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land and Scotland is eighteen thousand tons a and they have Italian and Levant raw silk upor year, which being most clarets, at a moderate so much easier terms than we, besides great computation,would cost in France four hundred quantities of their own in Provence, Languedoc, and fifty thousand pounds.

and other provinces, that in all probability half * IX. As to brandy; since we have laid high the looms in Spitalfields would be laid down, duties upon it, the distilling of spirits from and our ladies be again clothed in French silks. malt and molasses is much improved and in-The loss that would accrue to the nation by so creased, by means of which a good sum of great a mischief, cannot be valued at less than money is yearly saved to the nation ; for very five hundred thousand pounds a year. little brandy hath been imported either from 'To sum up all, if we pay to France yearly Italy, Portugal, or Spain, by reason that our For their wines

£450,000 English spirits are near as good as those coun. For their brandies

70,000 tries' brandies. But as French brandy is for their linen

600,000 esteemed, and is indeed very good, if the ex

For their paper

30,000 traordinary duty on that liqour be taken off, For their silks

500,000 there is no doubt but great quantities will be

£ 1,650,000 imported. We will suppose only three thousand

* And they take from us in lead,
tons a year, wbich will cost Great Britain about
seventy thousand pounds yearly, and prejudice tin, leather, allum, copperas, coals,

200,000 besides the extracts of our own malt spirits.

horo, plates, &c, and plantation goods

to the value of
X. Linen is an article of more consequence
that many people are aware of: Ireland, Scot.

'Great Britain loses by the ba-
land, and several counties in England, bave lance of that trade yearly

$1,450,000 made large steps towards the improvement of that useful manufacture, both in quantity and

' All which is humbly submitted to your quality; and with good encouragement would consideration by, doubtless, in a few years, bring it to perfection,

Sir, your most humble servant,

GENEROSITY THRIFT.' and perhaps make sufficient for our own consumption; which besides employing great pum.

ADVERTISEMENT, bers of people, and improving many acres of land, would save us a good sum of money, For the Protection of Honour, Truth, Virtue, which is yearly laid out abroad in that com

and Innocence. modity. As the case stands at present, it im. Mr. Ironside has ordered his amanuensis to proves daily; but if the duties on French linen prepare for his perusal wbatever he may have be reduced, it is to be feared it will come over gathered, from bis table-talk, or otherwise, so cheap, that our luoms must be laid aside, a volume to be printed in twelves, called, The and six or seven hundred thousand pounds a Art of Defamation discovered.

This piece year be sent over to France for that commodity. is to consist of the true characters of all per

XI. The manufacture of paper is very near sons calumniated by the Examiner; and after akin to that of linen. Since the high duties such characters, the true and only method of laid on foreign paper, and that none bath been sullying them set forth in examples from the imported from France, where it is cheapest, ingenious and artificial author, the said Exathe making of it is increased to such a degree miner. in England, that we import none of the lower N. B. To this will be added the true chasorts from abroad, and make them all our- racters of persons he has commended, with selves; but if the French duties be taken off, observations to show, that panegyric is not undoubtedly most of the mills which are em. that author's talent. ployed in the making of wbite paper, must Jeave off their work, and thirty or forty thou. sand pounds a year be remitted over to France No. 171.] Saturday, September 26, 1713. for that commodity.

Fuit ista quondam in hac republicâ virtus, ut viri fortes 'XII. The last article concerns the silk ma

acrioribns suppliciis civem perniciosum, quàm acerbiszi. nufacture. Since the late French wars, it is mum hostem coercerent.

Cicer, in Catilin. increased to a mighty degree. Spitalfields There was once that virtue in this commonwealth, that

a bad fellow.citizen was thought to deserve a severet cor alone manufactures to the value of two millions

rection than the bitterest enemy. a year, and were daily improving, till the late fears about lowering the French duties. What I have received letters of congratulation pity that so noble a manufacture, so exten- and thanks from several of the most eminent sive, and so beneficial to an infinite number of chocolate-houses and coffee-houses, upon my people, should run the bazard of being ruined! | late gallantry and success in opposing myself It is however to be feared, that if the French to the long swords. One tells me, that whereas can import their wrought silks upon easy terms, his rooms were too little before, now his custhey outdo us so much in cheapness of labour, tomers can saunter up and down from corner

I am

to corner, and table to table, without any let lodgings, they shall, (provided they bring their or molestation. I find I bave likewise cleared swords with them) he furnished with shouldera great many alleys and by-lanes, made the belts, broad hats, red feathers, and halberts, public walks about town more spacious, and and be travsported without farther trouble all the passages about the court and the Ex-into several courts and families of distinction, change more free and open. Several of my where they may eat, and drink, and strut, at female wards bave sent me the kindest billets free cust.' As this project was not communiupon this occasion, in which they tell me, that cated to me for a secret, I thought it might I have saved them some pounds in the year, be for the service of the abovesaid persons to by freeing their furbelows, founces, and boops, divulge it with all convenient speed ; that those from the annoyance both of hilt and point. who are disposed to employ their talents to the A scout whom I sent abroad to observe the best advantage, and to shine in the station of posture, and to pry into the intentions of the life for which they seem to be born, may have enemy, brings me word, that the Terrible club time to adorn their upper lip, by raising a is quite blown up, and that I have totally routed quickset beard there in the form of whiskers, the men that seemed to delight in arms. My that they may pass to all intents and purposes lion, whose jaws are at all hours open to intel- for true Switzers. ligence, informs me, that there are a few enormous weapons still in being; but that they

• INDEFATIGABLE NESTOR, are to be met with only in gaming-houses, and

Give me leave to thank yo'ı, in behalf of some of the obscure retreats of lovers in and myself and my whole family, for the daily diver about Drury-lane and Covent-garden.

sion and improvement we receive from your nighly delighted with an adventure that befell | labours. At the same time I must acquaint my witty antagonist, Tom Swagger, captain of you, that we have all of us taken a mighty the band of long swords. He had the misfor. liking to your lion. His roarings are the joy tune three days ago to fall into company with of my heart, and I have a little boy, not three a master of the noble science of defence, who years old, that talks of nothing else, and wbo, taking Mr. Swagger by his habit, and the 1 hope, will be more afraid of him as he grows airs he gave himself, to be one of the profes- up. That your animal may be kept in good sion, gave him a fair invitation to Mary-le. plight, and not roar for want of prey, I shall, hone, to exercise at the usual weapons. The out of my esteem and affection for you, contricaptain thought this so foul a disgrace to a

bute what I can towards his sustenance; “ Love gentleman, that he slunk away in the greatest me, love my lion," says the proverb. I will not confusion, and has never been seen since at the pretend, at any time, to furnish out a full meal Tilt-yard coffee house, nor in any of bis usual for him; but I shall now and then send bim haunts.

a savory morsel, a tid bit. You must know, As there is nothing made in vain, and as

I am but a kind of holiday writer, and never every plant and every animal, tbonyh never

could find in my heart to set my pen to a work so noisome, bas its use in the creation; so

of above five or six periods long. My friends these men of terror may be disposed of, so as

tell me my performances are little and pretty. to make a figure in the polite world. It was

As they have vo manner of connexion one in this view, that I received a visit last night with the other, I write them upon loose pieces from a person, who pretends to be employed of paper, and throw them into a drawer by here from several foreign princes in negotiating themselves; this drawer I call the lion's pantry. matters of less importance. He tells me, that I give you my word, I put nothing into it but the continual wars in Europe have in a man

what is clean and wholesome nourriture. ner quite drained the cantons of Switzerland | Therefore remember me to the lion, and let of their supernumerary subjects, and that he him know, that I shall always pick and cull forsees there will be a great scarcity of them the pantry for him; and there are morseis in to serve at the entrance of courts, and the it, I can assure you, will make his chaps to palaces of great men.

He is of opinion this water. want may very seasonably be supplied out of 'I am, with the greatest respect, Sir, the great numbers of such gentlemen, as I have

your most obedient servant, given notive of in my paper of the twenty-fifth

and most assiduous reader.' past, and that his design is in a few weeks,

I must ask pardon of Mrs. Dorothy Care, when the town fills, to put out public advertisements to this effect, not questioning but it three weeks without taking the least notice of

hat I have suffered her billet to lie by me these may turn to a good account: ‘That if any it. But I believe the kind waruing in it, to person of good stature and fierce demeanor,

our sex, will not be now too late. as well members of the Terrible club, as others of the like exterior ferocity, whose ambition 'GOOD MR. IRONSIDE, is to cock and look big, without exposing them- I have waited with impatience for that selves to any bodily danger, will repair to his same unicorn you promised should be erected

for the fair sex. My business is, before winter ‘But be the difficulty of the invention as great comes on, to desire you would precaution your as it will, the use of it is manifest, particularly own sex against being Adamites, by exposing in the advantage it has above the method of their bare breasts to the rigour of the season. conveying our thoughts by words or sounds, It was this practice amongst the fellows, which because this way we are coufined to varrow at first encouraged our sex to show so much of limits of place and time: whereas we may their necks. The downy dock-leaves you speak have occasion to correspond with a friend at a of would make good stomachers for the beaux. distance; or a desire,upon a particular occasion, In a word, good Nestor, so long as the men to take the opinion of an honest gentleman take a pride in showing their hairy skins, we wbo has been dead this thousand years. Both may with a much better grace set out our which defects are supplied by the noble inven. snowy chests to view. We are, we own, the tion of letters. By this means we materialize weaker, but at the same time, you must own,

our ideas, and make them as lasting as the much the more beautiful sex.

ink and paper, their vehicles. This making I am, Sir,

our thoughts by art visible to the eye, which 'your humble reader, nature had made intelligible only by the ear, DOROTHY CARE.'

is next to the adding a sixth sense, as it is a

supply in case of the defect of one of the five No. 172.) Monday, September 28, 1713.

nature gave us, namely, hearing, by making

the voice become visible. - Vitam excolnere per artes. Virg. Æ:1. vi. 66%.

• Have any of any school of painters gotten They grac'd their age with new invented arts.


themselves an immortal name, by drawing a "MR. IRONSIDE,

face, or painting a landscape ; by laying down * I have been a long time in expectation of on a piece of canvass a representation only of something from you on the subject of speech what nature had given them originals? What and letters. I believe the world might be as applauses will be merit, who first made bis agreeably entertained on that subject, as with ideas sit to his pencil, and drew to his eye any thing that ever came into the lion's mouth. the picture of his mind! Painting represents For this end I send you the following sketch; the outward man, or the shell; but cannot and am, yours,

reach the inhabitant within, or the very organ • PHILOGRAM. by which the inhabitant is revealed. This art

may reach to represent a face, but cannot Upon taking a view of the several species paint a voice. Kneller can draw the majesty of living creatures our earth is stocked with, of the queen's person; Kneller can draw her we may easily observe, that the lower orders sublime air, and paint her bestowing hand as of them, such as insects and fishes, are wholly fair as the lily: but the historian must inform without a power of making known their wants posterity, that she has one peculiar excellence and calamities. Others, which are conversant above all other mortals, that her ordinary with man, have some few ways of expressing speech is more charming than song. the pleasure and pain they undergo by certain But to drop the comparison of this art with sounds and gestures; but man has articulate any other, let us see the benefit of it in itself. sounds whereby to make know his inward senBy it the English trader may hold commerce timents and affections, though his organs of with the inbabitants of the East or West Inspeech are no other than what he has in com- dies, without the trouble of a journey. Astromon with many other less perfect animals. nomers seated at a distance of the earth's But the use of letters, as significative of these diameter asunder, may confer; what is spoken sounds, is such an additional improvement to and thought at one pole, may be heard and them, that I know not whether we ought not understood at the other. The philosopher to attribute the invention of them to the as. who wished he had a window in his breast, to sistance of a power more than human.

lay open his heart to all the world, might as There is this great difficulty which could easily have revealed the secrets of it this not but attend the first invention of letters, way, and as easily left them to the world, as to wit, that all the world must conspire in wished it. This silent art of speaking by letaffixing steadily the same signs to their sounds, ters, remedies the inconvenience arising from which affixing was at first as arbitrary as pos- distance of time, as well as place; and is much sible ; there being no more connexion between beyond that of the Egyptians, who could prethe letters and the sounds they are expressive serve their mummies for ten centuries. This of, than there is between those sounds and the preserves the works of the immortal part of ideas of the mind they immediately stand for men, so as to make the dead still useful to the Notwithstanding which difficulty, and the living. To this we are beholden for the works variety of languages, the powers of the letters of Demosthenes and Cicero, of Seneca and in each are very nearly the same, being in all Plato ; without it the Iliad of Homer, and places about twenty-four.

Æneid of Virgil, had died with their authors;

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but by this art those excellent men still speak • Our friend Faustinas' country seat I've seen : to us.

No myrtles, plac'd in rows, and idly green,

No widow'd plantain, nor clip'd box-tree, there, “I shall be glad if wbat I have said on this

The useless soil unprofitably share ;
art, gives you any new hints for the more use- But simple natare's haod, with nobler grace,
ful or agreeable application of it.

Diffuses artless beauties o'er the place.
I am, Sir, &c.'

There is certainly something in the amiable I shall conclude this paper with an extract simplicity of upadorned nature that spreads from a poem in praise of the invention of wri- over the mind a more noble sort of tranquillity, ting, ' written by a lady.' I am glad of such a and a loftier sensation of pleasure, that can be quotatior, which is not only another instance raised from the nicer scenes of art. how much the world is obliged to this art, but

This was the taste of the ancients in their also a shining example of what I have bereto-gardens, as we may discover from the descripfore asserted, ibat ihe fair sex are as capable tions extant of them. The two most celebrared as men of the liberal sciences; and indeed wits of the world have each of them left us a there is no very good argument against the particular picture of a garden; wherein those frequent instruction of females of condition great masters, being wholly unconfined, and this way, but that they are but too powerful painting at pleasure, may be thougbt to have without that advantage. The verses of the given a full idea of wbat they esteemed most charming author are as follow:

excellent in this way. These (one may observe)

consist entirely of the useful part of horticul. • Blest be the man ! his memory at least, Who found the art thus to unfold his breast

ture, fruit-trees, berbs, water, &c. The pieces And taught sucecerling times an easy way

I am speaking of, are Virgil's account of the Their secret thoughts by letters to convey;

garden of the old Corycian, and Homer's of To battle absence, and secure delight,

that of Alcinous. The first of these is already Which till that time was limited to sight. The parting farewel spoke, the last a lieu,

known to the English reader, by the excellent The less'ning distance pas:, then loss of view,

versions of Mr. Dryden and Mr. Addison. The The friend was gone which s me kind inoments gave, And absence separated, like the grave.

other having never been attempted in our When for a wife the yonthful patriarch senih.

language with any elegance, and being the The camels, jewels, and the steward went,

most beautiful plan of this sort that can be And wealthy equipage, though yrave and slow, Biit not a line that might the lover show.

imagined, I shall bere present the reader with The ring and bracelets woo'd her hands and arms, a translation of it. But had she known of melting words the charms That under secret seals in ambush lie, To catch the sonl, when drawn into the eye;

The Garden of Alcinous, from Homer's Odyssey, The fair Asyrian had not took his goide,

Book 7.
Nor her soft heart in chains of pearl been tyd.'

Close to the gates a spacious garden lies,
From storms defenderl and inclement skies ;

Four acres was the allotted space of grogod,
No. 173.] Tuesday, September 29, 1713.

Fenc'd with a green inclosure all around.

Tall thriving trees confess the fruitful mould;
Nec rera comantem

The reddining apple ripens here to gold ;
Narcissnm, aut Hexi tacnissem vimen acanthi,

Here the blue fig with luscious jnice o'erflows, Pallentesque heders, et amantes littora myrtor,

With deeper red the full pomegranate glows :

Virg. Georg. iv. 122. The branch here bends beneath the weighty pear, The late narcissas, and the winding trail

And verdant olives Nourish round the year.
Of bear's fout, myrtles green, and ivy pale.

The balmy spirit of the western gale

Eternal breathes on fruits antaught to fail :

Each dropping pear a following pear supplies, I lately took a particular friend of mine to On apples apples, figs on figs arise ; my house in the country, not without some

The same mild reason gives the blooms to blow apprehension that it could afford little enter.

The buds to barden, and the fruits to grow. tainment to a man of his polite taste, particu- Here order'd vines in equal ranks appear Jarly in architecture and gardening, who had

With all the ouitert labours of the year. so long been conversant with all that is beau

Some to unload the fertile branches ran,

Some dry the black’ning cinsters in the sun. tiful and great in either. But it was a plea- Others to tread the liquid harvest join, sant surprise to me, to bear bim often declare,

The groaning presses foam with floods of wine.

Ilere are the vines in early flow'r descry'd, he had found in my little retirement that

Here grapes discolour'd on the sunny side, beauty which he always tbought wanting in And there in Autumu's richest purple dy'd. the most celebrated seats, or, if you will, villas,

Beds of all various herbs for ever green, of the nation. This he described to me in

In beauteous order terminate the scene. those verses, with which Martial begins one of bis epigrams:

Two plenteous fountains the whole prospect crown di

This throngh the gardens leads its streams around, • l'aiana nostri villa, Basse, Faostini,

Visits each plant, and waters all the grond: Non oliosis ordinata myrtetis,

While that in pipes beneath the palace flows, Viduaque platano, tonsilique boxeto,

And thence its current on the town bestowe; Ingrata lati spatia detinet campi;

To various use their various streams they bring, Seil mure veru barbaroque letatur.' Lib, ül. Ep. 58. The peoule one, and one supplies the king.

Sir William Temple has remarked, that this pion flourishing on horseback at one end of description contains all the justest rules and the table, and the queen in perpetual youth provisions wbich can go toward composiog the at the other. best gardens. Its extent was four acres, which For the benefit of all my loving countrymer in those times of simplicity was looked upon of this curious taste, I shall here publisli a caas a large one, even for a prince; it was in-talogue of greens to be disposed of by au emi. closed all round for defence; and for conve- nent town gardener, who has lately applied to niency joined close to tbe gates of the palace. me upon this head. He represents, that for

He mentions next the trees, which were the advancement of a politer sort of ornament standards, and suffered to grow to their full in the villas and gardens adjacent to this great height. The fine description of the fruits that city, and in order to distinguish those places never failed, and the eternal zephyrs, is only from the mere barbarous countries of gross a more noble and poetical way of expressing nature, the world stands much in need of a the continual succession of one fruit after virtuoso gardener who has a turn to sculpture, another, throughout the year.

and is thereby capable of improving upon the The vineyard seems to have been a plantation ancients of his profession in the imagery of distinct from the garden; as also the beds of evergreens. My correspondent is arrived to greens mentioned afterwards at the extremity such persection, that he cuts family pieces of of the inclosure, in the nature and usual place men, women, or children. Any ladies that of our kitchen gardens.

please may have their own effigies in myrtle, The two fountains are disposed very remark. or their husbands' in bornbeam. He is a pu. ably. They rose within the inclosure, and were ritan wag, and never fails when he shows bis brought by conduits, or ducts, one of them to garden, to repeat that passage in the Psalms, water all parts of the gardens, and the other Thy wife shall be as the fruitful vine, and thy underneath the palace into the town for the children as olive branches round thy table.' service of the public.

I shall proceed to his catalogue, as he sent it How contrary to this simplicity is the mo- for my recommendation. dern practice of gardening! We seem to make it our study to recede from nature, not only in ‘Adam and Eve in yew; Adam a little shatthe various tonsure of greens into the most tered by the fall of the tree of knowledge in regular and formal shapes, but even in moise the great storm: Eve and the serpent very strous attempts beyond the reach of the art flourishing, itself. We run into sculpture, and are yet The tower of Babel, not yet finished. better pleased to bave our trees in the most ‘St. George in box; his arm scarce long awkward figures of men and animals, than in enough, but will be in a condition to stick the the most regular of their own.

dragon by next April.

A green dragon of the same, with a tail of * Huc et nexilibus videas è frondibus hortos, Implexos laté muros, et mænja circúnı

ground-ivy for the present. Porrigere, et latas e ramis sorgere torres ;

' N. B. These two not to be sold separately. Deflexam et myrtum in puppes, atque ærea rostra : ' Edward the Black Prince in cypress. In buxisque undare fretum, atque é rore rudentes. Parle alia frondere suis tentoria castris ;

'A laurestine bear in blossom, with a juniper Scutaque spiculaque et jaculantia citria vallos.'

hunter in berries. Here interwoven branches form a wall,

'A pair of giants, stunted, to be sold cheap. And from the living fence greeu turrets rise ;

'A queen Elizabeth in phylyræa, a little There ships of myrtle sail in seas of box;

inclining to the green-sickness, but of full A green encampment youder meets the eye, And loaded citrons bearing shields and spears.


Another queen Elizabeth in myrtle, which I believe it is no wrong observation, that was very forward, but miscarried by being too persons of genius, and those who are most ca. near a savine. pable of art, are always most fond of nature: An old maid of bonour in wormwood. as such are chiefly sensible, that all art con- A topping Ben Jonson in laurel. sists in the imitation and study of nature. On * Divers eminent modern poets in bays, the contrary, people of the common level of somewhat blighted, to be disposed of, a pevnyunderstanding are principally delighted with worth. the little niceties and fantastical operations of 'A quickset hog, shot up into a porcupine, art, and constantly think that finest which is by its being forgot a week in rainy weather. least natural. A citizen is no sooner proprietor 'A lavender pig, with sage growing in his of a couple of yews, but he entertains thoughts belly. of erecting them into giants, like those of Noab's ark in bolly, standing on the mount; Guildhall. I know an eminerft cook, who the ribs a little damaged for want of water. beautified his country seat with a coronation 'A pair of maidenbeads in fir, in great fordinner in greens; where you see the cham- wardness.

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