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In this wish and this language, my Lord, I do not merely express my own humble and valueless testimony, but record, feebly and inadequately, the public sentiment. Piety and virtue, in high station, cannot long remain unknown. There are yet truth and justice enough in the world, to acknowledge and record them; and, if there be any to impute what I have here said to the usual servility of dedication, a servility for which I know Your Grace would despise me, and for which, as certainly, I should despise myself, I appeal with confidence to that truth and that justice, and calmly and fearlessly shelter myself under the authority of their known and reiterated testimony.

Under these impressions, my Lord, I presume to tender the following Work to Your Grace; and to avail myself of the opportunity which is thus afforded me, of testifying the respectful deference with which

I have the honour to be,


Your Grace's

Obliged and most obedient Servant,




Sceptics- The plan of the Work-Systems, theories, and contro-

versy rejected— Conclusion

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Sect. I. The Providence of the religion of Greece and Italy - Con.

tradictory powers of Fate and Fortune- Proportional impotence of
the gods- The worst passions and the most crecrable vices mingled
and crcrcised in the divine government --Opinions of the philoso-
phers Learned reteries - Sophistical contentionsThe popular
and philosophical creed equally corrupt. Sect. 11. The divine
administration according to the faith of the Hindu— Lerity,
licence, or malignity of the interposition of the gods Effect on the
character and belief of men. - Sect. II. Views of the divine
economy opened by the Koran— l'erversionsThe celestial mini-
sters Azrael, Israfil, and Gabriel-Wild and extravagant agency
- The wrath and favour of God subservient to the will of Maho-
met-Consequences.- -Sect. iv. Miraculous and ordinary Pro-
vidence of the Gospel The Jew, the Gentile, and the Christian,
equally recognised in the divine government Probation salutary-
The hope of all good men encouraged - Perfect correspondence, as


Sect. 1. The religion of Greece not favourable to piety and virtue-

The vices of the gods promotive of the vices of the people Privi-
leged depravityOpinion of Hume-Zeno EpicurusThe Aca-
demy, its omens, oracles, divination, scepticism, and superstition-
General view of the moral science of Greece and Italy.-

-Sect. II.
Beautiful precepts of Hindu morals--The precept contradicted by
the spirit and temper of the religion--The apathy of abstraction
preferred to the works of virtue --Morality lost in superstition-
Results. Sect. 111. The precepts of the Koran adapted to the


Sect. 1. The manners permitted or sanctioned by the mythology of

Greece and Rome --Homer's goddessesThe condition of the
female sex in Greece, at a subsequent period-Their education,
seclusion, and oppressionThe suspicion and tyranny which they
endured before and after marriageThe reign of courtezans-
Women of SpartaAuxiliary husbands for the good of the state-
The athletic exercises of the ser The nuked dance~ The open

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