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V. The country between the Chiufa and the Mincio fhall not be Occupied by either army. The imperial army may procure provisions from a part of the duchy of Mantua. The French arms may procure provilions from a part of the Brescia.

VI. The citadels of Tortona, Alessandria, Milan, Turin, Pizzhigitone, Arona, and Placentia, shall be delivered up to the French army between the 16th and 20th of June.

VII. The citadels of Coni, Ceva, Savona, and the city of Genoa, be tween the 16th and 24th.

VIII. Fort Urbino fhall be given up on the 26th of June.

IX. The artillery of the garrifons hall be claffed in the following manner:-All the Auftrian heavy artillery and foundries thall appertain to the Auftrian army; the artillery of Italians, Piedmontefe, and French calibres and foundries to the French army. The provifion fhall be divided one half to be at the difpofal of the commiffary of ordnance of the Auftrian army, and one half at that of the French.

X. The garrifons shall march

with military honours, and out

repair, with their arms and baggage, by the shortest road to Mantua.

XI. The Auftrian army fhall direct its march to Mantua, in three columns, by Placentia: the firft between the 16th and 20th; the fecond between the 20th and 24th; and the third between the 24th and 26th.

XII. General St. Julien of the artillery, de Brun of the engineers, Telfiege, commillary of provifions, citizen Dejean, counsellor of ftate, and Daru, infpector of reviews, adjutant-general Leopold Stobenzett, and the chief of brigade Mof

fet, are named commiffioners, in order to provide for the details of the execution of the prefent convention, either for the formation of inventories, or to provide for fubfiftence and conveyances.

XIII. No individual fhall be illtreated on account of having ren dered any fervices to the Auftrian army, or for his political opinions. The Auftrian commander thall releafe every individual who fall have been arrested in the Cifalpinė republic for his political opinions.

XIV. Whatever may be the an fwer of the court of Vienna, neither of the two armies can renew the attack without giving ten days notice.

XV. During the armistice neither army fhall tend detachments to Germany.

Done at Aleffandria, the 16th
June, 1800.

(Signed) Alex. Berthier.

Preliminaries of Peace between France and Aufiria.

HIS majefty the emperor, king

of Hungary and Bohemia, &c. and the first conful of the republic, in the name of the French people, equally animated with the defire of putting a term to the evils of the war, by a prompt, just, and solid peace, have agreed upon the following preliminary articles:

Art. 1. There fhall be peace, friendship, and good understanding between his majesty the emperor and king, and the French republic.

Art 2. Until the conclufion of a definitive treaty, the armies, both in Italy and Germany, fhall relpectively remain in the position in which they are, without extending their


pofitions more to the fouth of Italy. On his fide, his imperial majefty engages to concentrate all the forces he may have in the ftates of the Pope, in the fortrefs of Ancona; to put an end to the extraordinary levy which is making in Tufcany; and to prevent all debarkation of the enemies of the French republic at Leghorn, or any other point of the coafts.

Art. 3. The treaty of Campo Formio fhall be taken as the bafis of the definitive pacification, excepting however the changes become neceffary.

Art. 4. His imperial majefty does not oppofe the French republic keeping the limits of the Khine, fuch as they were agreed upon at Raftadt, i. e. the left bank of the Rhine, from the fpot where the Rhine leaves the territory of Switzerland, to the point where it enters the territory of the Batavian republic; and engages moreover to cede to the French republic the fovereignty and property of Frickthal, and all that belongs to the houfe of Auftria between Zurzach and Bafle.

Art. 5. The French republic is not understood to keep Caffel, Kehl, Ehrenbreitftein, and DuffeldorffThele places will be razed, on condition that there fhall not be railed on the right bank of the Rhine, and for the diftance of three miles, any fortifications, either in ftone-work

or in earth.

Art 6 The indemnities which his imperial majefty the emperor and king is to have in Germany, in virtue of the fecret articles of the treaty of Campo Formio, fhall be taken in Italy; and therefore it shall be referved until the definitive treaty, to agree on the position and the quota of

the faid indemnities: nevertheless it fhall be eftablished as the bafis, that his imperial majesty the emperor and king fhall poffefs, befides the country which had been granted to him in Italy by the treaty of Campo Formio, an equivalent to the pol feffion of the archbishopric of Salzbourg, the rivers of the Irm and the Sabra, and the Tyrol, comprifing the town of Wafferbourg, on the left bank of the Inn, within a circuit of 3000 toises, and the Frickthal, which he cedes to the French republic.

Art. 7. The ratification of the prefent preliminary articles fhall be exchanged at Vienna before Au guft 15.

Art. 8. Immediately after the ex change of the ratifications, the ne gociations for a definitive peace fhall continue; both fides fhall agice upon a place for negociation; the plenipotentiaries fhall be there in twenty days at the latest, after the exchange.

Art 9. His majesty the emperor and king, and the first conful of the French republic, reciprocally en gage on their word of honour to keep the prefent articles fecret till ratification.

Art. 10. The powers of M. de St. Julien being contained in a letter from the emperor to the first conful, the full powers, invefted with the ufual formalities, thall be exchanged with the ratification of the prefent preliminaries, which fhall not bind the respective govern ments till after the ratification.

We, the underfigned, have agreed upon and figned the prefent preli minaries at Paris, the 8th of July, 1800.


Count de St. Julien. C..M. Talleyrand..


Armiflice concluded at Steyer, the 25th of December, 1800.

Army of the Rhine.—The General of Divifion, Chief of the Staff, to the Minifter of War.

Head-quarters at Steyer, Dec. 26, 9th Year of the French Republic, one and indivifible.

Citizen minifter,


HE archduke Charles has propofed an armiftice to the general-in-chief, by announcing to him that the emperor had fent a courier. to M. de Cobentzel with orders to fign a peace.

The general-in-chief, confidering that the line of the Traun and the Inn was forced, that we were advanced one hundred leagues before the other armies, and were already near the rear-guard of the Auftrian army in Italy; that, confequently, M. de Bellegarde could avail himfelf of the poffeffion of Saltzburg and Infpruck, as the two grand openings by which he could fend troops to join thofe that were left in the Tyrol, and by attacking our rear with thefe, might cut off our communication with the Traun; for thefe reafons he thought proper to agree to a fufpenfion of arms, which procuring great advantages for us, would put us in a condition to learn the movements of the army of Italy, of which we had as yet heard no


The character of the archduke Charles, and his well-known leyalty, gave us fufficient allurances of the emperor's defire to put an end to the war. He was alfo impelled to it by the deplorable condition of his army, which having in the courfe


of twenty days loft feventy leagues. of territory, twenty-five thousand prifoners, twelve or fifteen thoufand in killed or wounded, one hundred and forty pieces of cannon, and immenfe magazines, was no longer able, nor could it be able in three months, to hinder our army from conquering all Auftria, and dictating laws in the capital. But, in order to effect this without danger, it would have been neceffary for the army of Italy to be already in poffeflion of the defiles of Carinthia.

Befides, the general-in-chief was of opinion, that to ftop in the most brilliant victories was conformable to the character of moderation by which the first conful manifefts himfelf to Europe.

I have the honour to prefent you with a copy of the convention of the armiftice. The emperor immediately entered into a treaty; and our line running along the Danube to the mountains of the Tyrol, putting us in poffeffion of Kufstein, Scharnitz, Braunau, &c. will enable us to recommence the war with great advantages, and, above all, with great fecurity. Health and respect.




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the following perfons, viz. the gene ral-in-chief Moreau has authorized the general of brigade, Victor Faneau Lahorie, and his royal highnefs the archduke Charles, major, comte de Grime, and colonel Wai-" rother, de Vetal, of the ftaff, who have agreed to the following conditions:

Art. 1. The line of demarcation between the portion of the GalloBatavian army in Germany, under the orders of general Augerau, in the circles of Weftphalia, the Upper Rhine, and Franconia, as far as Bayerfdorf, fhall be ípecially determined upon between that general and the general of the imperial and royal army oppofed to him. From Bayerfdorf that line pafles to Har Jard, Nuremberg, Neumarck, Parf berg, Laver, Stadtamdoff, and Ratibon, where it croffes the Danube, along the right bank of which it extends to the Erlaph, and then proceeds to the fource of that river; paffes through Markgamingen, Kogelback, Goulingen, Hammox, Monlerg, Leopoldfiein, Heilomach, Vorderenberg, and Leoben; runs along the left bank of the Muhr to the fpot where that river croffes the way from Saltzburg to Klagenfurt, which it purfues to the Spiritat; then goes through Brixen to Botzen, and at last reaches Bormio in the Valteline, where it joins the army of Italy.

Art. 2. Chauchard's map of Germany fhall regulate any differences that may arife concerning the line of demarcation.

what may be judged ufeful either for the wants of the armies, or for thofe of the communes. The generals-in-chief of the respective armies fhall either be acquainted with thofe objects, or fhall leave it to the generals commanding in thofe places to fettle them. The navigation of the rivers fhall be free, as well to the armies, as to the people of the country.

Art. 3. Upon the rivers which fhall feparate the two armies, the deftruction or the prefervation of bridges fhall be regulated by particular arrangements, according to

Art. 4. The French army fhall not only occupy exclufively all the points of the above line of demar cation; but, in order to place a continued interval between both armies, the line of the advanced pofis of the imperial and royal army fhall, with the exception of the Danube, be diftant at least one German mile (four English ones) from that of the French army.

Art. 5. With the exception of the fafeguards, or thofe of the police, which fhall be fent into the Tyrol by the two refpective armies, and in equal numbers, but which fall be as few as poflible, there fhall remain no other troops of his imperial majefty within the compafs of the line of demarcation. Thofe which are now in the Grifons, the Tyrol, and in Carinthia, muft retire immediately by the route of Klagenfurt to Pruck, in order to join the imperial army in Germany, without their being able to proceed towards Italy.

They fhall fet out from the places where they are as foon as they hear of the prefent convention; and they fhall march on foot at the rate of one German poft and a half per day.

The general-in-chief of the French army of the Rhine is authorized to enfure the execution of this article,


by means of perfons deputed by him to follow the march of the imperial troops as far as Pruck.

The imperial troops which may have occafion to withdraw from the Upper Palatinate, from Suabia or Franconia, fhall go the fhortest way to the line of demarcation.

The execution of this article,muft. not be delayed, under any pretence whatever, beyond the neceffary time, allowing for the distances.

Art. 6. The fortrefles of Kufstein, Scharnitz, and the points of permanent fortification in the Tyrol, fhall be given up as a fecurity to the French army, to be reftored in the fame ftate in which they are found at the conclufion and ratification of peace, fhould it follow this armiftice without the refumption of hoftilities.

The defiles of Fintlitermunz, Naudert, and the other fortifications of the Tyrol, fhall be furrendered to the difpofition of the French army. Art. 7. The magazines in that country belonging to the imperial army are left at their difpofal.

Art. 8. The fortress of Wurtzbourg, in Franconia, and the place of Braunau, in Bavaria, fhall be alfo given up to the French army, to be restored according to the fanie conditions as the fortreffes of Kufftein and Scharnitz.

Art. 9. The troops, both thofe belonging to the empire and thofe of his imperial and royal majefty, which occupy the places, fhall evacuate them; that is to fay, the garrifon of Wurtzbourg on the 4th of January, 1801; that of Braunau on the fame day, and thofe in the fortrelles of Tyrol on the 8th of January.

Art. 10. All the garrifons fhall march out with the honours of war,

and repair with their arms and baggage by the fhorteft way to the imperial army. Nothing fhall be taken away by them with refpect to artillery and ftores of all kinds, with the exception of neceffary fubfiftence for them on their march beyond the line of demarcation.

Art. 11. Deputics fhall be fent refpectively appointed to afcertain the ftate of the places in queftion; but it is clearly underflood that any delay of their's fhall not retard the evacuation.

Art. 12. The extraordinary levies. ordered in the Tyrol fhall be immediately dibanded, and the inhabitants fent back to their homes.

The order and execution of this disbandment fhall not be retarded under any pretext.

Art. 13. The general-in-chief of the army of the Rhine being defirous to give on his part to his royal highness the archduke Charles an unequivocal proof of the motives which have determined him to demand the evacuation of the Tyrol, declares, that with the exception of the fortreffes of Kufstein, Schornitz, and Fintlitermunz, he will confine himfelf to having in the Tyrol fafeguards or guards of police, agreed to in the 5th article, for the purpose of fecuring the communications. He will allo at the fame time furnish the inhabitants with all the facilities in his power for their fubfiftence, and the French army. fhall not interfere in any refpe&t with the goverment of the country.

Art. 14. The portion of the territory of the empire, and of the ftates of his imperial majefty in the Tyrol, is put under the protection of the French army, for the purpose of maintaining the right of property and the actual forms of government.

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