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reconcil'd be is loofed in Heaven ; if therefore this done in the Church, Peter avhen be receiv'd the Keys; Rignified the Church. The natural and inevitable Consequence of which Pofition is, that according to St. Augustine, Peter receiv'd the Keys, noc for himfelf, but, as Proxy for or Representative of the Church. And fo he could not have an universal Supremacy convey'd upon him for himself, by what was only entrusted with him in behalf of the Church, whose Representative he was.

In the next place, St. Jerome speaking of the two Sons of Zebedee, says, fa) John and James, because they ask'd more than the others, had not theit Petition granted them, and yet their Dignity was not Jessened, for they were equal to the rest of the Apostles. To the rest, it may be Mr. H. will say, excepc St. Peter ; but he must needs see St. Jerome no more exceprs this Apostle than any of the others for it is plain he excepts none.

The lait is St. Cyprian, and he is very express against the Romanists high Prétences for St. Peter : his Words are these, (b) The fame were the other Apo. Jiles that St.Peter was,endued with the same Partnership both of Honour and Power. Which is as full a Declation on our side, as Words can be: Nevertheless I must not omit to add at the fame time, leaft I should be peri'd in, as the poor Vindicator was, or all Sides, p. 123. that St. Cyprian tells us farther; but the Beginning proceeds froin one, (as inuch as to fay One, that is St. Peter, was to have the Honour of being the first Preacher of the Gospel amongst both few's and Gentiles,) that the Church may be shewn to be one. Of what advantage these Words will be to your Cause I know not, but I am sure che former are as much to mine, as any I could defire. In like manner when he had just (a) L. 2. in Jovin. c. i 2. (b) De ünit. Eccle. E


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before said, Though he gives to all the Apoftles, a like or equal Power, parem poteftatem, and Jays, as my Farber sent me, so alfo fend, I you, &cA narwithstanding chat he adds, in the same manner as in the foregoing Words, That he might manifest Unity, by his Authority ke order'd the original ofrivia Unity beginning from one; yet how you will make these words to confer upon Sr. Peter an universal Su. premacy, is past my Conception. But this I am fure of, that you cannot so much as attempt it, without attempting at the same time to make St. Cyprian manifestly contradict himself in one and the fame Breath ; which I perfuade my self will not be thought a justifiable Undectaking.

And thus I think I have sufficiently vindicated Dr. Barrow as to any thing he might fear from these three Fathers, and have fewn that they are so far from answering his wbole. Discourse of 428 Pages, that they do not answer any one Page of it, and that ic' ftill highly deserves to be translated into other Languages, for the benefit of Foreigners, notwithstanding all your useless Efforts against it. I may add also, that Mr. Tillotson's Charge, as you call him, stands for ought I can see, ftill as firm against you as ever.

For a Conclusion therefore of this Se&ion, I only fay, That if St. Augustine, St. Jerome, and St. Cyprian must needs fight it out, as you would have chem, it must not be with Dr. Barrow, for they are all of his fide, but with your self who Subpæna’d them in through pure Mistake..

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R. C. R. L's Vindicator, and Dr. Barrow

before him, are very pfitive that St. Peter's Supremacy cannot be concluded from our Saviour's



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tbreefold Command to that Apoftle, to feed his Lambs and bis Sheep, St. Hob. 21.'15, 16, 17: P: 17.

C. E. And indeed who would not be very positive in so very plain a Case? Here is a Conclufion of the weightiest Consequence, drawn from such Premises, as are no manner of Proof of it. But let us fee how you frame your Argument from them. 51

R. ."If Christ did not design to give St. Peter any more power than to the other Apostles over bis Fiock, why did he say to him, 'lovest chou me more than these? p. 18.

C. E. Now suppose I could not tell why our Saviour put this Question to St. Peter, would my Ignorance prove his Supremacy? I cannot think you will pretend this. But I must confess I see no Difficulty in giving a Reason, for the Question here put by our Blessed Lord. St. Peter had profess'd a peculiar Zeal and Affection for our Blessed Saviour above the rest of the Apostles, insomuch that though all Men should be offended because of him,

be would never though he should die with bim, yet he w.uld not deny

Now whether it were only to put him in mind of his former Profession of a singular Love to our Saviour, and so make him the more diligent upon that account; or to humble him un. der a Sense of his dreadful Fall, consequent hereupon as St. Ambrose (a) seems to suppose, and thus to quicken his Care, and excite his Zeal by the Remembrance of his past Miscarriage ; either of these is a much better ground of the Question put to St. Peter, than that of his universal Supremacy ; and for this plain reason that such a Profession

(a) Qui enim Dominum tertio negaverat, tertio confitctur, & quotiens culpam delinquendo contraxerat, totiens gratiam diligendo conquirit. S. Ambr. Serm. 48.

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was, certainly made, and fuch a Failure happen'd upon it, but there is no 'certainty that such 1 Supremacy was ever granted, but very good Evidence against it. And indeed who would not

not bę exceedingly surprizd to hear so mighty, súpereminent a Privilege raisa upon fo ftrangely flight a Foundation as this Question of our Lord; Lovest thou me more than these? in which is no Grant at all, much less a Grant of such excessive Importance as this pretended Supremacy would be.

R. C Again, if he did not give him the Pastoral Care of all his Sheep, bow came to express his Commision three times over in an unlimited Form? Ibid.

C. . You have already been told, (a) that it was the necessary Duty of all the Apostles during their time, and of their Succesfors in all following Generations, to feed our Saviour's Lambs and Sheep and if St. Peter was requir'd to do the same, this implies 30 more Jurisdi&tion in him, 'than in the other. ApoAles, on each of whom this Dury was no less incuma bent than on him. And it is easier to ask the Tame Question over again, than to shew the Deficiency of the Answer to it. For which reason you are pleas'd to take no notice of that. And if the Command here given were deliver'd three times over, you have been told likewise, (b) that if the Words themselves do not convey any lucb paramount Jurisdi&i. on, the Repetition of them can never do it. Which is a

and you do not deny it, but only put the Question again, as if nothing had been said to it. Nor indeed had such a Repetition been at all necessary, for conveying any sort of Privilege ; it being sufficient that such Privilege be once granted in-piain Terms, which this you see is not. But fuppofing the words to be spoken ; () Cafeftated, p. 24

(6) P. 22.


great Truth


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with a Design to remind the Apostle of his Fall, and excite him to a greater Care and Stability for the fucure, nothing could be more proper, than to press an

and inculcate che Obligation that lay upon him. And tis very strange therefore, that this fo plain a Reason of the Question, the Command and the Repetition of it, must be rejected, purely to make way for a Pretence of a different nacure, that has no reason at all in it. But when a Cause is to be maintain'd, something muft be said for it, whether to the purpose or not:

R. C. These Words, Feed my Sheep, and strengthen thy Brethren, seem to import the Exercise of the very same Office, and without any Rejtrictions, P: 19.

C. E. I should be very glad to learn by what sort of Construction, strengthen thy Bret bren, can pofsibly denote a Commission to rule over the whole' Church of Christ, it being a Command that might as well be given to any one in a lower Station, as to an Apoftle. And yet if this does not import such a superlative Power and Prehe. minence, as it most certainly does not, nor can; then by your own Conseflion neither do those other Words, Feed my Sheep: lince you make them equivalent Terms, and which, to use your own Expreflion, Jeem to import the Exercise of the very Lime Office.

R. C. I em inclined to think, if any one of these Gentlemen, that will not grant this to be good Evigence, had a Legacy b;t to him in these Terms: Item, I leave my Sheep to Mr.---- he would be tempted to put in his Claim to the whole Flock.

C. E. I grant it. But I beseech you, good Sir, is it the same thing to say in a Will, I give my Sheep to Mr--and to say to a Servant, Take care to feed my Sheep after I am dead, as well as in the mean time. If that "Servant ihould thence put in a


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