt MARIANA and ISABELLA.

Duke. O place and greatness, millions of false eyes Enter ISABELLA.

Are stuck upon thee! volumes of report Duke. I do constantly believe you : The time Run with these false and most contrarious quests 9 is come, even now. I shall crave your forbearance Upon thy doings ! thousand 'scapes of wit a little : may be, I will call upon you anon, for Make thee the father of their idle dream, some advantage to yourself.

And rack thee in their fancies ! - Welcome! How Mari. I am always bound to you. [Erit.

agreed ? Duke. Very well met, and welcome. What is the news from this gond deputy ?

Re-enter MARIANA, and ISABELLA. Isab. He hath a garden circummur'd7 with brick, Isab. She'll take the enterprise upon her, father, Whose western side is with a vineyard back'd; If And to that vineyard is a planched 8 gate,

Duke.

It is not my consent,
That makes his opening with this bigger key : But my intreaty too.
This other doth command a little door,

Isab.

Little have you to say, Which from the vineyard to the garden leads : When you depart from him, but, soft and low, There have I made my promise to call on him, Remember now my brother. Upon the heavy middle of the night.

Mari.

Fear me not.

you advise it.

7 Walled round

8 Planked, wooden

Inquisitions, inquiries.

1 Sallies.

Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not at all : shall find me yare 6 : for truly, sir, for your kindness, He is your husband on a pre-contract :

I owe you a good turn. To bring you thus together, 'tis no sin ;

Prov. Call hither Barnardine and Claudio : Sith that the justice of your title to him

[Ereunt Clown and Abhorson. Doth flourish the deceit. Come, let us go; One has my pity; not a jot the other, Our corn's to reap, for yet our tithe's s to sow. Being a murderer, though he were my brother.

(Exeunt.

Enter CLAUDIO.
SCENE II. — A Room in the Prison.

Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, for thy death :
Enter Provost and Clown.

'Tis now dead midnight, and by eight to-morrow

Thou must be made immortal. Where's Barnardine? Prov. Come hither, sirrah : Can you cut off a

Claud. As fast lock'd up in sleep, as guiltless man's head ?

labour Clo. If the man be a batchelor, sir, I can : but if When it lies starkly in the traveller's bones : he be a married man, he is his wife's head, and I can He will not wake. never cut off a woman's head.

Prov.

Who can do good on bim? Prov. Come, sir, leave me your snatches, and Well, go, prepare yourself. But hark, what noise ? yield me a direct answer. To-morrow morning are

[Knocking within. to die Claudio and Barnardine: here is in our pri- Heaven give your spirits comfort ! [Exit Claudio. son a common executioner, who in his office lacks

By and by : a helper : if you will take it on you to assist him,

I hope it is some pardon or reprieve, it shall redeem you from your gyves *; if not, you For the most gentle Claudio. — Welcome, father. shall have your full time of imprisonment, and your deliverance with an unpitied whipping.

Enter Duke. Clo. Sir, I will be content to be a lawful hangman. Duke. The best and wholsomest spirits of the night I would be glad to receive some instruction from my Envelope you, good provost! Who call'd here of fellow-partner.

late? Prov. What ho, Abhorson! Where's Abhorson, Prov. None, since the curfew rung. there?

Duke.

Not Isabel? Enter ABHORSON.

Prov. No. Abhor. Do you call, sir ?

Duke. They will then, ere't be long. Prov. Sirrah, here's a fellow will help you to- Prov. What comfort is for Claudio ? morrow in your execution : If you think it meet,

Duke.

There's some in hope. compound with him by the year, and let him abide Prov. It is a bitter deputy. here with you ? if not, use him for the present, and Duke. Not so, not so ; his life is parallel'd dismiss him.

Even with the stroke and line of his great justice ; Abhor. Fye upon him, he will discredit our mys- He doth with holy abstinence subdue tery.

That in himself, which he spurs on his power Prov. Go to, sir ; you weigh equally; a feather To qualify in others : were he meal'd ? will turn the scale.

[Erit. With that which he corrects, then were he tyrannous; Clo. Pray, sir, by your good favour, (for, surely, But this being so, he's just. Now are they come. sir, a good favour you have, but that you have a

[Knocking within. — Provost goes out. hanging look,) do you call, sir, your occupation a This is a gentle provost : Seldom, when mystery?

The steel'd gaoler is the friend of men. Abhor. Ay, sir ; a mystery.

How now ? what noise ? That spirit's possess'd with Clo. Painting, sir, I have heard say, is a mystery,

haste, but what mystery there should be in hanging, if i That wounds the unsisting postern with these strokes. should be hanged, I cannot imagine. Abhor. Sir, it is a mystery.

Provost returns, speaking to one at the door. Clo. Proof,

Prov. There he must stay until the officer Abhor. Every true man's apparel fits your thief: Arise to let him in; he is call'd up. if it be too little for your thief, your true man thinks Duke. Have you no countermand for Claudio yet, it big enough; if it be too big for your thief, your But he must die to-morrow ? thief thinks it little enough: so every true man's Prov.

None, sir, none. apparel fits your thief.

Duke. As near the dawning, provost, as it is,

You shall hear more ere morning.
Re-enter Provost.

Prov.

Happily 8, Prov. Are you agreed ?

You something know; yet, I believe, there comes Clo. Sir, I will serve him; for I do find, your No countermand ; no such example have we: hangman is a penitent trade; he doth often ask for- Besides, upon the very siege 9 of justice, giveness.

Lord Angelo hath to the public ear Prov. You, sirrah, provide your block and your Profess'd the contrary. axe, to-morrow, four o'clock.

Enter a Messenger. Abhor. Come on; I will instruct thee in my trade; follow.

Duke. This is his lordship's man. Clo. I do desire to learn, sir ; and, I hope, if you

Prov. And here comes Claudio's pardon. have occasion to use me for your own turn, you

Mess. My lord hath sent you this note; and by the smallest article of it, neither in time, matter, or if my instructions may be your guide. Let this other circumstance. Good morrow; for, as I take Barnardine be this morning executed, and his head it, it is almost day.

me this further charge, that you swerve not from Gild, or varnish over. 3 Tilth, land prepared for sowing.

6 Ready.

7 Defiled. » Trade,

8 Perhaps.

4 Fetters.

Seat.

borne to Angelo. Prov. I shall obey him. [Exit Messenger. Prov. Angelo hath seen them both, and will disDuke. This is his pardon ; purchas'd by such sin, cover the favour. ?

[ Aside.

Duke. O, death's a great disguiser : and you For which the pardoner himself is in :

may add to it.

Shave the head, and tie the beard ; Hence hath offence his quick celerity,

and say, it was the desire of the penitent to be so When it is borne in high authority :

bared before his death : you know, the course is When vice makes mercy, mercy's so extended, common. If any thing fall to you upon this, more That for the fault's love, is the offender friended. than thanks and good fortune, by the saint whom I Now, sir, what news?

profess, I will plead against it with my life. Prov. I told you : Lord Angelo, belike, thinking Prov. Pardon me, good father ; it is against my me remiss in mine office, awakens me with this un- oath. wonted putting on: methinks, strangely; for he Duke. Were you sworn to the duke, or to the hath not used it before.

deputy ? Duke. Pray you, let's hear.

Prov. To him, and to his substitutes. Prov. [Reads.] Whatsoever you may hear to the Duke. You will think you have made no offence, contrary, let Claudio be executed by four of the clock : if the duke avouch the justice of your dealing ? and, in the afternoon, Barnardine : for my belter Prov. But what likelihood is in that? satisfaction, let me have Claudiu's head sent me by five. Duke. Not

resem

lance, but a certainty. Yet Let this be duly performed : with a thought, that more since I see you fearful, that neither my coat, independs on it than we must yet deliver. Thus fail not tegrity, nor my persuasion, can with ease attempt to do your office, as you will answer it at your peril. you, I will go further than I meant, to pluck all What say you to this, sir?

fears out of you. Look you, sir, here is the hand Duke. What is that Barnardine, who is to be and seal of the duke. You know the character, I executed in the afternoon?

doubt not; and the signet is not strange to you. Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nursed up Prov. I know them both. and bred : one that is a prisoner nine years old.' Duke. The contents of this is the return of the

Duke. How came it, that the absent duke had duke; you shall anon over-read it at your pleasure; not either delivered him to his liberty, or executed where you shall find, within these two days he will him ? I have heard, it was ever his manner to do so. be here. This is a thing that Angelo knows not:

Prov. Ilis friends still wrought reprieves for him : for he this very day receives letters of strange tenor; And, indeed, his fact, till now in the government perchance, of the duke's death : perchance, entering of lord Angelo, came not to an undoubtful proof. into some monastery; but, by chance, nothing of Duke. Is it now apparent ?

what is writ. Look, the unfolding star calls up the Prov. Most manifest, and not denied by himself. shepherd : put not yourself into amazement, how

Duke. Hath he borne himself penitently in prison? these things should be: all difficulties are but easy How seems he to be touch'd ?

when they are known. Call your executioner, and Prov. A man that apprehends death no more, off with Barnardine's head: I will give him a predreadfully, but as a drunken sleep; careless, reck- sent shrift, and advise him for a better place. Yet less, and fearless of what's past, present, or to come; you are amazed ; but this shall absolutely resolve insensible of mortality, and desperately mortal.

you. Come away, it is almost clear dawn. Duke. He wants advice.

[Exeunt. Prov. He will hear none: he hath evermore had the liberty of the prison ; give him leave to escape SCENE III. Another Room in the same. hence, he would not: drunk many times a day, if not many days entirely drunk. We have very

Enler Clown. often awaked him, as if to carry him to execution, Clo. I am as well acquainted here, as I was in and showed him a seeming warrant for it: it hath our house of profession: one would think, it were not moved him at all.

mistress Overdone's own house, for here be many Duke. More of him anon. There is written in of her old customers. your brow, provost, honesty and constancy: if I

Enter ABHORSON, read it not truly, my ancient skill beguiles me; but in the boldness of my cunning, I will lay myself in Abhor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither. hazard. Claudio, whom here you have a warrant

Clo. Master Barnardine! you must rise and be to execute, is no greater forfeit to the law than hang'd, master Barnardine ! Angelo who hath sentenc'd him: To make you Abhor. What, ho, Barnardine! understand this in a manifested effect, I crave but Barnar. (Within.] A plague o' your throats ! four days' respite; for the which you are to do me Who makes that noise there? What are you? both a present and a dangerous courtesy.

Clu. Your friends, sir; the hangmen : You must Prov. Pray, sir, in what?

be so good, sir, to rise and be put to death. Duke. In the delaying death.

Barnar. [Within.] Away, you rogue, away ; I am Prov. Alack ! how may I do it? having the hour sleepy. limited; and an express command, under penalty,

Abhor. Tell him, he must awake, and that quickly to deliver his head in the view of Angelo? I may

too. make my case as Claudio's, to cross this in the

Clo. Pray master Barnardine, awake till you are smallest.

executed, and sleep afterwards. Duke. By the vow of mine order, I warrant you,

Abhur. Go in to him, and fetch him out. 1 Nine years in prison.

2 Countenance.

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