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KING RICHARD III.

King EDWARD the Fourth.
EDWARD, prince of Wales, afterwards
King Edward V.

-sons to the king.
RICHARD, duke of York,
GEORGE, duke of Clarence,
RICHARD, duke of Gloster, afterwards brothers to the king.

King RICHARD III.
A young Son of Clarence.
Henry, earl of Richmond, afterwards King Henry VII.
Cardinal BOURCHIER, archbishop of Canterbury.
Thomas ROTHERAM, archbishop of York; JOHN MORTON, bishop

of Ely.
Duke of BUCKINGHAM.
Duke of NORFOLK : Earl of SURREY, his son.
Earl RIVERS, brother to King Edward's queen:
Marquis of DORSET, and Lord GREY, her sons.
Earl of OXFORD. Lord HASTINGS. Lord STANLEY. Lord Lovel.
Sir THOMAS VAUGHAN. Sir RICHARD RATCLIFF.
Sir WILDIAM CATESBY. Sir JAMES TYRREL.
Sir JAMES BLOUNT. Sir WALTER HERBERT.
Sir ROBERT BRAKENBURY, lieutenant of the Tower.
CHRISTOPHER URSWICK, a priest. Another Priest.
Lord Mayor of London. Sheriff of Wiltshire.
ELIZABETH, queen of King Edward IV.
MARGARET, widow of King Henry VI.
Duchess of YORK, mother to King Edward IV., Clarence, and

Gloster.
Lady ANNE, widow of Edward, prince of Wales, son to King

Henry VI.; afterwards married to the duke of Gloster.
A young Daughter of Clarence.
Lords, and other Attendants; two Gentlemen, a Pursuivant, Scrivener,

Citizens, Murderers, Messengers, Ghosts, Soldiers, &c.

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SCENE-England.

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Glo. Now is the winter of our discontent Made glorious summer by this sun? of York; And all the clouds, that lowr'd upon our house, In the deep bosom of the ocean buried. Now are our brows bound with victorious wreaths; Our bruised arms hung up for monuments; Our stern alarums changed to merry meetings, Our dreadful marches to delightful measures. Grim-visag'd war hath smooth'd his wrinkled front;

· This tragedy, though it is called the life and death of this prince, comprises at most but the last eight years of his time, for it opens with George, duke of Clarence, being shut up in the Tower, which happened in the beginning of the year 1477, and closes with the death of Richard at Bosworth-field, which battle was fought in the year 1485.—MALONE.

Alluding to the cognizance of Edward IV., which was a sun, in memory of the three suns which are said to have appeared at the battle which he gained over the Lancastrians at Mortimer's Cross.-STEEVENS.

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And now,-instead of mounting barbed steeds,
To fright the souls of fearful adversaries,-
He capers nimbly in a lady's chamber,
To the lascivious pleasing of a lute.
But I,—that am not shap'd for sportive tricks,
Nor made to court an amorous looking-glass;
I, that am rudely stamp'd, and want love's majesty,
To strut before a wanton ambling nymph;
I, that am curtail'd of this fair proportion,
Cheated of feature' by dissembling nature,
Deform’d, unfinish’d, sent before my time
Into this breathing world, scarce half made up,
And that so lamely and unfashionable,
That dogs bark at me, as I halt by them ;-
Why I, in this weak piping time of peace,
Have no delight to pass away the time;
Unless to spy my shadow in the sun,
And descant on mine own deformity;
And therefore,-since I cannot prove a lover,
To entertain these fair well-spoken days,-
I am determined to prove a villain,
And hates the idle pleasures of these days.
Plots have I laid, inductions dangerous,
By drunken prophecies, libels, and dreams,
To set my brother Clarence, and the king,
In deadly hate the one against the other :
And, if king Edward be as true and just,
As I am subtle, false, and treacherous,
This day should Clarence closely be mew'd up;
About a prophecy, which says—that G
Of Edward's heirs the murderer shall be.
Dive, thoughts, down to my soul! here Clarence comes.

4

"feature, for beauty.

• That puts together things of a dissimilar kind, as a brave soul and a deformed body. 3 Perhaps we might read,

And bate the idle pleasures.-Johnson. * i. e. preparations for mischief.

Enter CLARENCE, guarded, and BRAKENBURY. Brother, good day: What means this armed guard, That waits upon your grace? Clar.

His majesty,
Tendering my person's safety, hath appointed
This conduct to convey me to the Tower.

Glo. Upon what cause ?
Clar.

Because my name is–George,
Glo. Alack, my lord, that fault is none of yours :
He should, for that, commit your godfathers :
O, belike, his majesty hath some intent,
That

you shall be new christen'd in the Tower. But what's the matter, Clarence? may I know?

Clar. Yea, Richard, when I know; for, I protest, As yet I do not: But, as I can learn, He hearkens after prophecies, and dreams; And from the cross-row plucks the letter G, And says—a wizard told him, that by G His issue disinherited should be; And, for my name of George begins with G, It follows in his thought, that I am he: These, as I learn, and such like toys' as these, Have mov'd his highness to commit me now.

Glo. Why, this it is, when men are rul’d by women: 'Tis not the king, that sends you to the Tower; My lady Grey, his wife, Clarence, 'tis she, That tempers him to this extremity. Was it not she, and that good man of worship, Antony Woodeville, her brother there, That made him send lord Hastings to the Tower ; From whence this present day he is deliver'd ? We are not safe, Clarence, we are not safe.

Clar. By heaven, I think, there is no man secure, But the queen's kindred, and night-walking heralds That trudge betwixt the king and mistress Shore.

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