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In this wish and this language, my Lord, I do not merely express my own humble and valueless testimony, but record, feebly and inadequately, the public sentiment. Piety and virtue, in high station, cannot long remain unknown. There are yet truth and justice enough in the world, to acknowledge and record them; and, if there be any to impute what I have here said to the usual servility of dedication, a servility for which I know Your Grace would despise me, and for which, as certainly, I should despise myself, I appeal with confidence to that truth and that justice, and calmly and fearlessly shelter myself under the authority of their known and reiterated testimony.

Under these impressions, my Lord, I presume to tender the following Work to Your Grace; and to avail myself of the opportunity which is thus afforded me, of testifying the respectful deference with which

I have the honour to be,


Your Grace's

Obliged and most obedient Servant,


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Sect. 1. The religion of Greece not favourable to piety and virtue—
The vices of the gods promotive of the vices of the people - Privi-
leged depravity-Opinion of Hume-Zeno-Epicurus-The Aca-
demy, its omens, oracles, divination, scepticism, and superstition-
General view of the moral science of Greece and Italy.—Sect. 11.
Beautiful precepts of Hindu morals-The precept contradicted by
the spirit and temper of the religion-The apathy of abstraction
preferred to the works of virtue-Morality lost in superstition—
Results.- -Sect. 111. The precepts of the Koran adapted to the


Sect. 1. The manners permitted or sanctioned by the mythology of
Greece and Rome-Homer's goddesses-The condition of the
female sex in Greece, at a subsequent period-Their education,
seclusion, and oppression-The suspicion and tyranny which they
endured before and after marriage-The reign of courtezans-
Women of Sparta-Auxiliary husbands for the good of the state-
The athletic exercises of the sex-The naked dance-The open


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