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JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.
OLD SERIES: GOLDEN ERA, VOL.XLVI.
SAN FRANCISCO: JULY, 1900.
NEW SERIES: VOL, V
A Proposed Act PERMITTING THE Consolidation OF RURAL Schools TO Form UNION ELEMENTARY
SCHOOLS AND ALSO PERMITTING OF RURAL SCHOOL SUPERVISION AND TRANSPORTATION OF Pupils.
SUBMITTED BY Ellwood P. CUBBERLEY, LELAND STANFORD JR. UNIVERSITY. This act was submitted, on behalf of the sub-committee, to the meeting of the California Educational Commission in San Francisco, on April 12, 1900, and was indorsed by that body. It is now respectfully submitted to the County and City Superintendents and the school men of California for their consideration.
The present law for the distribution of school money to districts has been a most beneficial one, in that it insures sufficient funds to each district, however isolated or sparsely settled the district may be, to secure a good teacher and to maintain an eight months' school each year. In the more thickly settled communities, however, it has led to the multiplication of small districts, and each of these small districts attempts to cover a nine years' course of study. There is a general feeling that many of these districts could be united with advantage, forming union schools with two or more teachers, thus specializing the work much more than at present and securing the many advantages of better grading, teaching, and supervision; but, altho section 1577 permits of the union of two or more contiguous districts at any time, such union is impossible unless some means can be devised whereby more money can be secured to the united districts than is possible under the present laws. A consideration of a number of different plans led to the conclusion that the one submitted is the most feasible.
In drawing up the proposed permissive law the terms and wording of the present high school act were followed whenever it seemed there would be a gain in doing so. This I have repeatedly indicated by an asterisk (*) in the body of the text of the act.
E. P. C.
UNION ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS.
Establishment and Maintenance of Union Elementary Schools.
SECTION a. Union elementary schools, formed by the union of two or more contiguous school districts, may be established and maintained in the manner provided in section b of the Political Code.
Establishment of Union Elementary School Districts.
SEC. b. First — When a majority in each district,* as shown by the last preceding school census, of the heads of families residing in two or more contiguous school districts in the same county, shall unite in a petition to the County Superintendent of Schools for the establishing and maintaining of a union elementary school district, he shall, within twenty days* after receiving said petition, call an election for the determination of the question, and shall appoint three qualified electors in each of the districts petitioning to conduct the election therein. Said election shall be held separately and simultaneously at the public schoolhouse in each of the districts petitioning, and shall be called by posting notices thereof in three of the most public places in each district, one of which places shall be the public schoolhouse in each district, at least ten days before said election.* Said election shall be conducted by the officers appointed for that purpose, in the manner provided by law for conducting school elections. The ballots at such election in each district shall contain the words, “For the Union Elementary School," and the voter shall write or print after said words on his ballot the word “ Yes," or the word “No," It shall be the duty of the said election officers in each district to canvass the vote at said election, and report the result to the County Superintendent of Schools within five days* subsequent to the holding of said election. Majority Vote in Union Elementary School District Election - Location of Union
Second - If a majority of the votes cast in the districts petitioning for a union elementary school shall in the aggregate be in favor of establishing a union elementary school therein,* the County Superintendent shall (except in the case of the formation of a union district consisting of but two districts, and as herein: after provided for in subdivision four of this section), within fifteen days* after receiving the returns of the election held therein, direct the Board of Trustees in each of said districts to call a meeting of the qualified electors of their respective districts, in the manner provided in subdivision twenty of section 1617 of the Political Code. † At said meeting the qualified electors shall in each district select one representative, whose powers and duties shall be as hereinafter specified. The representatives so chosen shall name the school and have power to make temporary arrangements for its location, and, if satisfactory apartments or buildings in a suitable location are offered or can be procured for a consideration or at a rental which would make it advisable to accept the same, they shall have the power to secure an option of a lease on such apartments or building for a period not to exceed three years from the first day of July next ensuing. Within forty days after their selection they shall notify the County Superintendent of Schools that they desire to meet to locate the school. Thereafter the representatives so chosen shall meet in conjunction with the County Superintendent of Schools, at a time and place to be named by the Superintendent, for the purpose of determining the location of the union elementary school. At such meeting the Superintendent shall be the Chairman, and shall be entitled to vote and to participate in all its proceedings.* Should the above representatives fail to unanimously agree upon a location for the elementary school, they shall propose, in writing, to the County Superintendent then present, or if he is not present, they shall transmit to his office within ten days the names of the locations which they favor. Within twenty days after receiving such notice, the Superintendent shall call an election as provided in subdivision one hereof, to determine the location of the elementary school*. At such election only such sites as have been named by the
†This subdivision provides for calling a meeting of the electors at the schoolhouse to consider matters relating to the school district, such meetings being competent to instruct the Board of School