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"William May, Dean of St. Paul's, London, and "afterwards also Master of Trinity College in Cam"bridge. 9. Dr. John Taylor, Dean, afterwards 66 Bishop of Lincoln. He was deprived in the begin"ning of Queen Mary's reign, and died soon after. "10. Dr. Simon Hayns, Master of Queen's College "in Cambridge, and Dean of Exeter. 11. Dr. John "Redman, Master of Trinity College in Cambridge, "and Dean of Westminster. 12. Dr. Richard Cox, "Dean of Christ-Church in Oxford, Almoner and Privy Counsellor to King Edward VI. He was de"prived of all his preferments in Queen Mary's reign, "and fled to Frankford; from whence returning in the "reign of Queen Elizabeth, he was consecrated Bishop "of Ely. 13. Mr. Thomas Robinson, Archdeacon of "Leicester.

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"Thus was our excellent liturgy compiled by martyrs "and confessors, together with divers other learned. "Bishops and Divines; and being revised and approved "by the Archbishops, Bishops, and Clergy of both "the provinces of Canterbury and York, was then "confirmed by the King and three estates in Parliament "(A. D. 1548, 2d and 3d of Edward VI. chap. 1.) "who gave it this just encomium, viz. Which at this "time, by the aid of the Holy Ghost, with uniform "agreement is of them concluded, set forth, &c.

"But about the end of the year 1550, or the beginning of 1551, for the removal of some objections, "Archbishop Cranmer proposed to have a new review; "and to this end called in the assistance of Martin "Bucer and Peter Martyr, two foreigners whom he had

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"invited over from the troubles in Germany, who, "not understanding the English tongue, had Latin "versions prepared for them. At this time the sen"tences, exhortation, confession, and absolution, were "added at the beginning of the morning and evening " services (which in the first common-prayer-book "began with the Lord's prayer), and the command"ments at the beginning of the communion-office. "Some rites and ceremonies were also removed, such "as the use of oil in confirmation, the unction of the "sick, prayers for souls departed, both in the commu"nion-office and in that for the burial of the dead: "the invocation of the Holy Ghost in the consecration "of the Eucharist was omitted, and the prayer of "oblation that used to follow it; also the rubrick that "ordered water to be mixed with wine, with several "other less variations. The habits also that were pre"scribed by the former book, were ordered by this to "be laid aside; and lastly, a rubrick was added at the "end of the communion-office to explain the reason of "kneeling at the sacrament. The book thus revised "and altered was again confirmed in Parliament, A.D. But both this and the former act made in 1548 were repealed in the first year of Queen Mary, "as not being agreeable to the Romish superstition " which she was resolved to restore.

1551.

"But upon the accession of Queen Elizabeth, the "act of repeal was reversed; and in order to the restor"ing of the English service, several learned Divines

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were appointed to take another review of King Edward's "liturgies, and to frame from them both a book for the к use of the church of England. The alterations made

"at this time were not many. The habits enjoined by "the first book of King Edward, and forbid by the "second, were now restored. The prayers for the "Queen and Clergy were added at the end of the "litany, &c.

"And in this state the liturgy continued till the first year of King James I. when there were some forms of "thanksgiving added at the end of the litany, and an " addition made to the catechism concerning the sacra"ments.

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"And in this state it continued to the time of King "Charles II. who immediately after his restoration "issued out a commission for another review, dated "March 25, 1661. The principal alterations then "made were, that several lessons in the calendar were "changed for others more proper for the day; the pray"ers upon particular occasions were disjoined from the "litany, and the two prayers to be used in the Ember "weeks, the prayer for the Parliament, that for all "conditions of men, and the general thanksgiving, 66 were added: several of the collects were altered, the "epistles and gospels were taken out of the last trans"lation of the Bible, being read before according to "the old translation: the office of baptism of those of

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riper years, and the forms of prayer to be used at "sea, were added. In a word, the whole liturgy was "then brought to that state in which it now stands, "and was unanimously subscribed by both houses of "convocation of both provinces, on Friday the 20th "of December 1661. And being brought to the House "of Lords the March following, both houses very

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readily passed an act for its establishment; and the "Earl of Clarendon, then high Chancellor of England, "was ordered to return the thanks of the Lords to the "Bishops and Clergy of both provinces for the great "care and industry shewn in the review of it."

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