« AnteriorContinuar »
san'-pa, adv. more, more than, over ; beyond :
wikćemna sanpa nonpa, two more than ten, i. e. twelve ; kitanna saypa, a little more ; sanpa
waste, better. san'-pa-tan-han, adv. from beyond. sanp'-san-pa, adv. red. of sanpa. san-to'-hu, n. a species of grass with a hard
round stalk and strong blade. san-yan', v. a. to whiten, white-wash,--sanwaya. san-yan', adv.
whitish : anpao sayyan hinapa, the dawn appears brightly. sa'-pa, adj. black, ---masapa, nisapa. sap-sa'-pa, adj. red. of sapa. sa'-ta, n. the horizontal stick placed in a tent on
which the kettle is hung. sa-tin', adj. stretched out straight, as in death. sa-tin'-tin, adj. red. of satin. sat-i'-ya-ka-ske, n. that which ties up the sata :
also sata oiyakaśke. sba. See yusba. sba-han', part. ravelled. sba-wa'-han, part. ravelled out. sbu. See kasbu. sbu, adv. sbu se ihan, to fall down with a rush
ing sound, as corn poured out. sbu'-dan, n. a grain, a small piece, a particle. sbu-han', part. crumbling. sbu-sbu', red. of sbu. sbu-wa'-han, part. crumbling, crumbled. sda, n. grease, oil, ointment, salve, etc. sda-ki'-ya, v. a. pos. of sdaya; to grease, anoint,
-sdawakiya, sdaunkiyapi. sda'-o-zu-ha, n. an oil-bag. sda'-ta, adj. slow, feeble : chan sdata, slow at
work ; oie sdata, slow of speech. sda'-te-ca, adj. feeble,-masdateća. sda-ya', v. a. to grease any thing, to anoint,-sda
waya, sdaunyanpi. sda-ya'-o-zu-pi, n. a rifle-gun, so called from
its greased wads. sde'-ća. See kasdeća. sde-ca'-han, part. split of itself. sde-ca'-wa-han, part. split of itself. sdi, adj. tapering. sdi, v. a. to hiss, as wet wood on the fire, a
snake, etc. See nasdi. sdim, cont. of sdipa ; sdim iyeya. sdim-ki'-ya, v. a. to cause to lick,--sdimwakiya. sdim-ya', v. a. See sdimkiya. sdi'-pa, v. a. to lick, lick up any thing, -wasdipa,
unsdipapi. sdi-sdi', v. red. of sdi. sdi-sdi'-pa, v. red. of sdipa. sdi-sdi'-ya, adv. red. of sdiya; sdisdiya apa, to strike with a switching sound.
sdi-tka', adj. tapering; rounded off. sdi-tka'tka, adj. red. of sditka; knobbed, having
knobs or grooves running round. sdi-ya', adv. hissing. sdo, adj. soft, as grease when partly melted. sdo-ća', v. n. to know. See sdonya. sdo-han', v. n. crawl,—wasdohaŋ, uŋsdo
hanpi. sdo-han'-han, v. red. of sdoban; to crawl along,
as in getting near ducks : sdohanhan ikpaya
mda, I go creeping along. sdon-ki'-ya, v. pos. of sdonya; to know one's
own, --sdon wakiya, sdonunkiyapi. sdon-ki'-ye-ya, v. a.
See sdotkiyeya. sdon-ya', v. a. to know, have knowledge of any
thing or person,-sdonwaya, sdonyaya, sdonun
yanpi, sdonmayan, sdonéiya. sdon-ye'-ki-ya, v. a. to cause to know,-sdon
yewakiya, sdonyeunkiyapi. sdon-ye'-ya, v. a. to cause to know,—sdonye
waya. sdo-sdo'-dan, adj. soft, as grease. sdot-ki'-ya, v. See sdonkiya. sdot-ki'ye-ya, v. a. to cause one to know some
thing that pertains to himself; to alarm, as an enemy or game; to put on one's guard, -sdotki
yewaya. sdot-ya', v. See sdonya. se, a particle, used at the end of sentences to give
emphasis to what is said. Perhaps it should be regarded as an impersonal verb, it appears so, it
seems to me so, I thought : hećetu se, so it seems. se, adv. like, as though. se'-ća, adv. as though, seemingly, I thought so. se-će'-ća, adv. it seems as, as if it was. se'-ce-ći-kon, adv. I had thought so. se'-e-ce-ća, adv. as if it was, it seems as if. se'-ksen, adv. like. sen-ya', adv. like, as though. sen-ya'-ken, adv.
as though, like. se'-wa-can-mi, v. I think it is so. This form
is used when speaking of something that is not
distinctly recollected. se-wi'-mna, adj. rancid, as fat that has stood
long. se-ya', adv. like as. se-ya'-ken, adv. like as. si-can', n. the outside of the thigh. si-can'-o-pi-ye, n. of sićan; a side pocket, as in
one's pantaloons or coat ; any pocket. si-ca'-psan, v. to shake the foot,-siwakapsan. si-co'-co-dan, adj. red. of sicodaŋ. si-co'-dan, adj. bare-footed. See sibokadaŋ. si-co'-gan, n. the calf of the leg. si-co'-ġin, n. Same as sićoğan.
si-co'-ka-dan, adj. bare-footed,-sićomakadan. si-co'-ka-ka-day, adj. red. of sićokadan. si-ću', n. the sole or bottom of any thing : siću wa
nića, without a bottom, bottomless, unfathomable. si-ću'-ha, n. the sole of the foot. si-cu'-psan-psan, v. n. to wag the tail, as a
dog. si-ću'-ta, adv. at the bottom or lower part of any
thing si-cu'-ton. See asićuton. si-ha', n. the foot, feet of man; the feet of ani
mals, but especially the hind feet, the fore feet
being 'nape,'—misiha, nisiha, unsihapi. si-Ha'-pe, n. the hollow of the foot. si-i'-na-taŋ, n. stirrups ; pantaloon straps. si-i'-pu-sin, n. the ball of the foot. si-i'-ta-ka-ha, n. the top of the foot, the instep. si-i-yu'ta, n. a foot measure. si-i'-yu-tan, n. stirrups. sin-wa'-pa-ki-ya, v. to paddle a canoe by one
self, as in hunting muskrats,-sinwapawakiya. sin-kpe', n. the muskrat, Mus zibethicus. sin-kpe'-i-ca-pe, n.
a muskrat spear. sin-kpe'-i-cu-wa, n. spears, traps, axes, etc.;
any thing used in killing muskrats. sin-kpe'-ta-wo-te, n. calamus, sweetflag, the
dcorus calamus. sin-sin', adj. besmeared, slimed, as with fish ; dried
on, glued or glazed over. sin-te', n. the tail of an animal. sin-te'-kda, n. the tail-rattler, i. e. the rattle
snake. sin-te'-sa-pe-dan, n. a species of goat or ante
lope having a black tail, which is found on the
Missouri. sin-te'-ska, n. white-tail ; deer, rabbits, etc., are
sometimes so called. sin-te'-śda, n. the opossum ; rats. sin-to'-mni, adv. See sitomni. sin-ton'-pa-hu, n. the tail bone. sin-tpe', n. the muskrat. Same as sinkpe. sin-tpe'-ta-wo-te, n. Same as sinkpetawote. si-pa', n. the toes, the end of the big toe. si-pa'-hun-ke, n. the great toe. si-pa'-ksi-ze, n. the lower part of the leg of
animals. si-pin'-kpa, n. the toes; the joints of the foot. si-pin'-tpa, n. Same as sipinkpa. si-pu'-te, n. the breech or lower part of a gun
stock, the end of the pahu; the screw in the end
of the barrel, the breech-screw. si-san'-ni, n. one foot, the foot on one side. si-sin', n. Mr. Renville considers this word syno
nymous with wiwi, a swamp, and as the source whence the Sisitonwans derived their name.
Si-si'-ton-wan, n. p. a band of the Dakotas
living at Swan Lake, Little Rock, at the Two Woods on the Coteau, and at Lake Traverse.
They probably number about three thousand. si-sa'-ste, n. the little toe of animals and man. si-to'-mni, adv. all over, throughout. si-to'-mni-yan, adv. all over. si-ton'-pa-hu, n. the tail bone. See sintonpahu. si-ye'-te, n. the heel. . si-yo'-zaŋ, n. between the toes. si-yu'-kan, n. the tendon of the heel. si-yu'-kan-sa-sa-daŋ, n. a bird having slender
reddish legs ; the pehankadan. si-yu'-ka-za, n. the toes. ska, adj. white; clear, as, mini ska, clear water :
clean, new, as, bin ska, new hair ; taku ska,
nothing. skad, cont. of skaday; taku skad. ska'-dan, adj. dim. of ska; white : taku skadan,
nothing : Skadan-ti, a common name for Traverse des Sioux, Skadan having been the Dakota name of Mons. Provençalle, an early trader in
that place. skan, v. n. to dissolve, disappear, melt away, as
snow: wa skan. skan'-yan, v. n. to melt, thaw. ska-ska', v. red. of ska. ska-ska'-dan, n. white beads. ska-ya', v. a. to whiten, make any thing white. ska'-ya, adv. white; wa skaya wanka, the snow
lies white. skem, cont. of skepa. skem-ya', v. a. to draw all out, as a fluid, to
exhaust,--skemwaya. ske'-pa, v. n.
to leak out slowly, escape, pass away by evaporation, as fluids. ske-ske'-pa, v. red. of skepa. ski'-ća. See kaskića. ski-ca'-han, part. pressed down, close. ski-ca'-wa-han, part. pressed. ski-ska', n. the wood-duck. ski-ski'-ća, red. of skića. ski-ski'-ća-han, part. all pressed together. ski-ski'-ća-wa-han, part. pressed together. ski-ski'-ta, red. of skita. See yuskiskita. ski-ski'-ta, n. a strip of land pressed or hemmed
in, an isthmus. ski'-ta, adj. tied, bound, fastened, as a child on a
board. See yuskita. sku, adj. broken out a little. See basku. sku-mna', adj. sourish; savory. sku-sku', red. of sku; shaved off : pa skusku. sku-sku'-ya, adj. red. of skuya. sku'-ya, adj. sweet ; sour ; salt. The radical
idea may be that of having taste or savor.
sku'-ye-ya, v. a. to make salt, give taste to,
skuyewaya, skuyeunyanpi. smag, cont. of smaka. smag-smag'-ya, adv. red. of smagya. smag-ya', adv.
indented, concave : smagya wanka. smag-ya'-ken, adv. indented. sma'-ka, adj. hollow, concave. sma'-ka, n. a hollow, a sunken place. See osma
ka. smi, adj. See smismi. smin. See basmin. smi-smi', adj. clear of limbs, as a tree, stripped. smi-wa'-han, part. fallen off bare. smi'-yan. See smiyayyay. smi-yan'-yan, or sminyanyan, adj. clean,
nothing extraneous sticking to, bare, smooth, as a worn blanket : tan smiyanyanna, alone, having no
relatives. sna, v. n. to ring. See kasna. sna-han', part. ringing, rustling; as leaves fall
ing in autumn. sna-han'-han, red. of snahan; falling off, rus
tling. sna-sna', red. of sna; to ring, rattle. sna-sna'-na, adj. bare, as a tree when its leaves
have all fallen off. sna-sna'-wa-han, part. red. of snawahan. sna-wa'-han, part. ringing, rattling. sni, adj. cold, as the weather, or as ice; gone
out, as a fire: peta sni, the fire is out; sni kaeś,
although it is cold. sni-sni', adj. red. of sni; han snisni, cold nights. sni'-ya-ho-ta, v. n. to take cold, draw in the
cold by breathing,-snimdahota, snidahota, snjun
yahotapi. sni-yan', v. sniyan uya, to become cold, grow cold,
said of the weather changing to cold. so. See soso. sok-so'-ta, adj. red. of sota : iśta soksota, clear eyes.
This word is used in reference to the clear blue eyes
of some children. son, cont. of sota; son iyeya. gon-ki'-ya, v. a. to use up or destroy for one, as
to burn up fence rails or wood for one,-sonwa
kiya, sonmakiya. son-ya', adv. of sota; sonya iyaya, to become a
little whitish or clouded. son, v. a. to plait or braid, as hair ; to braid, as
corn in strings,—wason, unsonpi. son'-pi, n. braids, strings of corn. So-so', v. a. to cut into strings, as a hide,—waso
so, unsosopi : cante masosopi seća, it seems as if my heart was cut into strings, i. e. I am greatly afflicted.
so'ta, adj. clear, but not perfectly so; slightly
clouded, but not turbid; of a milky whitish appearance ; sky-colored : Wakpa minisota, the Minnesota River; Mde minisota, Clear Lake :
used up. See kasota, yusota, etc. so-tka'-zi, adj. smoked, as an old tent. span, adj. soft, as melting snow. span, v. n. to become soft, melt, as snow:
span. span-yan', v. a. to cause to thaw, as snow,
span waya. spa-spa'-ya, red. of spaya. spa'-ya, v. n. to be wet, as clothes, wet with
water, moist, damp,-maspaya, unspayapi : to sink
in water, to drown : spaya iyaya. spa'-ye-ya, v. a. to wet, cause to be wet or moist,
-spayewaya. spe'-ya, v. a. to sink, make sink. See aspeva. stag, cont. of staka. stag-ya', v. a. to make feeble,-stagwaya. stag-ya', adv. feebly, languidly. stag-ya'-ken, adv. feebly : stagyaken waun. sta'-ka, adj. feeble, languid, without appetite,
weary, not able to walk,-mastaka. stan, adj. moist, wet. See pastan. stan, adj. purple, grape-colored : sa stay, dark
red; ha stay, dark complexioned. stan'-ka, adj. purple. See stan. stan-ka', adj. moist. sto, adj. smooth, lying smooth, as hair. See
kasto. sto'-dan, adj. small and neat,-mastodaŋ. sto-sto', adj. red. of sto; smooth, lying flat. sto-ya', v. a. to make smooth, smooth down,
stowaya. sto-ya', adv. smoothly. sto-ya'-ken, adv. smoothly. stu-sta', adj. tired, weary, unable to move,-ma
stusta, stu-ste'-ya, v. a. to cause fatigue, to weary,
stustewaya. su, n. the seed of any thing, grain ; bullets :
su wanżidaŋ, a bullet ; mazasu, lead. su, adj. good. Probably obsolete. See yasu and
suya. su-ći'-kći-ka-dan, n. shot. su-ći'-kći-ka-dan-se-ca, n. pepper, allspice. su-ka'-za, n. a grain of any thing, a particle,
one, the smallest part. Hence, napsukaza, the
fingers. su-ksu'-ta, adj. red. of suta. su-ma'-ni-ca, n. any kind of wood that has be
come dead and very hard. sun, n. cont. of sunka; misun, my younger
brother, used in addressing him.
sun, v. to braid. sun'-ka, n. a younger brother either of a man or
Certain cousins are likewise so called, misunka, nisunka. sun-ka'-ki-ći-ya-pi, n. brethren, those related
as brothers,—sunkaunkićiyapi. sun-ka'-ku, n. his or her younger brother. sun-ka'-ya, v. a. to have for younger brother,
sunkawaya, sunkaunyanpi. sun'-ta, n. a stem : canduhupa suŋta, a pipe
stem ; cankasunta, the spinal marrow. su-sbe'-ca, n. the ant-eater, the mosquito-hawk. su-sbe'-ca-ka-ga-pi, n.
See cansusbeća. su-su', n. the testicles : susu elipeya and susu
baśdoka, to castrate. su-ta', adj. hard, not yielding to the touch ; strong,
capable of endurance, -masuta, nisuta, unsutapi :
ćante suta, courageous. su-ta'-ya, adv. firmly, hard. su-ta'-ya-ken, adv. firmly. su-ton', v. n. to ripen, have seed; to be ripe, fit
for use, as corn, etc. su-ya', adv. rightly, well.
s, the twenty-second letter of the Dakota alphabet,
with the sound of sh in English. When marked
thus (s”) its sound is prolonged. sa, adj. red. s'a, v. n. to shout,-was'a, yasa, uns'api. sag-i'-çi-ya, v. reflex. to restrain oneself,--sag
miçiya. s'ag-s'a'-ka, n. corn boiled without hulling. sag-ya', v. See sagiệiya. sa-hdo'-gan, num. adj. eight. sa-hdo'ġan-na, adv. only eight. sa-hdo'-hdo-gan, adv. by eights. s'a'-hin-hda, v. to burst out with a shout. sa'-i-a, v. n. to speak a strange language, -bai
sa-ko'-win, num. adj. seven. sa-ko'-win-na, adv. only seven. sa-ko'-win-win, adv. by sevens. sa'-kpe, num. adj. six. śa'-kpe-day, dim. of sakpe; Little Six, the
name of a Dakota chief at Tintatonwe. śa'-kpe-kpe, adv. by sixes. s'ak-s'a'-ka, n. of s'aka, hard ; corn boiled with
out being hulled. See s'ags'aka. sam-ya', v. a. of sapa; to soil, to defile,-sam
waya. sam-ya', alv. dirtily. say, n. the vagina. san-ke', n. a step-mother; a mother's sister; a
father's other wife. Not in general use. san-ke'-ya, v. a. to have for sanke,—sankewaya. sa'-pa, adj. dirty, defiled, blackened,—maśapa :
nape niśapa, thy hands are dirty. sap-sa'-pa, adj. red. of śapa. sa-sa', adj. red. of sa; red. sa-sa'-ya, v. a.
to dye or paint red,-sasawaya. sa-sa'-ya, adv. redly. sa-ste', n. the little finger : siśaste, the little toe;
the little toe or nail of birds and beasts. sa-ste'-i-yo-ki-he, n. that which is next to the
little finger, the third finger. sa-ya', v. a. to make red, to paint red, -sawaya. . sa-ya', adv. redly. sa-ye'-day, adv. reddish : sayedan nazin. śbe, adj. deep, as water; dense, as foliage; thick
set, as hair. See śma. šbe'-ya, adv. deeply, densely. śbe-ya'ta, adv. in the deep. śbu, v. n. to drop, as water or any other liquid. śbu-śbu', v. red. of śbu. sbu-ya', v. a. to drop or cause to drop, as water,
-śbuwaya, sbuunyanpi. śbu-ya'-pi, n. a drop, drops. śda, adj. bald, bare, naked : nasu sda, bald-headed;
paśdayapi, corn made bald, i. e. hommony. See
kaśda. śda-sda', adj. red, of $da. śda-ya', v. a. to make bare,—_dawaya, śdaun
yanpi. śda-ya', adv. nakedly, without covering. śda-ya'-ta, adv. in an open place. śda-ye'-hna, adv. openly, erposed, in full view,
uncovered, without a house, defenceless : 6dayehna han, standing out, unsheltered ; śdayehna wanka,
to sleep out. śda-ye'-hna-yan, adv. unsheltered. śdi, adj. many. śdi, adv. hissing, fizzing. Said of the noise some
times made by fish in water. śdo, v. n. to fuse, melt, as metals.
sa'-i-a-pi, n. a foreign or unknown language. sa'-ka, adj. easy. See bosaka, kašaka, wasaka
dan. s'a'-ka, adj. strong. See was'aka, yus'aka. s'a'-ka, adj. difficult, hard. See ś’akeća. sa-ke', n. the nails of the fingers and toes ; the
claws of birds and beasts; the hoofs of animals. g'a'-ke-ća, adj. hard to deal with, severe, austere,
-mas'akeća, uns'akapika. sa-ke'-han-ska, n. long-claws, a name given to
the grizzly bear. sa-ki'-ya, v. a. to paint red, to redden, as the Da
kotas do scalps,-sawakiya, saunkiyapi.
a kind of spotted duck. śdo'-ka. See kasdoka. sdo-ka'-han, part. out of place, as an axe-head
off the handle, or an eye out of its socket. sdo-ka'-wa-han, part. Same as śdokahan. śdo-śdo', v. red. of sdo. śdo-śdo', adj. soft, as fat, melted. śdo-śdo'-dan, n. the soft fat parts in an animal. śdo'-śdo-dan, n. the meadow-lark : śdośdodan
kizo, to whistle to the meadow-lark. śdo-ya', v. a. to fuse, melt, or smelt metals,
śdowaya, śdounyaŋpi. śdo-ya'-pi, n. that which is melted : śdoyapiday
and maza śdoyapi, pewter. sdun-ya', v. a. to cause to slip. śdu-sdu'ta, adj. slippery, a sa road; smooth, as
ice, etc. šdu'ta, adj. slipping. See yuśduta, naśduta. se'-ća, adj. dry, dead, as wood, rotten. se-kse'-ća, adj. red, of seća. sen-ya', adv. withered ; dried or drying, season
ing: senya hiyeya. sen-ya', v. a. to make dry, cause to wither,—sen
waya: senya ehnaka, to lay up to season. ši, v. a.
to command, bid ; to ask. This word is always preceded by another verb, as, ećon si, eye
si, etc.,-wasi, yasi, unsipi. si, v. imperat. stop, be still. si, intj. hist! hark ! si'-ca, adj. bad, ugly; bad, wicked,-masića, ni
sića, unsićapi. si-ca'-ho-wa-ya, v. n. scream out, to moan,
—bićahowamda, bićahowada. si-ca'-ki-ho, v. a. to do one's work badly,-sića
wakiko. si-ca'-ya, adv. badly, not well. si-ca'-ya-ken, adv. badly. ši-ce'-ća, n. children, family,—mitasićeća. si'-ce-da, v. a. to esteem as bad, to hate,—šiće
wada, šićeundapi. si'-ce-da-ka, v. to think bad, to hate,-sićewa
daka, sićeyadaka, sibeundakapi, siéećidaka. si'-ce-ki-ći-da-pi, v. recip. hating each other. si'-ce-ki-da, v. pos. of sićeda; to hate one's own,
-šićewakida. ši'-ce-ki-da'-ka, v. pos. of sićedaka; to hate one's
own,-sićewakidaka. si-ci-tan-ka, adj. passionate ; i. q. waćinko,
sićimatanka. si-ci'-ya, v. n. to be angry,—ćićiwaya. si-éi'-ye-ki-ya, v. to mourn for,—šićiyewakiya. si-çe', n. a woman's brother-in-law; a
calls her husband's brother and her sister's husband, sige: sičeću and siçeku, her brother-inlaw.
si-çe'-ku, n. See sice. si-çe'-si, n. a woman's male cousin ; sicesitku,
her male cousin. śi-çe'-si-ya, v. a. to have for or call sicesi,
siçesiwaya. śi-çe'-ya, v. a. to have for siçe,-sičewaya. si-hda', v. n. to be or become angry, take offence
at,-sinwahda, sinyahda, sinunhdapi. In this
word an n is introduced before the pronouns. si-hda'-pi, n. anger, wrath. si-hda'-ya, v. a. to make angry, provoke,šihda
waya, śihdaunyanpi. si-han', v. n. to behave badly,--Śiwahan. si-han'-yan, adv. behaving badly. si'-htin, adj. feeble, stupid, lazy, sick,-masikitin,
unsiltinpi. si-ktin'-ya, v. a. to enfeeble,—šiltinwaya, siltin
mayan. si-Ktin'-yan, adv. feebly. sik-si'-ca, adj. red. of sića. sik-si'-ca-ya, adv. badly. si-na', a blanket, a cloak or shawl, any thing
worn as a blanket. Henok thinks this should be written sin-na, but as A. Renville does not agree
with him, the shorter orthography is preferred. si-na'-a-pa-da-te, n. ribbon, ferret. si-na'-a-pa-da-te-sok-so-ka, n. cotton ferret. si-na'-a-pa-Kda-te-zib-zi-pe-dan, n. silk rib
bon. si-na'-hin-sma, n. (Ihank.) a buffalo robe. si-na'-ho-ta, n. the common white blanket. si-na'-o-pa-pun-ci-stin-na, n. a blanket with a
small border, save list cloth. si-na'-o-pa-pun-bo-ta, n. grey list cloth. si-na'-o-pa-pun-ska, n. white list and stroud, . si-na'-o-pi-ye, n. a bale of blankets. si-na'-sa, n. a red blanket. si-na'to, n.
blue skirt cloth; a blue or green blanket. si-na'-to-zib-zi-pe-dan, n. blue broadcloth. si-na'-wa-to-pe-ki-ya, v. to go by sails, to sail,
- inawatopewakiya. si-na'-wa-to-pe-ki-ya-pi, n. sails. si-na'-zib-zi-pe-dan, n. broadcloth. si-na'-zan-zan, n. a red blanket. sin-ya', adv. badly, sadly. sin-ya'-ken, adv. badly, sadly : bante sinya
ken. śin, n. the fat part of animals, especially fat meat,
as, kukuśe sin, fat pork ; the sappy part of
wood. sin-hda, adj. See sihda. sin-kpan'-ka, n. See sinkpankahu. sin-kpan'-ka-hu, n. the name of a root that, it
is said, grows in low grounds.